~A~

 

Access Denied:  Error Message - Windows Update

Network policy settings prevent you from using Windows Update to download and install updates on your computer. If you believe you have received this message in error, please check with your system administrator.

     For Windows XP Pro:

Start/Run/gpedit.msc. User Configuration/Administrative Templates/Windows Components/Windows Update. In the right pane, double click, Remove access to all Windows Update Features and set it to disabled.

     For Windows XP Home Edition:

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\WindowsUpdate

Locate the value in the right pane called DisableWindowsUpdateAccess. Double click this entry and change the value to 0 (zero) or right click it and select Delete.

If editing the Registry manually isn't to your liking click here for a small Visual Basic Script that will make the change for you.

More information here:  Why can't I download updates?

WINUP-Err Msg: "Cannot Display Page"

Accessibility Options

Restore Accessibility Options to Default Settings (Line 135)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Acdsee

Acdsee.exe May Cause an Error Message

Activation - Troubleshooting 

Blank Activate Windows Page in the WPA Wizard
Service Pack 1 Changes to Product Activation
Windows XP Prompts You to Re-activate After You Restore Your Computer

Activation - Explained: 

Windows XP will typically remind you to activate the product (most users will have 30 days to activate XP after installation).

To activate XP manually, you can use the Start menu shortcut in the System Tools Accessories folder. At the command prompt, type:  oobe/msoobe /a or Start/All Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Activate Windows.

     Tip:  msoobe stands for "Microsoft Out of Box Experience."
     Tip:  Windows Product Activation  by MS-MVP Alex Nichol

Activation - Workaround (Ronnie Vernon MVP)

If you are doing a repair reinstall of XP on the same hardware, you can back up the activation status and then restore it after you run the repair install of the OS. To save the activation status, back up the wpa.dbl file from the %systemroot%\system32 folder to a floppy disk.

After the repair install of the OS is complete, start in Minimal Safe mode. Open the \%systemroot%\system32 folder.  Rename wpa.dbl to wpa.noact. Copy the backed up wpa.dbl file to the system32 folder. Reboot your system.

This isn't a hack to avoid activating installations and will work only on the same hardware for an XP installation that you've already activated.

Active Desktop

Active Desktop - Enable/Disable (Line 16)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

The user is normally given the option of disabling Active Desktop through the display properties. This tweak removes the ability to disable Active Desktop.

Open your registry and find the key below.

Create a new DWORD value named "ForceActiveDesktopOn" and set the value to "1" to force the use of Active Desktop.

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
Value Name: ForceActiveDesktopOn
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = default, 1 = enabled)

* This tweak will remove the Active Desktop options from Settings on the Start Menu.

Open your registry and find the key below.

Create a new DWORD value named "NoSetActiveDesktop", and set the new value to equal "1" to enable the restriction or "0" to disable the restriction.

Note: This restriction can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
Value Name: NoSetActiveDesktop
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disable restriction, 1 = enable restriction)

* This tweak allows you to have Active Desktop enabled, but to restrict any changes to the settings.

Open your registry and find the key below.

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value called 'NoActiveDesktopChanges' set the value to equal '1' to enable the restriction.

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

Value Name: NoActiveDesktopChanges
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disable restriction, 1 = enable restriction)

* Features of the Windows Active Desktop can be selectively controlled by modifying options in the Windows registry. Following the instructions in this tweak.

Open your registry and find the key below.

Create a new DWORD value based on the options below, and set the new value to equal "1" to enable the restriction or "0" to disable the restriction.

NoChangingWallpaper - Disable the ability to change wallpapers.
NoComponents - Disable components.
NoAddingComponents - Disable the ability to add components.
NoDeletingComponents - Disable the ability to delete components.
NoEditingComponents - Disable the ability to edit components.
NoCloseDragDropBands
NoMovingBands - retrict adjustments to desktop toolbars
NoHTMLWallPaper - only allow bitmaps (BMP) as wallpaper

Note: These restrictions can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\ActiveDesktop]
System Key: [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\ActiveDesktop]
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disable restriction, 1 = enable restriction)

Active Partition

The Computer Does Not Start After You Change the Active Partition by Using the Disk Management Tool

Ad Aware

Ad-aware is an award winning, free multi ad/spyware removal utility, that scans your memory, registry and hard drives for known spyware components and lets you remove them safely. Many options like scanning depth or automatic modes can be set in the preferences menu. Ad-aware features an easy to use wizard-style interface, guiding you through the scanning and removal process. Ad-aware runs under Win9x\ME\NT40\XPand Win2000.  Download here.

Add and Remove

Hide selective programs/applications listed in Add or Remove:

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

Local the program in question in the left pane. In the right pane, right click DisplayName and select rename:  Add Quiet so it will read:
QuietDisplayName.  No reboot or refresh needed. Open Add or Remove - the listing is now gone.  To revert, rename back to DisplayName.

Or you can download the .bat file:  http://www.jsiinc.com/SUBL/tip5800/rh5845.htm

Add or Remove Programs tool appears to stop responding after you remove the security update that is documented in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-015
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;842253

Add or Remove Edits: Lines 188, 208 (right hand side) and 323:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Add Programs to Add/Remove

To add additional components to the Add/Remove Programs list (Windows Components):

Tools/Folder Options/View/Show Hidden Files and Folders and Show Extensions for known file types. Then go to Windows Explorer/Inf Folder/Sysoc.inf (Double Click it). You will find several lines that include the word 'hide'. Simply remove the word 'hide' (but leave the comma). Save and exit. From there you will be able to remove it from add/remove.

Add and Remove -  Show All Files

Windows XP doesn't let you add or remove all the programs it installs by default. Multimedia applications, the XP messenger, games, accessories, and accessibility options do not show up in the Add/Remove Programs dialog box. What if you want to get rid of them? Here's how to make Windows treat these applications just like it treats all the others.

Go to Windows Explorer/Inf. In the right pane, scroll down to sysoc.inf, double click it. Scroll down to: 

[Components]
NtComponents=ntoc.dll,NtOcSetupProc,,4
WBEM=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,wbemoc.inf,hide,7
Display=desk.cpl,DisplayOcSetupProc,,7
Fax=fxsocm.dll,FaxOcmSetupProc,fxsocm.inf,,7
NetOC=netoc.dll,NetOcSetupProc,netoc.inf,,7
iis=iis.dll,OcEntry,iis.inf,,7
com=comsetup.dll,OcEntry,comnt5.inf,hide,7
dtc=msdtcstp.dll,OcEntry,dtcnt5.inf,hide,7
IndexSrv_System = setupqry.dll,IndexSrv,setupqry.inf,,7
TerminalServer=TsOc.dll, HydraOc, TsOc.inf,hide,2
msmq=msmqocm.dll,MsmqOcm,msmqocm.inf,,6
ims=imsinsnt.dll,OcEntry,ims.inf,,7
fp_extensions=fp40ext.dll,FrontPage4Extensions,fp40ext.inf,,7
AutoUpdate=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,au.inf,hide,7
msmsgs=msgrocm.dll,OcEntry,msmsgs.inf,hide,7
WMAccess=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,wmaccess.inf,,7
RootAutoUpdate=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,rootau.inf,,7
IEAccess=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,ieaccess.inf,,7
OEAccess=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,oeaccess.inf,,7
WMPOCM=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,wmpocm.inf,,7

Games=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,games.inf,,7
AccessUtil=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,accessor.inf,,7
CommApps=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,communic.inf,HIDE,7
MultiM=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,multimed.inf,HIDE,7
AccessOpt=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,optional.inf,HIDE,7
Pinball=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,pinball.inf,HIDE,7
MSWordPad=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,wordpad.inf,HIDE,7
ZoneGames=zoneoc.dll,ZoneSetupProc,igames.inf,,7

  1. The word "HIDE" in an entry hides that application from your Add/Remove Programs dialog box. To add games to the Add/Remove menu, delete the word HIDE from its entry (but leave the commas that surround it). You also have to remove "HIDE" from "AccessUtil=" for this tip to work.  

  2. Save the file. Check for the new entries in the Add/Remove Programs dialog box after you restart your computer.

HOW TO: Add or Remove Windows XP Games
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q307/7/68.asp
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q307768#2

Add and Remove -Removing Invalid Entries in the Add/Remove Programs Tool

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

Each program listed in Add/Remove Programs has a subkey listed here. Locate the correct subkey for the program in question and right click it, then select Delete.  You may want to choose Export, first, to export the key to a REG file.  The REG file can be re-imported if you find you made a mistake.

You may have to contact the manufacturer of the program that you want to remove if you need to clean up the disk and registry entries. The procedure described in this section does not remove all the files and registry entries used by the program; it removes only the reference in the Add/Remove Programs tool.

Note:  Other checkpoints to consider when trying to remove a program:

Check to see if the software/program is listed here: Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

1. Right click the Program's shortcut/Properties to gain the Target Path.

2. Go to Start/Run/Msconfig/Startup and make sure it is not listed or checked there. If so, uncheck it and remove the program listing from here: Start/Run/Regedit

For items that were in the Start menu, Programs, Startup folder:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSConfig\startupfolder. You'll find a subkey for each disabled item.

For items loaded from the Registry:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSConfig\startupreg. Again, you'll find a subkey for each disabled item.

Clear Disabled Items from Msconfig Startup (Line 148)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

3. Go to Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/File Types. If the program file type is listed, either use Change or Delete.

4. Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Applications. If the program is listed, right click, delete.

5. Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to these keys:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software and HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE. If the program is listed, right click, delete.

6. Go to Start/Run/Regedit. Edit/Find and under Find What type in the program path gained from step one. From there either use Find next or F3.

7. Removing Invalid Entries in the Add/Remove Programs Tool
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

8. The Windows Installer CleanUp Utility can remove a program's Windows Installer configuration information.
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;290301

9.  Third Party:  Displays the entries in the Add/Remove Programs list of Windows Registry, checks if each is valid, and uninstalls the selected program or removes the entry from the list. http://superwin.swmirror.com/adrmpro2.exe

10. You Cannot Reinstall a Program with the Add/Remove Programs Tool

Add and Remove - Remove or Hide Entries

This program enables you to hide items listed in your Add/Remove Programs list in the control panel without losing the information needed to uninstall the program. 

To hide a program that is listed in the Add/Remove Programs list, simply uncheck the entry.

If you want to uninstall a program that you have hidden, simply run the cleaner and check the empty check box. The program will then be visible in the Add/Remove Programs list. Download here.

Add and Remove - Error Message

"Error 1719. The Windows Installer Service Could Not Be Accessed" Error Message When You Add or Remove Program

Add and Remove - Restrictions

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:  (The first one is per user, the second, per system)

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Uninstall]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Uninstall]

Create a new DWORD value for each restriction required according to the table below. Set the value to equal "1" to enable the restriction or "0" to disable it.

You may need to restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

Add or Remove Programs Restriction - Undo

Add and Remove - SP1 (Parser Message: Value creation failed " at line 472" error) or (SP2 at line 521) - Eric Pelezo

If you are using Style XP - Right click the Desktop/Properties/Desktop/choose Windows XP and try again.

Style XP has an update available for SP1

If you have renamed the uxtheme.dll (patch) you could try running SFC /Scannow to restore the original MS version. Or check in the root directory for "UxTheme.dll.tqtbak" and rename it to UxTheme.dll and replace the copy in "C:\windows\system32" with the new renamed copy.  The original MS Version - 6.0.2800.1045 (1.98 kb)

The patch can be downloaded here
Errors from trying to use Add or Remove after installing SP1

Add and Remove vs. System Restore
- Anshul Rawat [MS]

System Restore does not completely uninstall any program by itself if restoring to a point prior to the program installation. Since system restore is based on an inclusionary model, any file added or modified by the installation which System Restore does not monitor or files added to or modified in a non monitored drive will not be tracked by System Restore.

Thus System Restore cannot delete or undo any modifications made to these files. To remove all the changes an installation may have made on the system, the user should first use the Add/Remove option in the control panel to remove the application prior to using System Restore. System Restore however will undo all recorded changes made to the registry & monitored
files caused by the application install including:

  a.. Delete monitored  files the program installation may have added to the system
  b.. Undo modifications to monitored  files made by the installation
  c.. Replace the current registry with the registry snapshot taken when the restore point chosen was created. (*note: some
       current values will persist)
  d.. Any file type not monitored by System Restore added or modified on the system will not be restored or removed. E.g.
      .jpg, .txt files.

For additional information on System Restore please visit:
http://microsoft.com/technet/itcommunity/Newsgroups/FAQSRWXP.asp

Add or Remove - White Space

AutoCad Fix 
Autodesk Land Desktop 3 Fix 

This is generally due to the DisplayIcon having a negative number. From here you can either remove the negative number or remove the last application listed: Start/Run/Regedit:  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\{}

Add Defrag to the Right Click (Context Menu) 

Information and download here.

Add New Hardware

Try opening the device manager, locate the category for your new device, right click the category and click, 'Scan for Hardware Changes'.  For more information:  Go to Start/Run/Msinfo32/Hardware Resources, Components/Problem Devices and Software Environment/Windows Error Reporting.

How to Troubleshoot Hardware and Software Driver Problems
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q322205

Using Driver Verifier to Troubleshoot Drivers in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q244/6/17.asp

Partial List of Possible Error Codes with Driver Verifier
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q229/9/03.asp

Device Manager Conflicts, Error Codes and Solutions

Add New Hardware Error Message:  "Found New Hardware Wizard" advises, "Cannot install this Hardware. There was a problem installing this hardware: PCI Simple Communications Controller. The data is Invalid.

This is caused in XP by the new PCI Registry entry defaulting to "Read" under Permissions. Also, the Device Manager shows the typical yellow query against other Devices/PCI Simple Communications Controller.

Suggested Solution/Fix:

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\PCI

Open each sub-key: Ven_XXXX... In the right pane read the Value Data for each DEVICEDESC, until you find your modem. Once found, right click the 3&71aaa sub-key and select Permissions and under the word "Allow", select "Full Control", click OK then go to File/Exit.

Then go to the Device Manager, right click on the device name that matches the "DEVICEDESC" value you changed in the registry. Select Properties/Driver/Update Driver. Windows will now ask you for the disk or CD-ROM that contains the driver for the failing device.

This error can also occur when configuring drivers for a such as SCSI cards, Network cards, Sound Cards, or other peripherals.  This symptom appears to occur when there has been a recent hardware configuration change within Windows XP.  This error is believed to be due to an issue occurring when hardware enumeration takes place by the operating system.

Address Bar

In Microsoft Internet Explorer, use Alt + D to highlight the address bar. This allows you to enter a URL without the
mouse. And if you're still typing "http", "www", and ".com" as part of the address -- don't. It's just not necessary.

Toolbars missing in Windows Explorer or Internet Explorer
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/ToolbarRepair.Exe

Restore All Tabs under Internet Options and Remove the Internet Options Restriction Message (Line 268)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Remove/Disable All Toolbars in Internet Explorer (Line 282)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Set the Search Engine in Internet Explorer back to XP Default (Line 229)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Address Book

Address Book is missing:  Click Start, and then click Search. Click All files and folders .
In the What do you want to search for box, click All files and folders. In the All or part of the file name type, *.wab , and then click Search.

When the search is finished, double-click each file to open it. When you have found the correct one (it will contain your Contact information), note the exact location and name of the file. In Outlook Express, click the File menu. Click Import, and then click Address Book. Point the Look In field to the location that you noted in the above step. Click the .wab file, and then click Open. Click OK to import the Address Book.

Move your Address Book to a Safe Location
OLEXP: Error Message: Address Book Failed to Load
OLEXP: Mail Folders, Address Book, and E-mail Messages Are Missing After You Upgrade to Microsoft Windows XP

Managing the Address Book
Err Msg: Address Book Failed to Load, Outlook Express Is...
OLEXP: Outlook Express Address Book Does Not Load

Note:  For KB Articles Q191946 and Q274745 (the above two), with OE 6, the value in:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components\{7790769C-0471-11d2-AF11-00C04FA35D02} Should read "Address Book 6" without the quotes.

Address Book - Mysterious Tilde on the Desktop

The "Mysterious Tilde File" usually appears just after you close OE but only if you made any change to Address Book during this OE session...but not always.

It's usually found on Desktop but on occasion appears at C:\ . Rename it ~.wab and you'll see it's an exact copy of Address Book. You can either rename it or simply delete it.

It first appeared in November '02 with 331923/Cumulative Update for OE6-SP1 which was only available via manual download and with the more recent 330994/April '03 Cumulative Patch for OE, available via Windows Update.

Administrator Account - Add to the Welcome Screen

Download the INF fix here.  To use: Download the xp_admin_enable.inf file (you may want to right click and use Save Target As).  Locate the file you downloaded and right click on it, then select Install.  Or Download the VBS Fix here.  To use: Download the xp_admin_enable.vbs file and save it to your hard drive (you may want to right click and use Save Target As). Double-click the xp_admin_enable.vbs file. You will be prompted when the script is done. INF and VBS files can be viewed in Notepad.

Administrator Account - Access from Welcome Screen

On Pro Edition, from the Welcome screen, press ctrl-Alt-Delete Twice.  Press Control/Alt/Delete Twice for Pro and Boot into safe mode and login for Home.  On Home, boot to Safe Mode, and logon.

More information and options here:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_wel_screen.htm
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_logon.htm

Administrator Password

Start/Run/compmgmt.msc/System Tools/Local Users and Groups/Right click Administrator/Set Password.

For a more comprehensive solution, make a password recovery disk. Under Related Tasks in the User Accounts Control Panel applet, click "Prevent a forgotten password." 

More information here:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_passwords.htm

Administrative Shares

HOW TO: Restore Administrative Shares That Have Been Deleted
HOW TO: Create and Disable Administrative Shares on Windows XP

Administrative Tools Folder Does Not Appear on the Start Menu After You Install a New Program

After you install a new program that belongs in the Administrative Tools folder, the Administrative Tools folder does not appear in the Start menu.  To resolve this behavior, customize the Start menu:

Right-click the Start button, and then click Properties. On the Start Menu tab, click Customize. On the Advanced tab, under Start menu items, click System Administrative Tools. Click to select either the Display on the All Programs menu or the Display on the All Programs menu and the Start menu option. Click OK , and OK again to save the change.

     Tip:  Administrator Tools Missing: Open a Search window and do a find for *.msc files in C:\Windows\System32. You
              can create the missing shortcuts by pointing them to the correct file.

Administrative Tools on the Start Menu - Hide

This folder contains powerful administration utilities and therefore can be hidden to avoid accidental use.

Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and find the key mentioned below.

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced]

Value Name: StartMenuAdminTools
Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
Value Data: Yes or No

Create a new string value, or modify the existing value, named 'StartMenuAdminTools'. Modify the value to equal 'YES' to show the administrative tools folder or 'NO' to hide it. Exit your registry and log off for the changes to take effect.

Note: By using the same key except under the [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE] tree the tweak can be enforced system wide, instead of only user based.

Note: Hiding the folder does not stop the use of the tools, it only make it more difficult to locate them.

Administrative Tools - Restore

Album Covers

Album Cover Art for Windows XP and Windows Media Player 8

All Part2 is Null

Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: net stop winmgmt. Then delete the %windir&\system32\wbem\repository directory. Once done go back to Start/Run/CMD and type in: net start winmgmt

"Help and Support " Does Not Collect All Hardware Information

WinMgmt could not initialize the core parts:  To reinstall wmi into the registry:

Go to Start/Run and type in: CMD, then Winmgmt/? for information. Then run each of these hitting enter after each:

winmgmt /clearadap
winmgmt /kill
winmgmt /unregserver
winmgmt /regserver
winmgmt /resyncperf

Alt-Keys

How to use Alt-Key codes and complete list.

Here are all of the special characters that the ALT key can generate. Most symbols require one key press; most accented characters require two. It is important to let up the ALT key after typing the symbol or accent.

Alt-Tab - Restore to Default Behavior

Open Control Panel/Add/Remove Programs. Powertoys for Windows XP. Remove the Alt-Tab replacement. When you install Windows XP Powertoys, it comes with a program called TaskSwitch.exe designed to enhance the Alt+Tab task switcher. To disable this feature, go to Start/Run and type: msconfig. Click the "Startup" tab and uncheck startup item "taskswitch". Click Start, Run and enter TASKMGR. In Processes, locate the TaskSwitch process and end it. Your Alt-Tab will be back to normal.

To manually apply:  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop

"CoolSwitchColumns"
"CoolSwitchRows"

The above values reflect how many columns and rows, respectively, you want to appear in the Alt+Tab cool switch display.

Animation - Disable Windows Animation in XP

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\WindowMetrics.  In the right pane, select New/String. Name it MinAnimate. Set Value to 0. Exit/Reboot.

Anti-Virus

List of Antivirus Software Vendors

Application - Opening Applications In The Back

Make your documents and programs open behind the currently active window by pressing and holding the Ctrl key while you double-click on its icon.

Application Path - Creating Path to use the Run Command

To create an application path, so you can run an application in Windows XP from the Run dialog box you need to:

1. Run regedit and go to HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths

2. Create a new key with the what ever you want to use as your run command: 
    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths\nameofprogram.exe

3. In the key folder that you created, create a new string, call it 'Path' and modify the value to point the specific folder of your
    executable your running:  C:\ProgramFiles\nameofprogram.

4. Use the default string and modify it's value to point to the executable you want to run.

Applications - Restrict Users from Running Specific Applications

This setting allows you to specify applications and filenames that users are restricted from running.

Open your registry and find the key [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer]

Create a new DWORD value and name it "DisallowRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

Then create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer\DisallowRun] and define the applications the are to be restricted. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be restricted (e.g. "regedit.exe").

Explained: DK

Right click in the right pane and select New, DWord value.  Name the new value DisallowRun.  Double click the new value and set it to 1.  Then right click on the Explorer sub branch, in the left pane and select New, Key  Name the new key Disallow Run.  Highlight this key, then in the right pane, right click and select New, String value.  Give it "1" for
the name, without the quotes. 

Double click this new value and enter the actual file name of the executable you wish to restrict this user from
running.  Example: calc.exe   This prevents this user from running Calculator.  They'll get a "This operation has been cancelled message" when they try.  Note: The way around this is for the user to rename Calc.exe to something else.  For additional entries, just give the "values" names in numerical order, 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on. DisallowRunReg and DisallowRunCalc

Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

Applications - Restrict Applications Users Can Run

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. Value Name: RestrictRun

Open your registry and find the key [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer]

Create a new DWORD value and name it "RestrictRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

Then create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer\RestrictRun] and define the applications that are allowed. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be allowed (e.g. "regedit.exe" and "calc.exe").

Explained: DK

This example prevents any applications but those that you specify from being run:

Right click in the Right pane and select New, DWord value and name the new value RestrictRun  Double click this entry
and set it to 1. Right click on the Explorer sub branch, in the left pane and select New, Key  Name the new key RestrictRun.  Highlight this key, then in the right pane, right click and select New, String value.  Give it "1" for the name, without the quotes.  Double click this new value and enter the actual file name of the executable you wish to restrict this user from running. Example: calc.exe  Right click again, select New, String value, name the new value "2".  Double click the new
value, enter REGEDIT.EXE

This example would only allow Calculator and REGEDIT to be run.   Be VERY careful with this setting.  You could wind up locking yourself out of REGEDIT if you were to use the restrictions on your Administrator account.

Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

Note: If you are the person who applies Group Policy, do not apply this policy to yourself. If applied too broadly, this policy can prevent administrators from running Group Policy or the registry editors. As a result, once applied, you cannot change this policy except by reinstalling Windows XP.

Software Restriction Policies may be set to determine what software may or may not be run by users on the system. (Jim Cavalaris [MS])

Software Restriction Policies can be configured via the group policy editor (gpedit.msc) at:

Local Computer Policy -->Computer Configuration -->Windows Settings -->Security Settings -->Software Restriction Policies.  Policy can be set to either: restrict users from running specified programs - OR -restrict users to allow ONLY the specified programs to be run.

For a non-domain machine, policy can be applied to all users on the system, or non-Admin users only (Admins are not affected by the policy, and may run any/all programs). you cannot specify this policy for only certain users, but for a non-domain machine, the Admin/non-Admin breakdown may be sufficient.

Using Software Restriction Policies in Windows XP and Windows .NET Server to Protect Against Unauthorized Software

Another Option - (KWE) - You can move shortcuts out of %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\StartMenu\Programs and place the shortcuts in specific user account profiles to keep program shortcuts from being visible to all accounts. This does not stop the limited account from running the program using a variety of techniques.

Applications - Set Priority

Open TaskManager (Ctrl+Alt+Del or Ctrl+Shift+Esc), Process Tab. Right click the Program in questions, Set Priority.

Application - Modify Application Timeout

The operating system has a set amount of time that a program must be frozen for before it is timed out. Often this number is set too high. But in some circumstances it is set too low. Depending on if the program is doing a lot of calculations in the background the computer may think that it is timed out. To prevent this increase the value of the timeout in the registry.

Start/Run/Regedit
Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop.  Select HungAppTimeout from the list on the right.
Right on it and select Modify. Change the value to the new timeout value. Reboot your computer.

ASPI Drivers for Windows XP - Download.

ASPI stands for Advanced SCSI Programming Interface. Originally developed by Adaptec. It is a software layer that enables programs to communicate with SCSI (and ATAPI) devices.

Attachments - Avoid download of file attachments that may have virus infections.

Start/Run/gpedit.msc. User Configuration/Administrative Templates/Windows Components/Internet Explorer. Configure Outlook Express/Enable Block attachments that may contain a virus.

Attributes - Display the Attributes Column in Explorer

Right click on the column headers and select Columns. You'll get a list of them to choose from. Attributes is one of them.

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Explorer\Advanced. Value Name: ShowAttribCol, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (0 = disable, 1 = enable). Create a new DWORD value called 'ShowAttribCol' and set the value to '1' to enable the attributes column.

AutoComplete - Clear

IE/Tools/Internet Options/General/Clear History
IE/Tools/Internet Options/Content/AutoComplete

Can't Clear History:  Start/Search/Change Preferences/Turn off AutoComplete

     Control the Auto Complete Mode

This setting controls whether the automatic text completion (AutoComplete) feature of Windows explorer appends the suggested text to the words as you are typing as well as showing a drop-down list of available values.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
Explorer\AutoComplete. Value Name: Append Completion, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: yes or no.

Create a new string value, or modify the existing value, named "Append Completion" and set it to "yes" to append the suggested text as you are typing or "no" to only show a drop-down list.

Restart Windows for the change to take effect.  Note: This setting also changes the auto complete functionality of Internet Explorer.

You can view the values stored for each input field name, delete incorrect ones, and pre-load the system with additional values.

Clear Form Fields in AutoComplete (Line 37)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

AutoComplete Mode Enabled or Disabled (Line 37)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Restore IE AutoComplete Password Prompt (Line 13)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Close IE. Then go to Start/Run and type in: services.msc
Scroll down to Protected Storage. Note the Status column. If Protected Storage is running, Started will appear under Status.

If Protected Storage is not started, start it. To do this, right-click Protected Storage, and then click Start. If Protected Storage is started, stop and then restart it.

If you receive a Stop Other Services message, record the names of the other services that will be stopped, and then click Yes. Then restart the others services. Close out then reopen IE.

AutoComplete Does Not Save Username and Password
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q306895

For Pro: Start/Administrative Tools/Services/Protected Storage. Make sure the Service Protected Storage is Started.

Addresses Are Not Resolved When the AutoComplete Feature Is Enabled
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q230592

AutoComplete and Vcard and how they work
http://htmlgoodies.earthweb.com/autocomplete.html

AutoComplete Keys and Storage

The specific subkeys for different applications (appear to be) is as follows:

IE: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db

OE: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\220d5cc1-853a-11 d0-84bc-00c04fd43f8f

FTP, Front Page and password protected web sites:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\5e7e8100-9138-11d1-945a-00c04fc308ff

Outlook XP: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\220d5cd0-853a-11d0-84bc-00c04fd43f8f

Note: the S-1-5-21-839522........ part of the Registry key above may be different on your machine.

InfoDelivery, MSN and Identities have their own sub branches off of the Data branch. These number (other than the User number) appear to be the same from machine to machine.

AutoComplete and HP's

When logging in as Owner, AutoComplete does not work when filling out a form, it does work; however, in the address bar, and also in Outlook Express.

HP support stated that the Owner/Administrator login doesn't save passwords, etc. This is for security reasons. They advice to set up another account, assign it as limited, and log in on that account.

AutoComplete:  Remove Google Search History

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11
d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringData]
"Behavior"=-
"Item Data"=-

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11
d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringIndex]
"Behavior"=-
"Item Data"=-

Note:  The S-1-5 ... portion of this string may be different on your machine.
Note 2:  To delete the value doesn't work unless the Permissions have been set to allow full control. Nor is it possible to delete the keys, without Full Control being allowed.

Tip: Step by Step instruction:

Go to the key listed below:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\
S-1-5-21-1960408961-220523388-682003330-1003

With the S-1-5-21....in blue, choose File/Export and save it to your desktop and name it (ex). googlehistoryclear.reg. Leave the registry open then go to your desktop. Right click the saved reg file and choose Edit. If it needs an association choose Notepad. Scroll down to these keys:

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringData]

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringIndex]

To make the search/scroll easier they are listed in alphabetic order and you are looking for the end of the string in this case \q:StringData and \q:StringIndex. So scroll down to the q's....

Under q:StringData
Highlight what is listed after the word "Behavior"= only up to the words "Item Data"= and delete it. Then place a - (minus sign) after the = so that it looks like this: "Behavior"=-

From there highlight what is listed after the words "Item Data"= only up to the next key and delete it. Then place a - (minus sign) after the = so that it looks like this:
"Item Data"=-

Do the same for q:StringIndex.

Once done choose File/Save. Use the red X to close. If it asked to save again, answer yes.

Return to the registy and delete this key: (right click, delete, accept the warning)
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\
S-1-5-21-1960408961-220523388-682003330-1003

Then go back to your desktop and double click your saved regedit, answer yes. Then open Google and the search history is gone.

AutoComplete:  Save Passwords

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main

In the right pane, right click FormSuggest PW Ask, modify value data with no = do not ask to save passwords, yes...

IE AutoComplete Password Prompt VB Script
Internet Explorer Control Panel Restrictions
AutoComplete Does Not Save Username and Password
For Pro: Start/Administrative Tools/Services/Protected Storage. Make sure the Service Protected Storage is Started.
Addresses Are Not Resolved When the AutoComplete Feature Is Enabled

Auto-Dial:  Disconnect/Disable

Check your settings here:

Right click the My computer icon (Desktop), open Manage/Services and Applications/Services. In the right pane scroll down to Remote Access Auto Connection Manager and double click it. Use the Startup type drop box and choose Disabled.

Network Connections/Advanced/Dial-Up Preferences/Enable Auto-Dial by Location/Uncheck all locations and Always ask me before Auto-Dialing.

Also check all programs with a Notification Area icon (system tray) for an option to disable or not start at startup.  Most can be unselected here:  Start/Run/Msconfig/Startup and/or removed from here:  Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

     Disable Automatic Modem Connections at Startup

If remote connections are enabled in Windows, the system may try to initiate an Internet connection at Windows startup or at the start of many applications. This setting disables that behavior.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Ole. Value Name: EnableRemoteConnect, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: "Y" = enable automatic connections, "N" = disabled.

Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'EnableRemoteConnect' and edit the value according to the settings above. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

     Modify the Internet Auto-Dial Settings

Windows has the option to automatically dial your Internet Service Provider (ISP) to establish an Internet connection. This option can be controlled using this tweak.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings

Create a new binary value named "EnableAutodial", and set the new value to equal "01 00 00 00" to enable autodial or "00 00 00 00" to disable it.

Note: This restriction can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

     To view the list of names and addresses recorded by AutoDial, type the following command at a command
     prompt: rasautou -s


To delete a name or address entry from the list: Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\RAS Autodial\Addresses

You can delete any TCP/IP addresses that you see under this key. Note that AutoDial can use IP addresses, DNS fully qualified domain names (FQDN), and NetBIOS names.

     How to make auto-disconnect work in Internet explorer

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Parameters

In the right pane, find Autodisconnect and change the time accordingly.  Alternately You can try this from command prompt: net config server /autodisconnect:30 -to set the autodisconnect to 30 minutes.

More Information on Auto-Dial and Auto-Disconnect
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_modem.htm

Audigy

Creative SoundBlaster Audigy Audio May Cause an Error Message

Auto-Disconnect Modem

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Parameters. In the right pane, find Autodisconnect and change the time accordingly.

Or...

Start/Run/net config server /autodisconnect:30 (30 being an example). To disable Auto-Disconnect set it to -1. Setting Autodisconnect to 0 does not turn it off and results in very fast disconnects, within a few seconds of idle time. (However, the RAS Autodisconnect parameter is turned off if you set it to a value of 0.)

Modem Issues, Auto-Connect/Disconnect & Dialup for Windows XP
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_modem.htm

Auto-Logon

1. At a command prompt, type "control userpasswords2" and press Enter to open the Windows 2000-style User Accounts application.

2. On the Users tab, clear the Users Must Enter A User Name And Password To Use This Computer check box and then click OK.

3. In the Automatically Log On dialog box that appears, type the user name and password for the account you want to be logged on each time you start your computer.

Add Control UserPasswords2 to the Control Panel (Line 1)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Or...

Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Local Security Settings/Minimum Password Length (0). User account/Remove Password.

How to Enable Automatic Logon in Windows

Welcome Screen in Windows XP
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_wel_screen.htm

Logon and User Profiles
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_logon.htm

AutoPlay - Add Your CD-Rom Burning Program

Add Your CD Burning Program to AutoPlay Actions - Blank CD Inserted
TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay/Handlers/Edit

AutoPlay - Checkpoints

Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services/Shell Hardware Detection/Return this service to Automatic.

If you are using TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay

Go to Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/File Types. Highlight AudioCD/Advanced. Make sure that Play is in bold type, then go to Edit and verify that this line is listed under Application used:

"C:\Program Files\Windows Media Player\wmplayer.exe" /prefetch:3 /device:AudioCD "%L"

Related Registry Entries:

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AudioCD]
"BaseClass"="Drive"
@="AudioCD"
"EditFlags"=hex:02,00,00,00

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AudioCD\DefaultIcon]
@="C:\\WINDOWS\\System32\\shell32.dll,40"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AudioCD\shell]
@="play"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AudioCD\shell\play]
@="&Play"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AudioCD\shell\play\command]
@="\"C:\\Program Files\\Windows Media Player\\wmplayer.exe\" /prefetch:3
/device:AudioCD \"%L\""

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdrom]
"AutoRun"=dword:00000001

Auto-Play:  Disable

TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay

     To Disable CD Autoplay in Windows XP Pro

[1] Start/Run/GPEDIT.MSC
[2] Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System.
[3] Locate the entry for Turn Off Autoplay and modify.

Start/Run/Gpedit.msc/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System. Check your settings in the right pane, Turn Off Autoplay (double click).

     To Disable CD Autoplay, completely, in Windows XP Home

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Then go to:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

Name: NoDriveTypeAutoRun
Type: REG_DWORD

If NoDriveTypeAutoRun does not exist, create it and set its value to 145 (decimal).

Or...

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
"NoDriveTypeAutoRun"=dword:0x000000FF

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdrom
AutoRun = 0

Auto-Play:  Enable

Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services/Shell Hardware Detection/Return this service to Automatic.

Start/Run/Gpedit.msc/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System. Check your settings in the right pane for Turn Off AutoPlay (and modify).

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet\Services\Cdrom.  AutoRun = 1

Or run this edit:  Enable CD AutoPlay for Pro or Home (Line 10)

If you are using TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/downloads/powertoys.asp

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\AutoplayHandlers. Right click on the AutoplayHandlers subkey and delete it. Do the same here under this key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\CD Burning\Drives

If still not corrected, manually make these changes under this key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\CD Burning\Drives

Double click the "Drive Type" value to change it's properties. CD-R should be set to 1; CD-RW should be set
to 2;  Non-Writable should be set to 3. Then under AutoPlayHandlers:  User Defaults verify MSCDBurningOnArrival.  For any listed without an Autoplay LegacyHandler, set it to AutoPlay.

AutoPlay Handler Keys:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\AutoplayHandlers\Handlers\
MSTakeNoAction
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\AutoplayHandlers\Handlers

Restore AutoPlay Handlers (Line 99)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Restore AutoPlay Icon - http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Note: This REG file contains numerous settings regarding Autoplay, in addition to the icon settings and may correct your problem.

Auto Play - Listen To CDs Without A Click

Since the advent of Microsoft’s Windows Media Player, playing an audio CD has been a click-free task. However, after installing WinXP, when you insert an audio CD for the first time, the Audio CD dialog box appears. The Play Audio CD Using Windows Media Player is already highlighted, so there’s no need to click it. But before you click OK, click the checkbox next to Always Do The Selected Action. This will restore CD playing to its former click-free glory. Click OK and the CD will play.

Auto Play Icon - Restore

Restore the Auto Play Icon - http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm or you can Download it here.  Download
the REG file to your hard drive, then double click it. Answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on them and selecting Edit.

Auto - Reboot  (Modify auto-reboot setting)

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\CrashControl.  Select AutoReboot from the list on the right. Right on it and select Modify. Change the value to 0 to disable and 1 to enable. Reboot your computer.

Auto-Reply

Create your message in Word, Wordpad, Notepad or any other text program you like. Save as (name you choose) and make sure you have selected a text extension .txt. I find that wordpad works just fine. Save to wherever you can find it again.

Go to OE/Tools/Message Rules/Mail/New and set up a rule.

1. Select your option from the top section for whom you want to send it to.
2. In the second section, scroll down and select "reply with message."
3. In the third section, click on the word "message." You'll be prompted to select the file to use.
4. In the bottom dropdown window, change the extension to text (mail is the default and won't see your saved file.)
5. Select the file you created. It will show the path to the message.

To test it, send an email to yourself and see if you get your message back. When you look at the message you sent yourself
in the inbox, it should show a reply icon.

Auto-Runs

AutoRuns - Shows what programs are configured to run during system boot up or login. Includes items in startup folders, win.ini, and 14 registry keys.  Download here.

Automatic Update

Automatic Update Feature in Windows XP Explained

Automatic Window Refresh

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Update. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, named "UpdateMode" and set it to equal "0" for faster updates. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Automatically Close Non-Responding Applications on Shutdown

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop

Value Name: AutoEndTasks, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled). Modify the value of 'AutoEndTasks' to equal '1' to automatically end tasks or '0' to prompt for action.

Note: This change will affect all users but the value can also be changed on a user-by-user basis by modifying [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop] with the same values.

Available Bytes

Description of What the Available Bytes in Task Manager Represents

AVI Files - Fix Movie Interference in AVI Files

If you have any AVI files that you saved in Windows 9x, which have interference when opened in Windows XP, there is an easy fix to get rid of the interference:  Open Windows Movie Maker. Click View and then click Options. Click in the box to remove the check mark beside Automatically create clips. Now, import the movie file that has interference and drag it onto the timeline. Then save the movie, and during the re-rendering, the interference will be removed.  

File Formats Supported by Windows Movie Maker in Windows XP
Cannot Use Sony MovieShaker v1.1 and v1.2 to Open AVI Files

AVI Fix

This program was created to be able to watch partially downloaded DivX (AVI) movies. It can rebuild or strip the index
part of the movie, which is at the end of the file. There are also a basic error detection, which can detect serious errors in
the audio/video stream.  Download here.

AVI - Remove

Close all open apps. Open a command prompt and navigate to the directory with the offending files. Then open the Task Manager and click on the Processes tab. select "explorer.exe" under Image Name. Click "End Process".

Now you will only have the command prompt and the task manager. In the Command Prompt, DEL the offending files
(DEL *.mpg, DEL mus*.avi, DEL test.wmv, etc.)

The files should now delete without a problem. Now go back to the task manager and click on the Applications tab. Click the "New Task..." button. in the dialog, type explorer.exe and click OK.

How do I delete an "undeletable" file?

AVI - Explorer.Exe

Start/Run/Regedit -HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\SystemFileAssociations\.avi\shellex\PropertyHandler.  And delete the "Default" key.

 

 

~B~

 

Background - For all Users

Create a user, set the profile up exactly the way you want it and then log on as someone with administrator privileges and copy that profile to \Documents and Settings\Default User.  Overwrite the existing profile. Any user created after you modify the Default User profile will get the new settings.

HOW TO: Distribute a Custom Desktop Theme to Users
HOW TO: Configure Desktop Themes in Windows XP

Background - Specify the Background Image and Wallpaper Style

These settings allow you to specify the background wallpaper and display style. When this setting is defined users can not choose an alternative background image. Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to:

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System]

Value Name: Wallpaper, WallpaperStyle.  Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)

To specify the wallpaper create a new string value called "Wallpaper" and set it to the full path and filename of the image.

Additionally, to specify the display style, create a new string value called "WallpaperStyle" and set it to either "0", "1" or "2" according to the list below.

You may need to restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

Background Tab is Missing

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System

Look in the right pane for a value called: NoDispBackgroundPage If it exists, double click it and set the value to 0. If it doesn't exist, right click in the right pane and select New, DWord value, and name it NoDispBackgroundPage. Leave the value at 0.

Backup  - Windows XP

In Pro you can find it here: Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Backup

The Backup utility is not included in the default installation of Windows XP Home Edition. The Backup icon is not present on the Start menu in Windows XP Home Edition, nor is Backup listed in Add Remove Programs for Windows XP Home edition.

     To manually install Backup:

Double-click the Ntbackup.msi file in the following location on the Windows XP Home Edition CD-ROM to start a wizard that installs Backup: CD-ROM Drive :\VALUEADD\MSFT\NTBACKUP. When the wizard is complete, click Finish.

System Backup for Windows XP
Windows Backup Does Not Back Up to CD-R, CD-RW, or DVD-R Devices

     Tip:  Save the backup to your CD Burning folder. Then select the CD-R device and "burn" the file to CD. If you want to
              restore the backup, copy it from the CD to your disk and then restore it. If for some reason the restore utility
             doesn't like the file, change the read-only attribute that it picked up from being on the CD.

For more information:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_backup.htm

Backup

WinBackup makes it easier than ever before to secure your data by making regular backups. Not only will WinBackup help you organize your backups and schedule automatic backups, it will also protect your data using the latest encryption techniques, compress data to save space, create detailed logs of all backup operations and more. WinBackup also features one of the most intuitive user interfaces you have ever seen, making even the most advanced features easily accessible to beginners and professionals alike.  Download here.  Users Manual here.  FAQ's here.

Second Copy® 2000 is the perfect backup product designed for Windows 9x/Me/NT4/2000/XP you have been looking for. It makes a backup of your data files to another directory, disk or computer across the network. It then monitors the source files and keeps the backup updated with new or changed files. It runs in the background with no user interaction. So, once it is setup you always have a backup of your data some where else.

Second Copy 2000 simplifies the task of making "Second Copies" of your important files and folders. It organizes your copy jobs in "profiles". Each profile is a set of file and folder specifications which tells Second Copy 2000, what you want to be copied, to where, and when. Once configured, it runs in the background (accessible from the system tray) and monitors the "source" folders for changes or updates and copies new or changed files to the "destination."

Setting profiles is a snap with the "Profile Wizard". Express setup lets you copy entire folders to another location on your disk, to another disk on your computer or to another computer across the network. You can define copy intervals from every half an hour to once a day. The Custom setup option lets you specify which files and folders should be included or excluded and whether you want the files copied, moved, compressed or synchronized. A neatly organized Log lets you monitor the copy activities.   Download here.

Backup Plus

Backup Plus allows you to easily and quickly backup all of your important data. Features include the ability to include files, full folders, wildcards and exclusions in your backup set. Backup to just about any removable device, span multiple disks if required and even write to CDR/CD-RW drives with your existing packet writing software. Make backups easy with Backup Plus.  More information here.

Backup and Recovery

The Backup utility in Windows XP Professional helps you protect your data in the event your hard disk fails or files are accidentally erased due to hardware or storage media failure. By using Backup you can create a duplicate copy of all of the data on your hard disk and then archive it on another storage device, such as a hard disk or a tape.

If the original data on your hard disk is accidentally erased or overwritten, or becomes inaccessible because of a hard–disk malfunction, you can easily restore it from the disk or archived copy by using the Restore or Automated System Recovery Wizards. To start Backup or to access Restore and Automated System Recovery:  Click Start, click All Programs, click Accessories, click System Tools, and then click Backup.

Windows XP Backup, Restore, and Automated System Recovery all function when Windows XP Professional is functioning. If your computer does not start properly, you may need to use Recovery Console. Recovery Console provides a command line during Startup from which you can make system changes when Windows XP Professional doesn’t start.  To learn more about Backup, Restore, and Automated System Recovery, see Help and Support Center.

     Recovery Console

You can use Recovery Console to perform many tasks without starting Windows XP, including: starting and stopping services, reading and writing information on a local disk drive, and formatting drives. However, you must install Recovery Console while your computer is still functioning. The Recovery Console feature should be used only by advanced users. Before using Recovery Console, it is recommended that you back up your information on a tape drive, because your local hard disks might be reformatted—thus erased—as part of the recovery. You can also run Recovery Console from the Windows XP CD.

     To install Recovery Console as a Startup Option

Log on to Windows XP Professional as an administrator or as a user with administrator rights.
If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may prevent you from completing this procedure. Contact your network administrator for assistance. Insert the Windows XP Professional CD into your CD ROM drive. If you’re prompted to upgrade to Windows XP, click No.

From the command prompt—or from the Run command in the Start menu–type the path to the appropriate Winnt32.exe file (on your Windows XP Professional CD), followed by a space and /cmdcons to reference this switch. For example:
e:\1386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons.  Follow the instructions that appear.
 
     To run Recovery Console on a computer if Windows XP Professional does not start

Restart your computer, and then choose Windows Recovery Console from the list of operating systems. Follow the instructions that appear. Recovery Console displays a command prompt. Make the required changes to your system.

Back up your information regularly—using the Backup utility in Windows XP—to keep your archived data up–to–date.
It is also a good idea to backup important data and files before making any system changes, such as adding new hardware, updating drivers or firmware, and editing the registry. For more information about how to back up your data, see Help and Support Center. To see the commands available in Recovery Console, type “help” at the command prompt. To restart your computer, type “exit” to close the Recovery Console command prompt.

Backup Restore - From Win95, 98, Me

Cannot Restore Backups That You Create in Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Me with the Windows XP Ntbackup Tool.  To resolve this behavior, restore the data from the tape or file by using Msbackup on a computer that is running Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Me.

Suggested workaround:

Obtain the Win9x MSBACKUP program and run it in compatibility mode on the WinXP computer. If you do not have the program you can download a copy from Microsoft:  ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/softlib/mslfiles/msback.exe  (558K)

The MSBACK.EXE file is a self-extracting file containing the MSBACKUP.EXE program and supporting files.
Place this file on a floppy disk, open a DOS window, and execute the file. The MSBACKUP.EXE program and supporting files will be extracted to the same floppy.

You must then run the install program. Create a temporary directory on the hard drive and then command A>INSTALL C:\TEMP (or whatever directory name you made on the hard drive). MSBACKUP will then run and attempt to set itself up.
It is during this process that some users tend to find WinXP not allowing the program to proceed.

Backup VB Script

Move the folder/contents to another partition. Create a shortcut to it and place it on your desktop. Anything added will go to the new destination. It is merely a shortcut to the folder.

An added measure: Copy the four lines below into notepad and save as backup.vbs. Change NameofFolder to the correct name and create two backup folders according to the example below. In the done = change NameofFolder as well.

Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

fso.CopyFolder "C:\NameofFolder\*.*", "C:\NameofFolder_backup"
fso.CopyFolder "C:\NameofFolder\*.*", "E:\NameofFolder_backup"

done = MsgBox("Done", vbOKonly, "Backup NameofFolder")

Batch Files - .bat

Batch files for XP
Batch Script Collection
Batch Files for Windows
Batch File Association Fix  Or from a command prompt just type assoc .bat=batfile

Belarc Advisor - System Inventory Tool

The Belarc Advisor builds a detailed profile of your installed software and hardware. Download here. In the Software Versions section you'll see all of your installed software. At the end of each entry is a clickable asterisk that will take you to the folder the software is installed in.

BING - Bootit Next Generation

BootIt NG is a partition and multi boot manager with a powerful and simple to use set of tools for partitioning, imaging, and multi-booting your computer.

Boot It Next Generation
Support and FAQ's
Help/Info
BootIt NG Newsgroup Support
How to install W2K/XP with Controller Card issues using Bing

To move to another larger drive using BootIT NG, from http://www.BootitNG.com by MVP Alex Nichol

Download, to its own folder, extract from the zip, run the bootitng to make a boot floppy. 

With the new drive plugged in as slave/secondary, boot the floppy, Cancel Install, entering maintenance, then Partition work. On the left, select the second Drive (HD1) then highlight and Delete existing partitions that are to be replaced, leaving it empty. Select HD0 again, highlight your C:,Copy, select HD1 and Paste. You can then click resize and say to use the whole of the larger drive.  Close out, swap the disks to make the new one bootable, and remove the other for the moment.

At this point reboot the BING floppy, again Partition Work, this time click view MBR and in it highlight your C and click to make it active, then click to write MBR code - this makes the partition bootable. and you can exit and reboot to XP. (May not be needed for a drive that was in use before, but do it to be certain).

Bios

Bios Explained

Bios - Beep Codes

You'll need to know who the maker of your BIOS is. That's one of the first things displayed when you computer starts up.
Here's the beep definitions by BIOS: Standard Error Codes:  http://www.pchell.com/hardware/beepcodes.shtml

Bios - Upgrades

WimsBios - By Motherboard Manufacturer - FAQ's - Forum
BIOS Information Guide - How To's, General Information and Download Links
Soyo Bios Downloads - Download Drivers, Manuals, and Other Information

Bios - Commands

Bios Manufacturer Key Command(s)
ALR Advanced Logic Research, Inc. ® PC / PCI F2
ALR PC non / PCI CTRL+ALT+ESC
AMD® (Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.) BIOS F1
 
AMI (American Megatrends, Inc.) BIOS DEL
Award™ BIOS CTRL+ALT+ESC
Award BIOS DEL
DTK® (Datatech Enterprises Co.) BIOS ESC
Phoenix™ BIOS CTRL+ALT+ESC
Phoenix BIOS CTRL+ALT+S
Phoenix BIOS CTRL+ALT+INS
    Computer Key Command(s)
    Acer® F1, F2, CTRL+ALT+ESC
    AST® CTRL+ALT+ESC, CTRL+ALT+DEL
    Compaq® 8700 F10
    CompUSA® DEL
    Cybermax® ESC
    Dell® 400 F3
    Dell 400 F1
    Dell Dimension® F2 or DEL
    Dell Inspiron® F2
    Dell Latitude Fn+F1 (while booted)
    Dell Latitude F2 (on boot)
    Dell Optiplex DEL
    Dell Optiplex F2
    Dell Precision™ F2
    eMachine DEL
    Gateway® 2000 1440 F1
    Gateway 2000 Solo™ F2
    HP® (Hewlett-Packard) F1, F2
    IBM® F1
    IBM E-pro Laptop F2
    IBM PS/2® CTRL+ALT+INS after CTRL+ALT+DEL
    IBM Thinkpad® (newer) Windows: Programs-Thinkpad CFG.
    Intel® Tangent DEL
    Micron F1, F2, or DEL
    Packard Bell® F1, F2, Del
    Sony® VIAO F2
    Sony VIAO F3
    Tiger DEL
    Toshiba® 335 CDS ESC
    Toshiba Protege ESC
    Toshiba Satellite 205 CDS F1
    Toshiba Tecra F1 or ESC

Bios - View System BIOS Information

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\HARDWARE\DESCRIPTION\System

Value Name: SystemBiosDate, SystemBiosVersion, VideoBiosDate
Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)

Black Screen

Black Screen on Boot
Computer Stops Responding with a Black Screen When You Start Windows
Windows XP Stops Responding at the Welcome Screen
Blank Screen or Operating System Cannot Load Profile at Logon

Blocking Ads

Blocking Ads with a Hosts File:
http://mywebpages.comcast.net/winhelp2002/download.htm

Bootable CD

How to make your XP bootable
How to create a bootable CD for XP with SP1

Microsoft added the ability to Slipstream a Service Pack to Windows XP. It not only has the advantage that when you reinstall your OS, you'll don't have to apply the Service Pack later, also if you update any Windows component later, you'll be sure that you get the correct installation files if Windows needs any. Slipstream Windows XP Service Pack 1

Boot - Disable Splash Screen

Right click My Computer, select Properties. Go to Advanced, Startup and Recovery, Settings and click the Edit button.  Locate the line that loads XP and add /SOS to the end of it.  The resulting line should look something like this:

multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /fastdetect /SOS

Boot - Run a Batch File at Bootup (before XP loads)

How to Run a Batch File Before Logging on to Your Computer (Q243486)

Boot Disks

Obtaining Windows XP Setup Boot Disks (Home & Pro)
An alternative, ONE BOOT DISK, to the Microsoft Windows XP 6 Disk Set
HOW TO: Create a Boot Disk for an NTFS or FAT Partition with Windows XP
Use System Files to Create a Boot Disk to Guard Against Being Unable to Start Win XP

Right click on your Floppy drive. Choose format. an option at the bottom is "Create an MS-DOS startup disk. This will format the disk and install Dos components.

Boot Config and INI

How do I use Msconfig to modify boot.ini?
A Discussion About the Bootcfg Command and Its Uses
BOOT.INI and ARC Path Naming Conventions and Usage

     Alter BOOT.INI to remove secondary listings:

Right click My Computer, select Properties. Advanced, Startup and Recovery. Set the default OS and and the timeout.
Or...
Remove the line for the old OS in [operating systems] by going to Start/Run, and typing:  C:\Boot.ini.  Be sure 'default=' points to the new OS.
Or...
Press WinKey-Break,(or start/run 'sysdm.cpl'), Advanced Tab, "Start Up and Recovery" area, Settings button, then edit the old line out with the edit button. Reboot, and delete the files for the old OS.

Boot - Increase Bootup Speed

Right click My Computer Icon/Properties/Hardware/Device Manager. Go to IDE/ATAPI Controllers. Select Primary Channel/Properties. On the device that does not have a device type, select disable instead of autodetect. 

This example assumes you have 1 Hard drive on your primary IDE channel and a DVD-ROM(or CD)
and CD-R on your two secondary IDE channels.

Boot - Problems

How to Perform a Clean Boot in Windows XP
How to Use Clean Boot Troubleshooting for Windows XP
How to Troubleshoot By Using the Msconfig Utility in Windows XP 
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_conflicts.htm

How to Disable a Service that Prevents Windows XP from Booting
Use System Files to Create a Boot Disk to Guard Against Being Unable to Start Win XP
Fast Boot /Fast Resume Design: A performance trace visualization tool for use with Windows XP systems.
Troubleshooting Bootup Problems and Edits

Boot Disk - Control Automatic Boot Disk Optimization

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Dfrg\BootOptimizeFunction 

Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'Enable' and edit the value according to
Y = enabled, N = disabled . Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Bootvis - Decrease Boot Time

Bootvis is a Boot performance trace visualization tool for use with Windows XP systems. It gives a graphical view of what processes are doing what and when during boot and allow you to optimize your boot up. A very handy tool.

Download Bootvis: http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/platform/performance/fastboot/BootVis.asp

This is a self extracting ZIP file. Double click the file you just downloaded and unzip it to the folder of your choice. Locate Bootvis.exe click on it. You will now see the GUI of bootvis.

Now go to File/New and choose "Next boot trace" or "Next boot and drivers chase". Leave everything else as is and get ready for a reboot in 15 seconds.  Then click on the Bootvis.exe, it will now output the results, once it has finished generating the report, you will see graphs 5 or 6 graphs. From the main menu .. Click on Trace >> optimize system, then reboot.

You will see a message box "Please wait for bootvis to load" ... about 20 seconds later another message box will appear "Optimizing system for boot performance" basically bootvis is rearranging the boot files for a faster startup. (T. Shuel)

More information:

• Disk: Tracks the time to enumerate all the devices in the non-pageable device path. This is everything from the CPU to the boot disk drive; multiple IDE devices and slow IDE devices can affect this time. Typical disk time in Windows XP is 2 seconds.

• Driver: The time it takes to initialize devices.

• Prefetching: The time spent reading pages in from disk used later as devices initialize, and Winlogon, services, the shell, and other applications start during boot.

• Registry+Page file: The time spent to read the registry and initialize the page file.

• Video: Time spent as the display mode is set for the final resolution and refresh rate. Video driver and Video BIOS affect this time.

• Logon+Services and Shell: The times to start Winlogon, services, the shell, and so on. This is mostly the operating system. However, 3rd party software such as anti-virus and firewall software can effect this time.

You can start a report by selecting Next Boot from the Trace menu, or select Next Boot + Driver Delays, which will show you if there are any drivers delaying your boot (they will be displayed in red). Choose to boot your computer, and patiently wait..... After your machine has rebooted to the desktop, it will still take a while before Bootvis will show its report, so just wait till it shows up on your screen.

If Bootvis reports that drivers are delaying your boot time, visit the manufacturers Web site to obtain the latest drivers.
To optimize your system for a faster boot, choose Optimize System from the Trace menu.

Bootvis - Explained by David Candy

Bootvis optimizes the files so it's traces are run on an optimized machine. XP automatically optimizes itself every three days, bootvis merely makes it the optimization happen now rather than having to wait three days.

There are two ways of asking XP to do this now.  defrag c: -b which rearranges files according to the current layout.ini and rundll32.exe, advapi32.dll, ProcessIdleTasks which rebuilds layout.ini from the information in the prefetch folder and and rearranges files according to the newly generated layout.ini. It also does other tasks (such as some System Restore stuff) that windows does when the computer is idle.

Bootvis calls ProcessIdleTasks function in advapi32.dll so automated tasks don't kick in affect the boot monitoring and so the boot monitoring is done on an optimized machine.

You can read about it here : http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/fastboot/download/fastboot-winxp.ZIP which will explain what those .pf files are in prefetch folder and the registry keys that control it.  The technical documentation on ProcessIdleTask is below from the platform SDK.

Idle Task Scheduling: The ProcessIdleTask API

The file placement optimization, which is done no more often than once every three days, is an example of a task that is carried out when the system is deemed to be idle. System Restore and other features of Windows XP also attempt to defer some work until the system is deemed to be idle. There are also some done-once-after-setup work items that also operate under the Idle Task Scheduling mechanisms.

All of these "idle tasks" are controllable by a system API in advapi32.dll, ProcessIdleTasks. The API’s sole purpose is to allow benchmarks a simple way to force any pending idle tasks to be executed immediately, without having to wait a lengthy period of time.

The API ProcessIdleTasks can be called in one of two ways, from the command line or synchronously from a program. To call ProcessIdleTasks from the command line, use this syntax:

Rundll32.exe advapi32.dll,ProcessIdleTasks

When called from the command line, the ProcessIdleTasks work is done in the background asynchronously. It can take 10 to 15 minutes for idle tasks to complete. Task Manager will report processes running, and the disk will likely be active during this time.

The ProcessIdleTasks API takes no arguments and returns a standard Win32 error code. The definition is:

DWORD
ProcessIdleTasks()

The API itself is synchronous, so it won’t return until the idle tasks have completed.

Bootable CD

A bootable CD-Rom is a CD from which you boot the PC. This means putting the CD in your CD-Rom drive and power-on or reboot your system. The PC will load a boot image from the CD-Rom and control is given to this boot image. Information here:  Creating bootable CD-Roms for PC!

Bootup Problems and Issues

How to Perform a Clean Boot in Windows XP
How to Use Clean Boot Troubleshooting for Windows XP
How to Troubleshoot By Using the Msconfig Utility in Windows XP 
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_conflicts.htm

Windows XP Restarts Continuously with Blue Screen
How to Disable a Service that Prevents Windows XP from Booting
Use System Files to Create a Boot Disk to Guard Against Being Unable to Start Win XP

Bootup - Network

When your computer is connected to a network, booting up Windows XP can take a long time. A big part of this time is taking up by updating the group policies. This tweak lets you log on before this process is finished. Because of this, booting up is much faster.

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\system

In this key, look for the following values: SynchronousMachineGroupPolicy and SynchronousUserGroupPolicy
By default, these values don't exist. If you can't find them, create them as REG_DWORD values. Set both values to 0.

Bootup - Reduce the Time the Startup List is Shown on Boot

Using Windows explorer find the file called BOOT.INI on your system drive. Change the attributes of the file from read-only, by right clicking on it and choosing Properties, and then under Attributes, uncheck 'Read-only'. Then double-click on BOOT.INI and it should open in Notepad.

Under the [boot loader] section is a value called "timeout=". The number after the "=" sign is the time in seconds Windows will wait for a selection. Change the value according to the options below.

Set the value to the number of seconds between 1 and 999. To make Windows boot instantly change this value to "0" (i.e. timeout=0). To make Windows wait indefinitely change this value to "-1" (i.e. timeout=-1). Save the file, and restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Branding - Remove

Changes the Title Bar Text in Internet Explorer
Remove IE/OE Branding

For IE:  Go to Start/Run and enter: rundll32.exe iedkcs32.dll,Clear

Manual Edit:  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main.  In the right pane scroll down to Window Title, double click it and change accordingly.

Briefcase

How to get "My Briefcase" in windows XP

C:\WINDOWS\system32\dllcache. Look for a file named "syncapp" and double click it. An icon should appear on your desktop that says "My Briefcase". Double click it and it will come up with this window that tells you how to use it.

HOW TO: Use the Briefcase Feature in Windows XP

Browser Hijacking

Check your settings here:  Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main.  In the right pane scroll down to Start Page.  Double click and under Value data, type in (for example):  http://www.google.com/.

Two regedits:  HomePageLock and HomePageUnclock.

IE/Tools/Internet Options/General/Home Page/Address.  If the feature is disabled (greyed out), download this script.

Home Page Setting Changes Unexpectedly, or You Cannot Change Your Home Page Setting

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key: 
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Control Panel. 

  1. If a HomePage dword value exists in this key, select it.
  2. On the Edit menu, click Delete, and then click Yes to confirm the deletion.

StartPage Guard (SPG) protects your PC from cyberscam, by monitoring status of your internet browser StartPage address and preventing it from any unauthorized changes. It also can be used to remove or change unwanted startpage address, even if change-startpage-buttons has been disabled. Malicious programs (viruses, trojans, backdoors, etc.) sometimes change the StartPage to 'gain the ground'. Spywares use this way to invade user's privacy by tracking destinations which user visited, and collecting personal information.  Free Download.

Ever downloaded a 'Free' program only to find out it was Spyware?  (Banner Advertiser Supported)  Or even worse, many will hide the Spyware functions and not tell you.  At the time of this release there were 762 known Spyware programs and Spy Chaser lists them and lets you enter a program name to see if it's on this list. 

Many of those programs don't uninstall the Spyware even after uninstalling the main program leaving files on your system and entries in the registry you might never get rid of.  For the list:  http://camtech2000.net/Pages/SpyChaser.html

Help to Clean Spyware from your System

Lavasoft AD-Aware
detects: Adware, Alexa 1.0-5.0, Attune, Aureate v1.0,2.0 + 3.0, Comet Cursor v1.0 and v2.0, Cydoor, Doubleclick, DSSAgent, EverAd, EzUla, Expedioware, Flyswat, Gator, Hotbar 1+2, OnFlow, TimeSink v1.0,v2.0 and v5.0, Web3000, Webhancer, Transponder, Wnad, ZapSpot, SurfPlus, AdvertBar, NetPal, CashBar, BonziBuddy, WurldMedia, Lop.com, TopMoxie, BDE Projector, MessageMates, EWA, CommonNameIEBar and more... (updated regularly).
 

Cleaning

Blocking

StartPage Guard 1.3
http://www.pjwalczak.com/spguard/index.php

How to Block Comet Cursor in Internet Explorer 5 and 6
http://tech.tln.lib.mi.us/blockcc.htm
 
Browser Hijacking
http://www.spywareinfo.com/hijacked.html
Spyware
http://www.simplythebest.net/info/spyware.html

Pornography - Clear unwanted files by Content Audit

You can accidentally pick up objectionable PC files from the Internet! ContentAudit provides a way to safely detect unwanted files.  Content Audit is free, safely scans for unwanted content and has an online checker that works in minutes.

Restrict Web Sites from Installing Software
 
These restrictions allow you to block unwanted web sites from downloading software onto your system. This can be useful in disabling the installation of some common "cursor" programs.
 
Open your registry and find the key below. Start/Run/Regedit
 
Create a new sub-key for each site you want to block, naming it based on the top-level domain for the site. For example to block www.restricted.com you would create a new sub-key called:
 
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\InternetSettings\ZoneMap\Domains\
restricted.com.  Under the sub-key create a new DWORD value called "*" and set it to equal "4".
 
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\ZoneMap\Domains

Value Name: *
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (4 = restricted)

Restart Internet Explorer for the change to take effect.
 
Note: This setting can also be applied on a user-by-user basis by modifying the same key under the HKEY_CURRENT_USER hive.

Home Page Hijacking - "Has your Browser Been Hijacked?"

Browsing - Speedup (Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer)

Start/Run/Regedit HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RemoteComputer\NameSpace In the left pane find: {D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF} Value and delete it.

Bug Filing

Go Start/Administrative Tools/Component Services/Services (Local). In the right pane, with the Extended tab selected at the bottom of the screen, scroll the list to Upload Manager. Right-click and select Properties, then in the center of the next screen in the Startup type: use the arrow to set it to Automatic. This will allow use of the bug filing program.

Burning CD's

Burning CDs in Windows XP
Compact Disc Recorded in Windows XP Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

Burning CD's - Disable

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer Value Name: NoCDBurning Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value) Value Data: (0 = Allow CDR, 1 = Disable CDR) Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoCDBurning' and edit the value according to the settings above.

CD Burning - Disable Native CD Burning in XP

Right click the CD in My Computer/Properties/Recording/Uncheck "Enable CD recording on this drive."
Disable Native CD Burning and Allow Limited Users Access to CD Burning

CD-Rom Burning - Allow limited users access to CD Burning:

For XP Home: To allow Limited User's to burn CD's, click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT. Go to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

Look in the right pane for AllocateDASD and double click the entry. Set the value to 2.

On PRO, this is exposed in Local Security Policy under Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options "Devices: Allowed to format and eject removable media"

A REG file can be used to set this value as well.  It is available here.  Download the REG file and save it to your hard disk.  Double click the file you just saved and answer yes to the import prompt.  REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking them and selecting Edit.

For XP Pro: You can do this by clicking Start, Run and entering SECPOL.MSC.

Go to Local Policies, Security Options, look in the right pane for Devices: Allowed to Format and eject removable media. Set this option to Administrators and Interactive Users. 

Buttons and Menus

Microsoft has been experimenting a lot with flat buttons and all different kinds of 3D looks. This tweak introduces a new kind of flat look for buttons and menus and the like.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Control Panel/ColorsLook for the following values: ButtonHilight and ButtonShadow

These values will probably exist. If not, create them as REG_SZ values.  Set ButtonHilight to the following value:
128 128 128 and set ButtonShadow to the following value: 255 255 255.  You will need to restart or log off for the new settings to take effect.

 

 

~C~

 

Cabinet Files - Restore

From Start, Run, type "msconfig" without the quotes. Click the expand button lower right. You can then expand and extract to any location.  Detailed version:

1. Click Start, and then click Run.
2. In the Open box, type "msconfig" (without the quotation marks), and then click OK.
3. Click Expand File.
4. In the "File to restore" box, type the name of the file that you want to restore.
5. In the "Restore from" box, type the path to the Windows XP .cab file from which you want to restore the file, or click
    Browse From to locate the Windows XP .cab file.

    NOTE: The Windows XP .cab files are stored in the I386 folder on the Windows XP compact disc (CD).

6. In the "Save file in" box, type the path to which you want the new file extracted, or click Browse To to locate the folder
    that you want.
7. Click Expand.
8. In the System Configuration Utility dialog box, click OK. If you are prompted to restart the computer, click Restart.

Description and Explanation of a Cabinet File

Cab Files Treated as Folders

XP treats Cab files like folders, to stop this type regsvr32 /u cabview.dll at the command prompt (Start/Run/CMD)
To reverse it type regsvr32 cabview.dll.

Cab Files Install and Relocate

1. Insert your windows XP CD.
2. Click on, Perform Additional Tasks.
3. Click on, Browse this CD.
4. Look for the I386 folder, right click on the folder and copy.
5. Get into, My Computer and create a unique folder.
6. Right click on your new folder and paste.

Then alter the source path: Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup

In the right pane, double click SourcePath and type in exactly, the path to where the cab files can be found. (The folder to where the cab files have been copied to). Registry, exit.

Caps - Show File and Folder Names Using the Correct Case

Some versions of Windows will attempt to adjust the capitalization of files and folders that are in all uppercase to make them more visually pleasing. For example, if you create a folder named "C:\ALLINCAPS" Windows will actually display it as "C:\Allincaps". This feature can be disabled using this tweak.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "DontPrettyPath" and set it to equal "1" to display the file using their original capitalization or "0" to adjust the caps.  Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Cdaudio.Exe

Cdaudio.exe May Cause an Error Message

CD - Backup

HOW TO: Back Up Information to a CD
Recorded CD-ROM Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

Q:  Will XP Pro allow me to back up various files and folders daily be adding only newer or changed files or do I have to
      copy the entire folder each time I back up?
A:  You will need to use packet writing software to format the CD-R/W first. Common packet writing programs are the latest versions of Direct CD (bundled with Easy CD Creator and is not available as a stand alone program but can be install as such www.roxio.com ) InCD (available as a stand a lone program from www.nero.com ) DLA ( comes bundled with the retail version of RecordNow Max or Click n Burn from http://www.stompinc.com/index.phtml?stp  it is available as a stand a
lone product only if you own an HP writer and can be downloaded from the HP site).

XP's native burning software is mastering software. You can not do a one step write to a CD. You must send the file to a caching area and then select the option to Write to CD. You also can not save directly to the CD Writers drive letter. You need to save to the location of the cache. It is found here "C:\Documents and Settings\<log on name>\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\CD Burning" By using the Tweakui for XP Powertoy you can relocate the CD Burning directory to a more readily accessible location. Harry Ohrn MS-MVP [Windows XP]

CD - Files Ready to be Written to the CD (message box keeps appearing)

Default storage is here: Documents and Settings\<username>\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\CD Burning

If you are using TweakUI, go to My Computer/Special Folders see what is set for CD Burning. Make sure it is set to a folder and not a drive.

When the balloon appears: There are two commands to the left of the displayed files. One is Copy to CD and the other is Delete Temporary Files.

If you click Delete Temporary Files, the files listed in the box will disappear. This will not erase the files from your hard drive, it simply removes them from being copied to the CD.

CD-CD-RW

CD-R Drive or CD-RW Drive Is Not Recognized As a Recordable Device
HOW TO: Erase Files From a CD-RW Disc

CD-Rom

CD-Rom and DVD Articles and Burning Issues

You cannot view the files on a CD or DVD in Windows Explorer:

Close Windows Explorer. Go to Start/Control Panel/Double click System/Hardware/Device Manager. Expand DVD/CD-ROM. Click the appropriate device, and then click Uninstall on the Action menu.

When you are prompted to confirm that you want to remove the device, click OK. On the Action menu, click Scan for hardware changes. Quit Device Manager and Control Panel.
You Cannot View the Files on a Disc After You Replace a CD-R or CD-RW Drive with a DVD or CD-ROM Drive

CD-ROM Drive or DVD-ROM Drive Missing After You Install Windows XP
"Incorrect Function" Error Message When You Access the CD-ROM Drive, DVD-ROM Drive, or CD-RW Drive
CD Recording software will cause Windows to become unstable. Windows has prevented these drivers from loading.
Recorded CD-ROM Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable
Restore AutoPlay Icon
CD-ROM Access Is Missing - Error Code 31, Code 32, Code 19, or Code 39 After You Remove Easy CD Creator

CD Rom or DVD Not Listed in Explorer/My Computer
Save the file to your hard drive. Navigate to where you saved it and double click the file. A confirmation dialog will appear when the script is done. You may need to reboot for the change to take effect.  Download.

Can't download while playing a CD or running/watching a DVD movie?  Disable digital CD playback.

CD-Rom - Explore

Right-click the "Start" button and click "Explore CD-Rom". To do this:  Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\Directory\shell\Explore CD-Rom
@=""

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\Directory\shell\Explore CD-Rom\command
@="c:\\windows\\EXPLORER.EXE /e,x:"    (Where x is the letter to your CD-Rom).

CD-Rom - Incorrect Contents

When you view the contents of a CD-ROM in Windows Explorer, you can see the name of the CD-ROM in the left pane, and the folders are displayed in the right pane. However, after you remove the CD-ROM and insert a different CD-ROM, the right pane may still display the folders from the first CD-ROM even though the left pane correctly displays the name of the new CD-ROM.

To work around this problem, use either of the following methods: Manually refresh Windows Explorer by pressing F5 or by clicking Refresh on the View menu in Windows Explorer. Or do not use Folder view in Windows Explorer.

Incorrect Contents Are Displayed in Windows Explorer

CD-Rom - Listen To CDs Without A Click

Since the advent of Microsoft’s Windows Media Player, playing an audio CD has been a click-free task. However, after installing WinXP, when you insert an audio CD for the first time, the Audio CD dialog box appears. The Play Audio CD Using Windows Media Player is already highlighted, so there’s no need to click it. But before you click OK, click the checkbox next to Always Do The Selected Action. This will restore CD playing to its former click-free glory. Click OK and the CD will play.

CD-Rom Stops Auto-playing

Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services/Shell Hardware Detection/Return this service to Automatic.

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet\Services\Cdrom
AutoRun = 1

Disable CD AutoPlay for Home or Pro (Line 3)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Enable CD AutoPlay for Pro or Home (Line 10)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Other Auto Play options here under (A) AutoPlay and (C) CD-Roms
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_abc.htm

If you are using TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/downloads/powertoys.asp

Restore AutoPlay Icon (Line 17)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Restore AutoPlay Handlers (Line 99)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

CD-Rom Backup

HOW TO: Back Up Information to a CD
Recorded CD-ROM Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

CD-Rom Burning

Burning CDs in Windows XP
How to Use the Built in CD Burning in Windows XP
Compact Disc Recorded in Windows XP Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

CD-Rom Burning - Add to Autoplay Options

Add Your CD Burning Program to AutoPlay Actions
TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay/Handlers/Edit

CD-Rom Burning - Disable

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer
Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoCDBurning' and edit the value according to 
0 = Allow CDR, 1 = Disable CDR.

CD-Rom Burning - Disable Native CD burning in XP

Right click the CD in My Computer/Properties/Recording/Uncheck "Enable CD recording on this drive."
Disable Native CD Burning and Allow Limited Users Access to CD Burning

CD-Rom Burning - Allow limited users access to CD Burning:

To allow Limited User's to burn CD's, click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT. Go to:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
Look in the right pane for AllocateDASD and double click the entry. Set the value to 2.

On PRO, this is exposed in Local Security Policy under Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options
"Devices: Allowed to format and eject removable media"

For XP Pro, you can do this by clicking Start, Run and entering SECPOL.MSC.

Go to Local Policies, Security Options, look in the right pane for Devices: Allowed to Format and eject removable media. Set this option to Administrators and Interactive Users.

Or use this regedit:  CD Burning for Limited Users

CD-Rom or DVD Disappeared

Remove the Upperfilters and Lowerfilters values completely from the following registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Go to the branch indicated above, locate the Upperfilters and Lowerfilters values. Right click each and select Delete.

If you desire, you can right click on the {4D36E965..........} branch and select Export. This will create a REG file that can be re-imported should you find a need to.

You may also want to delete the following 4 Registry keys, as per the instructions above:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdr4_2K
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdralw2k
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdudf
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\UdfReadr

Or apply this manual edit:  Save the file below to your hard drive. Navigate to where you saved it and double click the file. A confirmation dialog will appear when the script is done. You may need to reboot for the change to take effect. 
CD Rom or DVD Not Listed in Explorer/My Computer

Your registry might be corrupted. (Code 19)

CD-ROM Access Is Missing and Messages Error Code 31, Code 32, Code 19, or Code 39 After You Remove Easy CD Creator : http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;;Q314060

NOTE : If you are getting a code 39 message, it may be that additional third-party filter drivers were added to UpperFilters and LowerFilters values in addition to Adaptec filter drivers. In that case, you may try to remove the non-Adaptec filter drivers first, leaving the Easy Creator filters in place to see if the Code 39 goes away. If you still receive an error code 39, 32, or 31 message, remove the Upperfilters and Lowerfilters values completely in the preceding key.

CDR-CDRW

When you attempt to record (burn) data to a compact disc recordable (CD-R) drive or compact disc rewritable (CD-RW) drive, you may not have the option to send data to the CD-ROM drive. To resolve this issue, edit the Windows registry to identify the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive as a recordable drive. To do this, follow these steps.

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. In the Open box, type regedit, and then click OK.
  3. Expand the following registry subkey:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\CD Burning\Drives

  4. On the File menu, click Export.
  5. In the File name box, type backup of drives key, and then click Save .

    NOTE: You can restore this registry subkey by double-clicking the backup of drives key.reg file that you saved.
  6. In the left pane of the Registry Editor window, click the Volume{ GUID } folder under Drives , where GUID is a 32-character hexadecimal globally unique identifier.

    NOTE: If you have more than one CD-ROM drive in the computer, an additional Volume{ GUID } folder is listed for each drive.
  7. In the right pane of the Registry Editor window, double-click Drive Type.
  8. In the Value data box, type 1 or 2 , depending on the drive type, and then click OK. The drive type should be 1 if it is a CD-R and 2 if it is a CD-RW.
  9. Quit Registry Editor.
  10. Click Start , and then click My Computer.
  11. Under Devices with Removable Storage , right-click the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive, and then click Properties on the shortcut menu that appears.
  12. If the Recording tab is displayed, the drive is successfully recognized by Windows as a recordable device.
  13. Click Cancel .

    NOTE: If you have more than one CD-ROM drive, DVD-ROM drive, or CD-RW drive in the computer and the Recording tab is not displayed, an incorrect drive may have been configured as "recordable" in the Windows registry. To troubleshoot this issue, follow these steps:
    1. Follow steps 1 through 9 to edit the Drive Type value of the Volume{ GUID } folder whose value you previously changed.
    2. In the Value data box, type 3 , and then click OK. The drive type value of 3 indicates that the drive is a standard CD-ROM and is not writable.
    3. In the left pane of the Registry Editor window, click the next Volume{ GUID } folder.
    4. Follow steps 7 through 8 to change the Value data entry to 1 or 2 , depending on the drive type.
    5. Quit Registry Editor, and then follow steps 10 through 12 to confirm that the Recording tab is displayed in the properties dialog box of the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive.

Note that this may not work in all cases. This is only a workaround in a situation where the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive is capable of functioning in Windows XP and for some reason has been misidentified. If the drive is not on the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL), the drive may not work with the built-in CD copying functionality, regardless of this registry setting.

CD-R Drive or CD-RW Drive Is Not Recognized As a Recordable Device

CD-RW

HOW TO: Erase Files From a CD-RW Disc
Compact Disc Recorded in Windows XP Is Missing Files or Folders or Is Unreadable

Certifications

Free Practice Exams for A+, MCSA, MCSE - 70-215, 70-270, 220-302

Change Default Directory for Installing Applications in the Program Files folder:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Current Version

Name: ProgramFilesDir
Type: REG_EXPAND_SZ
Value: C:\Program Files default

Verify or Change Program Download Directory (Line 82)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Increase Internet Explorer Downloads to 10 (Line 55)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Change User Pictures

Default Pictures are stored here:

Windows Explorer\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\User Account Pictures\Default Pictures

Restore User Default Pictures (Line 58)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

HOW TO: Add or Change a User's Picture in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q292434

How to Add a Specific Picture

Find a picture you are interested in using and use Save As to download and/or move the picture in question to your My Pictures Folder. Then go to User Account/Change my picture/Browse for more pictures/My Pictures Folder/Choose the picture you want to use, then click Open.

Summary of an image is 48x48/71 dpi, depth 24.

Note: If you have disabled Picture and Fax Viewer by using regsvr32 /u shimgvw.dll, you will not be able to change the picture. To restore, go to Start/Run and type in: regsvr32 shimgvw.dll

How to Add or Change a User's Picture
Restore User Default Pictures

Check Disk - Disk Checking Runs Upon Boot

Check Disk runs on every boot: Note - I have seen this happen when Windows File Protection has either been disabled or not allowed to run upon canceling the bootup Check Disk.

Suggestions and Checkpoints:

Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: fsutil dirty query c:
(Modify the drive letter accordingly)

If it comes back as dirty, it hasn't cleared. For more information go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: CHKNTFS /?

Option: From a command prompt type chkntfs /D and then reboot, a chkdsk should run but not again on next boot.

This edit does not work for all users, circumstances depending:

Disable or Enable CheckDisk Upon Boot (Line 82)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Chkdsk Runs Each Time That You Start Computer
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q316/5/06.asp

Checkpoint:

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

Highlight the Winlogon file.

In the list look for "SFCScan", this should be set to (0) if it is set to (1) the scan will happen at every boot.

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager

Look for the REG_MULTI_SZ value with the following name: BootExecute. This value contains commands that will be executed at startup. The default value is: autocheck autochk *

After scheduling one or more chkdsks, the entry will contain one or more autochk lines. Delete each of these lines and put the default one in place.

If you always want a check to be performed at startup, change the value to: autocheck autochk /f *

If you don't want any checks to be performed, delete all autocheck entries.

Last checkpoint: Modify as needed:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MyComputer\cleanuppath
Registry entry should read: %SystemRoot%\system32\cleanmgr.exe /D %c

How to schedule a CHKDSK on every boot
Chkdsk Runs Each Time That You Start Computer After Upgrade to Windows XP

Scandisk after a Bad Shutdown - Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in:  CHKNTFS/T:4
Where 4 is the amount of waiting time.

Automating Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows
An Explanation of CHKDSK and the New /C and /I Switches

Use the scheduler and run chkdsk with the automatic switches for unattended operation (chkdsk /? will list the options for you). To open Scheduled Tasks, click Start, click All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Scheduled Tasks.  You can also use TweakUI to automatically login if you have logged off the system to allow chkdsk access.

Restore Disk Cleanup - cleanmgr (Line 84)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Disk Cleanup freezes during the Compressed File Phase: This edit correct the problem:

Disk Cleanup - Compressed Old Files Freezes (Line 48)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

How to Automate the Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q315246

Classic Color Palettes

Choose among Windows XP's color palettes: Right click the desktop, select Properties, click the Appearance tab, and choose a new palette under Color Scheme. At the time of this writing, using Windows XP RC1, the only choices available other than the default blue were olive green and silver.

For a larger selection of palettes, and if you don't mind giving up the "new-and-improved" feel of Windows XP, select Windows Classic under Windows and Buttons. Now click the down arrow under Color Scheme and you'll see lots of choices. Select any one to see what it looks like in the preview area, then click OK to apply it.

Classic Start Menu

If you've been used to previous versions of Windows, you'll notice some big changes when you click the Start button. If you like the new layout, then great. But if you don't, feel free to go back to the familiar. Right click the Start button (or a blank area of the Start menu) and select Properties. On the Start Menu tab of the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog box, select Classic Start Menu, then click OK.

Classic Start Menu - Force Use

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer. Value Name: NoSimpleStartMenu, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (1 = force classic menu, 0 = default). Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoSimpleStartMenu' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Both edits can be downloaded from here:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Classic View

Click Start, Run and enter CONTROL. You should get an Explorer window with the Common Tasks pane. At the top is the option to Switch to Category view.  If you don't get the Common Tasks pane, click on the Folders button on the Toolbar.

Common Tasks View - Disable or Enable (Line 78)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Control Panel - Classic or Category View (Line 145)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Cleaning Up XP

Unexplained computer behavior may be caused by deceptive software
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;827315

Download each and run:

Ad-Aware
http://www.lavasoftusa.com/

VX2 Cleaner:
http://www.lavasoft.de/software/plugins/vx2cleaner.shtml or:
http://tools.zerosrealm.com/VX2Finder.exe

Spybot
http://tinyurl.com/btf8

CWShredder (Line 313)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Hijack This
http://www.spychecker.com/program/hijackthis.html

Tip:  Browser Hijack and Malware Removal Forums
http://forums.net-integration.net/index.php?c=19

How to obtain the most effective support
http://www.net-integration.net/tools/procedure.html

Spyware, Thiefware, Browser Hijackers, etc. Parasites Forum
http://forums.spywareinfo.com/index.php?s=7dc481729338294fb5d64090b77ef364&showtopic=9882

BHODemon: http://www.definitivesolutions.com/bhodemon.htm
Download: http://www.definitivesolutions.com/files/BHODemon10Setup.exe

SpywareBlaster doesn't scan and clean for spyware. It prevents it from ever being installed.
http://majorgeeks.com/download2859.html

Custom Entries for SpywareBlaster
http://mvps.org/winhelp2002/blaster.htm

Download.Ject Payload Detection and Removal Tool
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=FC84B8B5-A64D-4837-B65F-96925A514F71&displaylang=en

Free Online Virus Scan
http://housecall.trendmicro.com/housecall/start_corp.asp

This link has some of the above listed for quick downloads:
http://www.lurkhere.com/~nicefiles/

Tutorials on how to use them in detail:
http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/forums/index.php?showtutsection=38

Manual Checkpoints:

Go to Start/Control Panel/Add or Remove - Uninstall obvious added programs.

Added info for later:

Troubleshooting, Removing and/or Cleaning Add or Remove Programs
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_a.htm#addremove

If you receive any type of error message while attempting to delete or remove:

a. Open the Task Manager, end process on said.
b. Go to Start/Run/msconfig/Startup (uncheck all seem able problematic listings) to get
the exact location(s) read the path to each and delete the entries.

To do so, move the glider over to read. If that doesn't offer enough viewable
information, run the program below and read the log file:

Windows XP Startup Program Tracker - MVP Doug Knox
http://www.dougknox.com/xp/utils/StartupTracker3.zip

More info for later:

Clear Disabled Items from Msconfig Startup (Line 148)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

c. Go to Start/Run/msconfig/Services. Place a check in the box that reads: Hide All
Microsoft Services, then evaluate the list left. For troubleshooting measures, uncheck all
of them. And/or: Start/Run/services.msc and stop/disable the Service(s) in question.

Tip: To Delete a Service

In Services take note of the Service Name (not the display name). Then go to Start/Run/CMD
and type in: sc delete <service name>. Reboot.

Or: Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services

Locate the Service in the list. Delete it, reboot.

For a list of legitimate XP Services:

Black Viper's Windows XP Home and Professional Services Configurations:
http://www.blackviper.com/WinXP/servicecfg.htm

d. Check your Startup Folder (right click the Start button/Expore All Users...) for the
same.

e.  In very rare cases, there can be an added:  Windows/Run here:  Start/Run/msconfig/Win.ini
If this is present, uncheck what is listed there.

f.  Again, rare but some add Load and Run in the key below:  Most times left blank, delete both of them.
  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows

Advanced:

Go to Start/Run/regedit and navigate to these keys:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

Delete anything listed here that you don't normally need or have placed yourself and/or is
set pragmatically to run upon boot. Note: These are often third party iconized programs
that are placed in the Notification Area.

Tip:  Run, RunOnce, RunServices, RunServicesOnce and Startup
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q179/3/65.asp

Added info for later:

Troubleshooting the Notification Area
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_n.htm#na

NOTE:  Messenger Service pop-ups are not the same as Spyware, etc pop-ups.  More info here:

You need to turn turn on the firewall.

To disable the Messenger Service:

Go to Start/Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services. Double click the Messenger Service and change Automatic to Disabled, then click the Stop button.

Or use this automated edit:

Disable Messenger Service (Line 95)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Home PC Firewall Guide
http://www.firewallguide.com/

More information and options here on using a Firewall:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_m.htm#ms


Update:  Quick Launch -  As of late, the removal of wsaupdater.exe causes the Quick Launch toolbar to not
remain checked/present nor retains the sort order. To correct, verify your values here:

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon.

In the right pane under Userinit, Change the key to read:
C:\Windows\System32\Userinit.exe,

Once done, run the Taskbar Repair (clickable link on page) and/or Quick Launch repair from here, then the add on edit.

Update:  Quick Launch:  Gives error message, Cannot Create Toolbar

Either download the file from here or run my utility listed below it to correct. 

Note:  If you already had my utility downloaded, you will need to re-download for the added fix.

Cannot Create Toolbar - Quick Launch (Line 296)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Taskbar Repair Tool Plus! Quick Launch - Repair
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/taskbarplus!.htm

Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes
to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and
selecting Edit.

Another checkpoint:

In Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/View make sure all of your System files are viewable. Once done, right click
the Quick Launch task bar/Open Folder. Verify that desktop.ini is present. If not, create one and place it there.

Example (modify as needed) for the others:

[LocalizedFileNames]
Launch Internet Explorer Browser.lnk=@xpsp1res.dll,-11003
Windows Media Player.lnk=@C:\WINNT\inf\unregmp2.exe,-4
Show Desktop.scf=@xpsp2res.dll,-6100

Navigate to this key, delete it, refresh:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder\Favorites\Links

Go to Start/Run and type in each of these separately and hit ok.

regsvr32 msdxm.ocx
regsvr32 browseui.dll
regsvr32 shell32.dll
regsvr32 shdocvw.dll

Toolbars missing in Windows Explorer or Internet Explorer
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/ToolbarRepair.Exe

Restore Search/Address Bar to XP Default
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/regs_edits/RestoreSearch2.REG

Restore Toolbars:  Toolbars Greyed Out or Missing
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/regs_edits/toolbarsgreyedout.reg
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/taskbarplus!.htm

In IE - Go to Tools/Internet Options/Advanced and uncheck:  Enable third party browser extensions.

If still nothing:  Disable all third party programs and/or:

How to Perform a Clean Boot in Windows XP
How to Use Clean Boot Troubleshooting for Windows XP
How to Troubleshoot By Using the Msconfig Utility in Windows XP 
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_conflicts.htm

Then try again.

Lastly:  If none of the above has helped:

Enable Reinstallation of Internet Explorer or OE (Line 114)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Then re-install IE - Go to Start/Run, and type :
"rundll32.exe setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %windir%\inf\ie.inf"

How to Reinstall or Repair Internet Explorer and Outlook Express in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q318378

Note:  Many Zone Alarm users have stated that this happened after the latest update.

If your case is more extreme from the above mentioned .exe, thus resulting in your not
being able to select a user nor log into Windows XP:

Verified by Rick Lewis:

Place your XP CD in and navigate to the Recovery Console.

Tip: HOW TO: Install and Use the Recovery Console in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q307654

At the prompt: Change the C:\Windows prompt to: C:\Windows\System32 and copy
userinit.exe to wsaupdater.exe

Reboot into Safe Mode, go to Start/Run/Regedit, navigate to the key below and
and modify/change Userinit: from wsaupdater.exe, to userinit.exe,

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT
\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

Other than that:  Go to Start/Run and type in:  %SystemRoot%\Debug\UserMode\Userenv.log

Added info:

Recovering XP using the Recover Console (Line 333) Right hand side:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Update:  CWS Hijacker disables cleaners.  Workaround by 3bentarrows:

The way to remove the registry key is not obvious. If you just delete it from regedit, since the trojan
DLL is loaded, it will re-add it right back. (Try it. Delete the AppInit_DLLs registry key and hit F5.
Notice that it's added right back by the trojan).

Go to Start/Run/regedit and navigate to this key:

1. Rename the HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows folder to Windows2.
2. Now delete the AppInit_DLLs key under the Windows2 folder.
3. Hit F5 and notice that AppInit_DLLs doesn't come back.
4. Rename the Windows2 folder back to Windows.

Now that AppInit_DLLs is gone, run the latest Adaware 6 to remove the trojan for good. Reboot your machine.
Check the registry and make sure AppInit_DLLs is still gone. Your computer should be free of this for good now.

Or download and merge this edit from MVP Mike Burgess:

RepairAppInit.reg
http://www.mvps.org/winhelp2002/RepairAppInit.reg

Tip: common edits needed after running cleaners:

EXE and LNK Fix for Windows XP - Line 12
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Tip: For all other File Association Fixes
http://www.dougknox.com/xp/file_assoc.htm

Reset IE Search back to XP Default (Line 229)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Restore/Repair Toolbars in IE and/or Windows Explorer (Line 3)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Restore All Tabs under Internet Options (Line 268)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Restore Start Button, Desktop and Taskbar to XP Default:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/taskbarplus!.htm

More registry fixes here:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Just for your information:

To get a better idea of some of the types and definitions:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malware.

For a list of Known Spyware: http://virgolamobile.50megs.com/spyware/spyware.htm

Adware, Spyware and other unwanted "malware" - and how to remove them:
http://cexx.org/adware.htm

If you have unwanted programs loading and bugging you at startup, here's how to get rid of
them. http://cexx.org/startup.htm

Virus Encyclopedia: http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/vinfodb.html

Virus Descriptions: Alphabetical List - http://ve.nod32.ch/

Hoax Description Databases: http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/hoax.html
and http://www.f-secure.com/news/hoax.htm

Dealing with Unwanted Spyware and Parasites - MVP Mike Burgess
http://mvps.org/winhelp2002/unwanted.htm

NOTE:  Special thanks to David Candy for his help with the continuing research in this area/matter.

Clear History

Temp Files: IE/Tools/Internet Options/Delete Temporary Internet Files
Temp Files: C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Local Settings\Temp & TIF
Cookies: C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Cookies
History: C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Local Settings\History

Typed URL's:  Start/Run/Regedit: Open your registry and find the key below and delete any value you want to remove.
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs

Clearing History May Not Remove Pages You Visited Today in Internet Explorer
Clear Recent File Lists
Prevent History of Typed URL's and Prevent Document History Registry Edits

Removes your Internet history in Internet Explorer and Netscape. Clears the address list drop-down, cached files, history and cookies. In Windows it clears the TEMP folder and Recycle Bin, the run history, recent documents, and find files history. It also deletes locked files ("index.dat" and files that are in use by applications). Clean out Usage Tracks in Windows

Clear Recent MRU

Clear Recent File Lists in XP (Typed URL's, Media Player Play List, Run Commands, Search History...).  Download here.

Clear Search History

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Search Assistant\ACMru.  Delete the key. To prevent keeping a history altogether, right click ACMru/Permissions/Deny all users and groups listed.

Clear Search History under Search (Line 24)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Clear Recent File Lists - Clears Search History
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/ClearRecent.Exe

Clear System Restore Points

Start/All Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Disk Cleanup. "More Options" tab, see the option to delete all but the last restore point.

Clear Type

Microsoft ClearType

Clear Type - Active Clear Type on the Welcome Screen

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/Control Panel/Desktop. In the right pane, right click "FontSmoothingType", modify, change the value to 2.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
Name: NoCommonGroups
Data Type: dword
Value: 00000001

A value of 1 hides the common groups, a value of 0 displays them.

Clock - Hide

On the right side of your Windows XP Taskbar, you see a clock and a number of notification icons (also known as the "tray" of the Taskbar in previous versions of Windows). Unlike its predecessors, Windows XP provides a number of options for customizing this "Notification Area."

For example, if you don't want the clock there (unnecessary if you have one on your desk already), Right click a blank area of the Taskbar and select Properties. Under Notification area, deselect Show the Clock, then click OK.

Cluster Size

The Default Cluster Size for the NTFS and FAT File Systems

Cmaudio.ax

Problems When You Are Using an Out-of-Date Version of the C-Media Cmaudio.ax Driver File

Command Line Switches for Windows Explorer

Right click Windows Explorer/Properties and type this into the Target path:

To have C: open (No folders)
%SystemRoot%\Explorer.exe /root, C:\

To have C: open expanded:  %windir%\EXPLORER.EXE /e,c:

To have C: open and My Documents:
%windir%\EXPLORER.EXE /e,c:,%HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH%\My Documents

For it to open to My Documents:
explorer /n,/e,%HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH%\My Documents or
C:\WINDOWS\explorer.exe /n,/e,%HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH%\My Documents

To have My Documents open only (No folders):
Explorer /root, c:\Documents and Settings\%username%\My Documents

If you wish to have Explorer open at My Documents on another drive, you would use:
%SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /e, f:\My Documents

To have another Drive letter assigned to opening: D for example:  C:\Windows\Explorer.exe /e, d:\

d:\ can be modified for any folder/sub-folder you like. As in: %SystemRoot%\Explorer.exe /e,d:\My Stuff

The /e switch tells Windows Explorer to open in the two pane explorer mode and the c:\ tells it to open in folder C:\. If you omit the /e switch, Windows Explorer opens in a single pane view.

HOW TO: Have Windows Explorer Default to the %SystemRoot% Drive When Started
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;en-us;257518

Command-Line Switches for Windows Explorer
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q130/5/10.asp

Command Prompt - Add to the Right Click

Download here or see:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Command Prompt - Change the command prompt to C: 

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor\AutoRun.  In the right pane, double click Autorun and type in: cd\ as the value data.

Other options:

This setting allows you to change the format of the command prompt to show additional information instead of just the current drive and path ("C:\>").  To do so, go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment.  In the right pane, double click the REG_EXPAND_SZ string named PROMPT and modify the Value data accordingly:

Special Codes

$A - & (Ampersand)
$B - | (pipe)
$C - ( (Left parenthesis)
$D - Current date
$E - Escape code (ASCII code 27)
$F - ) (Right parenthesis)
$G - > (greater-than sign)
$H - Backspace (erases previous character)
$L - < (less-than sign)
$N - Current drive
$P - Current drive and path
$Q - = (equal sign)
$S - (space)
$T - Current time
$V - Windows XP version number
$_ - Carriage return and linefeed
$$ - $ (dollar sign)

Variables

%USERNAME% - Current Username
%COMPUTERNAME% - Local computer name
%USERDOMAIN% - Local domain name

The default prompt is "$P$G" (e.g. "C:\>"), some alternatives include:

[%computername%]$S$P$G to show the computer, drive and path
[%username%]$S$P$G to show the current user, drive and path

Restart or log-off Windows for the change to take effect.

Command Prompt - Run Startup Programs

This setting allows you to specify commands or programs to be automatically executed whenever a command processor is launched. For example, to set environment variables or parameters using a batch file.

Create a new string value called "AutoRun" and set the value to equal the commands to be automatically executed. Multiple commands should be seperated by double ampersands e.g. "command1 && command2".  The changes will take effect the next time the command processor is used.

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor]

Value Name: AutoRun
Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
Value Data: Command to Execute

Command Prompt - Quick Edit

Quick Edit allows you to easily cut and paste text in the command prompt window using the mouse. The ability to use the Edit menu options is still possible.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

Per User:  [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Console] Per System:  System Key: [HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Console]

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "QuickEdit" and set it according to  (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled).  Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Common Dialog - History

By default, Windows Explorer-style dialog boxes (for example, the Open dialog box and the Save As dialog box) provide both a most-recently-used (MRU) list of file names and an AutoComplete list of previously typed file names.

To prevent the MRU list and the AutoComplete list of file names from appearing, use the procedures that are described in this section.

How to Prevent the MRU List of File Names from Appearing

NOTE : After you complete this procedure, the MRU list does not appear in Windows Explorer-style dialog boxes; however, this list is not removed from the registry.

Windows XP Professional:  Log on as the user. Click Start, and then click Run. Type gpedit.msc, and then click OK.

In the left pane under User Configuration, expand Administrative Templates, expand Windows Components, expand Windows Explorer, and then click Common Open File Dialog. In the right pane, double-click Hide the dropdown list of recent files. Click Enabled, and then click OK. Click File, and then click Exit.

Windows XP Home Edition: Log on as the user. Click Start, and then click Run. Type regedit, and then click OK .
Locate and then click the following key in the registry:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Comdlg32

NOTE : If the Comdlg32 key does not exist, follow these steps: Click the Policies key. On the Edit menu, point to New, and then click Key. Type comdlg32, and then press ENTER. On the Edit menu, point to New, and then click DWORD Value.
Type nofilemru, and then press ENTER. On the Edit menu, click Modify. Type 1, and then click OK. On the File menu, click Exit.

How to Prevent the AutoComplete List of File Names from Appearing
 

To prevent the AutoComplete list from appearing in typical Windows Explorer-style dialog boxes, turn off the AutoComplete functionality for Windows and Microsoft Internet Explorer: Start Internet Explorer, click Tools, and then click Internet Options. Click the Content tab, and then click AutoComplete. Under Use AutoComplete for, click to clear the Web Addresses check box, and then click OK. Click the Advanced tab, click to clear the Use inline AutoComplete check box in the Browsing section (if this check box has been selected). Click OK.

Common Groups - Hide

In the Start Menu, groups (subfolders) in the upper part of the Programs menu are specific to each user, while groups (subfolders) in the lower part are common to all users. In order to prevent a user from viewing the common groups, make the following Registry change:

Common Tasks

Remove Common Tasks from Desktop. This Regedit or small VB Script utility will modify the System Registry to remove Common Tasks from your Desktop.  Regedit or VB Script

Common Tasks - Don't Match Folder Type (by Keith Miller)

Common Tasks - Show Common Tasks in Folders (Missing or greyed out)

Check your settings here:  Start/Run/gpedit.msc/User Configuration/Administrative Templates/Windows  Components/Windows Explorer.  In the right pane, double click Turn on Classic Shell and choose Enable.  Another checkpoint:  Start/Control Panel/System/Advanced/Performance/Settings/Visual Effects/Use common tasks in folders.

Communicate

     Windows Messenger: Get Started with Real-Time Communication
Find out about using Windows Messenger to communicate with instant messaging Windows Messenger: Instant Messaging
Find out about using Windows Messenger for voice communication Windows Messenger: Voice Communications
Find out about using Windows Messenger to communicate with video Windows Messenger: Video Communications
Find out about using Windows Messenger to send files or photos Windows Messenger: Send a File or Photo
Find out about controling your online status when using Windows Messenger Windows Messenger: Control Your Online Status
Find out about sharing applications and the whiteboard with Windows Messenger Windows Messenger: Applications and Whiteboard Sharing

Compaq

Compaq is committed to bringing you the best computing experience available, whether you are purchasing a new PC with Windows XP installed or you already own a Microsoft Windows XP Ready PC. Our qualifying accessories and Presario PCs meet all the minimum hardware requirements to make it easy to upgrade to Windows XP Home Edition. Support.

Compatibility Mode - Explained

Using Program Compatibility Mode

Compatibility Wizard

Windows XP Program Compatibility Wizard (detailed walk through)
HOW TO: Use the Program Compatibility Wizard

Compressed Files and Folders - Change Display Color

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Explorer. Value Name: AltColor, Data Type: REG_BINARY (Binary Value), Value Data: 00 00 ff 00 (default). Create a new binary value, or modify the existing value, named "AltColor" and set it to equal the hexadecimal RGB color value for the files and folders. Restart Windows for the change to take effect. Note: The option to "Display compressed files and folders with alternate color" must be enabled in explorer.

Compressed Folders - Disable Compressed Folders in Windows XP

Windows XP includes a built-in feature to manage compressed ZIP files and folders. This tweak allows you to disable it and install a third-party application.

To disable the compressed folder feature click on Start/Run and enter the following command:  regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll. 
To enable ZIP folder support run this command:  regsvr32 zipfldr.dll.  Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Compressed Folders - Extract Files From

Extracting files from a compressed folder is just as easy as getting them in there. Right-click the *.zip file and select Extract All. Identify a destination folder (click Browse, and so on), click Next, then click Finish. As an alternative, click and drag a file from inside the compressed folder to another location, then let go.

Compressed Folder - Restore Icon

Start/Run and Type: regsvr32 zipfldr.dll

Computer Jargon

Computer Jargon by Babylon

Confirm Open after Download

Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/File Types/[File type in question]/Advanced/Confirm open after download.

Containing Text - Search Issue

Windows® XP has a known issue for not finding a number of File Types when you do a Search for Files "containing text" or using the "A word or phrase in the file" option. This can be remedied for many file types, but not all. The cause is the lack of a PersistentHandler value in the Registry for this type of file.  Fix:  http://www.dougknox.com/xp/tips/xp_bad_search.htm

Using the "A Word or Phrase in the File" Search Criterion May Not Work

Content Advisor

Remove the Content Advisor and Ratings Password

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Ratings

Open your registry, find the key below. Single click on the key to highlight it, press the DELETE key, or alternatively select Delete from the Edit menu. Close Internet Explorer, re-open it, and the Content Advisor feature should be disabled.

Content Advisor - Apply per user

Content Advisor On (vb script).  Download it (you may want to right click and use Save Target As) and save it to your desktop.  Then place it in the startup folder of each account you want it activated in. 

Next, download the Content Advisor Off (vb script) and place it in each startup folder that you don't want/need it activated in.

Both scripts can be found here:  (scroll to the very bottom)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Content Advisor Restrictions

These settings allow you to control the Content Advisor feature of Internet Explorer. Including the option to disable Content Advisor, require a supervisor password and view unrated content.

Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and find the key below, create it if it does not already exist.

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Ratings\.Default]

Value Name: Allow_Unknowns, Enabled, PleaseMom
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disable, 1 = enable restriction)

Create a new DWORD value for each required restriction from the list below.

Restart Internet Explorer for the changes to take effect.

Context Menu - Customizing Windows Explorer Context menu (right click menu in windows explorer)

Ever wondered how does the right click menu (which is actually a context menu) work? For example, when I right click in windows explorer, I see an option which says "open command window here". This is seen because you have following entries in the registry.

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\shell\cmd]
@="Open Command Window Here"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\shell\cmd\command]
@="C:\WINDOWS\System32\cmd.exe /k cd "%1""

If You have never used a tweaking utility and have newly installed Windows XP, You would not see this option. You would have to navigate to [[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive] go and create two subkeys ("cmd" and within that "command" and would have to put the text "Open Command Window Here" without quotes in default string value of "cmd" key and the text "C:\WINDOWS\System32\cmd.exe /k CD"%1"" without quotes in default string value of command key). After this You need to REBOOT for these changes to take effect.

Context Menus (Right Click) - Deleting entries

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Go to:

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*\OpenWithList
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\shell
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\shell
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Folder\shell
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Folder\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers

You can also go to a specific File extension (example: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.txt\ShellNew) and right click on the ShellNew key and select Delete, if the item shows up in the New context menu.

Expand the above branch and look through the sub-keys. Locate the one that corresponds to the entry you wish to remove and right click that sub-key and select Edit.

You may wish to right click the desired sub-key and select Export. This will create a REG file that you can double click to re-import the information, if you find out you deleted the wrong one, or want it back.

Customizing Right-Click Menu Options in Windows

Right Click - Submenus

The new OpenExpert is the answer to this problem! Instead of messing around with a fixed association of a file type with only one application, it adds an "Open with" item to the context menu of the chosen file type with all the applications you decide.

Control-Alt-Delete - Enable

To Enable or Disable the CTRL+ALT+DELETE Sequence

1. Click Start, click Control Panel, and then click User Accounts.
2. Click the Advanced tab.
3. In the "Secure logon" section, select or clear the "Require users to press Ctrl+Alt+Delete" check box.

If you want to set up a requirement for a user to press CTRL+ALT+DEL before the classic logon is displayed, in the same manner as it behaves on Windows XP Server:

1. Click Start/Run/Regedit, and then click OK.
2. Select the Winlogon subkey at the following registry location:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

3. Click Edit, click New, and then click "DWORD value".
4. Change the value name to "DisableCAD" (without the quotes) and press ENTER.
5. Keep the data value set to 0 which is displayed as 0x00000000(0).

If the Welcome screen is enabled, the computer can be locked if you press CTRL+ALT+DELETE (to open Task Manager), and then click Lock Computer or click Switch User on the Shut Down menu. 

Control, Alt, Delete Process Explained and Key Commands

Control-Alt-Delete - Use Crtl + Alt + Delete to Restart the Computer

Normally when you press Ctrl + Alt + Delete the Windows task list is displayed. Using this tweak the key combination will instead reboot the computer. Open the SYSTEM.INI file found in the Windows directory using Notepad.

Under the [386Enh] section create or modify the value named "KybdReboot". Set the value to equal "True" to cause the system to reboot on the key combination or "False" to show the task list. For example:

[386Enh]
KybdReboot=False

Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Control, Alt, Delete Process Explained and Key Commands

Control Panel Applets

This tweak does not prevent the control panel applets from running, they just do not show up in control panel any more.

Start/Run/gpedit.msc. User Configuration/Administrative Templates Folder/Control Panel Folder. Select Show only specified Control Panel Applets (right pane) properties. Select the enable button/click the Show button.

A new window will pop up that will display control panel objects that are OK to show. Items not on this list will not be displayed in control panel when this feature is enabled. Here are the Windows XP Pro Control Panel applets:

System Properties = sysdm.cpl
Network Connections = ncpa.cpl
ODBC Administrator = odbccp32.cpl
Display Properties = desk.cpl
Add or remove programs = appwiz.cpl
Internet Properties = Inetcpl.cpl
Game Controllers = joy.cpl
Phone and modem Options = telephon.cpl
Time and Date Properties = timedate.cpl
Region and Language Options = intl.cpl
Power Options = powercfg.cpl
Mouse Properties = main.cpl
Accessibility Options = access.cpl
Add Hardware Wizard = hdwwiz.cpl
Sound and Audio Devices = mmsys.cpl
User Accounts = nusrmgr.cpl
Speech Properties = sapi.cpl

Control Panel - Classic

You can remove the "common tasks" pane from the left side of your open folder windows: inside a folder window, click the Folder Options icon, select Use Windows Classic Folders, then click OK. Similarly, you can switch from the new, task-oriented Control Panel (great for new users or those who want to perform common tasks without wading through dialog boxes) back to the "classic" version. Open the Control Panel (select Start, Control Panel), and in the common tasks pane on the left side of the window, click Switch to Classic View.

Control Panel - Display

This setting specifies the visual style of the Control Panel. Allowing you to either force the use of the new XP style, classic style or allow the user to select the preferred style. Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'ForceClassicControlPanel' and edit the value according to the settings (0 = force new, 1 = force classic).  Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Control Panel - Icons Missing

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT

Go to: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\don't load

Look in the right pane and you'll see the Control Panel Icons that have been disabled. You can either right click on the "don't load" subkey and select Delete to restore all disabled icons, or you can right click on each of the items in the right pane and select Delete to selectively restore them. Scroll up to Control Panel Applets for a listing of what each one is.

The change will be seen the next time you open Control Panel.

Control Panel - Tools (Reference)

Have You noticed the new view of control panel in XP. Well as its says, its a view and you can switch to a classic view anytime. But if you like the view but want to customize the categories, there is again a good article on How to do this :
How to Add a Control Panel Tool to a Category (Q292463).

You can get complete details by visiting the site but in brief a control Panel tool can be included in a particular category by adding a registry DWORD entry for the tool in the following registry key:  Go to Start/Run/Regedit:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Control Panel\Extended Properties\{305CA226-D286-468e-B848-2B2E8E697B74} 2.  Value category ids are:

0x00000000 : Other Control Panel Options (any tool that does not specify a category ID is placed in this category)
0x00000001 : Appearance and Themes
0x00000002 : Printers and Other Hardware
0x00000003 : Network and Internet Connections
0x00000004 : Sounds, Speech, and Audio Devices
0x00000005 : Performance and Maintenance
0x00000006 : Date, Time, Language, and Regional Options
0x00000007 : Accessibility Options
0xFFFFFFFF : Do not put the tool in any category (for special tools such as Add/Remove Programs which only start directly).

Control Userpasswords2 - Add to Control Panel

Copying User Profiles

How to Copy User Profiles

Copying User Profiles - Copy To Button Disabled

This issue can occur if the account that you are trying to copy is currently logged on; you cannot copy a user profile while you are logged on as that user.
To resolve this issue, verify that the user account is not logged on before you try to copy its profile. If you are currently logged on as this user, log off, log on again by using a different user account, and then copy the profile.
 
If you are not logged on as the user account that you are trying to copy, that account may be logged on in a different session (using Fast User Switching). To force that account to be logged off, start Task Manager, click the Users tab, click the user account, and then click Logoff.
 
To work around this behavior, you can also create a user who has administrative privileges, log on as that user, and then copy the profile of the first user.

"Copy To" Button in System Properties Dialog Box Is Unavailable

Crash Report

Windows® Online Crash Analysis

If you experience a blue screen crash event, or Stop error, while using Microsoft Windows XP, you can upload the error report for analysis. http://oca.microsoft.com/welcome.asp

CTFMON

CTFMon is involved with the language/alternative input services in Office XP. CTFMON.exe will continue to put itself back into MSConfig when you run the Office XP apps as long as the Text Services and Speech applets in the Control Panel are enabled. Not required if you don't need these features.  

OFFXP: What Is CTFMON and What Does It Do?

Customize Your Computer

Get started customizing your computer Get Started Customizing Your Computer
Change your desktop background Change Your Desktop Background
Add a colorful screen saver Add a Colorful Screen Saver
Work with themes Work with Themes
Change the screen size Change the Screen Size
Work with sound effects Work with Sound Effects
Customize your mouse and pointer Customize Your Mouse and Pointer
Customize the Start Menu Customize the Start Menu
Microsoft ClearType Tuner: Customize Your Screen for Your Eyes Microsoft ClearType Tuner: Customize Your Screen for Your Eyes
Accessibility: 80 How-to Articles Accessibility: 80 How-to Articles
Share a Computer with Fast User Switching Share a Computer with Fast User Switching
Expand Your Workspace with Multiple Monitors and Dualview Expand Your Workspace with Multiple Monitors and Dualview
 

~D~

 

Data Invalid Error Message

This error appears to be due to a protection problem in the Windows registry and can occur with a variety of drivers (sound cards and SCSI drivers have been reported). To fix this problem, go to Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\ENUM\PCI

Open each folder and look for the "DeviceDesc" which matches the hardware you are trying to install.

Right Click on the "VEN_xxxx" for that device and select 'Permissions' and then tick "Allow" for "Full Control". Close Regedit and then continue with the installation of your device.

Data Recovery 

Data Recovery Software & File Undelete Tool for FAT and NTFS file systems.
Unformat, Unerase & Data Recovery Utility for Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP

Free Download Version:  Restorer2000

Have you ever accidentally deleted important files from your hard drive, or for any reason your hard drive became corrupted or you mistakenly formatted your drive loosing all your important data / files and folders?

Let, Restorer2000 Data Recovery Software comes to your rescue. It's one of the most powerful undelete and data recovery software available in the market, and can recover your accidentally lost files. Restorer2000 Professional 2.0 data recovery software can even recover data from formatted or corrupted hard drives and partitions.

As long as your system's hardware is functional, award winning Restorer2000 product may be the only solution you need for all your data recovery and undelete needs. With Restorer2000 you can quickly and easily restore your data saving your time, money and resources.  More info here.

Other Tools to consider:

File Saver Pro - Recover Deleted Files
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_u.htm#xp_util

HDD Recovery:  Onsite Data Recovery Service

This site provides you with the data recovery software tools and data recovery specialist people necessary to perform a safe hard drive data recovery on your computer and or network. HDDRecovery also provides a data recovery service as well.

Data Recovery Tools - Freeware

Data Recovery and Undelete Tools 

Disk Investigator helps you to discover all that is hidden on your computer hard disk. It can also help you to recover lost data. Display the true drive contents by bypassing the operating system and directly reading the raw drive sectors. View and search raw directories, files, clusters, and system sectors. Verify the effectiveness of file and disk wiping programs. Undelete previously deleted files.

Ai Networks specializes in the recovery of lost computer based information. From rebuilding and recovering data from crashed or faulty hard drives including file system, mechanical and electronic problems. Accidental format, erasure, deletion and repartitioning. 

Runtime Software - Recover your data after formatting the drive, after fdisk, power failure, virus attack, software failure, or after accidentally deleting files.  Our powerful data recovery tools are easy to use, while giving you full control over your data recovery.

Dbx Folders

Error Message If the Folders.dbx File Is Missing or Damaged:

MSIMN caused an invalid page fault in module Msoe.dll
MSIMN caused an invalid page fault in module Directdb.dll
MSIMN caused an Invalid Page Fault in module Unknown
Msimn caused an exception C0000006h in module Directdb.dll
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q233/2/64.asp

Outlook Express Issues and Workarounds
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_oe.htm
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_o.htm

Ddhelper32.Exe

The Backdoor/SubSeven 2.2 Server Virus May Cause an Error Message

Debugging

Microsoft Debugging Tools

Defragmentation - Disk

Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Disk Defragmenter

Defrag - Run as a Scheduled Task:

A small VB Script can be used to run DEFRAG as a Scheduled Task.  This script will scan your system and identify all hard disks, then will execute the DEFRAG program for each one.  Create a new Scheduled Task and point it to this VBS file.  The task must run with Administrator credentials.   The script can be downloaded here.

To only defragment one drive as a Scheduled Task, go to Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Scheduled Tasks/Add Scheduled Task.

Enter DEFRAG.EXE X: -F where X is the drive you wish to defragment.

The only way a non-administrator can defragment a local volume is to run the Dfrg.msc console in the context of a user who has administrator privileges. You can accomplish this by running the following command:

Right click and select runas /user:administrator@domain.company.com "mmc dfrg.msc".  The user is prompted for the administrator password. This command may be useful for an administrator who wants to run a defragmentation on a user's computer without forcing the user to log off.

Defrag on Boot - Enable/Disable

A great new feature in Microsoft Windows XP is the ability to do a boot defragment. This places all boot files next to each other on the disk to allow for faster booting. By default this option is enabled but on some builds it is not so below is how to turn it on.

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Dfrg\BootOptimizeFunction
Select Enable from the list on the right. Right on it and select Modify. Change the value to Y to enable and N to disable.
Reboot your computer.

Also see HKEY LOCAL MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SessionManager\Memory Management\PrefetchParameters and EnablePrefetcher = 1 application launch prefetching, 2 boot prefetching
add the numbers.

Also
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Dfrg\ "Enable"="Y" (Y = defrag will optimize for boot and app launch)

Add Defrag to the Context Menu (Right Click)
http://www.dougknox.com/xp/scripts_desc/context_defrag.htm
Automating Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows

More information: Disk Defrag and Check Disk Issues for Windows XP

Delete - Can't Delete Files or Folders

Checkpoints/workarounds: Test the Delete after each suggestion.

Submitted by:  Una:  9/2005

1) Log into Windows as another user.

2) Open Windows Explorer and navigate to:  \Documents and Settings\UserName <--user name with the bad files.

3) Go to Tools | Folder Options and click the View tab. Make sure all settings that hide files are turned off. You want to make sure all
files are visible before the next step.

4) Move all the files in the Desktop folder to another location (well all except the problem files...if those could be moved you wouldn't be
in this predicament!).

5) Open a command prompt and navigate to the above location.

6) Enter this command which deletes the Desktop folder and its contents: "RD /S Desktop".

7) Create a new Desktop folder.

8) Move everything back.

9) Log off, then log in again as the original user.

~~~~

Submitted by Terry Dixon:  9/2005

Use winfile.exe to browse to the file/folder and delete. 
See line 71 (right hand side):  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

~~~

1. Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: RD /S [drive:] path
2. Open Notepad and save the (blank) file with the name of the undeletable file. Under save as, navigate to the file, delete.
3. Move the file into a new directory and then delete the directory.

4. Close all open apps. Open a command prompt (Start/Run/CMD) and navigate to the directory with the offending file(s). Then open the Task Manager and click on the Processes tab, select "explorer.exe" under Image Name. Click "End Process".

In the opened Command Prompt, DEL the offending files (DEL *.mpg, DEL mus*.avi, DEL test.wmv, etc.) Once done, go back to the task manager and click on the Applications tab. Click the "New Task..." button. in the dialog, type explorer.exe and click OK.

Note: Could also opt for: ATTRIB -H -R -S filename before the DEL.

5. Or you can use Process Explorer:  http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/procexp.shtml.  Use the search function to find every handle that Explorer.Exe has open and close them (right-click on the file and choose 'close handle'). Then delete the file(s) in question.

NTFS: "Access Denied" Error Message When You Try to Delete a File
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;EN-US;298345

Delete - AVI, MPG... files (access denied error)

Close all open apps. Open a command prompt and navigate to the directory with the offending files. Then open the Task Manager and click on the Processes tab. select "Explorer.Exe" under Image Name. Click "End Process".

Now you will only have the command prompt and the task manager. In the Command Prompt, DEL the offending files (DEL *.mpg, DEL mus*.avi, DEL test.wmv, etc.)

The files should now delete without a problem. Now go back to the task manager and click on the Applications tab. Click the "New Task..." button. in the dialog, type Explorer.Exe and click OK.  

Process Explorer shows you information about which handles and DLLs processes have opened or loaded.  Use the search function to find every handle that Explorer.Exe has open and close them (right-click on the file and choose 'close handle'). Then delete the file(s) in question.

Delete - Permission Denied When Trying to Delete Folders/Files

Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/View/Unmark "Use Simple File Sharing". Right click the folder/file in question/Properties/Security/Advanced/Owner/Set Permissions.

HOW TO: Take Ownership of a File or Folder in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q308421

HOW TO: Set, View, Change, or Remove File and Folder Permissions

HOW TO: Disable Simplified Sharing and Password-Protect a Shared Folder in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;EN-US;q307874&

More information here:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_mydocs.htm

Tip:  "Cannot Delete [name of file]: Cannot Find the Specified Path. Make sure you specify the correct path." 
          Right click the Recycle Bin/Properties/Check: Do Not Move Files to the Recycle Bin...

Tip:  Recover and Restore Deleted Files (Line 36)
         http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Delete - Recycle Bin

Error Deleting File or Folder Cannot delete (filename): Cannot find the specified path.  Make sure you specify the correct path and file name.

To correct:  Right click the Recycle Bin/Properties/Check: Do Not Move Files to the Recycle Bin...

Troubleshooting the Recycle Bin
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_qr.htm#rb

Recover and Restore Deleted Files (Line 36)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Desktop Cleanup Wizard - Run/Disable

To remove unused desktop icons - Open Display in Control Panel. On the Desktop tab, click Customize Desktop. Under Desktop cleanup, click Clean Desktop Now. Follow the directions in the Desktop Cleanup Wizard.

Note:  To open Display, click Start, click Control Panel, and then double-click Display.
The Desktop Cleanup Wizard displays a list of the desktop icons that have not been used for 60 days or more, enabling you to remove those icons that you don't want on your desktop.

You can retrieve icons you have removed by opening the Unused Desktop Shortcuts folder on your desktop.
Clear the Run Desktop Cleanup Wizard every 60 days check box if you don't want the wizard to run automatically every two months.

You can remove an individual desktop icon by right-clicking the icon and then clicking Delete. To add or remove the icons for My Documents, My Computer, My Network Places, or Internet Explorer, select or clear those items under Desktop icons.

Disable:  Right click the desktop and select Properties. Go to the Desktop tab and click Customize. Uncheck the Run Desktop Cleanup Wizard every 60 days item.

Desktop Cleanup Wizard - Disable

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Explorer\Desktop\CleanupWiz. Value Name: NoRun, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (0 = enabled, 1= disable wizard).

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoRun' and edit the value according to the settings above. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Desktop Icons - Lock

LOCK DESKTOP ICONS

"In Windows 95/98/NT/2000/ME/XP you can lock down the position of the Desktop icons using a couple of files from the MS Windows NT 4.0 Resource Kit.

Download Layout.dll here. ftp://ftp.zdnet.com/wsources/0598/layout.zip.  Place it here: C:\Winnt\System32 then double click the Layout.reg file. You will now have a new right click option.

Desktop Icons - Missing

Right click on the desktop, choose properties and click on "Customize Desktop". Internet Explorer, Recycle Bin, My Documents and/or My Network Places can be added or removed here.

Desktop Icons (System) - Rename

Rename Your Desktop (System) Icons

Desktop.ini

Desktop.ini is used to tell Windows how to display a folder. For example, enabling Thumbnail view creates a desktop.ini file in that folder which amongst other things, tells Windows to add an extra item to the View menu for that folder. Desktop.ini files are also used when you customize folders, change their icons etc.

The Desktop.ini File Does Not Work Correctly When You Create a Custom Default Profile
Problems After You Create a Folder That Is Named "Desktop" on the Desktop in Windows XP

Desktop Process - Windows Explorer Opens on every Boot

Create Separate Processes for the Desktop and Explorer

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer
Value Name: DesktopProcess
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (1 = Separate Process, 0 = Default)

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'DesktopProcess' and edit the value according to the settings above. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Desktop/Remote Assistance/Remote Networking  http://www.longhornconsulting.com/xpwiki

Desktop Settings and Themes

HOW TO: Configure Desktop Themes in Windows XP
How to Change the Font, Size, and Colors of Desktop Items

Desktop Tab Missing

If you set the "Use Classic Shell" in GP, it hides that desktop tab.  The exact path for that flag is: GP: User Configuration/ Administrative Templates/Windows Components/Windows Explorer/Turn off Classic Shell.

Detail View - Add Fields to the Details View of Folders

You can add other columns to the Details view of the files contained in Windows XP folders, such as Comments, Description, Category, and many others. To add new columns:

Right–click the column header of the files list, and then click one of the fields listed, or click More. In the Choose Details dialog box, you can reorganize the order of column headers, specify column widths, and add columns to display details for the files in that folder. When you click the new column header, the width of the selected column is displayed in pixels in the Choose Details dialog box.

Detail View - Can't see the Details View in Windows Explorer

If this happens to you, try clicking once in the Explorer window (the right-hand pane) to set the focus there, then hold the Control key while you press the + key on the number pad. This will reset the column width to the default. Sometimes the columns get reset to a width of 0, making them rather difficult to see!

Detail View - For Folders

Windows Explorer/View/[Select Accordingly]. Then Tools/Folder Options/View/Apply to All Folders.

Detail View (or any view) Not Sticking:   Go to Start/Run/Regedit

Delete these two keys, reboot then re-set your folder options.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\BagMRU
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\Bags

If you prefer not to deal with the registry, you can use the edit from here called: Restore Folder Views
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Note:  Normally when Windows exits it saves the desktop configuration, including icon location, appearance etc. This setting
           disables these changes from being saved.  Start/Run/Regedit

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value called 'NoSaveSettings' set the value to equal '1' to enable the restriction. Exit your registry, you may need to restart for the changes to take effect.

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
Value Name: NoSaveSettings
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

Device Drivers

The best place to start is the Microsoft Windows Update Web site: http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com.  Click Scan for updates in the left column, and then click Driver Updates.

ATI Technologies, Inc. http://www.ati.com
Belkin Components http://www.belkin.com
Cirrus Logic Inc.  http://www.cirrus.com
Compaq Computer Corporation http://www5.compaq.com
Dell Computer Corporation http://www.dell.com/us/en/gen/default.htm
Digi International  http://www.digi.com
Fujitsu  http://www.fujitsu.com
Hewlett-Packard  http://welcome.hp.com/country/us/eng/welcome.htm
Intel Corporation http://www.intel.com
Mitsubishi http://www.mitsubishi.com/index_e.html
NEC Corporation http://www.nec.com/index.html
Sony Corporation http://www.sony.com
Tally Computer Printers   http://www.tally.com
Texas Instruments http://www.ti.com
3COM Corporation http://www.3com.com
Toshiba http://www.toshiba.com
U.S. Robotics http://www.usr.com

XP Support By Device & Manufacturer & Drivers
Information About Hardware Device Drivers for Windows XP

Device Lock

DeviceLock gives network administrators control over which users can access what devices (floppies, serial and parallel ports, Magneto-Optical disks, CD-ROMs, ZIPs, etc.) on a local computer. Once DeviceLock is installed, administrators can control access to floppies, CD-ROMs or any other device, depending on the time of day and day of the week. DeviceLock enhances access control for Windows System Administrators and helps control removable disk usage. Information here.

Device Manager

Troubleshooting Device Conflicts in the Device Manager
Driver Verifier to Troubleshoot Device Drivers in Win XP
HOW TO: Manage Devices in Windows XP
How to Verify Unsigned Device Drivers in Windows XP
General Description of IRQ Sharing  in Windows XP
Configure Device Manager to Display Detailed Information

Device Manager Conflicts and Error Codes
Unable to Change Resource Settings in Windows XP Device Manager
Device Manager Does Not Display Devices That Are Not Connected to the Windows XP-Based Computer

Device Manager - Print A Device Manager Summary

HOW TO: Print a Device Manager Report in Windows XP (Q308579)

Device Manager - Print Contents to a Text File

How to Print Device Manager Contents to a Text File (Q127156)

Device Manager - #2 Shows next to a device:

Go to Device Manager. Choose View and select Show Hidden Devices. Go to the Device group and uninstall both entries. Now choose Action and Scan for Hardware Changes.

Run devmgmt.msc or if it is truly gone, create another one by running "mmc /a", adding the device manager plug-in and saving that to devmgmt.msc in %windir%\system32.

Device Manager - Troubleshooting

Unknown Devices, Error Codes and Conflicts
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_dm.htm

Device Manager - Shortcut

You can open Device Manager by double-clicking on the System icon in Control Panel, choosing the Hardware tab, and clicking Device Manager.

Fortunately, Device Manager can be more easily run by launching devmgmt.msc - just create a shortcut to the file (as described above), and launch it at any time.

Devices - Show Hidden

Show All Hidden Devices in Device Manager.  Devices that are installed but are not currently connected to the
computer (such as a Universal Serial Bus (USB) device or "ghosted" devices) are not normally displayed in Device Manager. This tweak causes all devices to be shown.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to:

Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'DEVMGR_SHOW_NONPRESENT_DEVICES' and edit the value according to the settings below.

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment]

Value Name: DEVMGR_SHOW_NONPRESENT_DEVICES
Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
Value Data: (1 = show all hidden devices)

Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

DEVLDR - Not Responding

To resolve this issue, remove or turn off the Creative Labs SoundBlaster Live Driver and reinstall the driver from the Windows XP CD-ROM. To do this, follow these steps:

· Click Start , and then click Control Panel.
· In Control Panel, double-click System.
· In the System Properties dialog box, click the Hardware tab, and then click Device Manager.
· Expand Sound, video and game controllers.
· Right-click Creative Labs SoundBlaster, and then click Delete.
· When you are prompted to confirm the deletion, click Yes.
· Reinstall the sound card driver from your Windows XP CD-ROM.

Error Message When You Shut Down Computer: DEVLDR Not Responding

Dialup - Auto

Modify the Internet Auto-Dial Settings

Windows has the option to automatically dial your Internet Service Provider (ISP) to establish an Internet connection. This option can be controlled using this tweak.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings

Set the value to equal "0x00000001 (1) " to enable autodial or "0x00000001 (0) " to disable it.

Note: This restriction can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

More Information on Auto-Dial and Auto-Disconnect
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_modem.htm

Ding Wav

Restore the Ding Wav fileDownload the fix here.  To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

To manually make the changes to the registry:  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\AppEvents\Schemes\Apps\.Default\.Default\.Default

In the right pane double click (Default) and paste this line in: %SystemRoot%\media\Windows XP Ding.wav

Then go to: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\AppEvents\Schemes\Apps\.Default\.Default\.Current

In the right pane double click (Default) and paste this line in: %SystemRoot%\media\Windows XP Ding.wav

Note: (Default) is an REG_EXPAND_SZ (New/Expandable String Value) If neither .Default or .Current is listed in the left pane, create each by highlighting the second .Default then going to File/Edit/New/Key.

Direct Cable Connection

DCC Protocols - Connecting two computers together via cables is no easy task. If you have attempted to do this using the Windows Direct Cable Connection (DCC) wizard and are still experiencing problems, then it could be because of a missing protocol. Right-click on the Network places icon and select the Configuration tab. Add the protocol IPX/SPX. After adding, select it within the Configuration tab and click the Properties button. Now, bind IPX/SPX to the Dial-Up adapter on BOTH the host and guest computer.  Information on Setting Up DCC Between 9x and WinXP

DirectX

Troubleshooting Direct X 8.0 (FAQ's) MS-KB Article
Troubleshooting With Articles About DirectX
Troubleshooting MS Games & FAQ's
Troubleshooting Games and Multimedia in Windows XP
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_resources.htm

DirectX 9c (4.09.000.0904) issues after/with SP2:

VIDEO-DIRECTX-SYSTEM CHECKLIST
http://www3.sympatico.ca/nibblesnbits/Video.html#drivers

Suggestions:

Navigate to C:\Windows\System32\CatRoot. And rename the folder to CatRoot2old.

More detailed info by MVP Jimmy S.:

To download and install a DRIVER for your video card.

XP users should create a restore point before any upgrades:
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/using/howto/gethelp/systemrestore.asp

If your video card meets the game requirements, but
Dxdiag.exe is still reporting N/A, you must reinstall
DirectX and update your video card drivers. If the issue
continues after you reinstall DirectX and you update your
video card drivers, this may be a Microsoft Windows
problem. Contact Windows technical support to continue
troubleshooting this issue.

Updating video card drivers can solve most gaming issues. Here's some
simple abc's to always keep in mind.

a. Shut off download accelerators, firewalls and antivirus programs when
downloading or installing updates;
b. Check for game patches: www.avault.com/pcrl/patches_list.asp?letter=a
c. Make sure you meet the game's minimum video and system requirements.

Along with your Video card, Sound Cards, Motherboard Chipsets,
and Video Monitors may also require updated drivers. Even your
motherboard's BIOS may need to be updated for compatibility with
your Video card.

Before you update your drivers, I recommend that you install DirectX 9.0b:
http://download.microsoft.com/download/c/9/c/c9c8a1d4-7690-4c98-baf3-0c67e7f3751f/dx90update_redist.exe

Here are the steps I recommend you use to update your driver:

1. To identify the make and model of your card, right click your
Desktop, choose Properties / Settings / Advanced / Adapter.

2. Download the latest video driver for your card online, using
http://www3.sympatico.ca/nibblesnbits/Video.html#drivers
to find the website to download from. I also have advanced
video driver and direct X troubleshooting steps on that page.

3. Save the .exe driver (or extract the zip file) to a folder
in My Documents named after the driver version number.

4. Restart the computer in Safe Mode by pressing the F8 key
about once every second as it's rebooting to pick Safe Mode.

5. Click Start / (settings) Control Panel / System / Hardware
Device Manager / expand +Display Adapters / right click on
the adapter, pick "Uninstall", and click No if asked to reboot.

6. Use Control Panel / Add-Remove programs to uninstall the
previous driver (exe) software which may have been installed.

7. Restart the computer in Safe Mode by pressing the F8 key
about once every second as it's rebooting to pick Safe Mode.

8. If the driver is NOT a (.exe) program file, GO TO step 11.

9. When Windows prompts you to install the video adapter, click
"Cancel" and Double click the driver program to begin installation.
*Even if not prompted, double click the driver and install it.

10. After you reboot, go to Control Panel / Display / Settings and
choose 32 bit Color Quality, and 800x600 or higher Resolution.
That's it! Scroll down to the Troubleshooter if you have problems.

11. When Windows prompts you to install the video adapter, click
"Install from a list or specific location", click the "Browse" button,
browse to the My documents folder where you saved the driver,
and finally click on one of the driver files to begin installation.

** If you are not prompted, or if the driver was updated automatically:
Click Start / (settings) Control Panel / System / Hardware Device Manager
expand +Display Adapters / right click on the adapter, pick "Update
Driver".

To start the Update Wizard, choose the "Install from a list..." option:
Browse to My Documents\ folder with the driver in it
Click OK and click Next to begin the update.

12. After you reboot, go to Control Panel / Display / Settings and
choose 32 bit Color Quality, and 800x600 or higher Resolution.
That's it! Try the advice in the Troubleshooter if you have problems.

TROUBLESHOOTING:

Test your drivers using DXDiag: Click Start / Run / type: DXDIAG
Click the "Test" buttons in the Display, Sound, Music & Network Tabs.

If any of the Display options are Disabled and you cannot Enable them,
your most likely solution would be to update your Chipset Drivers as per
my website: http://www3.sympatico.ca/nibblesnbits/Video.html#v11

Your program might not support dual monitors, or "dual head" video cards
You can disable the extra video output in your display properties control
panel. Click Start>Settings>Control Panel>Display>Settings>Advanced.

Perhaps the old Video drivers did not completely uninstall. If that's the
case, use these utility to completely uninstall the drivers and go to step 7:

Nvidia: http://content.guru3d.com/index.php?page=detonatorrip&menu=0
or for all cards including nvidia use: http://www.driverheaven.net/cleaner/

The latest video drivers sometime don't work with a particular game.
(Check the Video suggestions in the readme.txt file in your game folder/CD).

If there's no suggestions, try an older (WHQL) driver, and/or if you still
experience problems try a Beta driver, or even an Omega driver instead:

BETA Drivers: http://download.guru3d.com/
OMEGA Drivers: http://www.omegacorner.com/

DirectX Support Center and Newsgroups:
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh%3Ben-us%3Bdrx&x=9&y=15

And/or:

Visit news://msnews.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.directx.misc and post your question to the
experts there. Include your dxdiag.txt and your directx.log.

Added info:

For a better way to access these newsgroups look here:
http://michaelstevenstech.com/outlookexpressnewreader.htm
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/using/newsgroups/setup.asp
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh;[ln];newswhelp

Directory Listing of the Windows XP CD (K. Miller)

Open a Command Prompt Window (Start/Run/CMD).  Change the directory to the CD Rom Drive then enter this command:  tree/f    To save it type:  tree/f > c:\tree.txt.  It can then be found on your C Drive.  To save it to Notepad use this command:  tree f/ a/

Disk Cleanup

TreeSize V1.62

Every hard disk is too small if you just wait long enough. TreeSize tells you where precious space has gone to. TreeSize can be started from the context menu of a folder or drive and shows you the size of this folder, including its subfolders. You can expand this folder in Explorer-like style and you will see the size of every subfolder. Scanning is done in a thread, so you can already see results while TreeSize is working. The space, which is wasted by the file system can be displayed and the results can be printed in a report. TreeSize is Mailware for Windows 9x/NT/2000/XP. Screen ShotDownload.

Disk Cleanup Tool

How to Automate the Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows XP

Disk Defrag

Disk Defrag and Check Disk Issues for Windows XP

Disk Duplication

The Microsoft Policy Concerning Disk Duplication of Windows XP Installations

Disk Error Checking

How to Perform Disk Error Checking in Windows XP

Display

Windows XP KB Articles About Configuring the Display

Display Driver Issues

How to Check the Video Driver
How to Determine Which Video Driver Is Loading in Windows XP
How to Force Windows to Use Standard VGA Compatible Driver
STOP: C0000143 MISSING DISPLAY_DRIVER.DLL
HOW TO: Use Driver Roll Back to Restore a Previous Driver
Using Driver Verifier to Troubleshoot Drivers in Win 2K and XP

Display Settings

Display Resolution and Color Depth Settings Apply to All Users
Lock Refresh Rates under Windows XP
Cannot Change Display Setting to 640 X 480 or 256 Color

Start/Control Panel/Display/Settings/Advanced/Adapter/List all modes.

     Follow these steps if you want to switch the display temporarily while the game or program is running:

On your desktop or on the Start menu, right-click the game or other program that you want to run in 256 colors, and then click Properties. Click the Compatibility tab. Select the Run in 256 colors check box.

Run in 640x480 screen resolution check box. Your screen resolution will revert to its previous resolution when you close the program.  The Compatibility tab is available only for programs or games located on your computer's hard disk. It is not available if the program is stored on a floppy disk, compact disk, or a network.

     Switch Display:  Start/Programs/Game in Question/Properties/Compatibility Tab/Select 256 or 640x480.

Lock Refresh Rates under Windows XP
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Display Resolution - Change

1. Start/Run/Regedit and Navigate to:
    HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\VIDEO\{3A2C2EBE-ECDB-4A7B-99EC-
    58117AFDC5E2}\0000\Mon22446688

2. Find 'DefaultSettings.XResolution'. That is your y axis. Edit as a Decimal to what you want it to be. IE 1152.
3. Find 'DefaultSettings.YResolution'. That is your x axis. Edit as a decimal to what you want it to be. IE 863.
4. Reboot.

Or...

Start/Run/Regedit: HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG\Display\Settings.  In the right pane, right click Resolution, modify, 800,600.

DLL Database

Your DLL Quest Ends Here:  http://www.dll-download.net/

DLL Help database

DLL File Downloads

If your Windows applications and programs are missing the correct dynamic link library files ( otherwise known as DLL files or .dll ) you've probably been faced with either a reinstallation of your software or a non working application. This DLL download page contains links to the most commonly needed DLL files, most are in zip file format. Using WinZip or similar, most users will simply have to unzip the DLL file they are missing into their default C:/Windows/System directory to restore program functions.   Downloads can be obtained from here:  http://www.5starsupport.com/info/dll.htm

DLL Informant

Shows all DLL's and all applications that use them. Download here.

DLL's - Make DLLs Display Their Icons in Windows Explorer

By default Windows Explorer displays a generic icon for all DLL files even if some of them contain icons. If you sometimes look inside those DLL files at their icons you know that many DLLs have no icons, and some do. If you'd like to know at a glance which ones have icons then a quick Registry edit is just what you need. This tweak will change the default so that the first icon contained in a DLL is displayed in Windows Explorer.

Start/Run/Regedit: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\dllfile\DefaultIcon. First back up the key you are about to modify:
Highlight (Default) in the right frame and select Export Registry File... from the Registry pull down menu. Export or save the file to the location of your choice.

If you don't like the results of this tweak, simply double click the exported file to undo the changes you are about to make.
Right click (Default) and choose Modify.

Replace all the information contained in the Value data: field with %1. Exit Regedit, reboot and launch Windows Explorer. Find a file called Shell.DLL in C:\Windows\System and note that it, and many other DLLs now display an icon.

DLL's - Unload

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer

Create a new sub-key named 'AlwaysUnloadDLL' and set the default value to equal '1' to disable Windows caching the DLL in memory. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

DMA

1. Double-click Administrative Tools, and then click Computer Management.
2. Click System Tools, and then click Device Manager.
3. Click to expand IDE ATA/ATAPI Controllers.
4. Click the specific controller for which you want to configure DMA/PIO settings.
5. Click the Advanced Settings tab.
6. In the Transfer Mode box, click either PIO Only or DMA if available.

DMI Pool Data

When the computer is running the power-on self test (POST), it may stop responding (hang), and a "Verifying DMI pool data" error message may be displayed. This issue is caused by the hardware. To resolve this issue, contact your computer manufacturer.

Documents and Settings

Cannot Move or Rename the Documents and Settings Folder

My Documents Folder in Windows XP
How to Move Shell Folders and Contents

Domain

Computer Does Not Join the Domain If Encrypted Domain Administrator Password Is in the Identification Section of an Unattended Answer-File

DOS

Troubleshooting MS-DOS-Based Programs in Windows XP

DOS - Sound (Reference: computers.DouglasThrift.net |Windows XP FAQ)

How do I get sound and music in old DOS games?

Downloads - Change default Internet Explorer Download Directory

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer Change the path you want to assign as IE's Default Download directory here: Download Directory.

Downloads - Configure Settings

How to Configure Internet Explorer to Have More Than Two Download Sessions

Downloads - Resume

GetRight is a Download Manager program to help you download files from the Internet. It allows you to easily download files and recover (resume downloading) if errors occur--and has many other advanced features.  Download here.

Fresh Download is an easy-to-use and very fast download manager software that turbo charges downloading files from the Internet, such as your favorite software, mp3 files, video files, picture collections, etc. Unlike any other similar utilities, this software is 100% free, no charges, no banners in the software, no spyware.  Download here.

Drive is not Accessible Error Message

"Incorrect Function" Error Message When You Access the CD-ROM Drive, DVD-ROM Drive, or CD-RW Drive

Drive Letters - Change

Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Computer Management/Disk Management. Then right-click the partition whose name you want to change (click in the white area just below the word "Volume") and select "change drive letter and paths." From here you can add, remove or change drive letters and paths to the partition.

HOW TO: Change Drive Letter Assignments in Windows XP
How to Change the System/Boot Drive Letter in Windows
Drive Letter for New Storage Device Is Not Shown
All Available Drive Letters Are Assigned to Unformatted Hard Disks

DRIVER_IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL

"STOP:0xD1" Error Message When You Start Your Windows XP-Based Computer

Drivers - Unsigned Warning Message

Start/Run and type: gpedit.msc. User Configuration/Administrative Templates/System. Right click Code signing for Device Drivers/Properties/Settings/Ignore from the appearing list box or disable.

     Un-Signed Driver Installation Warnings

Start/Run and type: secpol.msc.  Local Policies/Security Options. Change Devices: Unsigned driver installation behavior to Silently succeed. Reboot.

Dual Boot

Windows XP Does Not Start on a Computer That Is Configured for Dual Booting

Dual Boot - Explained

Triple Boot Win9x/Win2K/Win XP
Dual Booting Redhat 7.2 and Windows XP

Dual-Boot - Remove

How to Edit the BOOT.INI File in Windows XP

Dual Booting

     Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction
Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction Multibooting: Windows XP and Windows 2000 Professional
Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction Multibooting: Windows XP and Windows NT Workstation
Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction Multibooting: Windows XP and Windows Me or Windows 9x

How to Multiple Boot Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows NT, Windows 95, Windows 98, and MS-DOS
HOW TO: Create a Multiple-Boot System in Windows XP
How to Enable Dual Boot After You Install Windows Me on a Windows 2000-based Computer
How to Install Windows 98 after Installing Windows XP
How to Install W2K to its Own Partition after Installing Windows XP
Multibooting with Windows XP
Multibooting with Windows 2000 and Windows XP

Dumpchk.Exe

How to Use Dumpchk.exe to Check a Memory Dump File

Dumprep - Explained (Microsoft)

It has various mode of functionality. ER Utility Application - This will be referred to as dumprep.exe from here forward.

This application houses a few simple functions to be used when a separate application is needed to perform certain tasks (such as snapping a minidump of a process, etc).

Queued reporting:

This goal of this mode is similar to that of regular manifest exception reporting: prevent non-privileged users from accessing data they should not be accessing. In regular manifest mode, we have the possibility that a non-privileged user could see a minidump from a service process if he was logged onto the local console when the service faulted.

Even if he does not look at the minidump, he is potentially given the option of reporting the fault to Microsoft- which may not be what a machine admin would want to do.

To work around this, we introduce the concept of queue. Queue works very similarly to kernel fault reporting.

1. We enter queue at the point which we left manifest exception reporting above. Note that we never return to manifest exception reporting mode. When we finish, we go directly back to the point where we left 'user mode exception' reporting.

2. The ERSvc invokes faultrep.dll to do the actual reporting. Faultrep.dll is loaded into the ERSvc process.

3. A user fault signature is extracted from the minidump.

4. The fault is stored in the user fault queue directory. If the directory is located on an NTFS drive, we attempt to use NTFS
compression to compress the file.

5. The fault signature as well as some other metadata about the fault is packaged into a structure and stored in the registry along with the pointer to the file in the queue directory. We also dumprep.exe to the HKLM 'Run' key, which causes dumprep.exe to get executed every time a user logs in (until it is removed from the 'Run' key).

6. We check and see if the fault reporting queue is above the maximum number of entries (10 by default) and delete the oldest entry from the queue.

7. Wait for an administrator to log in interactively (either at the local console or via terminal server / remote desktop). Note that we really return back to the faulting app here and do not actually cause the faulting app to 'wait'. However, the fault reporting process for this fault effectively waits.

8. When an administrator logs in, dumprep.exe runs and checks the list of user faults. If it is empty, dumprep.exe (and ER) terminates.

9. We attempt to acquire a global mutex that only administrators have access to (this is how we enforce administrator access to reporting). If we fail, dumprep.exe (and ER) terminates.

10. We read an entry from the registry list. That the following steps occur once for each entry in the list.

11. Faultrep.dll is loaded and called with the path to the minidump to report & the user fault metadata we stored away in the registry.

12. Faultrep.dll is loaded and the registry based configuration is checked.

a. If both reporting and notification are disabled, ER terminates.

b. If reporting is enabled and notification is not, we report in silent mode

c. If notification is enabled and reporting is not, we display a pop up notifying the user of the fault, but there is no 'Send / Don't Send' button set. There is just an 'Ok' button.

d. If both are enabled, we report normally.

13. We collect application compatibility data if possible and store it in a file in the temp directory.

14. The DW manifest is constructed.

15. DW is launched. The behavior is described in the 'DW Process' section above.

16. Once DW returns, ER terminates (or repeats if we have been called by dumprep.exe and there are additional faults to report- note, if the DW dialog remained up for more than 5 minutes without user interaction, then no further reports will be offered to the user. The next admin who logs in will be offered the opportunity to report).

DUN (Dial Up Networking) Settings - Save

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ RemoteAccess\ Profile
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ RemoteAccess\ Addresses

Select Export Registry File from the File menu, and save this branch in another file on your hard disk - this file will contain entries for all of connections, so if you have more than one connection here, you must edit the second Registry file manually with a text editor and remove the unwanted entries.

At this point, you can merge the two registry files (using a text editor, such as Notepad, and making sure the word "REGEDIT4" appears only once).

When you're finished, you should have a single Registry file (*.REG), on which a user can simply double-click to add the connection to their system.

Setting up Dial-Up Networking

DVD

Windows XP and DVD
DVD Troubleshooter

You cannot view the files on a DVD or CD in Windows Explorer:

Close Windows Explorer. Go to Start/Control Panel/Double click System/Hardware/Device Manager. Expand DVD/CD-ROM. Click the appropriate device, and then click Uninstall on the Action menu.

When you are prompted to confirm that you want to remove the device, click OK. On the Action menu, click Scan for hardware changes. Quit Device Manager and Control Panel.
You Cannot View the Files on a Disc After You Replace a CD-R or CD-RW Drive with a DVD or CD-ROM Drive

DVD - Enable DVD Player in Media Player

This setting allows you to use Microsoft Media Player to Play and Open DVDs. Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Player\Settings. Value Name: EnableDVDUI, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: yes or no.  Create a new string value called "EnableDVDUI" and set it to "yes" to enable DVD functionality.

Troubleshooting DVD Playback in Windows Media Player for Windows XP

DVD - Missing in the Device Manager

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}. Remove the Upperfilters and Lowerfilters values completely from the above registry key.

A Disc in a DVD Drive May Not Be Played Automatically with Roxio Easy CD Creator 5.1 and Norton Anti-Virus 2002 

 

 

~E~

 

E-Mail - Intelligent Email

Stop Spam, Keep your e-mail safe and private.  Mailshell.

E-Mail - Mail Washer

MailWasher is a powerful email checker with effective spam elimination. Discover the safe way to stop unwanted viruses and e-mails before they get to your computer.

E-Mail - SmartSerialMail V1.1

SmartSerialMail allows to send e-mails automatically to a large number of recipients. E-mails can be sent using MAPI or SMTP and up to 64 threads may be used, which allows an optimal usage of your internet connection. Each mail is send individually to its recipient, so that only his name appears in the To: section of the mail header.  Screen ShotDownload.

E-Mail Symbols

Symbol -  Meaning

:-) I’m smiling.
:-( I’m frowning.
:-< I’m real sad.
:-c I’m bummed out.
:-C I’m really bummed out!
:-I I’m grim.
:-/ I’m skeptical.
:-7 I’m smirking at my own wry comment.
:-> I have a devilish grin.
:-D I’m laughing.
:-o I’m shouting.
:-O I’m shouting really loud.
:-@ I’m screaming.
:-8 I talk from both sides of my mouth.
:-p I’m sticking my tongue out at you.
:-P I’m being tongue-in-cheek.
:-& I’m tongue-tied.
:-9 I’m licking my lips.
:-* My lips pucker for a kiss or pickle.
:-x My lips are sealed.
:-# I wear braces.
:-$ My mouth is wired shut.
:-? I smoke a pipe.
:-} I have a beard.
:-B I have buck teeth.
:-[ I’m a vampire.
:-{} I wear lipstick.
:-{) I have a mustache.
:-~) My nose runs.
:-)~ I’m drooling.
:-)-8 I have big breasts.
:*) I’m drunk.
:^) My nose is broken.
:~I I’m smoking.
:/i No smoking!
:~j I’m smoking and smiling.
:'-( I’m crying.
:'-) I’m so happy, I’m crying.
:) I’m a midget.
;-) I’m winking.
.-) I have just one eye,
,-) but I’m winking it.
?-) I have a black eye.
%-) Dizzy from staring at screen too long!
8-) I wear glasses.
B-) I wear cool shades, man.
g-) I wear pince-nez glasses.
P-) I’m a pirate.
O-) I’m a scuba diver.
|-O I’m yawning.
|^O I’m snoring.
X-( I just died.
8:-) My glasses are on my forehead.
B:-) My sunglasses are on my forehead.
O:-) I’m an angel.
+:-) I’m a priest.
[:-) I’m wearing a Walkman.
&:-) I have curly hair.
@:-) I have wavy hair.
8:-) I have a bow in my hair.
{:-) I wear a toupee,
}:-) but the wind is blowing it off.
-:-) I’m a punk rocker.
-:-( but real punk rockers don’t smile.
[:] I’m a robot.
3:] I’m your pet,
3:[ but I growl.
}:-> I’m being devilish,
>;-> and lewdly winking.
=:-) I’m a hosehead.
E-:-) I’m a ham radio operator.
C=:-) I’m a chef.
=|:-)= I’m Uncle Sam.
<):-) I’m a fireman.
*<:-) I’m Santa Claus.
*:o) I’m Bozo the clown.
<:I I’m a dunce.
(-: I’m a lefty.

Easy CD Creator

How to Uninstall Easy CD Creator 3 and 4 in Windows XP
Easy CD Creator 5.0 Remains Installed After You Try to Remove It Through Add or Remove Programs

E-Mail - Test Your E-mail Defenses

Emergency: Fighters for Life

Emergency: Fighters for Life Program Causes an Error Message in Windows XP

Encrypted Files

HOW TO: Identify Encrypted Files in Windows XP
Encrypted File System (using NTFS in Windows XP)

Encryption - Show Encryption Commands on the Shortcut Menu

You may find it easier to enable EFS by placing "Encrypt" and "Decrypt" commands on the Microsoft Windows Explorer context menu when a file is right-clicked with the mouse. Go to Start/Run/Regedit and find the key below.

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced]

Value Name: EncryptionContextMenu
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = default, 1 = enabled)

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'EncryptionContextMenu' and edit the value according to the settings above. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Encryption - Manage the Encrypting File System

When you use Encrypting File System (EFS), you can store data securely because selected NTFS file system files and folders can be encrypted. This setting allows you to enable or disable EFS.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\EFS]

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "EfsConfiguration" and set it according to the value data above.  Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

End Task - Time Out

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control Add a new string value called, "WaitToKillServiceTimeout" and change the Value to 2000. Exit, reboot.

Epson

Espson Support for Windows XP

Error 691

Either your user account is not registered with the domain listed, your password is expired, or you mistyped the information. If you do not specify a domain, the remote access server attempts to verify your user name and password on the domain of which it is a member.

Carefully retype your user name, password, and domain. If you are unsure of this information, contact your system administrator.
"Error 691" Error Message When You Try to Connect to Your ISP
"Error 691" or "Error 734" When You Attempt to Establish a Dial-Up Connection in Windows XP

"Error 721," "Error 678," "Error 691," or "Error 777" Error Message When You Try to Establish a Dial-Up Connection After You Upgrade to Windows XP

Error 692

Error 692: Hardware Failure in Port or Attached....

"Error 692: Hardware Failure in the Modem" Error Message When You Dial an RAS Server

Error 720

Error 720: No PPP Control Protocols Configured

Error 769

"Error 769" Error Message When You Try to Connect to the Internet Through a PPPoE Connection

Error 1230

You Receive a "System Error 1230" Error Message When You Browse the Network

Error 1606

Go to: Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders

Ensure that the Common Administrative Tools entry is correct.  It should read: 
C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu\Programs\Administrative Tools

Err Msg: Error 1606 Could Not Access Network Location

Error 1719

"Error 1719. The Windows Installer Service Could Not Be Accessed" Error Message When You Add or Remove Program

Error Messages - When Booting (Disable)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Windows
Value Name: NoPopupsOnBoot
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (1 = disable messages)

Stops the annoying Windows pop-up messages notifying you a device is not functioning when you boot-up Windows.

Create a REG_DWORD value of 'NoPopupsOnBoot' in the key below (if it doesn't already exist). Set the value to '1' to disable pop-up messages from appearing.

Error Message - When Booting:  A Serious Error.....

Windows XP Patch: System Recovery Error Appears After Every Reboot
You Receive a "System Has Recovered from a Serious Error" Message After Every Restart

     Three other options:

Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Performance/Settings/Advanced/Change. Set Page File to 0, ok your way out and reboot. Then follow the same procedure and reset the Page File to System Managed File.

Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Performance/Advanced/Virtual Memory/Change/No Page File. Reboot. Then delete C:\Pagefil.Sys then revert the page file setting.

Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Performance/Advanced/Virtual Memory/Change. Set the swap file size to zero, reboot. Re-set to System Managed, reboot. Reset the Custom setting, reboot.

Error Reporting - Automatic

Windows XP contains a feature that allows your system to send error report information directly to Microsoft.  This information is collected and analyzed to assist in spotting problems, and developing solutions/fixes for them.

This feature can be customized as to what types of errors are reported, and what information is sent to Microsoft, if you choose.  Click Start, Run and enter GPEDIT.MSC.  Go to Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/Error Reporting. Various options can be enabled, disabled or customized here.

You can also disable error reporting, or change whether Program Errors, System Errors or both are reported.  You can even specify which Program errors will be reported.  Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Error Reporting and adjust the settings as desired.

Additionally, Error Reporting can be turned off in the Registry.  Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT   Go to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\PCHealth\ErrorReporting
Locate the Value: DoReport and double click on it. Change the value to your desired setting: 1 = Send Reports, 0 = Don't Send

Evaluation Expired

Windows XP Evaluation Expiration Behavior and Error Messages

Event Log

One of the administrative tools in Microsoft Management Console, Event Viewer maintains logs about program, security, and system events on your computer. You can use Event Viewer to view and manage the event logs, gather information about hardware and software problems, and monitor Windows security events.

If Event Viewer reports on startup that one or more of your log files is corrupt, you can remedy the situation as follows:

Disable the Event Log service. Restart Windows XP. Delete the corrupt log(s)—Appevent.evt, Secevent.evt, and/or Sysevent.evt—from %SystemRoot%\System32\Config (or wherever they may be).

Your existing event data will be lost, but a new log file will be created when the service is restarted, and that log will start to accumulate new events. Re-enable the Event Log service, and start the service. If the Event Log service doesn’t restart successfully, then restart Windows XP. You cannot delete or rename the log files while the Event Log service is running.

Event Viewer - Clear Log

Start/Run/Eventvwr.msc. Right click either/each in the right pane/Properties/Clear Log.

Executable Files

Cannot Start Executable Programs (.exe Files) on Your Computer
You Are Unable to Start a Program with an .exe File Extension

EXE File Association Fix for Windows XP

This download restores the default File Association for EXE files.  Download the REG file here and save it to your hard drive.  Double click the file you just saved and answer yes to the import prompt.  REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking the file and selecting Edit.

Explore - Processes

Process Explorer shows you information about which handles and DLLs processes have opened or loaded.
http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/procexp.shtml

Explorer - Right Pane Blank

Click in the blank right-hand pane. Press the Ctrl key and the + key (only the + key on the numeric keypad)

Q179875 Windows Explorer Does Not Display Item's Contents in Right Pane

Explorer Crashes - No Desktop Icons and/or Start Button

Control/Alt/Delete - When the Windows Task Manager dialog box appears, select the File menu and then New Task (Run). When the Create New Task dialog box appears, type in Explorer and press the OK button. Windows Explorer should restart complete with the Start button.

Explore Exe

Err Msg: Explorer.exe Has Generated Errors and Will Be Closed...
Winsock Proxy May Cause an Error Message in Windows XP
Error Message: Explorer.exe Has Generated Errors and Will Be Closed by Windows
Error Message When You Start Windows Explorer: Explorer.exe Has Generated Errors and Will Be Closed by Windows

Explore Here - Add to Every Folder

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\Shell\Explore. Value Name: (Default), Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: explorer.exe /e,/root,"%1" Change the value of '(Default)' to equal 'E&xplore From Here'. Create a new key under the [Explore] key called command, and edit the (Default) value to equal explorer.exe /e,/root,"%1".
 

 

 

~F~

 

F6

Limited OEM Driver Support Is Available with F6 During Windows XP Setup

FAQ's

To read the FAQ go to
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/expertzone/newsgroups/faq/default.asp

For general help with WindowsXP, try the Expert Zone

Other Microsoft product FAQ's hosted on microsoft.com:

Frequently Asked Questions About Microsoft Internet Explorer
Frequently Asked Questions About Office XP
Frequently Asked Questions About Visual Studio .NET
Frequently Asked Questions About Microsoft Product Activation
Frequently Asked Questions About Microsoft Volume Licensing
Frequently Asked Questions About Windows XP from Microsoft Product Support
Remote Assistance FAQ for General Users
Windows Messenger FAQ
UPnP NAT Traversal FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions about Microsoft DirectX
Frequently Asked Questions About the IPv6 Protocol for Windows XP

Fast Boot /Fast Resume Design

Bootvis is a Boot performance trace visualization tool for use with Windows XP systems. It gives a graphical view of what processes are doing what and when during boot and allow you to optimise your boot up. A very handy tool.

Download Bootvis: http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/platform/performance/fastboot/default.asp
http://download.microsoft.com/download/whistler/BTV/1.0/WXP/EN-US/bootVis-tool.exe

This is a self extracting ZIP file. Double click the file you just downloaded and unzip it to the folder of your choice. Locate Bootvis.exe click on it. You will now see the GUI of bootvis.

Now go to File/New and choose "Next boot trace" or "Next boot and drivers chase". Leave everything else as is and get ready for a reboot in 15 seconds.

Then click on the Bootvis.exe, it will now output the results, once it has finished generating the report, you will see graphs 5
or 6 graphs. They look a bit confusing at this stage.

From the main menu .. Click on Trace >> optimize system, then reboot.

You will see a message box "Please wait for bootvis to load" ... about 20 seconds later another message box will appear "Optimizing system for boot performance" basically bootvis is rearranging the boot files for a faster startup

Fast Logon

Description of Windows XP Professional Fast Logon Optimization

Fast User Switching - Modem Disconnects

In the Network Connections Folder right click the Connection Icon/Properties/Advanced/Sharing/Allow others to connect.

     Tip:  Allow Fast User Switching

Fast user switching allows you to quickly switch to another user account without having to close any programs. This setting controls whether fast user switching is available.

Open your registry and find the key below. You may need to create the key if it does not already exist.

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'AllowMultipleTSSessions' and edit the value according
to the settings below.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

Value Name: AllowMultipleTSSessions
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = Disable Fast User Switching, 1= Enable)

Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Fast User Switching and Internet Connection

The following entry will stop the prompt to shut down the connection when changing users under Windows XP. This
enables a permanent internet connection with multiple users on your PC under Windows XP. Go to:  Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

Right click in the right pane, select New/String Value. Name the value KeepRasConnections and set it to 1. Reboot.

If working in the registry is not to your liking, you can use this Regedit, VB Script or my KeepRas Utility to do it for you.

Note: 

To use the Regedit:  Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files
can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

To use the VBS Files: Download .vbs file and save it to your hard drive (you may want to right click and use Save Target
As).  Double-click  the vbs file. You will be prompted when the script is done.

Windows has the option to automatically dial your Internet Service Provider (ISP) to establish an Internet connection.  This option can be controlled using this tweak.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings
Value Name: EnableAutodial
Data Type: REG_BINARY (Binary Value)
Value Data: (00 00 00 00 = disabled, 01 00 00 00 = enabled)

Create a new binary value named "EnableAutodial", and set the new value to equal "01 00 00 00" to enable autodial or
"00 00 00 00" to disable it.

Note: This restriction can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

Difference Between Log Off and Switch User Commands
Programs Do Not Create Shortcuts for Fast User Switching Users
Windows XP Slows If Users Are Logged On with Fast User Switching

More information here:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_modem.htm

Favorites

Favorites Folder Location and Saving Tips
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_favorites.htm

Tip:  Locate Dead Links in Favorites
Go to Windows Explorer\C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Favorites.  Change the view to thumbnails.  If one is
listed 404, delete it.

Favorites - Prioritize

Elevate its priority on the Start menu by putting it at the top of the list. This ensures the program will remain on the Start
menu and cannot be bumped by other programs, even if you use the others more frequently.

Right-click the link to your favorite program on the Start menu and select Pin to Start Menu. Your program will be moved permanently to the top part of the list, just below your browser and e-mail programs.

Start Menu and Favorites Menu Not Listed in Alphabetical Order

     Tip:  Follow by example:  http://username:password@www.whateversite.com/restricted/

Type in the URL. Add your User ID followed by a colon and then your password followed by an at sign (@) in front of
your the URL and after the http://   Example: http://username:password@www.microsoft.com

     Tip:  Custom icons are lost when you clean your cache. These are known as favicons.ico (Favorite Icons) and they
normally will only last until your Internet Explorer Temp files are cleared.

This program will allow you to save the favicons.ico (Favorite Icons) permanently in a different folder and re-associate
your favorites with the stored icons.

FavOrg - Restore and Save Favorite Icons (Line 108)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

FavesToGo - Save Favorites Quickly (Line 108)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Workaround:

Navigate to the Temporary Internet Files, and drag the icons to the desktop and rename them to whatever name you like.

Then, create a folder called Icon Selection. Move all of the renamed favicons to this folder placed in the root directory
of C. Right click on the Icon, select Browse and navigate to your Icon Selection folder. Choose the renamed favicon
and click ok. These icons will be permanent.

When you right click on an icon, select browse and navigate to the Icon Selection folder. Choose the renamed favicon
 you want and click ok. Your customized icons will be permanent.

Favorite Icons are Missing

Custom icons are lost when you clean your cache. These are known as favicons.ico (Favorite Icons) and they
normally will only last until your Internet Explorer Temp files are cleared.

This program will allow you to save the favicons.ico (Favorite Icons) permanently in a different folder and re-associate
your favorites with the stored icons.

FavOrg - Restore and Save Favorite Icons (Line 108)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

FavesToGo - Save Favorites Quickly (Line 108)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Workaround:

Create a folder called Icon Selection. Move all of the renamed favicons to this folder placed in the root directory of
C. Right click on the Icon, select Browse and navigate to your Icon Selection folder. Choose the renamed favicon and
click ok. These icons will be permanent.

When you right click on an icon, select browse and navigate to the Icon Selection folder. Choose the renamed favicon
you want and click ok. Your customized icons will be permanent.

FAX

Fax provides you with complete fax facilities from your computer. You can configure fax settings, send and receive faxes,
track and monitor fax activity, and access archived faxes. Using Fax, you can choose to send and receive faxes with a
local fax device attached to your computer, or with a remote fax device connected to fax resources located on a network.

Fax is not installed by default during Windows Setup.  To install the Fax component:  Open Add or Remove Programs in Control Panel. Click Add/Remove Windows Components. In the Windows Components Wizard, select the Fax Services check box, and then follow the instructions on your screen.

To open Fax after installation, click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to Communications, and then
click Fax Console. For more information on using Fax, click Help in Fax Console.

Troubleshooting FAX Problems in Windows XP
Windows XP KB Articles About Printing and Fax
Troubleshooting Enabling and Configuring the Fax Service
Dialing Rules May Not Be Applied to Tools Such as Fax

Features - Set by Default in Home and Pro (How to enable/disable)
http://www.pcworld.com/features/article/0,aid,81996,pg,7,00.asp

File and Settings Transfer Wizard

Files and Settings Are Lost When You Use the Transfer Wizard
List of Programs Whose Settings Are Migrated When You Use the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
How to Troubleshoot Issues with the User State Migration Tool and the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard

HOW TO: Use the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard with a Wizard Disk
HOW TO: Use the Files & Settings Transfer Wizard By Using the Win XP CD
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_setup.htm

HOW TO: Back Up Information to a CD
Recorded CD-ROM Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

File Associations

Fix file associations from the Command Line:  Did you leave the Always Use This Program To Open This File option
turned on? Do you want to change it back so it prompts you to specify a program each time? To delete the association
with that file type, at the command prompt enter the command ASSOC.EXT= [where .EXT specifies the extension of
the file type whose association you want to delete (e.g., .WAV for wave files)]. 

Now whenever you double-click on the file of that type, the system will ask you what program you want to use to open
the file.  For more information: http://www.dougknox.com/xp/tips/xp_easy_file.htm.

HOW TO: Change File Associations in Windows XP
File Association Fixes - Various File Association fixes can be found here.

File Extensions

"Every File Format in the World"

This is a list of file name extension or suffixes that indicate the format or usage of a file and a brief description of that
format. We don't really show the file format itself here. In fact, many formats are proprietary and we couldn't show
them to you. In some cases, we link to a definition of the file format or to related information.

In general, if you have the program that uses the file format, that program can be used to open or otherwise use the file.
Some file formats (for example, the GIF file format used for Web page images) are standard formats that can be opened
by any program that supports that standard format.

File Formats and Extensions

While downloading files from the Web, you will undoubtedly encounter many different types of electronic files formats.
The way to identify the file type is by looking at its extension, typically expressed as a dot followed by 2 to 4 letters
(.xxx). Why should you care? You need to identify the file type to know whether it will work on your computer, and
whether you will need a particular type of software to decompress, play, or view it.

Various File Formats and How to Deal With Them
This search engine lets you search for the meaning of 2,368 file extensions. Click here.
Filename Extensions - Tech Dictionary
File Extensions

File Extensions - Unrecognized Extension - Disable

Start/Run/Regedit
Go to:  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System

Right click in the right pane and select New, DWord value.  Name it NoInternetOpenWith  Double click the new
value and set it to 1.  You'll go straight to the Programs listing.

For a single user, while logged on to their desktop, go to:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer.  Right click in the right pane
and select New, DWord value, name it InternetOpenWith and leave the value set to 0.

File List

FileList is a command line utility that produces a list of files of the given path in the CSV format, which can be imported
in a spreadsheet or database.  The list includes the file name, the size, the path, the last access and change date. Under Windows NT/2000/XP it also includes the owner of the file.  ScreenshotDownload.

File Missing - Cannot find a device file...

You may receive an error message if a file is missing, for example: Cannot find a device file that may be needed to run Windows or a Windows application. The Windows registry or SYSTEM.INI file refers to this device file, but the device
file no longer exists. Note that the file name may or may not be included in the error message.

How to Determine the Source to a File

Files - Permission Denied When Trying to Delete Folders/Files

Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/View/Unmark "Use Simple File Sharing". Right click the folder/file in question/Properties/Security/Advanced/Owner/Set Permissions.

HOW TO: Set, View, Change, or Remove File and Folder Permissions

More information here:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_mydocs.htm

File Protection - Disable  (Reference)

Windows 2000 and XP include a feature called Windows File Protection (WFP), part of the System File Checker,
which is intended to avoid some of the common DLL consistency issues. This feature may also block valid attempts to change system files and it can therefore be disabled using this tweak.

Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and find the key below.

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon]

Value Name: SFCDisable
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: 0 = enabled (default), ffffff9d = disabled

Change the value of "SFCDisable" to equal "ffffff9d" to disable WFS or "0" to enable it. The other valid hexadecimal
values are:

  • 1 - disabled, prompt at boot to re-enable
  • 2 - disabled at next boot only, no prompt to re-enable
  • 4 - enabled, with popups disabled
  • ffffff9d - for completely disabled

    Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Additional Steps for  Windows XP
    This setting is disabled in Windows XP, and needs to re-enabled using a hex editor and changing SFC.DLL (or SFC_OS.DLL for Windows XP) following these instructions:

    1. Make a backup the SFC_OS.DLL in the C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32 directory.
    2. Make an additional copy of SFC_OS.DLL called SFC_OS1.DLL and open it in a hex editor.
    3. At offset 0000E2B8 (0E2B8h) you should find the values "8B" and "C6". Do not continue if you are unable to
          find these values.
    4. Change the values "8B C6" to read "90 90" and save the changes.
    5. Run these commands to update the system files:

      copy c:\windows\system32\sfc_os1.dll c:\windows\system32\sfc_os.dll /y
      copy c:\windows\system32\sfc_os1.dll c:\windows\system32\dllcache\sfc_os.dll /y

    6. If you are prompted to insert the Windows CD, click Cancel.
    7. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Once these files have been updated apply the registry setting above.

  • Files - Recovery

    Find any lost and deleted data on your drive (e.g. hard disk) even if the partition table is lost or the drive has been
    quick-formatted Lost Data, that is the result of a system crash can also be recovered.  More information here.

    Files - Remove/Delete

    Close all open apps. Open a command prompt and navigate to the directory with the offending files. Then open the Task Manager and click on the Processes tab. select "Explorer.Exe" under Image Name. Click "End Process".

    Now you will only have the command prompt and the task manager. In the Command Prompt, DEL the offending files
    (DEL *.mpg, DEL mus*.avi, DEL test.wmv, etc.)

    The files should now delete without a problem. Now go back to the task manager and click on the Applications tab. Click
    the "New Task..." button. in the dialog, type Explorer.Exe and click OK.

    Process Explorer shows you information about which handles and DLLs processes have opened or loaded.  Use the
    search function to find every handle that Explorer.Exe has open and close them (right-click on the file and choose
    'close handle'). Then delete the file(s) in question.

    How do I delete an "undeletable" file?

    Files - Rename

    How to Rename Multiple Files with Windows Explorer. Start Windows Explorer. To do so, click Start, point to All
    Programs, point to Accessories, and then click Windows Explorer. Select multiple files in a folder. To do so, press and
    hold down the CTRL key while you are clicking files. After you select the files, press F2. Type the new name, and then
    press ENTER.

    NOTE: When you complete the preceding steps, the highlighted state of all files except one disappears, so it may appear
    as if you are only renaming one file. However, after you press ENTER, all of the files are renamed. When you rename multiple files, all of the renamed files have the same name with a number in parentheses appended to the name to make
    the new file name unique. For example, if you type BUDGET as the new name, the first file is named BUDGET. All of
    the remaining selected files are named BUDGET( x ), where x is a unique number, starting with (1).

    File Sharing

    Windows XP Simple File Sharing
    Windows XP Professional File Sharing
    Description of File Sharing and Permissions in Windows XP (Q304040)

    File Types - Specify Unknown File Type Options

    These settings allow you to specify a description and the application to launch to view files with an unknown extension.

    Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and find the key below. Set the "(Default)" value to equal the description you
    want to use for unknown file types.

    System Key: [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Unknown]
    Value Name: (Default)
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)

    Create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Unknown\shell\Open\Command] and set the "(Default)"
    value to equal the command used to view unknown file types. Substitute the symbol "%1" to represent the filename
    in the command (e.g. "notepad.exe %1").

    Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Firewall Reporter

    Now users of Windows XP can easily analyze and monitor the log files created by XP Personal Firewall. Using XP
    Firewall Reporter makes it easy to report hackers and script kiddies to their ISPs for abuse policy infractions and
    allows you to readily understand where your Internet security needs to be fortified.

    Floppy Drive - Is Active

    1.  Check your recent documents that point to the A: drive. And/or try clearing My Recent Documents.

    2.  Do a search for *.lnk, then delete any references to A: that are not "Send To" or similar "shortcuts".

    3.  Right click the My Computer icon/Manage. Services and Applications/Services/Shell Hardware Detection and set
         it to Automatic. Or Programs/Administrative Tools/Services/In the right pane set "Shell Hardware Detection" service
         to automatic.

    4.  Start/Run/gpedit.msc/User Configuration/Administrative Templates/Windows Components/Windows Explorer.
         In the right pane double click Hide these specific drives from my computer. Enable then use the drop box.

    5.  Do a Start/Run/CMD then type in the path command. Is a: listed in the search path?

    6.  Some AV software will automatically scan the floppy drive at both startup and shutdown.

    7.  This may be a reappearance of the NTFS bug on showing color. Explorer, Tools, Folder Options, View uncheck
         "Show encrypted or compressed NTFS folders in color"

    8.  In the BIOS set the PC to boot first to drive C, not the A. And also, go into the boot section in the bios and and
        turn off floppy drive seek at boot.

    9.  Task Scheduler can cause floppy seeking on startup. Even is you choose to *Stop using Task Scheduler* (but do
         not Disable the service) in the Scheduled Tasks>Advanced Options, you will still get the thrashing - you have to
        *disable* the service altogether to get rid of the thrashing.

    10. Log off then log back on

    Floppy Drive - Please insert disk

    This behavior can occur if a folder that includes a .pif file that references a program file on a floppy disk drive is opened.
    For example, if you have a .pif file with a command line "a:\edit.com" in the Windows\Temp folder, your floppy disk
    drive may be active when you start your computer.

    To resolve this issue, change the command line reference in the Properties of the shortcut, or delete the shortcut: For example, if the command line reads a:\edit.com, change the line to read edit.com.

    This issue most often occurs after the contents of a floppy disk are copied to a folder on your hard disk. This can also
    occur if a shortcut on your hard disk references a program that is on a floppy disk. Note that this can also occur on
    other removable media.

    Check your settings here:  Programs/Administrative Tools/Services.  In the right pane set "Shell Hardware Detection"
    service to automatic.

    "Please Insert Disk into Drive A:" Appears Repeatedly at Startup

    Folder

    How to Designate the Original Folder Name for a Reinstallation of Windows XP

    Folder Backgrounds - Customizing

    Select the folder you want to use for your background wallpaper. You MUST convert the folder you want to use to
    a SYSTEM folder.  At the command prompt screen (Start/Run/CMD) which looks something like this: c:\> type this command: attrib +s c:\myfolder and then hit the return key.

    Copy and paste the script below into Notepad and change the line that says IconArea_Image to point to the directory
    and the file that you want to use for the background image.

    [ExtShellFolderViews]
    {BE098140-A513-11D0-A3A4-00C04FD706EC}={BE098140-A513-11D0-A3A4-00C04FD706EC}

    [{BE098140-A513-11D0-A3A4-00C04FD706EC}]
    Attributes=1
    IconArea_Image=C:\YOUR LOCATION\OF\ANY\IMAGE.JPG
    IconArea_Text=0x00000000

     The last line in the script tells Windows what color the font will be when you read the files in that folder. For instance:

    0x00000000 = black
    0x00FF0000 = blue
    0x0000FF00 = green
    0x000000FF = red
    0x00C000C0 = purple

    Now save the file you just created as desktop.ini and place it into the directory you just converted into a system folder.
    Now close that folder and then reopen.  (From a Newsgroup post made by Alberich)

         Tip:  If a folder uses the wrong background picture and you can't change it:  Start/Run/Regedit and remove this key:
                 HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags.

    Added Note: 

    Question: One of my special folders (e.g. My Documents, My Music, My Pictures, Shared Documents, etc) has lost
    its name, lost its icon, or has the wrong Task Pane template, how can I get it back?

    Answer: This problem can occur if the hidden desktop.ini file in the special folder is corrupt or missing. Here are the
    steps to fix this problem:

    Open the special folder, then in the address bar type \desktop.ini at the end of the path and press enter. This will open Notepad.

    If, instead of opening Notepad, you get a message saying Windows cannot find the file right click in the folder and select properties, then go to the Customize tab and click Change Icon then click OK and click OK again. This will create a desktop.ini with the correct Hidden and System attributes. Now you can repeat the first step.

    1.     In Notepad change the text of the file to the correct text specified below (My Documents, My Music,
              My Pictures, My Videos, Favorites, Shared Documents, Shared Music, Shared Pictures, Shared Videos).
              Then save the file and exit Notepad.
    2.     Log Off all the way and then Log In.

    Note: When the text of one of these files contains Douglas Thrift replace it with your own user name.

    My Documents

    [DeleteOnCopy]
    Owner=Douglas Thrift
    Personalized=5
    PersonalizedName=My Documents

    My Music

    [DeleteOnCopy]
    Owner=Douglas Thrift
    Personalized=13
    PersonalizedName=My Music
    [.ShellClassInfo]
    InfoTip=@Shell32.dll,-12689
    IconFile=%SystemRoot%\system32\shell32.dll
    IconIndex=-237

    My Pictures

    [DeleteOnCopy]
    Owner=Douglas Thrift
    Personalized=39
    PersonalizedName=My Pictures
    [.ShellClassInfo]
    InfoTip=@Shell32.dll,-12688
    IconFile=%SystemRoot%\System32\mydocs.dll
    IconIndex=-101

    My Videos

    [.ShellClassInfo]
    InfoTip=@Shell32.dll,-12690
    IconFile=%SystemRoot%\system32\SHELL32.dll
    IconIndex=-238
    [DeleteOnCopy]
    Owner=Douglas Thrift
    Personalized=14
    PersonalizedName=My Videos

    Favorites

    [.ShellClassInfo]
    IconFile=%SystemRoot%\system32\shell32.dll
    IconIndex=-173
    LocalizedResourceName=@shell32.dll,-12693

    Shared Documents

    [.ShellClassInfo]
    LocalizedResourceName=@shell32.dll,-21785

    Shared Music

    [.ShellClassInfo]
    InfoTip=@Shell32.dll,-12689
    IconFile=%SystemRoot%\system32\SHELL32.dll
    IconIndex=-237
    LocalizedResourceName=@shell32.dll,-28995

    Shared Pictures

    [.ShellClassInfo]
    InfoTip=@Shell32.dll,-12688
    IconFile=%SystemRoot%\system32\mydocs.dll
    IconIndex=-101
    LocalizedResourceName=@shell32.dll,-28997

    Shared Videos

    [.ShellClassInfo]
    InfoTip=@Shell32.dll,-12690
    IconFile=%SystemRoot%\system32\SHELL32.dll
    IconIndex=-238
    LocalizedResourceName=@shell32.dll,-28996

    Folder Guard - FAT32 Systems

    When you use FAT32 for your file system, you do not have access to the security features of NTFS.  You can use this program to hide your private files and folders from other users. Restrict access to important system files and be in full
    control of the way your files and programs are used by other users of your computer with Folder Guard: http://www.winability.com/folderguard

    Folders - Add Fields to the Details View of Folders

    You can add other columns to the Details view of the files contained in Windows XP folders, such as Comments, Description, Category, and many others. To add new columns:

    Right–click the column header of the files list, and then click one of the fields listed, or click More. In the Choose Details dialog box, you can reorganize the order of column headers, specify column widths, and add columns to display details
    for the files in that folder. When you click the new column header, the width of the selected column is displayed in pixels
    in the Choose Details dialog box.

    Folders - Add Folder To Taskbar

    Right-click a blank area of the taskbar and select Toolbars, New Toolbar. Navigate your way to the folder you have
    in mind, then click OK. The folder's name will appear on the taskbar, to the left of the notification area.

    To access a file inside, click the double-arrow at the right edge of the new toolbar, select any subfolder(s), if necessary,
    then select the file you're after. To open the entire folder window, right-click the toolbar and select Open Folder.

    Folders - Add Picture to Front

    Stick pictures on individual folders to remind you of what's inside. (Note: Don't change the default folder icon, or you
    won't see the picture.)  Right-click a folder, select Properties and click the Customize tab. Click Choose Picture,
    navigate your way to the desired picture, then click OK.  And remember, you'll only see the picture in Thumbnails
    view. (To switch to Thumbnails view, open a folder and select View, Thumbnails.)

    Folders -  Copy Files and Folders to a CD

    •Insert a blank, writable CD into the CD recorder.
    •Open My Computer.
    •Click the files or folders you want to copy to the CD. To select more than one file, hold down the CTRL key while you
      click the files you want. Then, under File and Folder Tasks, click Copy this file, Copy this folder, or Copy the selected
      items.
    •If the files are located in My Pictures, under Picture Tasks, click Copy to CD or Copy all items to CD, and then skip to
     step 5.
    •In the Copy Items dialog box, click the CD recording drive, and then click Copy.
    •In My Computer, double–click the CD recording drive. Windows displays a temporary area where the files are held
     before they are copied to the CD. Verify that the files and folders that you intend to copy to the CD appear under Files
     Ready to be Written to the CD.
    •Under CD Writing Tasks, click Write these files to CD. Windows displays the CD Writing Wizard. Follow the
      instructions in the wizard.

    Notes:

    •Do not copy more files to the CD than it will hold. Standard CDs hold up to 650 megabytes (MB). High–capacity CDs hold up to 850 MB.
    •Be sure that you have enough disk space on your hard disk to store the temporary files that are created during the CD writing process. For a standard CD, Windows reserves up to 700 MB of the available free space. For a high–capacity
    CD, Windows reserves up to 1 gigabyte (GB) of the available free space.
    •After you copy files or folders to the CD, it is useful to view the CD to confirm that the files are copied. To stop the CD recorder from automatically ejecting the CD
    •Open My Computer.
    •Right–click the CD recording drive, and then click Properties.
    •On the Recording tab, clear the Automatically eject the CD after writing check box.

    Folders - Expand All in Windows Explorer

    Press the '*' key on the numeric keypad while in Explorer to immediately expand all folders and subfolders on that drive.
    Be careful of what you choose to expand, however; if it's a giant Network drive, you could be sitting idle for a minute
    or two.

    Folders - Move

    How to Move Shell Folders and Contents
    Registry Settings for Folder Redirection in Windows

    Folder Opens Search Window

    Go to Start/Run and type in: regsvr32 /i shell32

    If that doesn't correct the issue use this automated edit:

    Search Opens When Double Clicking a Folder or Drive (Line 18)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the VBS File: Download .vbs file and save it to your hard drive (you may want to right click and use Save
    Target As). Double-click the vbs file. You will be prompted when the script is done.

    Manual Edit:

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\Shell

    Set the Default value to "none" without the quotes. To do this, double click where it says Default.

    You may also need to check:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\shell
    The default value for this entry should be "none", as well.

    Folder Options

    When you try to use options in Windows Explorer to apply the view setting of the current (selected) folder to all of the folders that are on your computer, Windows XP may not apply the setting to another folder that is open.

    This behavior can occur if more than one instance (copy) of Windows Explorer is running on your computer.

    To work around this behavior, follow these steps: Quit all instances of Windows Explorer, and then restart Windows Explorer so that only one instance of Windows Explorer is running. Make the necessary changes to the view setting.

    Click Folder Options on the Tools menu, and then click Like Current Folder on the View tab. Quit Windows Explorer,
    and then start Windows Explorer again.

    The View Setting of the Current Selected Folder Is Not Applied to Another Open Folder

    Folder Options - Restricted

    When you try to access Folder Options from within Windows Explorer, or Internet Options from within Internet Explorer,
    you receive the following error message:

    "Restrictions - This operation has been cancelled due to restrictions in effect on this computer. Please contact you system administrator."

    The Folder Options and Internet Options may still be available from the Start Menu, Settings, and the Internet Options Control Panel applet.

    A NoBrowserOptions setting in the Registry causes both Folder Options from within Windows Explorer and Internet Options from within Internet Explorer to be 'restricted'. Why Folder Options is affected, is not known at this time.

    Click the link below and download the nobrowseroptions.inf file. Save the file to your hard drive. Locate the file and right click it, select Install. This will clear the Registry entry. You may need to log off/log on for the change to take effect.

    nobrowseroptions.inf

    Folder Permissions - Automate

    How To Automate Folder Permissions (Q180464)

    Folder Type as Template

    Every Windows XP folder provides a list of hyperlinked tasks appropriate to that type of folder next to the folder contents. For example, the Pictures folder type contains task links for ordering prints online and for printing pictures. If you want
    to use a folder type as a template for a selected folder, follow these steps:

    Right–click a newly created folder, and then click Properties. Click the Customize tab. In the Use this folder type as a template list, click the template type you want to apply, and then click OK. Now, when you open the new folder, it will contain a hyperlinked task list common to the type of folder you selected as the template.

    Folder Views

    HOW TO: Arrange Files Using Folder Views
    HOW TO: Customize the Windows Explorer Views
    HOW TO: View Previously-Opened Folders When You Log On to Windows XP

    Folder Views - Change Window To Double-Paned View

    Want to switch a folder window from single to a double-paned view (as if you opened the folder inside Windows
    Explorer)? All it takes is one click.

    Open any folder window and look for the Folders icon on the Standard Buttons toolbar. Click it once to jump to a
    double-paned window. Click it again, and you're back to a single pane.

    Folder Views - Keep Settings

    Go to - Start/Run/Regedit and Delete these two keys, reboot then re-set your folder options.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\BagMRU
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\Bags

    If you prefer not to deal with the registry, you can use the edit from here:

    Restore Folder Views (Line 2)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Windows remembers 400 folders. When that number is reached things start to go wrong. You can up this to 1000 by a
    dding this to the registry. All tested and working.  Things will last a little longer. 

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell]
    "BagMRU Size"=dword:000003e8

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam]
    "BagMRU Size"=dword:000003e8

    If you prefer not to deal with the registry, you can use the edit from here: 

    Increase Folder View Options Limit: (Line 2)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Note: Apply to all folders does not stick:
    If you are using TweakUI/Uncheck Only allow Windows Classic Shell

    Folders - Special

    Question: One of my special folders (e.g. My Documents, My Music, My Pictures, Shared Documents, etc) has lost
    its name, lost its icon, or has the wrong Task Pane template, how can I get it back?

    Answer: This problem can occur if the hidden desktop.ini file in the special folder is corrupt or missing. Here are the
    steps to fix this problem:  Illustrated, detailed instructions here:  http://computers.douglasthrift.net/winxpfaq/#faq3

    Folders - To Set the My Documents Folder to Private

    On the Start menu, right-click My Documents, and then click Properties. Click the Sharing tab, and then click to select
    the Make this folder private so that only I have access to it check box. Click Apply, and then click OK.

    Note: You cannot make your folders private if your drive is not formatted as NTFS.

    Home Edition: Set Permissions for Shared Files and Folders. Boot into safe mode and logon to the 'Administrator'
    account. Right click the folder in question/Sharing and Security/Make Folder Private.

    To view the Security tab for a file or folder in XP, hold down the Ctrl key while right-clicking the file or folder, and select Properties. If you are in a domain instead of a workgroup, this approach is unnecessary.

    You Cannot Select the "Make This Folder Private" Option

         Tip:  Hide Files and Folders inside of Windows XP

    Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/View/Show Hidden Files and Folders. Right click the folder to be
    hidden/Sharing and Security/General Tab/Hidden/Apply Changes to.../

    Hide your private files and folders from other users. Restrict access to important system files and be in full control of the
    way your files and programs are used by other users of your computer. http://www.winability.com/folderguard

    Fonts - Replace All

    A font may seem to be installed correctly but does not appear in the Fonts folder because the Fonts key in the registry is missing or damaged.

    Move the contents of the Fonts folder to an empty folder. By opening the Fonts folder, select all the fonts, copy them, and paste them to a new folder.  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Fonts.  Highlight the key and press DELETE. Once the key has been deleted create a new key to replace it, by selecting Edit/New/Key and name the new
    key [Fonts].

    Restart the computer, then re-install the fonts by opening the Control Panel, double-click on 'Fonts'. And from the File
    menu select 'Install New Fonts...' adding the fonts that were previously copied to the temporary directory.

    Fonts Supplied with Windows XP

    Format

    How to Format Windows XP -  MVP Michael Stevens

    If you want to format for a clean install, simply boot from the XP CD (you will need to set the bios order to boot from the
    CD) and when it finishes it's scan for previous Windows installations choose the XP partition you want to format and setup
    will delete, format and do a clean install.

    If you want the remove XP to reinstall a previous OS, you can use a Windows 98/Me startup disk to format the partition if
    it is Fat 32, or use fdisk to delete the non-dos partition if it is NTFS. Note that you can only use fdisk to delete primary
    NTFS partitions.

    Obtain a Win 98/Me startup disk here. http://www.bootdisk.com.  There is also special XP system startup disk. Scroll
    down to the bottom of the page. http://www.drd.dyndns.org/disks.html.

    If you cannot boot from the CD and need to delete an extended NTFS partition, you can download the image file to
    create a 6 floppy disk start up set that will allow you to run Recovery Console.

    There are Home and Pro specific versions.
    Home: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/release.asp?releaseid=33290
    Pro: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/release.asp?releaseid=33291

    If you want to format a NTFS or Fat32 partition that is not the system partition, you can do this with XP's Disk Manager.

    Format and Recovery of Windows XP

    Framedyn.dll

    "Application Has Failed to Start Because Framedyn.dll Was Not Found" Error Message When You Open the System Properties Dialog Box

    Frequently Used Programs

    If FUP are not being listed:  Check the number of programs to be listed: Right click the Start button/Properties/Customize/Number of Programs...

    The number is also listed here:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced. In the right pane,
    check the Value Data under Start_MinMFU.

         Tip:  To prevent a program from being displayed in the Most Frequently Used Programs list:

    1. Start Registry Editor (Regedit.exe).
    2. Add an empty string value named NoStartPage to the following registry key, where <Program name.exe> is the name
       of the executable file that is used to start the program:  HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Applications\<Program name.exe>
    3. Quit Registry Editor, and then restart the computer.

    This setting allows you to decide which programs may be shown in the most frequently used programs list on the Windows Start menu.  Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to:  HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Applications

    To stop a specific application appearing on the MFU program list open its sub-key and create a new empty string value called "NoStartPage".  To allow an application to be shown in the list delete the "NoStartPage" value. Restart Windows
    for the change to take effect.

    Frequently Used Programs Not Automatically Added to Start Menu

    Policy:Disable user tracking Description:Prevents the system from remembering the programs run, paths followed, and documents used. Registry Value:"NoInstrumentation"

    Policy:Remove frequent programs list from the Start Menu
    Description:Removes the frequently-used programs list from the Start menu. Registry Value:
    "NoStartMenuMFUprogramsList"

    Policy Settings for the Start Menu in Windows XP  

    Front Page

    How to get the best answer to your questions in the Microsoft® FrontPage® Newsgroups

    Front Page Express doesn't come with XP or Windows 2000. You can download it from here.  In the downloaded folder 'Software' search for Software\en\W98IE5\FPESETUP_259 (where the \en is only for the english version and execute the FPESETUP_wu.exe).  You can start Frontpage Express then from Start/Programs/Accessories/Internet Tools/Front Page Express.

         Tip:  Help Files - Start/Run/Regedit:  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\HTML Help. 
    Right click on the folder HTML Help/New/String Value.  Rename ' New Value #1 ' with fxpress.chm.  Double click on this entry and then write the path to the local directory, where the help file is saved. Then you can use the help from inside Frontpage Express.

    "HTTP/1.1 404 Object Not Found" Error Message Occurs When a User of Your Web Page Performs a Search

     

     

    ~G~

     

    Games

    Games Tested under Windows XP

    General Tab - Editing

    In the general tab of most menus, Microsoft will allow computer manufacturers to place their own logo. You can, therefore, change this logo to be anything you want. Create a bitmap image of 210 x 120 of any image you wish and save/replace the file called OEMLOGO.BMP located in the Windows\System folder or Windows\System32 folder depending upon your version of Windows. Now, when you bring up menus, for example the System Properties, your image will be displayed in the general tab.

    Gina DLL

    A replacement GINA DLL, used by 3rd party networking and remote access products can prevent Windows XP from allowing the use of the new Welcome Screen.  To resolve this issue, click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT.  Go to:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\Current Version\WinLogon.

    In the right pane, right click on the entry for GinaDLL and select Delete..Or...

    Restore the Windows XP Welcome Screen
    Repairing/Modifying the Welcome Screen for Windows XP

         Tip:  Specify a Replacement GINA Authentication DLL

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon. Value Name: GinaDLL, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value). Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'GinaDLL' and edit the value:"c:\winnt\system32\mygina.dll". Note: You will need to change this value if Windows is installed in the Windows directory.

    Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Glossary of Computer Terms

    The link below will provide you with a comprehensive glossary of computer and Internet terms with definitions that are helpful and easy to understand. To find a term, click the letter of which the word begins with and scroll alphabetically to find your term. For example, to find the definition for the word "Media", click the letter "M", then scroll the list alphabetically until you find "Media".   http://www.5starsupport.com/info/glossary.htm

    Google - Auto Search

    TweakUI/Internet Explorer/Search/Create
    Prefix: Google or just "g"
    URL: http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&num=100&q=%s

    To disable the Search Companion feature and use the Classic Internet Search feature from Internet Explorer 5.0 open Internet Explorer, click the Search button on the toolbar. Click Change Preferences, and then click Change Internet search behavior. Click With Classic Internet Search, and then click OK. Restart Internet Explorer for the changes to take effect.

    To change the autosearch URL, open the Search sidebar again and click Customize. Then click AutoSearch settings and select "Google Sites".

    To re-enable the Search Companion feature, click Customize on the Search bar. Click Use Search Companion in the Customize Search Settings dialog box, and then click OK. Restart Internet Explorer for the changes to take effect.

    Google - Remove Search History

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
    Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11
    d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringData]
    "Behavior"=-
    "Item Data"=-

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
    Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11
    d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringIndex]
    "Behavior"=-
    "Item Data"=-

    Note:  The S-1-5 ... portion of this string may be different on your machine.

    GoZilla!

    Problems Running Go!Zilla 4.0 with Windows XP

    Grid Boxes - Hiding the Grid boxes around Buttons

    If you've noticed in XP there are grid boxes around the buttons Ok and Cancel.  It can be disabled:

    1.  Go to Control Panel
    2.  Go to Appearance and Themes
    3.  Click Display
    4.  In display properties window, click Appearance
    5.  Click Effects
    6.  Make sure you enable 'check' hide underlined letters for keyboard navigation until I press the ALT key.
    7.  Apply/Ok

    Groups - User

    Over View of All User Groups in Windows XP 

    Guest Account Cannot Access the Internet on a Dial Up Connection

    For users who use the Guest account: After applying this Registry edit, if you use Fast User Switching, you can log on to an account (Limited or Administrator) and establish a Dialup Networking Connection. After the connection is established, you can use Fast User Switching to "switch" to the Guest account and the Guest account will have Internet Access.

    To work around this behavior, you need to add the KeepRASConnections value to the Registry.

    1. Start the Registry Editor by clicking Start, Run and entering REGEDIT.EXE. Click OK.
    2. Expand the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE branch and locate the Software\Microsoft\Windows
        NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon sub-branch.
    3. Right click on a blank area of the right pane and select New, String value.
    4. Name the new string value: KeepRASConnections
    5. Double click the KeepRASConnections value and enter a “1”, without the quotes, for the value data. Click OK.
    6. Close the Registry Editor by clicking File, Exit
    7. Close all applications and reboot the computer.
    8. When the computer has rebooted, log on to a Regular or Administrator User account and establish the Dialup Networking
        Connection.

     

    ~H~

     

    HAL - Hardware Abstraction Layer

    HAL is Microsoft's abbreviation for the Hardware Abstraction Layer, the technology and drivers that let the Windows NT, 2000, and XP operating systems communicate with your PC's hardware. HAL is one of several features--along with the NT file system (NTFS) that replaced the much less secure MS-DOS--that make NT-based operating systems more secure and reliable than Windows 95, 98, and Me.

    HAL prevents applications from directly accessing your PC's system memory, CPU, or hardware devices (such as video and sound cards)--a method that can prevent many device conflicts and crashes. Unfortunately, HAL sometimes also slows or stops DOS games and programs, which need to load their own memory managers or control hardware directly for better performance.

    With HAL in the way, developers must rewrite or even abandon their older software in favor of newer, HAL-compatible versions. Microsoft has pressured hardware makers to provide or support technologies such as MMX, DirectX, and 3D graphics language OpenGL, all of which allow fast but indirect access to the advanced high-performance features of video, sound, and CPU hardware. Such access also makes for a better visual experience when using Windows for Web and productivity applications; improved graphics performance is evident all over Windows XP's new user interface.

    XP also offers some new compatibility-mode features that let you run programs meant to run under earlier operating systems, but, frankly, most DOS-based and even some Windows-based games simply won't work with the new OS.

         Tip: 
    To see which HAL is currently installed, open Device Manager, and expand the Computer branch. The entry that
                  appears in this branch corresponds to the currently installed HAL.

    Situations in Which Windows May Not Start in Safe Mode
    How to Troubleshoot Hardware Abstraction Layer Issues
    How to Move a Windows XP Installation to Different Hardware

    Setup Error Msg: Cannot find file: \Windows\System32\hal.dll

    HAL.DLL is Missing

    Boot from your CD and follow the directions below to start Recovery Console.

    Insert the Setup compact disc (CD) and restart the computer. If prompted, select any options required to boot from the CD.
    When the text-based part of Setup begins, follow the prompts; choose the repair or recover option by pressing R.

    If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot system, choose the installation that you need to access from the Recovery Console.
    When prompted, type the Administrator password. (if you didn't create one try pressing enter).

    At the system prompt, type Recovery Console commands; type help for a list of commands, or help commandname for help on a specific command.

    Most likely you will need to expand the file from the CD. The command would be expand d:\i386\hal.dl_ c:\windows\system32\hal.dll. Substitute d: for the drive letter of your CD. Once you have expanded the file type "exit" to exit the Recovery Console and restart the computer.
     
    Error Message: Cannot Find \Windows\System32\hal.dll

    Hard Disk - Activity

    Run the Task Manager, go to the Processes tab, and turn on the following columns: "I/O Read Bytes" and "I/O Write Bytes." This will give you details as to which process is accessing the disk. Although many processes will be accessing the disk a lot, look for one with a high total or a fast rate of increase, especially when you hear the drive being accessed.

    Hard Disk Performance Is Slower Than You Expect
    OFFXP: Hard Disk Runs Continuously After You Install Office XP

    Hard Disk - Cleaning

    Hard disks keep getting bigger and bigger, but somehow we still run out of space. MP3s and other media files are immensely popular–and simply immense. Programs are bigger, and data files are bigger. Windows Explorer isn't much help. It will tell you the size of all selected files in a folder, but nothing about the files in that folder's subfolders.

    Enter DiskPie2 a utility to identify the biggest consumers of disk space. Pie charts let you see at a glance which folders and file types are taking up the most space. The charts are highly customizable, and can be printed.

    An Explorer view lets you navigate to the folder you want to chart, and as a bonus displays the number of bytes in and below the selected folder. DiskPie2 also can display and print a report of the largest files in the selected folder. Armed with the information that DiskPie provides, you can decide how best to allocate the space on your disk.

    TreeSize:  Every hard disk is too small if you just wait long enough. TreeSize tells you where precious space has gone to. TreeSize can be started from the context menu of a folder or drive and shows you the size of this folder, including its subfolders. You can expand this folder in Explorer-like style and you will see the size of every subfolder. Scanning is done in a thread, so you can already see results while TreeSize is working. The space, which is wasted by the file system can be displayed and the results can be printed in a report. TreeSize is Mailware for Windows 9x/NT/2000/XP.  Download.

    Hard Disk - Heavy Load

    HeavyLoad simulates heavy activity on a PC, it allows you to test if a workstation or server PC is working stable under heavy load. It stresses processor, memory and hard disks, operating system, etc.  Download.

    Harddrive Repair

    Title: Harddrive Repair
    URL: http://www.my-hard-drive-repair.com
    Description: Data recovery, hard drive repair,
    recover files, tools, information and guide.

    Title: Data Recovery
    URL: http://www.my-data-recovery.com
    Description: Hard drive recovery tools and tips,
    guide for data recovery and repair.

    Title: Quick Data Recovery
    URL: http://www.quick-data-recovery.com
    Description: Info on data recovery and tools for
    repairing your hard drive.

    Hardware Detection

    Troubleshooting Device Manager Issues

    Hardware Profiles in Windows XP

    To create a hardware profile

    You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group in order to complete this procedure. If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may also prevent you from completing this procedure.

    1. Open System in Control Panel.
    2. On the Hardware tab, click Hardware Profiles.
    3. Under Available hardware profiles, click Profile 1 (Current), and then click Copy.
    4. Type a name for the new hardware profile, and then click OK.
    5. You can customize your new profile by enabling or disabling devices for that profile in Device Manager.

     Notes

    To specify the default hardware profile for startup

    You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group in order to complete this procedure. If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may also prevent you from completing this procedure.

    1. Open System in Control Panel.
    2. On the Hardware tab, click Hardware Profiles.
    3. Under Available hardware profiles, use the arrow buttons to move the hardware profile you want to use as the default into the top position in the list. During startup, Windows will load only the device drivers for hardware devices that are enabled in the profile you select.
    4. Under Hardware profiles selection, click one of the options that specifies how long Windows waits before automatically loading the default hardware profile.

     Notes

    To copy, rename, or delete a hardware profile

    You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group in order to complete this procedure. If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may also prevent you from completing this procedure.

    1. Open System in Control Panel.
    2. On the Hardware tab, click Hardware Profiles.
    3. Under Available hardware profiles, click the existing hardware profile you want, and do one of the following. Click:

     Note

    Hardware and Software Detection

    The Belarc Advisor builds a detailed profile of your installed software and hardware. Download here. In the Software Versions section you'll see all of your installed software. At the end of each entry is a clickable asterisk that will take you to the folder the software is installed in.

    Hardware Malfunction - Call your hardware vendor for support - The system has halted Error Message

    Hardware Malfunction Results in System Error Message

    Hayes

    Windows XP Drivers & INF Files

    HCL - Hardware Compatibility List

    Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility List
    Microsoft Support Policy on Hardware Not On Windows HCL

    Help - Annotate

    There is a nice feature in most software Help menus that will allow you to add your own notes for reference. Right click on
    the open topic and choose Annotate if that option is allowed. A box will open and you can type your notes there, then select Save. Thereafter, when you open the topic a paper clip will display in the upper left corner.  Clicking there will open your notes and you can delete these any time by selecting the Delete option.

    Help - Internet Help Versus Local Help

    If the help file has a '?' marking the file's icon, it's on your hard drive. If it's a blue 'e,' then get ready, you're Internet bound!

    Help and Support

    Update: 

    This issue can occur if one or more of the PCHealth components in your
    computer are damaged.

    To resolve this issue:

    1. It is important to note if you have recently made alterations to your
    computer before this problem occurred, or if the Help and Support Center
    ever worked correctly. If you have recently made alterations to your
    computer before this problem occurred, try to undo the changes you made or
    uninstall the hardware or software that could have caused the issue. After
    you do so, test to determine if the issue is resolved, and if it is, skip
    the remaining steps. If the issue is not resolved, continue to the next
    step.

    2. Remove the .cab files from the Packagestore folder, and then rebuild the
    original Help and Support Center:

    a. Click Start, click Run, type "cmd" (without the quotation marks), and
    then click OK to open a command prompt. Type "net stop helpsvc" (without
    the quotation marks), and then press ENTER.

    b. Type "cd /d windir\pchealth\helpctr" (without the quotation marks),
    where windir is the Windows folder, and then press ENTER.

    c. Type "rd packagestore /s /q" (without the quotation marks), and then
    press ENTER.

    d. Type "cd binaries" (without the quotation marks), and then press
    ENTER.

    e. Type "start /w helpsvc /svchost netsvcs /regserver /install" (without
    the quotation marks), and then press ENTER.

    f. If any of the following processes are running, stop them:

    helpsvc.exe
    helphost.exe
    helpctr.exe

    To stop a process, right-click the taskbar, and then click Task
    Manager. Click the Processes tab, click the process you want to stop, and
    then click End Process.

    g. At the command prompt, type "net start helpsvc" (without the
    quotation marks), and then press ENTER.

    3. If the Help and Support Center has not been customized by an OEM, skip
    to the next step. If the Help and Support Center has been customized by an
    OEM, completely refresh the Help and Support Center:

    a. Click Start, click Run, type "cmd" (without the quotation marks), and
    then click OK to open a command prompt. Type "net stop helpsvc" (without
    the quotation marks), and then press ENTER.

    b. Type "cd /d windir\pchealth\helpctr" (without the quotation marks),
    where windir is the Windows folder, and then press ENTER.

    c. Type "rd packagestore /s /q" (without the quotation marks), and then
    press ENTER.

    d. Type "rd installedskus /s /q" (without the quotation marks), and then
    press ENTER.

    e. Type "cd binaries" (without the quotation marks), and then press
    ENTER.

    f. Type "start /w helpsvc /svchost netsvcs /regserver /install" (without
    the quotation marks), and then press ENTER.

    g. Type "start /w helpsvc /register" (without the quotation marks), and
    then press ENTER.

    h. If any of the following processes are running, stop them:

    helpsvc.exe
    helphost.exe
    helpctr.exe

    To stop a process, right-click the taskbar, and then click Task
    Manager. Click the Processes tab, click the process you want to stop, and
    then click End Process.

    i. At the command prompt, type "net start helpsvc" (without the
    quotation marks), and then press ENTER.

    NOTE: The preceding procedure should not negatively affect an
    OEM-customized Help and Support Center. However, it does remove any other
    .cab files from the Packstorage folder, such as the Windows XP support
    tools (which adds their table of contents into the Help and Support
    Center).

    4. If the preceding steps do not resolve the issue, use the Windows XP
    CD-ROM to start your computer, and then run a repair (in-place upgrade)
    installation.

    Steven Liu

    Repairs Windows® XP Help and Support after running Easy Cleaner

    Note: If you have used Easy Cleaner, there is a workaround that prevents Help and Support from becoming corrupt:  In the options, add Help to the Skip List.
    http://personal.inet.fi/business/toniarts

    Start Menu/Help and Support doesn't work:  Go to Start/Run and type in: helpctr -regserver

    To reinstall Help and Support: Go to C:\Windows\inf\pchealth.inf.  Right click and choose install. Have your CD handy.

    Note: The folder is hidden by default. Go to Start/Run and type in: control folders. View: Show hidden files and folders and uncheck Hide extensions for known file types.

    "Could not start the Help and Support Service on Local Computer. Error 126: The specified module could not be found"  Restore Help and Support Service.  Restore Help and Support Service Keys.

    Also, make sure that the Help and Support Service is running.  Go to Start/Run and type in: services.msc.  From there scroll down to Help and Support and make sure the service is set to Automatic and is Started. 

    If the option is greyed out or Help and Support Service is not listed trying running these two edits. 
    Restore Help and Support Service.  Restore Help and Support Service Keys.

    You may also opt to running the System File Checker.  To do so, go to Start/Run/CMD and type in:  SFC /Scannow.  This option forces Windows to scan all protected system files immediately. 

    Restore winhlp32.exe for XP or XPSP1 (Line 57)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    After installing SP1 for some users the correct version of win32hlp.exe is not properly placed in the System32 folder. If this is the case replace the older version with the version found in windows\ServicePackFiles\i386.

    Another option to the above:

    1. Insert the Windows XP installation CD into your CD-ROM.
    2. Browse to your CD-ROM and change the folder to \I386
    3. Copy the following files into a temporary folder on your hard disk:

    Winhlp32.cn_
    Winhlp32.ex_
    Winhlp32.hl_

    4. Click Start->Run, type CMD and then press Enter.
    5. Change to the temporary folder where you stored the Winhlp32 files.
    6. Type the following commands:

    EXPAND WINHLP32.CN_ WINHLP32.CNT
    EXPAND WINHLP32.EX_ WINHLP32.EXE
    EXPAND WINHLP32.HL_ WINHLP32.HLP

     7.  Copy Winhlp32.exe to your \%SYSTEMROOT%\ folder.
     8.  Copy the Winhlp32.cnt, and Winhlp32.hlp to the \%SYSTEMROOT%\Help\folder.
     9.  Typically this folder is C:\Windows.
    10. Delete the contents of your temporary folder.

    Checkpoint:  Help and Support Won't Expand

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment.  In the right pane, verify that the windir value is REG_EXPAND_SZ and not a REG_SZ type.  If not, change it.

    Tip:  If you want to view only the locally stored Windows XP Help documentation in the Classic View: Go to Start/Run and type in: hh windows.chm

    Check the default values for these registry keys to make sure that they match.  Registry keys and values to fix XP's Help and Support after running Toni Arts EasyCleaner. 

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\TypeLib\{FC7D9E00-3F9E-11D3-93C0-00C04F72DAF7}\1.0\0\win32
    Default value: C:\WINDOWS\PCHealth\HelpCtr\Binaries\HelpCtr.exe\1

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\TypeLib\{FC7D9E00-3F9E-11D3-93C0-00C04F72DAF7}\1.0\HELPDIR
    Default value: C:\WINDOWS\PCHealth\HelpCtr\Binaries\HelpCtr.exe\

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\TypeLib\{FC7D9000-3F9E-11D3-93C0-00C04F72DAF7}\1.0\0\win32
    Default Value: C:\WINDOWS\PCHealth\HelpCtr\Binaries\HelpCtr.exe\2

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\TypeLib\{FC7D9000-3F9E-11D3-93C0-00C04F72DAF7}\1.0\HELPDIR
    Default value: C:\WINDOWS\PCHealth\HelpCtr\Binaries\HelpCtr.exe\

    Help and Support - Did you know not working...

    Delete the following file. C:\WINDOWS\PCHEALTH\HELPCTR\Config\News\newsver.xml

    Help and Support - Start Menu Doesn't Work

    Go to Start/Run and type in: helpctr -regserver

    Help and Support - Text is missing

    Some themes can knock out the text in help and switching to another custom theme may not correct it. Switching back to an original XP theme - so far - will set things right again.

    Windows XP Security Patch: Flaw in Windows XP Help and Support Center Could Enable File Deletion
    http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/Release.asp?ReleaseID=43681

    The above patch resolves the "Flaw in Windows XP Help and Support Center Could Enable File Deletion" vulnerability in Windows XP. Download now to prevent an attacker from deleting files on another user’s computer, via either a Web site or an e-mail.

    Restore winhlp32.exe for XP or XPSP1 (Line 57)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Help and Support - Connection

    Windows XP Internet Programs Cannot Connect to the Internet Through Broadband Connection

    To resolve this behavior, edit the connection settings for the broadband connection to enable automatic detection:
    Start Internet Explorer. Click the Tools menu, and then click Internet Options. Click the Connections tab.

    Under Dial-up and VPN Settings, click the broadband connection, click Settings, and then click Automatically detect settings .
    Click OK .

    Hyperlinks Open in Internet Explorer Instead of in Default Browser or Help and Support Center

    Help and Support - Remove History (Curt Mueller)

    Navigate to: (modify the drive letter accordingly) 

    C:\Documents and Settings\Curt\Local Settings\ApplicationData\Microsoft\HelpCtr\HelpSessionHistory.dat

    Delete the DAT file and the history is gone. Note:  Once done, a new once will be created. 

    Help and Support Center - hcp:// links 

    Note: 
    Some come up as undefined, but are still functional (click the word undefined).

    Help and Support: hcp://system/HomePage.htm Windows Update: hcp://system/updatectr/updatecenter.htm
    Help and Support Adv: hcp://system/panels/AdvSearch.htm Group Policies: hcp://system/sysinfo/RSoP.htm
    msconfig: hcp://system/sysinfo/sysConfigLaunch.htm Install and Share:  hcp://system/panels/sharehelp.htm
    msinfo32: hcp://system/sysinfo/sysInfoLaunch.htm Compatibility Wiz: hcp://system/compatctr/compatmode.htm
    System Info: hcp://system/sysinfo/sysInfoSum.htm Network Diag: hcp://system/netdiag/dglogs.htm
    Remote Assistance: Click here. Hardware/Software: hcp://system/sysinfo/sysHealthInfo.htm

    For XP Home:

    Go to Start/Run and type in: %windir%\hh.exe ms-its:%windir%\Help\ntcmds.chm::/ntcmds.htm

    ms-its:C:\WINDOWS\Help\ntcmds.chm::/ntcmds.htm
    For Tools:
    ms-its:C:\WINDOWS\Help\ntcmds.chm::/ntcmds_new_tools.htm
    For Tasks:
    ms-its:C:\WINDOWS\Help\ntcmds.chm::/dos_diffs.htm

    HH.Exe

    Its possible your CHM file association is corrupt.  Click Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\chm.file\shell\open\command

    The Default value for this entry should be: "C:\WINDOWS\hh.exe" %1

    Next, go to:
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.chm

    The Default value for this entry should be: chm.file.  To modify a value, double click on the Default entry and enter the values as shown.

    Hiberfil - Remove Hibernation File

    If you do not use hibernation, make sure you do not have it enabled, which reserves disk space equal to your RAM. If you have a hidden file on the root directory of your C-drive called hiberfil.sys, hibernation is enabled. To remove that file, go to Control Panel, select Performance and Maintenance, Power Options, Hibernate tab, and uncheck the Enable hibernation box.

    Hibernate

    To hibernate manually, select Start, Turn Off Computer, then click the Hibernate button. To set your system to hibernate after it has been idle for a certain amount of time, select Power Options inside the Control Panel (in Category view, select Performance and Maintenance, then select Power Options). On the Power Schemes tab, choose a time next to "System hibernates," then click OK.

    Hibernate - Differences Between Hibernate and Standby

    Hibernation

    Hibernation, which reduces the start time, saves the complete state of the computer and turns off the power. When you resume from hibernation the BIOS performs the typical Power On Self Test (POST), and then reads the hibernation file, Hiberfil.sys, to restore the state of the computer. Everything that was running when you put the computer in hibernation is restored.

    Standby

    In standby, the computer slows down and uses less electrical power. Programs continue to run in the background although the computer may appears to be off. The computer "wakes up" when it detects user input. With some computers, you can
    press the power button to wake up the computer.

    Note: If your computer experiences a power outage during standby, all work that you have not saved is lost because the computer is still running in the background.

    Hibernate Setting Missing

    Click on the start button and select turn off computer. Then hold down the shift key and the hibernate button will be shown. Click it and your computer will enter into hibernation.

    Cannot Shut Down, Restart, Log Off, Stand By, or Hibernate
    Troubleshooting Hibernate & Standby Issues for Windows XP
    Computer Does Not Resume When You Press a Key on Your USB Keyboard
    Returning from Hibernation Sets the Inactivity Timer to Five Minutes

         Tip:  When you try to put your computer into Hibernate or Suspend mode while the system is writing data to a compact
                  disc (CD), the computer may not enter Hibernate or Suspend mode. You may receive the following error message
                  (or a similar one):

    The device driver for the '%device name%' device is preventing the machine from entering hibernation/suspend. Please close all applications and try again. If the problem persists, you may need to update this driver.

    You receive neither an informational message that the system is writing to a CD nor an error message that offers you the choice of stopping the CD write process or waiting until the process is complete.

    This behavior occurs because you cannot put a computer into Hibernate or Suspend mode while the system is writing to a CD.  To work around this behavior, wait until the CD write operation is complete before you try to put the computer into Hibernate or Suspend mode.

    Because the computer has already started to enter Hibernate or Suspend mode, some devices may already be turned off. For example, a USB mouse or scanner may be offline until you complete the Hibernate or Suspend process.

    Hidden Files Message:  These files are hidden or system files

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\WebView\BarricadedFolders
    Once there locate the folder that you want to turn the protection back on. Right click on them and select Modify
    Change the value to 1.  Reboot your computer.

    Hidden Folders

    Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/View/Show Hidden Files and Folders. Right click the folder to be hidden/Sharing and Security/General Tab/Hidden/Apply Changes to.../

    History - Clear

    IE/Tools/Internet Options/General Tab/Clear History
    IE/Tools/Internet Options/Content/AutoComplete

    Under Use AutoComplete for, click to clear the Web Addresses check box, and then click OK. Click the Advanced tab, click to clear the Use inline AutoComplete check box in the Browsing section (if this check box has been selected). Click OK

    Clear Recent Files (Typed URL's, Recent Documents, Common Dialog, Search Assistant and Media Player)

    How to Prevent the MRU List of File Names from Appearing (Pro Version)

    NOTE : After you complete this procedure, the MRU list does not appear in Windows Explorer-style dialog boxes; however, this list is not removed from the registry.

    Log on as the user. Click Start, and then click Run. Type gpedit.msc, and then click OK. In the left pane under User Configuration, expand Administrative Templates, expand Windows Components , expand Windows Explorer, and then click Common Open File Dialog. In the right pane, double-click Hide the dropdown list of recent files. Click Enabled, and then click OK. Click File, and then click Exit.

    How to Prevent the MRU List of File Names from Appearing (Home Version)

    Log on as the user. Click Start, and then click Run. Type regedit, and then click OK. Locate and then click the following key in the registry:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Comdlg32

    NOTE : If the Comdlg32 key does not exist, follow these steps:

    Click the Policies key. On the Edit menu, point to New, and then click Key. Type comdlg32, and then press ENTER.
    On the Edit menu, point to New , and then click DWORD Value. Type nofilemru, and then press ENTER. On the Edit menu, click Modify. Type 1, and then click OK. On the File menu, click Exit.

    The MRU lists for Windows Explorer-style dialog boxes are stored by file type for each user in the following registry key:
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComDlg32\OpenSaveMRU

    History - Not Being Saved

    McAfee gave this solution to the bug where VirusScan 6 stops your Internet Explorer History file working. Hope it is of some help:

    Open VirusScan console
    Select "Pick a task..."
    Select "Change my VirusScan settings"
    Select "Configure VShield background scanning"
    Select "Customise your VShield settings"

    Select the "Internet Filter" icon from the icons down the left hand side On the "Detection" tab, in the 'Applet filters' section, remove the tick next to "ActiveX Controls".

    Home and Pro - Differences

    Windows XP Professional include unlike Home Edition the follow features: SMP support, Roaming user profiles, Remote desktop, Access control, Encrypting file system, Offline files and folders, Remote installation service, Windows server domain support, Group policy, Software installation and maintenance, and Multi-lingual user interface support (add-on).

    Differences Between Home and Pro
    What is the difference between Home Edition and Professional?

    Home Page - Change

    If the feature is disabled (greyed out), go to Doug Knox's site and download this script:  http://www.dougknox.com/security/scripts_desc/nosethomepage.htm.  Usage: Download nosethomepage.vbs and save this file to your hard drive. Navigate to where you saved it and double click the file. The VB Script file will check for the appropriate value and if not found will create it. You will be notified whether the option is enabled or disabled.

    To manually make the change:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Control Panel\HomePage
    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main] "Start Page"

    Home Page Hijacking

    If the Tabs have been removed from Internet Explorer/Tools/Internet Options and/or you receive a restriction warning message, run this edit (or from line 268 here).  It will restore all tabs and lift the restriction.

    Check your settings here:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Control Panel\HomePage
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\Start Page

    IE/Tools/Internet Options/General/Home Page/Address.  If the feature is disabled (greyed out), download this script.  Lock Home Page:  reg file  Unlock Home Page:  reg file

    Ever downloaded a 'Free' program only to find out it was Spyware?  (Banner Advertiser Supported)  Or even worse, many will hide the Spyware functions and not tell you.  At the time of this release there were 762 known Spyware programs and Spy Chaser lists them and lets you enter a program name to see if it's on this list. 

    Many of those programs don't uninstall the Spyware even after uninstalling the main program leaving files on your system and entries in the registry you might never get rid of.  For the list:  http://camtech2000.net/Pages/SpyChaser.html

    Browser Hijacking


    Browser Hijacker Blaster [recommended]
    Guard-IE
    IE-Spyad
    Spyware Blaster
    Settings Sentry [From the maker of Spyblocker]

    Fixing a hijack

    Any of the products below will completely remove most hijackers, unless it is one which has just started spreading.

    Spybot S&D [recommended]
    Ad-aware
    Aluria Spyware Eliminator
    HijackThis

    StartPage Guard 1.3
    http://www.pjwalczak.com/spguard/index.php

    How to Block Comet Cursor in Internet Explorer 5 and 6
    http://tech.tln.lib.mi.us/blockcc.htm
     
    Spyware
    http://www.simplythebest.net/info/spyware.html
     
    Restrict Web Sites from Installing Software
     
    These restrictions allow you to block unwanted web sites from downloading software onto your system. This can be useful in disabling the installation of some common "cursor" programs. 
     
    Open your registry and find the key below. Start/Run/Regedit
     
    Create a new sub-key for each site you want to block, naming it based on the top-level domain for the site. For example to block nameofsite.com you would create a new sub-key called:
     
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\InternetSettings\ZoneMap\Domains\
    nameofsite.com.  Under the sub-key create a new DWORD value called "*" and set it to equal "4".
     
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\ZoneMap\Domains

    Value Name: *
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (4 = restricted)

    Restart Internet Explorer for the change to take effect.
     
    Note: This setting can also be applied on a user-by-user basis by modifying the same key under the HKEY_CURRENT_USER hive.

    Home Page Hijacking - "Has your Browser Been Hijacked?"

    Spybot searches your system for so-called spyware, adware and similar threats to your privacy and security.

    Prevent Spyware from Being Installed (Line 116)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    You can accidentally pick up objectionable PC files from the Internet! ContentAudit provides a way to safely detect unwanted files. Content Audit is free, safely scans for unwanted content and has an online checker that works in minutes.

    Pornography - Clear unwanted files by Content Audit
    http://www.contentwatch.com/audit/index.php?cid=260;9;0

    IE-SPYAD: Restricted Sites List for Internet Explorer
    http://www.staff.uiuc.edu/~ehowes/resource.htm#IESPYAD

    Net Nanny, the world's leading parental control software, provides responsible adults with the broadest set of Internet safety tools available today. http://www.netnanny.com/index.html

    With Kids Passport, you can choose whether a participating Kids Passport Web site can collect, use, or disclose your child's personal information. http://kids.passport.net/?lc=1033

    To learn more about the Kids Passport service, please read the .NET Passport Kids Privacy Statement.
    http://www.passport.net/consumer/kidsprivacypolicy.asp?lc=1033

    Hot Fixes - View Which Hot Fix Patches Have Been Installed

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\ CurrentVersion\Hotfix. Periodically Microsoft releases Hot Fix's to patch bugs in Windows and other products, this key contains information about which Hot fix's have been installed.

    Some of the Hotfixes (Mostly security updates) do not have an uninstall feature, these will not appear in the Add and Remove list. If a Hotfix does appear in the Add and Remove list then it can be uninstalled just like any other program. If you uninstall the Hotfix, you will lose the benefits of that patch. This should only be done if you can determine that you are experiencing negative effects from the particular Hotfix.

    If you simply do not want them to appear in the Add and Remove list and you are sure that you will not need the uninstall option, you can remove items from that list by using a registry tweak.

    Go to Start, Run, type in REGEDIT and press OK. This will open the registry editor. Navigate to the following key.

    HKEY CURRENT USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

    Expand this branch and look at the list. The Hotfixes are all listed by a "Q" number that corresponds to the entry in the Add and Remove list. Make sure that you back up each Key before deleting it. Select the key and then select File/Export and include the Q number in the name of the file. Right click the entries you want to remove and select Delete.

    Hotmail - Create Shortcut

    This tweak can be used to create a shortcut directly to your Hotmail e-mail account on your desktop.

    Right-click on your desktop and create a new shortcut. Set the target to:

    %windir%\System32\rundll32.exe
    "%ProgramFiles%\Internet Explorer\hmmapi.dll",OpenInboxHandler

    Hotmail - Slow after Disabling/Removing Messenger

    This will prevent Messenger from loading when you access your account via the Hotmail web page, it will also prevent the delay when Messenger has been removed or disabled. 

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Messenger.MsgrObject.  Right click on the Messenger.MsgrObject key and select rename. Rename it to Messenger.MsgrObjectold.

    How To

    How To Articles for Windows XP

    HTTP, FTP and Other Web Prefixes

    Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT   Go to:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\URL\Prefixes

    In the right pane, you will see values named www, ftp, gopher, mosaic and others.  This is where Windows interprets addresses such as www.msn.com, ftp.microsoft.com and adds the appropriate http:// or ftp:// portion of the URL.  You can add your own definitions. An example would be your personal web site. 

    Say the URL is http://johnsmith.freewebsites.com.  You wouldn't be able to type in johnsmith.freewebsites.com in the address bar of IE, as IE wouldn't know how to translate johnsmith.  Add a new String value to the above key, named johnsmith and set the value to http://   Now, IE will be able to translate johnsmith.freewebsites.com and add the http:// portion automatically. 

     

     

    ~I~

     

    IBM

    IBM Thinkpad A30 May Not Correctly Enter Suspend Mode and the LCD Back Light May Not Turn Off

    Icons 

    Professional XP style icons for use in websites, software, desktops and web based applications.  http://www.icongalore.com

    Icons - Adjust Vertical Spacing

    Depending on your desktop resolution, a certain number of icons fit in each auto-arranged column down the screen -- for example, if your resolution is set to 800 by 600 pixels, 7 icons fit in each column. Want to fit more without changing your resolution? Adjust your icon spacing.

    Right-click the desktop and select Properties. In the Display Properties dialog box, click the Appearance tab, then click the Advanced button. Click the down arrow under Item and select Icon Spacing (Vertical). Decrease the Size, click OK, then click Apply to see the result on screen. (Tip: On our system, going from the default 43 to 39 squeezed 8 icons into each column.) Repeat these steps until you're happy with the result, then click OK to keep the change.

    Icons - Change (To change the icon used for specific drives in Explorer)  Start/Run/ Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Explorer

    Create a key called DriveIcons.  Within DriveIcons, create another key with the drive letter you want to change (..\DriveIcons\K).  Create another key within the drive letter key called DefaultIcon.  Set the default value equal to the icon you want to use. If you have a file that has more than one icon in it, such as a DLL file, use the standard C:\full_path\icon_file.dll,x <file:///C:/full_path/icon_file.dll,x>) where x is the number of the icon within the file icon_file.dll.

    You can change a hard drive's icon in any 32-bit Windows platform by including a valid Autorun.inf file in that drive's root directory. Windows Desktop Update presents another way to change a hard drive's icon. To change the icon for drive C:, insert the name and (optional) icon index number of a valid icon file as the (Default) value for this key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\driveicons\C\DefaultIcon. Replace C with a different letter to change another drive's icon.  Explained here.

    Icons - Change Size

    This setting will let you resize them to suit your desktop preference. Go to:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\WindowMetrics
    Value Name: Shell Icon Size
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
    Value Data: Size in Pixels (Default = 32)

    Create a new value named 'Shell Icon Size' and set the value, or modify the existing value, to equal the size of your icons in pixels. Smaller values = smaller icons!

    Icons - Keep in Place after Reboot

    Normally when Windows exits it saves the desktop configuration, including icon location, appearance etc. This setting disables these changes from being saved, this is useful in both a secure environment.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    Value Name: NoSaveSettings
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value called 'NoSaveSettings' set the value to equal '1' to enable the restriction. Exit your registry, you may need to restart for the changes to take effect. Note:  You want it set to 0.

    Icons - Lock on Desktop

    "In Windows 95/98/NT/2000/ME/XP you can lock down the position of the Desktop icons using a couple of files from the MS Windows NT 4.0 Resource Kit.  Download Layout.dll here. ftp://ftp.zdnet.com/wsources/0598/layout.zip

    Place it here: C:\Winnt\System32 then double click the Layout.reg file. You will now have a new right click option.

    Icons - Fast Path to Icons

    Call up all your desktop icons without leaving whatever applications you have currently open. Just click on Start/Run
    and enter a period (.) without parenthesis, then ok.

    Icons - Hide Desktop Icons

    Want a quick way to hide all the icons on your desktop--for example, if you've got a great photo displayed there? Right click the desktop, select Arrange Icons By, then select Show Desktop Icons (to deselect this option). To get your icons back, simply re-select the same option.

    Icons - Missing in C Drive

    The Folders Bar in Windows Explorer Does Not Contain Any Icons

    Icons - Notification Area

    Windows XP provides a number of options for customizing what Microsoft has decided to call the "Notification Area" of your Taskbar (the area that displays the clock and a number of icons). By default, Windows XP hides any inactive icons here. But if you prefer, you can choose to hide (or show) individual icons all the time.

    For example, suppose you want to keep the Volume and Synchronization Manager icons out of site, regardless of how often you use them. Right click a blank area of the Taskbar and select Properties. Under Notification area, click Customize. Alternatively, Right click a blank area of the Notifications Area and select Customize Notifications.

    One at a time, select the Volume and Synchronization Manager icons, then Right click the down arrow next to it and select Always hide (in the same way, you could select any icon and choose the "Always show" option). Click OK twice, and now, an arrow appears on the edge of the Notifications Area. Click it to display the hidden icons.

    Icons - Notification Area - Chevron Missing

    For some users, setting the very first icon to Always Hide, restores the arrow.

    Icons - Notification Area - Missing

    Three methods/workarounds: Log off and Log back on, password protect your account or...

    Right click My Computer/Manage. Expand Services and Applications then Click on Services. A list of services appears in the right column. Scroll down to the SSDP and uPnP Service. Right click each, choose properties. Change the text next to "Startup type:" to Disabled.

    Or if you are running XP SP1 uninstall UPnP from Add/Remove Windows Components.

    Hide or Show Inactive Icons in the Notification Area (Line 53)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Remove Past Items From the Notification Area (Line 53)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Once done, Open Task Manager, click the Processes tab, click Explorer.exe, and then click End Process. In Task Manager, click File, click New Task, type explorer, and then click OK.

    After you have all icons in place, run this edit:

    Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

    PS Tray Factory will allow you:
    - hide low-activity icons from a system tray into menu;
    - hide inactive icons from a system tray into menu;
    - get fast access to the hidden icons with the help of hot keys;
    - change the order of icons in the menu;
    - hide from the menu seldom used icons;
    - restore icons in system tray area at crash or restarting Explorer.exe.
    http://www.pssoftlab.com/download/pstrayf.zip

    Icons - Remove and Restore

    This article explains how to remove and restore the default Desktop icons such as Inbox, Windows Internet Explorer, and Recycle Bin.  How to Remove and Restore Default Desktop Icons and Windows System Tray Icons.

    To delete an icon from your desktop step through the sub-keys until you find the key representing the icon you want to remove. Delete the sub-key and the icon should disappear after your press F5 to refresh the desktop.

    To add an icon to your desktop create a new sub-key named using the CLSID from the table below and the icon should appear after your press F5 to refresh the desktop. Below are a list of common IDs: Description CLSID

    Administrative Tools    {D20EA4E1-3957-11d2-A40B-0C5020524153}
    Briefcase    {85BBD92O-42A0-1O69-A2E4-08002B30309D}
    Control Panel    {21EC2O2O-3AEA-1O69-A2DD-08002b30309d}
    Fonts {D20EA4E1-3957-11d2-A40B-0C5020524152}
    History    {FF393560-C2A7-11CF-BFF4-444553540000}
    Inbox    {00020D75-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}
    Microsoft Network    {00028B00-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}
    My Computer    {20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}
    My Documents    {450D8FBA-AD25-11D0-98A8-0800361B1103}
    Network Computers    {1f4de370-d627-11d1-ba4f-00a0c91eedba}
    Network Connections    {7007ACC7-3202-11D1-AAD2-00805FC1270E}
    Printers and Faxes    {2227A280-3AEA-1069-A2DE-08002B30309D}
    Programs Folder    {7be9d83c-a729-4d97-b5a7-1b7313c39e0a}
    Recycle Bin    {645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}
    Scanners and Cameras    {E211B736-43FD-11D1-9EFB-0000F8757FCD}
    Scheduled Tasks    {D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF}
    Start Menu Folder    {48e7caab-b918-4e58-a94d-505519c795dc}
    Temporary Internet Files    {7BD29E00-76C1-11CF-9DD0-00A0C9034933}

    Web Folders   

    {BDEADF00-C265-11d0-BCED-00A0C90AB50F}

    Note: Not all icons can be successfully placed on your desktop. Right-click on the icon to display the options available.
    Key:  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Desktop\NameSpace

    Icons - Remove Text

    Transparent text under icons - Right click the Icon/Rename and type in: ALT+0160

    Icons - Rename


    With the icon you want to rename selected, press the F2 key. Type the new name, then press Enter.

    Icons - Rename Desktop (System) Icons

    Rename Your Desktop (System) Icons

    Icons - Rename Shortcuts

    If you have shortcuts saved in your Quick Launch bar that uses favicons and they revert...  This workaround will help:  Save each as (ex) google.ico, msn.ico, etc.  Right click each/properties/change icon/browse/ok/apply.

    Icons - Replace with Old Style

    Bring back old Desktop icons. New users of WinXP may wonder what happened to the My Documents, Internet Explorer, Network Neighborhood, and My Computer icons that were planted on the Desktop in earlier Windows versions. Most of these icons are still available for the Desktop, but they are buried in the Start menu and other menus. A few twists of the Registry keys will unlock them.

    The values that turn back My Documents, Internet Explorer, My Computer, and Network Neighborhood icons all are in:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\HideDesktopIcons\NewStartPanel

    To restore the My Documents icon, right-click the {450D8FBA-AD25-11D0-98A8-0800361B1103} value, modify the Value Data from 1 to 0, and click OK.

    To restore the Internet Explorer icon, right-click {871C5380-42A0-1069-A2EA-08002B30309D}, modify the Value Data from 1 to 0, and click OK.

    To restore the My Network Neighborhood icon, right-click {208D2C60-3AEA-1069-A2D7-08002B30309D}, modify the Value Data from 1 to 0, and click OK.

    To restore the My Computer icon, right-click the {20DD04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D} value, modify the data value from 1 to 0, and click OK.

    Icons - Repair View

    TweakUI Icon Fix - Repairs the View 16 & 32 (Line 4)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

    Icon - Titles

    This setting controls whether the icon titles should be word wrapped over multiple lines or shown in one longer line. Go to: Start/Run/Regedit.  You may need to create the key if it does not already exist.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\WindowMetrics

    Value Name: IconTitleWrap
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
    Value Data: (1 = Enabled, 0 = Disabled)

    Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'IconTitleWrap' and edit the value according to the settings above. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Icons - Transparent

    Start/Settings/Control Panel/System/Advanced/Performance/Settings/Visual Effects/"Use drop shadows for icon labels on the Desktop".  If this still doesn't do the trick, right-click the desktop, point to Arrange Icons By and make sure that Lock Web Items on Desktop is un-checked.

    Icons - True Color

    Windows supports true-color icons (16-bit/65,000 colors or higher) for users with displays that can support them. However, there are two obstacles to using them on your system. First, you need to turn on Windows' support for true-color icons (which may not be enabled on your system). Secondly, you need to be able to create these icons (most icon editors only support 16-colors). Here's what you need to do:

         To enable true-color icons:

    First of all, your display color-depth needs to be set to 16-bit or higher. Double-click on the Display icon in Control Panel, and click on the Settings tab. Adjust the Color Palette to your liking. Note: Your video card or monitor may not support the higher color depths necessary to use true-color icons.
    Next, choose the Effects tab, and make sure the Show Icon Using All Possible Colors option is checked.
    Press Ok when you're done.

    If your Show Icon Using All Possible Colors option is grayed out, open the Registry Editor, navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop, and change the UserPreferencesMask value to 9c 00 00 80.

         To create true-color icons:

    Create a Windows Bitmap (.BMP), 32 pixels by 32 pixels, any color depth, and save it to a directory on your hard disk.
    In the properties window (right-click on the icon) of any shortcut, choose the Program tab, click Change Icon, and specify your new .BMP file.

    Icons - Shell32:  %SystemRoot%\System32\shell32.dll  (IT Library)

    0 Unassigned file types 18 Networked computers 36 Start menu folder 54 Document to document
    1 Document 19 Small folder and window 37 Printers folder 55 Documents folder to folder
    2 Window 20 Sm open folder with paper 38 Fonts folder 56 Pen writing a folder label
    3 Closed folder 21 Gears 39 Windows flag 57 Comp, gears, open folder
    4 Open folder 22 Find file 40 CD (music) 58 Configuration file
    5 5 1/4-inch disk 23 Help 41 Green tree 59 Text file
    6 3 1/2-inch disk 24 Window - hourglass cursor 42 Multiple documents 60 Window with gears
    7 Removable drive 25 Monitor 43 Find file 61 Gears image on paper
    8 Hard drive 26 External removable disk 44 Find on networked comp 62 Font file
    9 Network drive 27 Monitor 45 Monitor on computer case 63 TrueType font file
    10 Network drive (disconn) 28 Shared folder 46 Control Panel folder 64 Window - hourglass cursor
    11 CD-ROM drive 29 Shortcut arrow 47 Printers folder 65 Are you sure...delete files?
    12 RAM chip 30 Larger shortcut arrow 48 Printer image on paper pad 66 Tape backup
    13 Globe 31 Empty Recycle Bin 49 Network printer 67 CD in drive
    14 Network cable connection 32 Full Recycle Bin 50 Print to file (3 1/2-in disk) 68 Defrag
    15 Network computer 33 Dial-Up Networking folder 51 Alternate full Recycle Bin 69 Printer
    16 Printer 34 Desktop 52 Alternate full Recycle Bin 70 Network printer
    17 Networked computers 35 Control Panel folder 53 Alternate full Recycle Bin 71 Print to file

    ICQ - AdKiller

    Maximize your bandwidth with this free ad-blocking tool. It speeds up your surfing by removing banner ads and other advertisements from Web pages. It supports both Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape. Download here.

    ICQ - Ad Banner (Remove)

    To remove the flashing banners at the bottom of ICQ. Simply open the ICQ folder with windows explorer. C:\Program Files\ICQ and Delete the file "ICQHttp.dll".  Do not delete "ICQHttp_.dll" (note the underscore).  Re-start ICQ.

    ICQ - Connection Problems

    The Problem is that when XP loads, ICQ pops up and says "no connection detected". This occurs despite the fact that 'Net Detect Agent' and 'automatically connect to internet when no connection present' are checked.

    1. Go to the Group Policy Editor (Start/Run/gpedit.msc)
    2. Under 'User Configuration', click "Administrative Templates"
    3. Click 'System'-> 'Logon'
    4. In the window on the right, double-click on "Run these programs at user logon"
    5. Make sure 'Enabled' is checked, then click 'Show'
    6. You'll now want to add ICQ's Net Agent Detect to the list (which is probably empty unless you've already been in here).
        To do this, first locate on your HD the exact location of 'NDetect.exe'.

               Example: C:\Internet\ICQ\NDetect.exe
               Click 'Add', then type the filename & path of the above file

    7. Click 'OK', 'OK', and 'OK' again to exit.
    8. Now make sure that there are NO traces of ICQ or Net Detect Agent in your Programs->Startup folder. If there are,
        delete them from Startup.
    9. Start up ICQ, and go to 'Connections'(Main->Preferences->Connections->General tab). Under 'Launch' make sure
        'Launch ICQ at startup' is NOT checked.
    10. Click 'OK'. Disconnect from Internet if connected. REBOOT.

    If everything goes properly, you should now see the Net Detect Agent appear in the system tray as WinXP starts up the desktop. When you connect to the Net, it magically disappears.. to be replaced with the ICQ 'flower' which will shortly find a connection.

    ICQ - Send files and Firewall Workaround

    1. First you must limit the range of port that ICQ use for send. In ICQ, click on Main, Preferences, User tab, click on 'Not
        using proxy' and choose 'Use the following TCP listen port for incoming event from 1030 to 1030'. (use port number of
        your choice, 1030 is only for example)
    2. The go into the Control Panel/Network Connections
    2. Right click on your connection and select Properties
    3. Left click the Advanced Tab
    4. Left click the Settings Button
    5. Under Services, left click the Add Button
    6. For description type "ICQ", for Name of IP put the name that identifies your system with your ISP OR your IP if it is
        static.
    7. Both external and internal ports are 1030 by default and TCP. (depends of which port you set at beginning)
    8. Click OK and Restart.

    ICQ - Removing the 'From ICQ' Favorites Folder

    Deleting this folder doesn't usually do any harm, however ICQ will keep bringing it back, which can be annoying if you don't want it in your Favorites menu.

    To permanently prevent it from coming back, you need to make a change inside ICQ. Start ICQ if it isn't already running and find your way to the Preferences panel. From there, select the Events tab. Different versions of ICQ work in different ways, but hopefully you should be able to find what you're after in here somewhere.

    If you can't find an option in ICQ and it's still annoying you to see the folder there, you can always right-click it, choose Properties… and select the Hidden attribute to hide it!

    ICS - Internet Connection Sharing

    Troubleshooting Internet Connection Sharing in Windows XP
    http://www.practicallynetworked.com/sharing/ics/ics.htm
    http://www.practicallynetworked.com/sharing/ics/ics_troubleshoot.htm

    Troubleshooting Internet Connection Sharing in Windows XP
    Windows XP Internet Connection Sharing
    Dial-Up Connection in ICS Does Not Prompt to Disconnect
    Resources for Troubleshooting ICS in Windows XP
    Dial-Up Connection in ICS Does Not Prompt to Disconnect
    Using Internet Connection Sharing with User Profiles
    The Redirector Failed to Determine the Connection Type
    Domain Policy to Stop the Use of ICS or ICF Stops Services

    Microsoft Knowledge Base Articles - Dealing with Internet Connection Sharing

         Tip:  To disable ICS go to:  Administrative Tools/Component Services/Internet Connection Firewall. Right
                  click/properties. Change Startup type to Disabled. Close/Reboot.

    Index.Dat - AutoComplete Won't Clear

    When you go to the Tools menu then Internet Options then Content then click the AutoComplete button there's an option to "clear forms". This is designed to stop Internet Explorer from guessing the correct URL when you type it. You may not want it to do this if it suggests some illicit site you may have visited.

    However some people may find that this doesn't work. So here's how to overcome the problem.

    There's file on your computer called index.dat. It allows Microsoft Windows to find Web files faster. It is an index containing names of files that have been stored in the "Temporary Internet Files" folder. These files are usually either Web pages that have been visited using your computer or images viewed on the Web that appear on those visited Web pages.

    In Windows XP:
    Click START, then Search then "For Files and Folders". Next click "All Files and Folders" then type in index.dat in the "All or part of the file name" box. Under the "Look in" option choose "My Computer". Then click "More advanced options" and check off "Search system folders" as well as "Search hidden files and folders".

    To view or delete the contents of the index.dat files on your computer, you can use a free program called Spider 1.16. It can be downloaded from here.

    Index.Dat - Auto History Kill and Download.

    Index.Dat Files

    [Delta2] deletes the folders the index.dat files are in and restores any saved cookies each time you start or reboot your computer. Download here.

    Index.Dat Files and Primary I.E. Folders - Reference

    The 'Index.dat' file within the Cache folder is used to contain URL names, date and time stamps, and pointers to the actual cache files which are spread among the four to eight cache sub-folders. These sub-folders are named with randomly-generated 8-character names.

    The 'Index.dat' file within the Cookie folder is used to contain URL names, date and time stamps, and pointers to the actual Cookie files which are stored within this same folder.

    The 'Index.dat' file within the upper level of the History folder is used to store 'Visited URL' names, date and time stamps. This is the data used by I.E. for its AutoComplete function and controlling the highlighting of imbedded links on the displayed Web pages.  Download the removal tool here.

    There is one 'mshist...' file for each day of history that you have instructed I.E. to retain. The daily history is stored in the subordinate 'Index.dat' files.

    Indexing Service - Eluent

    Indexing Service is a Windows XP feature which supports rapid searching of file contents and properties across many thousands of files. Indexing Service provides this capability by extracting information from files and storing it in indexes organized for fast searching. These indexes are stored in units called catalogs.

    The default catalog is called System, and it indexes your local hard drives. You can create additional catalogs, delete existing catalogs, add and remove folders from catalogs, and perform other management tasks through the Computer Management Console, where Indexing Service appears under Services and Applications.

    Once you've configured Indexing Service to your liking, it works in the background indexing your files and requires little if any further attention from you. While the initial catalogs may take a while to build, once built, we find that this background processing is sufficiently non-intrusive that it's often acceptable to leave Indexing Service on all the time. (Note that Indexing Service is not enabled by default, so you must enable it yourself.)

    Indexing Service - Improve Performance By Disabling Indexing Service - InfiniSource

    The Indexing Service in Windows XP Indexes your files presumably to shorten the time needed to search your hard drive if you are looking for a specific file or part of a phrase inside a file.

    By default, this service is set to manual (so it won't start), but when you do a search on your computer, there's that little question asking you if you want to make future searches faster.... so you could have enabled it (it will tell you that you are going to enable the Indexing service when you choose this).

    Anyway, having run it for a while, it was one of the first things I decided switched off, and I haven't noticed any delay when I do my searches (and I presume that with my C:\ drive holding in excess of 106,000 files in over 2,700 folders I'm not a typical user!), but I did notice the improvement of having more CPU cycles available at all times.

    To disable the Indexing service, open Computer Management from Administrative Tools (on the Start menu if you enabled this, or from the Control Panel), select Services and Applications, double click Services, and find the Indexing Service.

    Double click to bring up the Properties window, and click Stop to let Windows stop the service. Then from the Status type drop down box select Disabled.

    HOW TO: Use Computer Management in Windows XP

    Indexing Service - Plain English Computing

    Windows XP comes with an Indexing Service which boosts the efficiency of searches. When enabled, the Indexing Service works in the background, extracting the contents and the properties of documents and organizing them in a way streamlined for fast searching.

    If your computer strains under the weight of Windows XP, you may want to keep the Indexing Service switched off, as it slows your system somewhat. If you’d like to have faster searches, then turn it on.

    You can switch the Indexing Service on and off, and adjust its properties, via the Search Companion:

    1. Open the Search Companion and click Change Preferences.
    2. Click the With Indexing Service option (if Indexing Service is already enabled, the option will be Without Indexing Service).
    3. Select the options you want and click OK.

    Indexing Service - Turning it On

    Once you turn Index Server ON, it will take some time before the index is created. Index Server runs automatically when your system is otherwise idle, so how long depends upon how you use your system. 

    In order for the index to remain updated, it's a good idea to leave the computer on unattended overnight, or at least for a couple of hours, on a regular basis.  Checking & Managing Index Server.

    Internet

    Are downloads taking too long to load--even with a high-speed connection? Does your ISP say "It's not our problem."?  PC Pitstop's Internet Connection Center can help. This is the place to start to diagnose and hopefully fix connection problems for your home or office system. Our series of diagnostics will help you determine if you're getting optimal performance from your connection. The tools will also help diagnose whether the problem is your modem, your PC, the site you're visiting or your ISP. More information here:  Internet Connection Center

         PC Pitstop Download Bandwidth Test

    This bandwidth test works by measuring the time it takes to download a block of random text embedded in a Web page. The JavaScript in the page reads the clock time just before and just after the block of nearly random text. The text block is generated at our server when your computer requests the page. The text block will not display on your computer, since each line is enclosed in HTML comment tags.  More information here.

      Dial-up Modem bandwidth test.
    This measures the time it takes your computer to download a 50 KB block of text.
    ISDN bandwidth test.
    This measures the time it takes your computer to download a 100 KB block of text.
    DSL bandwidth test.
    This measures the time it takes your computer to download a 200 KB block of text.
    T1/Cable Modem bandwidth test.
    This measures the time it takes your computer to download a 500 KB block of text.
    T3 and satellite bandwidth test.
    This measures the time it takes your computer to download a 1,000 KB block of text.
    Extreme bandwidth test.
    This measures the time it takes your computer to download a 5,000 KB block of text. Do not try this test using a modem! (It will tie up your system for a loooonnnggg time.)

    Internet Connection Firewall Troubleshooting

    Windows XP Internet Connection Firewall

    IE - Internet Explorer

    Adding sites to the Allow list (after SP2) or wanting to copy the list for other profiles:

    Go to - Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to:  HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\New Windows\Allow

    Once there:  Name = (starting with www) Url, Type: Binary

    To copy/save:  Right click, Export.

    Internet Explorer Issues, Tips, & Auto-Dialing and Auto-Disconnect Options

    Internet Explorer Support Center

    Tip:  Clicking on a link opens in a new window and is empty:  Start/Run and type in: REGSVR32 URLMON.DLL. Ok. 
    Then go to:  IE/Tools/Internet Options/Programs/Reset Web Settings.

    Tip:  Re-install Internet Explorer -  Go to Start/Run, and type : rundll32.exe setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132
             %windir%\inf\ie.inf.  Or:  Run Command - Reinstalling Internet Explorer (Line 29)

    How to Reinstall or Repair Internet Explorer and Outlook Express in Windows XP

    If you receive this error message:  Setup has detected a newer version of Internet Explorer already installed on this system. Setup cannot continue.  To work around this issue and reinstall the same customized Internet Explorer 6 installation package a second time, run this edit then reinstall:  Enable Reinstallation of Internet Explorer or OE (Line 114)

    Once running this edit, rename the CatRoot2 folder and then run the ie.inf. Or use this run command:
    Go to Start/Run, and type: rundll32.exe setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %windir%\inf\ie.inf

    If you received this error message:  The software you are installing has not passed Windows Logo testing to verify its compatibility with Windows XP. This software will not be installed. Contact your system administrator.

    Rename the CatRoot2 folder (Windows\System32\CatRoot2) and then run (right click/install) the ie.inf (Windows\inf\ie.inf).

    Tip:  No Home Page - Right Click Internet Explorer Shortcut/Properties/Shortcut Tab. Place this In the target field:
            "C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\IEXPLORE.EXE" –nohome

    Tip:  Get MailTo Hyperlinks in IE to Open OE - Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/File Types. Highlight
             URL:MailTo Protocol/Advanced/Edit. Under Application used to perform action it should read:
             "C:\PROGRAM FILES\OUTLOOK EXPRESS\MSIMN.EXE" /mailurl:%1

    Tip:  Speed up Internet Explorer - Find your IE icon and right click on it. Select properties and then click on the Shortcut
             tab. In the Target line at the very end, add -nohome to get a speed boost.

    Tip:  Speed up Browsing in Internet Explorer - Start/Run/Regedit
             HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RemoteComputer\NameSpace
             In the right pane find: {D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF} Value and delete it.

    Tip:  Add Internet Explorer Toolbar Buttons - 1. Go to Start/Run, 2. Type in gpedit.msc, 3. Go to user configuration -
             Windows Settings - IE Maintenance - Browser UI. Then click on browser toolbar customizations.

    Tip: The option to save as jpeg/jpg is not available:  Clear your Temporary Internet Files, then try again.

    Go to IE/Internet Options/Delete Files. Also in Settings change the amount to 40 MB. This will help in preventing the index files from becoming overloaded.

    If that doesn't help check your settings here: Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpg
    For Content Type, it should read "image/jpeg".

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpeg
    For content Type, it should read: image/jpeg

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.gif
    For Content Type is should read "image/gif"

    If it already set to that, go to Start, Run and type in: regsvr32 /i shdocvw.dll, regsvr32 /i shdoc401.dll,regsvr32 webvw.dll and regsvr32 thumbvw.dll (for upgrades).

    NOTE: If you are using AOL:

    This behavior may occur when AOL's graphic compression option is turned on. When this option is on, the images are saved as the .art file type.  Connect to the Internet through AOL, and then visit the following AOL Web site: www.aol.com. Click My AOL. On the Settings menu, click Preferences.

    In the Preferences dialog box, click Internet Options (WWW). In the Internet Options dialog box, click to clear the Always Compress Graphics dialog box. Click to select the Never Compress Graphics dialog box. Click Apply, and then click OK.

    Internet Explorer Does Not Save Graphics Files in the Proper Format
    You May Be Unable to Save .jpg Files with Microsoft Paint After You Install Office 2000 SR1 or SP2

    IE - Internet Explorer - To Create a Customized Throbber

    Create Your Own Throbber for Internet Explorer & Outlook Express in Windows XP

    IE - Internet Explorer - To restore the IE logo...

    Start/Run/Regedit- HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Toolbar. In the Toolbar key, if you see the BrandBitmap and SmBrandBitmap values on the right, delete them.

         Tip:  Remove IE/OE Branding
         Tip:  Change the IE Title Bar Text
         Tip:  Delete IE Wallpaper - Start/Run/%appdata%\Microsoft\Internet Explorer    

    IE - Reinstall Internet Explorer

    Re-install IE - Go to Start/Run, and type: rundll32.exe setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %windir%\inf\ie.inf

    To work around this issue and reinstall the same customized Internet Explorer 6 installation package a second time, change the IsInstalled (REG_DWORD) value for the Branding component from 1 to 0 in the following registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components. The Branding key always begins with a greater than (>) character.  Or...  Go to: http://www.microsoft.com/windows/ie/downloads/ie6/default.asp

    In the download box, select your desired language and click Go. On the next page click the Internet Explorer 6 link under Download.  Save the file to your hard drive and note where you saved it to:

    When the download is complete, click Start, Run, Browse, and browse to the location you saved the file to. Highlight the IE6SETUP.EXE file and click Open.

    In the Run dialog, move the cursor to the end of the command and press the space bar. Copy and past the following into the Run dialog at the end of the current command:  /c:"ie6wzd.exe /d /s:""#E"""

    The #E needs to be replaced by the full path and file name of the IE Setup file.  An example command line would look like this:  "C:\Temp\ie6setup.exe" /c:"ie6wzd.exe /d /s:""C:\Temp\ie6setup.exe"""

    Replace C:\Temp in this example with the actual path to the ie6setup.exe file. All parameters must be in the line and all of the quote characters must be as shown.

    Troubleshooting the install: 

    When using this article the issues that surface are covered below:
    How to Reinstall or Repair Internet Explorer and Outlook Express in Windows XP

    If you receive this error message:  Setup has detected a newer version of Internet Explorer already installed on this system. Setup cannot continue.  To work around this issue and reinstall the same customized Internet Explorer 6 installation package a second time, run this edit then reinstall:  Enable Reinstallation of Internet Explorer or OE (Line 114)

    Once running this edit, rename the CatRoot2 folder and then run the ie.inf. Or use this run command:
    Go to Start/Run, and type: rundll32.exe setupapi,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 132 %windir%\inf\ie.inf

    If you received this error message:  The software you are installing has not passed Windows Logo testing to verify its compatibility with Windows XP. This software will not be installed. Contact your system administrator.

    Rename the CatRoot2 folder (Windows\System32\CatRoot2) and then run (right click/install) the ie.inf (Windows\inf\ie.inf).

    Internet Explore Issues, Tips and Fixes
    Unable to Install Internet Explorer 6 on Windows XP
    How to Reinstall or Repair Internet Explorer and Outlook Express in Windows XP

         Tip:  Configure Internet Downloads - Start/Run/Regedit
                  HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings. To increase the
                  number of  simultaneous connections that are allowed to 10, follow these steps: On the Edit menu, click Add Value,
                  and then add the following registry values: "MaxConnectionsPer1_0Server"=Dword:0000000a
                  "MaxConnectionsPerServer"=Dword:0000000a.

         Tip:  Auto-Disconnect for Internet Explorer - Start/Run/Regedit
                 HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Parameters In the right pane,
                 find Autodisconnect and change the time accordingly.

         Tip:  Disable the Custom Search Page in Internet Explorer - Start/Run/Regedit
                  HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main. Value Name: Use Custom Search URL,
                  Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled). Create a new DWORD
                  value, or modify the existing value, called 'Use Custom Search URL' and edit the value according to the settings
                  below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

         Tip:  Disable the "Log on using dial-up connection" Check Box - Start/Run/Regedit
                  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon. Value Name:
                  RasDisable, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: (0 = restriction disabled, 1 = restriction enabled).
                  Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'RasDisable' and edit the value according to the
                  settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

         Tip:  Display Internet Explorer on the Desktop
                  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\HideDesktopIcons\
                  NewStartPanel.  Once there, locate {871C5380-42A0-1069-A2EA-08002B30309D} in the list on the right.
                  Right click on it and select Modify.  Change the value equal to 0.  Reboot your computer.

         Tip:  Correct Internet Explorer Window Location

         Tip:  Clear Entries from Tools

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Extensions.  Select each subkey and look at its MenuText value in the right-hand pane. When you locate the menu item, delete the entire subkey.  If you don't find the item, do the same search here:   HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Extensions.

         Tip:  Disable The Image Bar In Microsoft Internet Explorer 6
                  IE/Tools/Internet Options/Advanced/Multimedia/Uncheck Enable Image Toolbar.

    Availability and Description of Internet Explorer 6
    A Description of the Changes to the Security Settings of the Web Content Zones in Internet Explorer 6

    Error Message: This Web Page Could Not Be Saved
    Error Message: A Previous Program Installation Was Never Completed

    How to Change the Internet Search Behavior of Your Browser in Windows XP
    How to Manage Cookies in Internet Explorer 6
    How to Troubleshoot Java Problems in Internet Explorer
    How to Troubleshoot Script Errors in Internet Explorer
    Unable to Install Internet Explorer 6 on Windows XP
    How to Uninstall Internet Explorer 6

    Image Toolbar Does Not Appear Over Image in Internet Explorer
    Information About the Unsafe File List in Internet Explorer 6
    Pictures Are Not Displayed on Internet Web Sites
    Web Page Displays an Image As a Red X or Not at All
    Privacy Settings Only Affect Internet Zone
    Text May Be Unreadable in Internet Explorer if High Contrast Mode Is Enabled
    The Internet Search Results Are Not Displayed in the Search Bar
    Unable to Open a Link in New Window in Internet Explorer
    Unable to Refresh Web Page That Uses Cookies if Set to Prompt for Cookies
    Description of Internet Explorer Security Zones Registry Entries

    Internet History Won't Clear

    Internet Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

    F4 = Open URL Address/History command line menu
    F5 = Reload current web page
    F11 = Toggle between full screen (kiosk mode) and windowed screen + menu

    ESC = Stop loading of current web page
    HOME = Go to top of current web page
    END = Go to bottom of current web page

    Page down or SPACE = Scroll down one screen at a time
    Page up or SHIFT = Scroll up one screen at a time

    ALT + Left Arrow = Back to previous web page
    ALT + Right Arrow = Forward to next web page

    CTRL + B = Open Organize Favorites menu
    CTRL + D = Open Add to Favorites menu for current web page
    CTRL + H = Open History folder
    CTRL + L = Open new web page
    CTRL + N = Open new browser window
    CTRL + O = Open new (internet) location
    CTRL + P = Print current web page or highlighted text
    CTRL + R = Reload current web page
    CTRL + S = Save current web page to disk
    CTRL + W = Close active browser window

    Image and Fax Viewer - Prevent Image and Fax Viewer From Stealing Associations

    Go to:  Start/Run/Regedit and Delete this string:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\SystemFileAssociations\image\ShellEx\ContextMenuHandlers\ShellImagePreview
    @="{e84fda7c-1d6a-45f6-b725-cb260c236066}"

         Tip:  To manually change the association - Right Click On image file. Choose "open with", then "choose program"
                  Select your favorite image viewer program. Check the "always use selected program" box Click OK.
         Tip:  Disable Image (Picture) and Fax Viewer - Click Start, Run and enter regsvr32 /u shimgvw.dll
        
    Note: Using the command REGSVR32 /U SHIMGVW.DLL will prevent you from being able to change a User's picture in User Accounts.  The Change Picture button will not function.  You can re-enable this feature by clicking Start, Run and entering REGSVR32 SHIMGVW.DLL, making your desired changes, then re-running the command above.

    IIS

    The Pro installation doesn't install IIS by default. Go to Start->Control Panels->Add/Remove Programs, and click on "Add Windows Components". IIS will be listed in there.

    Increase Shutdown Time For Services to Close Properly

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control. On the Edit menu, click Add Value. Value Name: WaitToKillServiceTimeout, Data Type: REG_SZ , String: In milli-seconds; default is 20,000. Ok/Exit/Reboot.

    Indexing Service - Disable

    Improve Performance By Disabling Indexing Service - The Indexing Service in Windows XP Indexes your files presumably to shorten the time needed to search your hard drive if you are looking for a specific file or part of a phrase inside a file.

    By default, this service is set to manual (so it won't start), but when you do a search on your computer, there's that little question asking you if you want to make future searches faster.... so you could have enabled it (it will tell you that you are going to enable the Indexing service when you choose this). To Disable, go to:

    Administrative Tools/Computer Management/Services and Applications. Double click Services and find the Indexing Service. Double click/properties/Stop. From the Status Type Box, select Disabled.

    Inst32.Exe

    Inst32.exe Causes an Error Message in Windows XP

    Install - To Perform a Quick Upgrade

    Turn on your computer. Scan for viruses. Insert the Windows XP CD into your computer's CD–ROM drive. After your computer automatically launches the CD, click Install Windows XP. If your computer doesn't automatically launch the CD, start Setup manually:  Click Start and then click Run. Type the following command, replacing "d" with the letter assigned to your CD-ROM drive: d:\setup.exe Press ENTER.

    When you're asked to choose the type of installation you want, select Upgrade, and then click Next. You can upgrade to Windows XP if all of the following are true:

    You're already using a previous version of Windows that supports upgrading. These include: Windows 98 (including Second Edition); Windows Millennium (Me); Windows NT® 4.0 (Service Pack 6 or later); Windows 2000 Professional; or Windows XP Home Edition. (Windows 95 and earlier versions do not support upgrade to Windows XP Professional.)

    You want to replace your previous operating system with Windows XP Professional. You want to keep your existing files and personalized settings. If none—or only some—of these are true for you, perform a new installation. For more information, see New Installation. Review the license agreement and, if you agree, accept it.

    Enter the Product Key from the Windows XP folder. Review the text for performing Dynamic Update. If you wish to perform Dynamic Update, select Yes, and then click Next. Windows installation starts. You must have an active Internet connection to perform Dynamic Update.

    When the “Welcome to Windows” screen appears, follow the instructions to complete your upgrade. Go to “Configure Windows XP” for information on setting up user accounts and network connections.

    Install - Repair the Windows XP Installation

    Configure your computer to start from the CD-ROM drive. For more information about how to do this, please refer to your computer's documentation or contact your computer manufacturer.

    Insert your Windows XP compact disc (CD) into your CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive, and then restart your computer.  (You can also boot with a Windows 98/Me Startup disk with CD support and run WINNT.EXE in the I386 folder on the CD).  When the "Press any key to boot from CD" message is displayed on your screen, press a key to start your computer from the Windows XP CD.

    When you see the following message displayed on the Welcome to Setup screen, press ENTER:
    To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER. At this point an option to press R to enter the Recovery Console is displayed. Do not select this option. On the Windows XP Licensing Agreement screen, press F8 to agree to the license agreement.

    Make sure that your current installation of Windows XP (in your case, the one you wish to repair) is selected in the box, and then press the R key to repair Windows XP. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete Setup.

    Installing & Configuring XP

    Learn what steps to take and what computer requirements are necessary when upgrading your computer to Windows XP. Why you need to activate Windows XP and the steps to take when activating your copy of Windows XP. More info here.

    Installation Problems/Conflicts

    Install Windows XP Professional
    Install Windows XP Troubleshooter

    Installation Issues and Conflicts
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_setup.htm
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_conflicts.htm


    Setup Stops Responding (Hangs) During File Copy
    Error Msg: Cannot find file: \Windows\System32\hal.dll
    Cannot Install Windows XP from a Folder That Is Not Named i386
    "NTLDR Is Missing" Error Message When You Upgrade or Install Windows XP Over Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Millennium Edition
    Troubleshooting Invalid CD Key Error Message During Windows XP Setup

    Installing XP

    How to Perform an In-Place Upgrade on a Windows XP-Based Computer
    How to Move a Windows XP Installation to Different Hardware

    Installing XP From DOS

    If XP will not install from the CD or if you have a new drive with no operating system on it yet try these:

         Install Windows XP from the hard drive with Windows 98 already installed:

    Boot Windows 98, Insert the XP CD into your CD reader, Explore Windows XP through My Computer
    Copy i386 folder to C:\.  Go into C:\i386 folder and double click on winnt32.exe to launch the setup from the hard drive.

         Install Windows XP from DOS (with no OS on a new hard drive):

    Boot with a Windows 98 Start Up disk, Insert the Windows 98 CD into the CD reader, Run smartdrv.exe from the Win98 directory on the windows 98 CD (file caching).  Type cd to back up to the root directory.  Insert Windows XP CD into the CD reader, Copy the i386 folder to C:\. Go into C:\i386 folder on C: and type winnt.exe to launch the setup from the hard drive.

    Install XP- Unattended Product Key

    WINNT.SIF.  Its created by the Configuration Manager which can be found in the SUPPORT\TOOLS folder in the DEPLOY.CAB.  The lines you're concerned with are:

    [UserData]
    FullName=Your Name
    ComputerName=ComputerName
    ProductID=XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX

    Installing Windows 98 to its Own Partition after Installing XP

    Installing Windows 98 after Installing Windows XP

    Install W2K to its Own Partition after Installing XP

    Use a 98 Startup disk and run WINNT.EXE from the I386 directory. After 2K is installed, boot with the XP CD and at the Setup/Repair screen, choose Repair. In Recovery Console, use the following commands:

    1) FIXBOOT, answer Yes
    2) CD \
    3) ATTRIB -H NTLDR
    4) ATTRIB -S NTLDR
    5) ATTRIB -R NTLDR
    6) ATTRIB -H NTDETECT.COM
    7) ATTRIB -S NTDETECT.COM
    8) ATTRIB -R NTDETECT.COM
    9) COPY X:\I386\NTLDR C:\
    10) COPY X:\I386\NTDETECT.COM C:\

    In Steps 9 and 10, X is the letter of your CD-Rom drive.

    Installing Win2K after installing Windows XP.

    Installation or Removal Was Not Complete Error Message

    When you are installing a program that uses the InstallShield Wizard, you may receive an error message similar to one of the following:

    The installation/removal of a previous program was not completed. Setup must restart your computer before proceeding with Installation. After windows has been restarted, please run setup again to complete installation.
    -or-
    A previous program installation was never completed. You need to restart your computer to complete that installation before running Internet Explorer Setup. Setup will now close.  If you restart the computer as suggested and then try to install the program again, you receive the same error message.

    The Installation/Removal of a Previous Program Was Never Completed

    IntelliPoint

    IntelliPoint 4.0: "HPVLS60" or "HPFVLS06" Error Message or Printer Problem After You Install IntelliPoint 4.0 Software

    Internet Connection

    Troubleshooting Modem Issues, Auto-Connect/Disconnect & Dialup for Windows XP
    Troubleshooting Modem Problems in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting Cable Modems
    Troubleshooting TCP/IP Connectivity with Windows
    Troubleshooting TCP/IP Problems in Windows XP Using TRACERT
    Troubleshooting Problems Communicating on the Internet
    Troubleshooting Internet Service Provider Logon Problems
    Troubleshooting a Connection to the Internet in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting Connection Speeds in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting a PPPoE Connection in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting Setting Up an NNTP Server in Windows XP

    Cannot Connect To Internet Or MSN With Two Network Cards

    Internet Downloads

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings. To increase the number of simultaneous connections that are allowed to 10, follow these steps: On the Edit menu, click Add Value, and then add the following registry values: "MaxConnectionsPer1_0Server"=Dword:0000000a "MaxConnectionsPerServer"=Dword:0000000a.

    Internet Time

    The Internet Time service in its default state does not work with the Windows XP Personal Firewall enabled on a dial-up connection.  To re-enable this ability while maintaining your firewall follow these steps:

    Go to My Network Places, and in the Network Tasks sidebar select View Network Connections. Right-click your dial-up account and select Properties. Click the Advanced tab and click Settings. Click Add and enter "Internet Time Service" for the description. Enter 127.0.0.1 for the IP, and enter 123 for both the External and Internal port numbers and select TCP. Click OK until the Properties box disappears.

    If you are online, a dialog box will appear telling you that you need to disconnect and reconnect for the settings to take effect.
    Now when you double-click the system tray Clock and select Update Now from the Internet Time tab, it should work correctly."

    Internet Time - Adjust Synchronization

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\DateTime\Servers. Create a New String Value Name the new value with a number one higher than the last. Under Value Data enter the hostname. Registry/Exit.

    Internet Time Server

    Want to be sure your computer always displays the correct time? Synchronize your system clock with an Internet time server.

    Double-click the clock in the notification area of your taskbar, and the Date and Time Properties dialog box appears (you can also access these settings from the Control Panel). Click the Internet Time tab, then select "Automatically synchronize with an Internet time server." Choose a server in the dropdown list, then click OK. From now, assuming you have a continuous Internet connection, your clock will be synchronized once a week.

    Note: If your computer is a member of a domain, most likely, it is already synchronized automatically by a network time server, and the Internet Time tab will not appear in your Date and Time Properties dialog box.

    IP Addresses

    What is your IP Address:  Click here.

    Start/Run:  %windir%\System32\cmd.exe /k ipconfig.exe /all or...

    Better Easy IP Check - Simply copy and paste the following into notepad

    @echo.
    @ipconfig | find "IP Address"
    @echo.
    @pause

    And save as IP.BAT (save to your windows dir if you want to be able to access it anywhere).  or...

    Lists the IP Address(es) for your computer

    This VB Script will determine the IP Address(es) available on your computer and display them, along with the hostname associated with that IP Address.  Download the Find IP.vbs file and save it to your hard drive (you may want to right click and use Save Target As).

    Double-click the Find IP.vbs file. http://www.dougknox.com/dbknox/utility/scripts_desc/find_ip.vbs.  A dialog will open listing the available IP Address(es) and the corresponding hostname.

    IRQ_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL

    To try to work around this issue: If Easy CD Creator is still installed, uninstall it, or uninstall only the DirectCD component.

    Rename the Udfreadr.sys and Cdudf.sys files that are located in the %Systemroot%\System32\Drivers folder to Udfreadr.old and Cdudf.old. File properties: Udfreadr.sys, 23-Oct-01, 5.0.2.155 Cdudf.sys, 11-Jan-01, 5.0.2.155.  NOTE : These files may have already been removed by the uninstaller program for Easy CD Creator.

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and Delete the following registry keys and then Rebooot:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\UdfReadr
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\cdudf

    Computer Automatically Restarts After You Upgrade to Windows XP

    IRQ's - Prioritizing

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\PriorityControl. Create a new DWORD value called IRQ8PRiority and set the data to 1, reboot.
     

    Isass.Exe

    You Cannot Log On to Windows XP After Running the Out-of-Box Experience

    ISP

    New Service Setup (Slow Loader)

     

     

    ~J~

     

    Jamellad2editor.Exe

    Jamellad2editor.exe Causes an Error Message in Windows XP

    Java VM

    To download the Microsoft Java VM for Windows XP from http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com

    Go to the Windows Update Site (Start/All Programs/Windows Update/Personalize Windows Update/Enable the Windows Update Catalog. Save Settings.  Select Windows Update Catalog from the left hand pane/Select Find updates for Microsoft Windows systems from the right hand pane/Select Windows XP/Search.  Select Critical Updates and Service Packs.
    Select the March 4th Security Update as it contains Windows XP VM.

    Or you can download it from one of these locations:

    http://www.download.windowsupdate.com/msdownload/update/v3-19990518/cabpool/MSJavx86_CD24D109B33421DB6728FBDC80C9F572EB7A3865.exe
    or
    http://ftp.uni-stuttgart.de/pub/systems/win95/fixes/VM/msjavx86.exe
    or
    ftp://ftp.uq.edu.au/mirror/microsoft/patches/winxp/javavm_3319_MIL_4275/MSJavx86.exe

    JPG's - Only Saves as a Bitmap

    The option to save as jpeg is not available: Clear your Temporary Internet Files, then try again.

    Go to IE/Internet Options/Delete Files. Also in Settings change the amount to 40 MB. This will help in preventing the index files from becoming overloaded.

    If that doesn't help check your settings here: Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpg.  For Content Type, it should read "image/jpeg".
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpeg.  For content Type, it should read: image/jpeg
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.gif.  For Content Type is should read "image/gif"

    If it already set to that, go to Start, Run and type in: regsvr32 /i shdocvw.dll, regsvr32 /i shdoc401.dll,regsvr32 webvw.dll and regsvr32 thumbvw.dll (for upgrades).

    NOTE: If you are using AOL:

    This behavior may occur when AOL's graphic compression option is turned on. When this option is on, the images are saved as the .art file type.

    Connect to the Internet through AOL, and then visit the following AOL Web site: www.aol.com. Click My AOL. On the Settings menu, click Preferences.

    In the Preferences dialog box, click Internet Options (WWW). In the Internet Options dialog box, click to clear the Always Compress Graphics dialog box. Click to select the Never Compress Graphics dialog box. Click Apply, and then click OK.

    Internet Explorer Does Not Save Graphics Files in the Proper Format
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q260650

    You May Be Unable to Save .jpg Files with Microsoft Paint After You Install Office 2000 SR1 or SP2
    http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=193354

    Cannot Select a .jpg Image as Your Desktop Background Image
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;313596

    Show All Bitmap Views (Line 122)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Cannot Select a .jpg Image as Your Desktop Background Image
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;313596

    You May Be Unable to Save .jpg Files with Microsoft Paint After You Install Office 2000 SR1 or SP2
    http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=193354

     

     

    ~K~

     

    KaZaA - Remove Ads

    Tired of all the ads at the bottom of Kazaa, not to mention the ads Kazaa causes to pop up? Here is a tweak to end all Kazaa related ads.

    1. With KaZaA closed navigate to C:\Windows\System32\AdCache.
    2. Delete all files within 'AdCache', leave the 'Temp' folder but make sure it is empty.
    3. Right click on the folder 'AdCache' & select properties.
    4. Navigate to the Security tab.
    5. In the group or user name box, select administrator, or the appropriate user (anyone who runs kazaa).
    6. In the permissions box deny write access.
    7. Repeat for all necessary users and click 'OK'.

    Kernel Dump

    How to Send a Full or Kernel Dump to Microsoft Windows Online Crash Analysis

    Kernel32.Exe

    Error Message Refers to the Kernel32.exe File if Your Computer Is Infected by the Worm_badtrans.b Virus

    Keyboard

    Computer Does Not Resume When You Press a Key on Your USB Keyboard

    Keyboard - Microsoft On-Screen Keyboard

    If you're mobility-impaired (or you adore your mouse), you should know that Windows XP's accessibility tools include an On-Screen Keyboard. This tool allows you to type without touching your keyboard. Select Start, All Programs, Accessories, Accessibility, On-Screen Keyboard, and up pops a virtual keyboard. (Click OK to close the informational dialog box.)

    By default, clicking an On-Screen Keyboard letter "types" it on screen. Or, you can switch to "hover" mode, where you don't click at all. Select Settings, Typing Mode, select "Hover to select," set the desired interval, then click OK. Now, holding your mouse pointer over a key for the set amount of time "types" that key.  To close the On-Screen Keyboard, click the X in its upper-right corner or select File, Exit.

         Tip:  On screen keyboard - Start/Run/OSK

    Keyboard Setup Function Keys

    A Description of the Windows XP Setup Function Keys

    Keyboard Shortcuts

    List of the Keyboard Shortcuts That Are Available in Windows XP
    Internet Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts
    Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows
    HOW TO: Create a Keyboard Shortcut for a Program in Windows XP

    Kodak

    Using KODAK Digital Cameras with Windows XP

     

     

    ~L~

     

    Language Tool Bar - Hide

    Upon first installing Windows XP, you'll notice a language toolbar on your Taskbar. For example, if you use the English version, it will have a button that says EN on it. This feature comes in handy if you need to switch between languages quickly, just click the current language and select another in the pop-up menu. To hide this toolbar, Right click a blank area of the Taskbar, select Toolbars, then select (to deselect) Language Bar.

    HOW TO: Use the Language Bar in Windows XP

    Legal Notice Dialog Box Before Login

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon Modify the value named 'LegalNoticeCaption' to represent the caption on the dialog box (e.g. 'WARNING!'). If this value doesn't already exist create it. Modify the value named 'LegalNoticeText' to represent the body of the dialog box (e.g. 'Do Not Attempt to Logon to this system unless you are an authorized user!') Exit your registry and restart Windows, and the next time you boot up you should be presented with the dialog box before logging on.

    Lexmark Printers

    Windows® XP & Lexmark Printing Solutions

    Links - XP Support Links

    Kelly's Tweaks and Fixes

    Doug's Tweaks and Tips

    Windows XP Tips and Tricks

    Windows XP Forumz

    "Links" Folder - Remove

    There are two methods that can be used to hide the Links folder, one using the registry and the other using file attributes. Both methods are detailed below:  Using the Registry: Open your registry and find the key below.

    Set the value of "LinksFolderName" to equal a blank string. Open IE and delete the Links folder from the Favorites menu.

    The next time you start Internet Explorer the Links folder will not be recreated.

    Using File Attributes: Using Explorer find the location of your Favorites folder (e.g. C:\Documents and Settings\Joe Bloggs\Favorites) within that folder will be a sub-folder named Links.

    Select the Links folder and right-click (or secondary click) and select Properties, check the Hidden checkbox and click OK.

    From now on the Links folder should be hidden from the Favorites list. This works for any other folder or link on the favorites menu as well. Note: The Links folder must be manually deleted from the favorites menu. This tweak stops it being automatically recreated.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Toolbar

    Value Name: LinksFolderName
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)

    Liteinst.Exe

    Liteinst.exe Causes an Error Message in Windows XP

    Local Security Policy

    To access Group and Local Security Policies (XP Pro only) click Start, Run and enter SECPOL.MSC.

    Lock Computer when Idle without Screensaver Password

    Go into C:\Windows and create a new shortcut. Paste this in the path: %windir%\System32\rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation.  Click next and rename it, click finish.

    Then Control Panel/Scheduled Tasks/Add Scheduled Task/Next/Browse. Find the new shortcut, select it, pick daily, next. Type in a password for the Scheduled Task/Confirm, Next, Finish.  Double click the new scheduled task you just made, Schedule Tab/Schedule Task/Select when Idle, enter time allotment, ok.

         Tip:  Resume without a password - If you have a screen saver activating, go to that tab and uncheck "On resume display
                  welcome screen".
         Tip: 
    Disable Screensaver from Becoming Active:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop. Value Name: ScreenSaveActive, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 =enabled). Change the value of 'ScreenSaveActive' to '0' to disable the screen saver. Restart Windows for the change to take effect. Note: Windows has a default screen saver called login.scr, which runs even if no screen saver has been selected.

    Lock Workstation

    To lock a workstation programmatically, you can use the Win32 LockWorkStation function. Call this function from the command line by using the Rundll32 interface. Use the following command: rundll32 user32.dll,LockWorkStation

    Note that this command is white-space sensitive and case sensitive. To open a command line window, click Start , click Run , type cmd in the Open box, and then click OK .

    How to Lock a Workstation from the Command Line

    Log Files

    Log Files used in Windows XP

    Logoff and Shutdown

    Remove Logoff from Start Menu

         Tip:  If you're running Pro, click Start, Run and enter GPEDIT.MSC Then navigate to User Configuration, Administrative
                  Templates, Start Menu and Taskbar. You'll see the entry to Remove Log off.

    "Logoff" and "Shutdown" Are Missing From the Start Menu
    Policy Settings for the Start Menu in Windows XP

    Logon

    Logon - Configure
    Logon and User Profiles Edits and Explanations

    Logon - Background (Reference)

    To change the logon background
    1. Click Start > click Run > type regedit > and click OK.
    2. Navigate to the following registry key: HKEY_USERS\DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop
    3. In the details pane (right-side), double-click the Wallpaper string value item.
    4. In Value data , type the path and name of the picture or background, and then click OK
    .
    IMPORTANT: Make sure that you specify the path correctly to the Background.

    Logon - Change Message

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\ CurrentVersion\Winlogon. Value Name: LogonPrompt, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value). Create a new string value named 'LogonPrompt' and enter the text you want to display. The default message is: 'Enter a user name and password that is valid for this system.' This feature can be used in conjunction with the Legal Notice Dialog Box Before Logon tweak.

    Logon - Dialog Box

    This setting controls whether the options to enter a domain or to log on using a dial-up connection are shown on the Windows logon box.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
    Value Name: ShowLogonOptions
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = hide options, 1 = display options)

    You may need to create the key if it does not already exist. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'ShowLogonOptions' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Logon - No Password

    1. At a command prompt, type "control userpasswords2" and press Enter to open the Windows 2000-style User Accounts
        application.

    2. On the Users tab, clear the Users Must Enter A User Name And Password To Use This Computer check box and then
        click OK.

    3. In the Automatically Log On dialog box that appears, type the user name and password for the account you want to be
        logged on each time you start your computer.

    How to Enable Automatic Logon in Windows XP
    How To Change the Logon Window and the Shutdown Preferences

    Logon Script

    How to Assign a Logon Script to a Profile for a Local User

    Lost or Corrupt User Profile

    Create a new account/administrator profile and log in.  Then go to C:\Documents and Settings\[Previous User Profile] and  copy all folders to: C:\Documents and Settings\[New User Profile].  Then reboot.

    Low Disk Space - Disable Low Disk Space Message

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. Create or modify: NoLowDiskSpaceChecks REG_DWORD and set the value to 1. Logoff/Reboot.

    Customizing Windows XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm 

    Lsass.Exe

    Access Violation in Lsass.exe in Windows
    Directory Services does NOT start with LSASS.EXE
    Access Violation in Lsass.exe Due to Incorrect Buffer Size

     

     

    ~M~

     

    Make Folders Private - To Set the My Documents Folder to Private

    On the Start menu, right-click My Documents, and then click Properties. Click the Sharing tab, and then click to select the Make this folder private so that only I have access to it check box. Click Apply, and then click OK. Note: You cannot make your folders private if your drive is not formatted as NTFS.  You Cannot Select the "Make This Folder Private" Option

    Home Edition: Set Permissions for Shared Files and Folders. Boot into safe mode and logon to the 'Administrator' account. Right click the folder in question/Sharing and Security/Make Folder Private. 

    To view the Security tab for a file or folder in XP, hold down the Ctrl key while right-clicking the file or folder, and select Properties. If you are in a domain instead of a workgroup, this approach is unnecessary.

         Tip:  Hide Files and Folders inside of Windows XP

    Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/View/Show Hidden Files and Folders. Right click the folder to be hidden/Sharing and Security/General Tab/Hidden/Apply Changes to.../

         Tip:  Hide Your Private Folders with Folder Guard

    Hide your private files and folders from other users. Restrict access to important system files and be in full control of the way your files and programs are used by other users of your computer. http://www.winability.com/folderguard

    McAfee

    Windows XP: TCP/IP Functionality and Internet Connectivity Are Disrupted When You Uninstall McAfee Personal Firewall

    MCSE: Microsoft Certification : Introduction

    Microsoft Certified Systems Engineers, MCSEs, design and implement an infrastructure for business solutions based on the Windows platform (2000) and Microsoft Servers System (2003). Both of these MCSE tracks include specializations in:

    Messaging
    Security

    The MCSE on Microsoft Windows 2000

    This track is appropriate for IT professionals working in the typically complex computing environment of medium-to-large organizations. These professionals design and implement business infrastructures based on Windows 2000 platform.

    The MCSE on Windows Server 2003

    Track for Windows Server 2003 includes all the functionalities of the Windows Server Operating System, such as security, reliability, availability, and scalability. Earning MCSE 2003 validates your ability to make infrastructures more efficient, keep everyone productive, and deliver more applications. These tasks on the latest Microsoft server operating system demonstrate your expertise to employers, clients, and peers.

    Microsoft Certification Exam Simulators and Related Exam Simulators

    Media Player

    Windows Media Player Rollup Available
    26 June 2002 Cumulative Patch for Windows Media Player
    Windows Media Player for Windows XP KB Articles
    Windows XP Programs Cannot Connect to the Media Player

    Clear Recent Play list and/or Prevent the list from accumulating:
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/ClearRecent.Exe

    Disable and/or Clear Media Players Play List (Line 11)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

         Tip:  Set as Default - Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/File Types/Audio
    CD/Advanced/Edit/Aplication used: "C:\Program Files\Windows Media Player\wmplayer.exe" /prefetch:3 /device:AudioCD "%L"

         Tip:  Although Windows XP comes with Windows Media Player 8.0, the older Windows Media Player 6.4 is installed,
     too. It's at C:\Program Files\Windows Media Player\mplayer2.exe.

    Change the MP3 Encoding Rates in Media Player (All Versions).  These settings allow you to change the MP3 encoding rates in Windows Media Player. The default is 56Kbps which is quite low quality, this tweak allows you to add higher rates such as 128Kbps or 192Kbps.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit (Reference)

    You may need to create the key if it does not already exist. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'LowRate, MediumRate, MediumHighRate, HighRate' and edit the value according to the settings below.

    Registry Editor Example
    | Name Type Data |
    | (Default) REG_SZ (value not set) |
    | HighRate REG_SZ 0x0004e200 (320000) |
    | LowRate REG_SZ 0x0000fa00 (64000) |
    | MediumHighRate REG_SZ 0x0002ee00 (192000) |
    | MediumRate REG_SZ 0x0001f400 (128000) |
    -
    | HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Settings\M... |
    -

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Settings\MP3Encoding

    Value Name: LowRate, MediumRate, MediumHighRate, HighRate
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: Rate in Bits per Second (bps)

    Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Troubleshooting Playback in Media Player for Windows XP 
    Troubleshooting with Windows Media Player Error Code Page
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_resources.htm

    Media Player 8 Reinstall
    Windows Media Player: WMP mini FAQ
    Windows Media Player FAQs

    Windows XP Cannot Enter Standby Mode When Window Media Player Is Paused

    Windows Media Bonus Pack for Windows XP

    Media Player Library - Delete/Repair

    If you have moved your music around on your hard drives, Windows Media Player continues to add new entries into it's library instead of modifying the existing ones. This means that you will now have multiple entries for the same song, half of which will not work now because you have moved the files to their new location. To delete the current library and build a new one, do the following:

    1. Close Windows Media Player, wait about 3 seconds for the database to close.
    2. Using "My Computer", navigate to the following folder:
        F:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\Media Index
    3. Delete the "wmplibrary....db" file here. This is not your actual music, only the database which Windows Media Player uses
        as a listing.
    4. Start Windows Media Player.
    5. Hit "F3" and enter the location where you have moved your music to. If it is on multiple drives, check "All Drives". Let it
        finish.  All the old listings will now be gone, and you will only have the new accurate ones.

    Media Player - Change/Remove 3rd Party Branding

    Close Media Player.  Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT  Go to:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\WindowsMediaPlayer

    Right click in the right pane and select New, String value.  Name the value TitleBar.  Double click the value you just created and enter the text you want to appear on the Title Bar.  Value Name: TitleBar, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value). Create a new string value called "TitleBar" and set it to the text you would like display in the title. Restart Media Player for the change the take effect. If you want to get rid of the branding entirely, right click on the TitleBar value and select Delete.

    Media Player - Disable Update Message

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\PlayerUpgrade. Value Name: AskMeAgain, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: "yes" or "no".

    Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'AskMeAgain' and edit the value according to the settings above. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Media Player - DVD

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Player\Settings. Value Name: EnableDVDUI, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: yes or no. Create a new string value called "EnableDVDUI" and set it to "yes" to enable DVD functionality.

    Media Player - Play List

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Player\RecentFileList.  Delete RecentFileList, or manually remove them in the right pane.  NOTE: This registry key is re-created the next time you open a file in Media Player.

         Tip:  To Keep Media Player from maintaining the Recent Files List.  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Preferences.  Look in the right pane for the value called: AddToMRU.  Double click this item and set the value to 00 (two zeros).

    Clear Media Player Recent Files List
    Disable Media Player Recent Files List

    Both of these links are to VB Script files.  Download and save the file, then double click the file to run it.  VB Script files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking them and selecting Edit.

    Media Player - Reinstall and CD Burning Issues

    Media Player 8 Reinstall Procedure
    Windows Media Player: WMP mini FAQ
    Windows Media Player FAQs

         Tip:  Although Windows XP comes with the cool-looking Windows Media Player 8.0, the older Windows Media Player
                  6.4 is installed, too. It's at C:\Program Files\Windows Media Player\mplayer2.exe. Try it when playing movies, it
                  usually plays them more smoothly than WMP8.

    Troubleshooting Playback in Media Player for Windows XP 
    Troubleshooting with Windows Media Player Error Code Page
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_resources.htm

    Windows Media Player for Windows XP KB Articles
    #xp_video

    Media Player - Disable Update Message

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\PlayerUpgrade. Value Name: AskMeAgain, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: "yes" or "no". Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'AskMeAgain' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Media Player - User Identifier

    This setting controls whether Windows Media Player will send a globally unique identifier (GUID) when communicating with a remote media source. Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Preferences
    Value Name: SendUserGUID
    Data Type: REG_BINARY (Binary Value)
    Value Data: (00 00 00 00 = disabled, 01 00 00 00 = default)

    You may need to create the key if it does not already exist. Create a new Binary value, or modify the existing value, called 'SendUserGUID' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Memory Dump

    Log Files, Memory Dump Information and Regedits
    Gathering Blue Screen Information After Memory Dump
    Blue Screen Preparation Before Contacting Microsoft

    Memory Tweaks

    Menu Display - Speed Up

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop In the right pane select, "MenuShowDelay". Right click, modify and set the value to 0. Reboot.

         Tip:  TweakUI/Mouse/Menu Speed/Move glider to fast/Reboot.

    Messenger

         Windows Messenger: Get Started with Real-Time Communication
    Find out about using Windows Messenger to communicate with instant messaging Windows Messenger: Instant Messaging
    Find out about using Windows Messenger for voice communication Windows Messenger: Voice Communications
    Find out about using Windows Messenger to communicate with video Windows Messenger: Video Communications
    Find out about using Windows Messenger to send files or photos Windows Messenger: Send a File or Photo
    Find out about controling your online status when using Windows Messenger Windows Messenger: Control Your Online Status
    Find out about sharing applications and the whiteboard with Windows Messenger Windows Messenger: Applications and Whiteboard Sharing

    Remove Messenger from XP

    Start/Run/RunDll32 advpack.dll,LaunchINFSection %windir%\INF\msmsgs.inf,BLC.Remove

    Stop Windows Messenger from Auto-Starting

    Simply delete the following Registry Key:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\MSMSGS

    Uninstall Messenger

    You have to edit sysoc.inf (located in /WINDOWS/inf). Under [Components] you should see the following line: 
    msmsgs=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,msmsgs.inf,hide,7.  Take the word 'hide' out of the line, and it should look like this:
    msmsgs=ocgen.dll,OcEntry,msmsgs.inf,,7.  Exit and save.

    Go to Add or Remove Programs, and click on Add/Remove Windows Components. There you should now be able to uncheck the MSN Messenger Service, and by clicking Next it will uninstall.

    Remove MSN Messenger from Outlook Express

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Outlook Express. Value Name: Hide Messenger, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (2 = remove messenger). Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'Hide Messenger' and set the value to 2.

    Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Hotmail is slow after disabling/removing Messenger

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Messenger.MsgrObject
    Right click on the Messenger.MsgrObject key and select rename. Rename it to Messenger.MsgrObjectold

    This will prevent Messenger from loading when you access your account via the Hotmail web page, it will also prevent the delay when Messenger has been removed or disabled.

    Tip:  When you sign in to Messenger, it remembers every email address/.net passport that you signed in under. To remove
             an item from the list of remembered names:  Start/Run/control userpasswords2.  Advanced/Manager Passwords.

    Tip:  Preventing Messenger from Automatically Signing inStart/Run/control userpasswords2/Advanced tab. Manage
            Passwords/Delete (Passport) Entries. Open MSN Messenger (click here to sign in) enter passport e-mail address and
            password and leave the Sign Me In Automatically unchecked.

    Tip:  Easiest method to disable Messenger:  C:\Program Files\Messenger and either rename the Messenger folder to
             something like "MessengerOLD" or just move it.

    How to Disable, Remove, Issues (OE and Hotmail), Tweaks & Fixes

         Tip:  Change the MSN Messenger Background Image

    This tweak allows you to change the background bitmap image in the MSN Messenger service. Locate the installation directory for MSN Messenger on your system (e.g. "C:\Program Files\Messenger"). This location can also be found in the registry in the "InstallationDirectory" value at [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MessengerService].

    Rename the "lvback.gif" file in the installation directory to "lvback.old". Then copy and rename the new background GIF file to the same directory as "lvback.gif".  Restart MSN Messenger for the change to take effect.

    Tip: Getting rid of ads in MSN messenger

    Find its default folder (search for Messenger). Open LINKS.TXT and clear its contents. When finished, save the file and pull up its properties from the Windows Explorer. Place a checkmark in the "Read-only" field.

    Error Message in Windows Messenger During an Automatic Upgrade

    Messenger Service

    If you don't intend using XP on a LAN you can disable the "Server" and "Workstation" services. csrss.exe is associated with the Server process.  The Messenger Service "Transmits net send and Alerter service messages between clients and servers".

    To disable the Messenger Service:  Go to Start/Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services. Double click the Messenger Service and change Automatic to Disabled, then click the Stop button.

    Or use this automated edit:

    Disable Messenger Service (Line 95)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To Delete the Messenger Service:
      Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: sc delete messenger. Reboot.
    Or go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services

    It may be wise to disable the Administrative Alerts Service as well.  Specify the Schedule for Alerter Service - This setting is used to specify how often the server checks alert conditions and sends any required alert messages to administrative users.
    http://www.winguides.com/registry/display.php/832/

    Running ZoneAlarm and/or blocking incoming port 135 should be sufficient to stop things.

    To enable XP's Internet Connection Firewall
    Messenger Service Window That Contains an Internet Advertisement Appears

    NOTE: Direct quote from the developers of this software:

    "Notice: Please do not use this software for spamming. If you do so, you will take full responsibility for your actions. This software is made to send advertising or system messages to your own network".

    To file complaints write to:  http://www.directadvertiser.com/contact.html

    Microsoft Platform Support Reporting Tool - (Reference)

    Are you having a tough time with Microsoft Windows XP and feel like lost ! If this is the case and you are working with Microsoft Support team, Ask them about MPS reporting tool. This tool can create a LITE or FULL version of a CAB file that could be useful for Microsoft Support person or even you. Learn more about MPSRPT_XP.exe.

    Microsoft PowerToys for Windows XP

    They're back! PowerToys are additional programs that developers work on after a product has been released to manufacturing. They add fun and functionality to the Windows experience.

    Note:  We've taken great care to ensure that PowerToys operate as they should, but they are not part of Windows and are not supported by Microsoft.

    http://www.microsoft.com/WINDOWSXP/home/downloads/powertoys.asp
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/downloads/powertoys.asp

    Microtek

    In keeping with industry developments and ensuring that its scanners remain on the leading edge of technology, Microtek is pleased to announce that its scanners are compatible with the newly released Microsoft Windows (TM) XP operating system. Download the drivers here.

    Microsoft Personal Security Advisor

    HOW TO: Use the Microsoft Personal Security Advisor Web Site in Windows

    Microsoft and Wugnet - Best Choice Shareware Pick of the Week

    Power Drawers
    Want Windows® to be faster and easier? Get Power Drawers, a unique must-have enhancement to boost Windows productivity! It lets you organize and access files much faster. Includes popup graphics & text previews, allows multiple apps associated with file types, folder printing, eliminates desktop clutter and many other powerful features! Show me the pick!

    Directory Toolkit
    An award winning utility from Funduc Software, Directory Toolkit is a multi-purpose file manager and path comparison/synchronize utility with archive functions and dozens of extra features. This is an established program that is useful to anyone who needs to compare and synchronize two or more paths. Show me the pick!

    ThumbsPlus by Cerious Software
    ThumbsPlus is a multi-talented application that will help you organize, view, edit, print, catalog and find all of your graphic files. With ThumbsPlus, you make thumbnails of your graphics files and organize them on your hard disks and in the built-in MS Access database. You can print catalogues, generate contact sheets, make slide shows, build thumbnail web pages, edit multiple files in batch mode, and more. Image editing features include color adjustment, rotating, resampling, digital filtering, histogram stretching, specialized image processes, and others.

    Express Assist by AJSystems, Inc.
    Express Assist is a very easy to use utility to backup all of your Outlook Express mail folders (including all attachments) as a single compressed, backup file. You can easily restore one, all, or any selection, of the mail folders saved in your backup file. In addition, you may synchronize your current Outlook Express message folders with message folders saved in the Express Assist backup. Express Assist provides full support for Outlook Express 4, 5, 5.5 and 6.0. It operates on Windows 95, 98, ME, NT4, Windows 2000 and XP.

    Backup Plus by AVANTRIX, Inc.
    Backup Plus allows you to easily and quickly backup all of your important data. Features include the ability to include files, full folders, wildcards and exclusions in your backup set. Backup to just about any removable device, span multiple disks if required and even write to CDR/CDRW drives with your existing packet writing software. Make backups easy with Backup Plus.

    Modem

    Windows XP Modem Tweak Guide
    Connecting to the Internet via Modem (Windows XP)

    Modem

    Modem, Com Ports and Dialup Issues:
    Resources for Troubleshooting Modem Problems in Windows XP
    "Error 692: Hardware Failure in the Modem" Error Message When You Dial an RAS Server
    A Computer May Hang During a Heavy Load with an Ericsson HIS Modem

    Why does my modem abruptly disconnect sometimes?
    What causes modem disconnects ?
    Troubleshooting:  Disconnects
    How do I troubleshoot modem disconnects?

    Q: Why I often get modem disconnects?

    A: Generally, there will probably always be an occasional disconnect. After all, we are dealing with phone lines being pushed to their limits with V.32 and V.34 modems. Phone lines were designed for voice, not for data transmission. But if you're getting a lot more than the occasional disconnect, something is wrong and you should methodically follow the steps below.

    Disconnections may be caused by momentary drops of DTR (Data Terminal Ready). By default, most modems respond to a drop of DTR by hanging up. With US Robotics and other modems, add S25=200 to your Modem String. This sets the duration, in hundredths of a second, that DTR must be dropped so that the modem doesn't interpret a random glitch as a DTR loss.

    A similar possibility to the one above is that your modem could not distinguish between a line hit, or other disturbances that momentarily break the connection, from a true disconnect by the remote modem. Add S10=100 to the Modem String to set the duration, in tenths of a second, that the modem waits after loss of carrier before hanging up.

    If you have call waiting and a call comes in while you are connected, your modem might interpret the second signal as a disconnect by the remote modem. Ask your phone company how to temporarily disable call waiting. Also, keep in mind that many ISP set their sites having an idle timeout. If there is no modem activity on your end for a certain length of time, say 15 minutes, you will be disconnected.

    If you're disconnected shortly after logging in, you may be attempting simultaneous logins on the same account. Make sure no one is logged-in to your account such as a family member at home. If this isn't the case, try to add a Modem String to make your connection stronger. Check your modem's instruction manual for specific information about settings.

    Troubleshooting Internet Service Provider Logon Problems
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q161986
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q314455

    Troubleshooting Modem Problems in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting TCP/IP Connectivity with Windows
    Troubleshooting Problems Communicating on the Internet
    Troubleshooting Internet Service Provider Logon Problems
    Troubleshooting a Connection to the Internet in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting Connection Speeds in Windows XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_resources.htm

    Modem - Auto Dials

    Network Connections/Advanced/Dial-Up Preferences/Enable Auto-Dial by Location/Uncheck all locations and Always ask me before Auto-Dialing and Always ask me before autodialing.

         Disable Automatic Modem Connections at Startup

    If remote connections are enabled in Windows, the system may try to initiate an Internet connection at Windows startup or at the start of many applications. This setting disables that behavior.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Ole. Value Name: EnableRemoteConnect, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: "Y" = enable automatic connections, "N" = disabled.

    Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'EnableRemoteConnect' and edit the value according to the settings above. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

         Modify the Internet Auto-Dial Settings

    Windows has the option to automatically dial your Internet Service Provider (ISP) to establish an Internet connection. This option can be controlled using this tweak.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    Internet Settings
    Value Name: EnableAutodial
    Data Type: REG_BINARY (Binary Value)
    Value Data: (00 00 00 00 = disabled, 01 00 00 00 = enabled)

    Create a new binary value named "EnableAutodial", and set the new value to equal "01 00 00 00" to enable autodial or "00 00 00 00" to disable it.

    Note: This restriction can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

         To view the list of names and addresses recorded by AutoDial, type the following command at a command
         prompt:  rasautou -s


    To delete a name or address entry from the list: Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\RAS Autodial\Addresses

    You can delete any TCP/IP addresses that you see under this key. Note that AutoDial can use IP addresses, DNS fully qualified domain names (FQDN), and NetBIOS names.

    How to Use the Rasdiag.exe Support Tool in Windows XP
    How to View and Remove Information from AutoDial

    Modem - Auto Disconnect (Turn Off)

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\RemoteAccess\Parameters

    Name: AutoDisconnect
    Type: REG_DWORD
    Value: 0-1000 minutes

    Sets the time interval after which inactive connections are terminated. Inactivity is measured by lack of NetBIOS session
    data transfer, such as copying files, accessing network resources, and sending and receiving electronic mail.

    You might want to set this parameter to 0 minutes if clients are running NetBIOS datagram applications. Setting this parameter to 0 turns off AutoDisconnect. Default=20 minutes.

    Modem - Disconnects

         ASDL Modems Disconnect

    Disable Hibernation and Disable Windows Messenger.

         DSL Modem Disconnects

    Right click My Computer Icon/Properties/Hardware/Device Manager. Expand USB Controllers/Double Click USB Root Hub. Select Power Management and uncheck, Allow the computer to turn off the device to save power.

         Tip:  Stop connection from timing out on Web Pages. Sometimes when trying to connect to a Web site, that connection
                  attempt "times-out" due to the slowness of response, and you get a "Could not connect to ... ". Start/Run/Regedit
                  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Class\Net.

                  In the left pane, locate the 0000 Key (or 0001, 0002, or 0003) that represents your modem or NIC. Under that
                  Key, locate the Value name called "SLOWNET" (right pane). Double click on SLOWNET, and change "Value
                  data = 01" (zero & 1), to "00" (2 zero's). Close RegEdit, and reboot.

    Troubleshooting Problems Communicating on the Internet
    Cable Modem and DSL Speed Tweak to Increase Performance
    Windows XP Internet Programs Cannot Connect to the Internet Through Broadband Connection

    Troubleshooting Modem and Connection Issues:
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_oe.htm
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_modem.htm

    Troubleshooting Modem Problems in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting TCP/IP Connectivity with Windows
    Troubleshooting Problems Communicating on the Internet
    Troubleshooting Internet Service Provider Logon Problems
    Troubleshooting a Connection to the Internet in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting Connection Speeds in Windows XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_resources.htm

    Modem Does Not Work on Compaq Armada 7800 and Device Manager Reports "Code 10"

    Modem - Keep Connection Between Users

    The following entry will stop the prompt to shut down the connection when changing users under Windows XP. This enables a permanent internet connection with multiple users on your PC under Windows XP. Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
    Then right-click the right-hand pane, select New/String Value. Name the value KeepRasConnections and set it to 1.

    Keep Ras Connection within Fast User Switching (Line 32)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Modem - Performance

    Test your internet connection.  Click here.

    Web based tool for testing download performance using text, graphics and streaming video. Click here.

    A large section of SpeedGuide.net is dedicated to Cable Modems and DSL technology, stressing on improving TCP/IP performance over high speed/latency networks.  Click here.

    Speed Test - Bandwidth Testing.  Click here.

    What affects modem performance?  Click here.

    Troubleshooting 56k Modems.  Click here.  How fast is your 56K modem?  Click here.

    Cable Modem and DSL Speed Tweak to Increase Performance - Click here.

    Download Internet Accelerators. Boost Internet Speed.  Click here.

    Boost your Internet Speed!  Enhance your internet connection and Boosts your Internet speed up to 300%! with Modem Booster's a proprietary, patent-pending PING technology!  Click here.

    Get a faster internet connection and increase modem speed with webROCKET Internet Optimizer. Optimize your modem, computer, and windows system for optimal performance and speed. Click here.

    Increase Modem Speed - Click here.

    Increase Internet Speed - Click here.

    Modem - Persistent Connections

    This setting controls whether new network mappings should be created as persistent connections that are automatically reconnected at logon. Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Network\Persistent Connections
    Value Name: SaveConnections
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
    Value Data: yes or no

    You may need to create the key if it does not already exist. Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'SaveConnections' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Modem - Silence Your Modem

    Go to Start/Control Panel/Modem/Connection/Advanced.  In the extra settings box type:  M0, ( 0 being a zero ).
    or...

    Open the Control Panel--select Start, Control Panel--and assuming you're in the Classic View, double-click Phone and Modem Options. (From Category View, select Network and Internet Connections, and in the left pane, click Phone and Modem Options.) Click the Modems tab, and with your modem selected, click Properties. Click the Modem tab (again), move the lever under Speaker volume all the way to the left and click OK.

         Tip:  Open Network Connections, right click your dial-up connection and select Properties, then click "Configure..." and
                  uncheck "Enable modem speaker".

    Modem - Won't Disconnect

    When you quit Internet Explorer, you may not be prompted to disconnect even if the Disconnect when connection may no longer be needed option is enabled. The following registry value also verifies that the option is enabled: Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\RemoteAccess\Profile\"Connection Name"\EnableExitDisconnect
    The value should be 01 00 00 00.

    This behavior can occur if the Easy CD Creator Adaptec starts automatically at startup.

    To prevent the Easy CD Creator program from starting automatically, remove the entry for Easy CD Creator from the following registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run. Contact Adaptec Technical Support for additional information about resolving this issue.

         Workaround:

    Start/Run/net config server /autodisconnect:30 (30 being an example).  To disable Auto-Disconnect set it to -1.  Setting Autodisconnect to 0 does not turn it off and results in very fast disconnects, within a few seconds of idle time. (However, the RAS Autodisconnect parameter is turned off if you set it to a value of 0.)

    Morpheus - Max Downloads

    The max downloads limit in Morpheus is 50, follow these steps to change your downloads limit to anything you like, this will also speed up your downloads.

    1. Start/Run/Regedit
    2. HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Morpheus/Transfer
    3. Right click on Concurrentdownloads and select Modify
    4. Click on Decimal and change the limit to anything you like.

         Tip:  Stop the Ads.  To stop the ads from popping up when you open up Morpheus:
                  Go to IE/Tools/Internet Options/Security/Restricted Sites/Sites/Add:  ads.musiccity.com

    Morpheus.exe Causes an Error Message in Windows XP

    Mouse

    Troubleshooting with Microsoft Pointing Devices Frequently Asked Questions

    Move Folders

    My Documents Folder in Windows XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_mydocs.htm

    How to Move Shell Folders and Contents
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_shell_folders.htm

    Movie Maker

    Get started enjoying music on your computer Movies: Get Started with Windows Movie Maker
    Copy tracks from a CD Movies: Transfer Video to Your Computer
    Download music from the Internet Movies: Edit Movies

    Moviemk.Exe

    Problems When You Are Using an Out-of-Date Version of the C-Media Cmaudio.ax Driver File

    MP3

    Getting MP3 ripping to work in Windows Media Player 8 in XP.  Start/Run/Regedit and enter the following in the registry:

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftMediaPlayerSettingsMP3Encoding]
    "LowRate"=dword:0000dac0
    "MediumRate"=dword:0000fa00
    "MediumHighRate"=dword:0001f400
    "HighRate"=dword:0002ee00

    This corresponds to 56, 64, 128 and 192 Kbps. You can change this to your liking using the following dword hex values :

    320 Kbps = dword:0004e200
    256 Kbps = dword:0003e800
    224 Kbps = dword:00036b00
    192 Kbps = dword:0002ee00
    160 Kbps = dword:00027100
    128 Kbps = dword:0001f400
    112 Kbps = dword:0001b580
    64 Kbps = dword:0000fa00
    56 Kbps = dword:0000dac0

    MP3 and WMA

    Information here.

    MPREXE Error

    If you have a system that has multiple passwords, and have ever gotten an error that states "MPREXE Caused an Invalid Page Fault in Kernel32.dll" then you have a corrupted password file. One not-so-pleasant solution is to delete the .PWL files. This will eliminate the errors, but force you to re-key all the passwords.

    MS Support

    If you have a retail version of Windows XP Home Edition or Professional, you are eligible for unlimited no-charge Installation Support and 2 no-charge Personal support incidents by phone or online.

    Personal Support is designed to provide support for everyday product usage to help U.S. consumers, home users and home office customers using Microsoft consumer products. (425) 635-3311 (long distance charges may apply)

    Msbb.Exe

    Msbb.exe May Cause an Error Message in Windows XP

    Msconfig

    Msconfig and Troubleshooting Tools for Windows XP

    Msconfig - Corrupt

    To extract: Open a command prompt window. Insert your XP CD into the drive and enter the following command:

    EXPAND -R X:\I386\MSCONFIG.EX_ Z:\WINDOWS\PCHEALTH\HELPCTR\BINARIES.  This will extract a new copy of the MSCONFIG.EXE from the CD.

    Msconfig - To Remove Entries:

    These values are stored in the Registry. Click Start/Run/Regedit

         For items that were in the Start menu, Programs, Startup folder:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSConfig\startupfolder. 
    You'll find a subkey for each disabled item.

         For items loaded from the Registry:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSConfig\startupreg.
    Again, you'll find a subkey for each disabled item.

    Msconfig - Stops the Selective Startup screen

    Download the xp_nomsconfig.vbs file:   http://www.dougknox.com/xp/scripts_desc/xp_nomsconfig.htm and save it to your Desktop (you may want to right click and use Save Target As). Double-click the xp_nomsconfig.vbs file after closing MSConfig. You will not see the Selective Startup screen on the next boot.

    Or...

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    In the right pane, delete the value for MSConfig.  Alternatively, you can use a small VB Script file to do this for you as well. Copy the following three lines to a Notepad file and save as No_MSCONFIG.VBS

    On Error Resume Next
    Set WshShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
    WshShell.RegDelete "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\MSConfig"

    After running MSConfig, run the VBS file and this entry will be removed automatically.

    Msinfo32 - System Information (Error or Missing)

    Odd msinfo32.exe problem. msinfo32 mystery solved. (written by Vampirefo, furnished by Martin)

    <Quote>

    I finally figured it out, after running test after test. A index.dat file has been deleted, and that's why when some run msinfo32 they get the help center instead of system information.

    I had this problem, and just now got it figured out, I restored a new image and system information was working great, I then ran Spider which cleans temp files, I saved the report rebooted and system information was not working.

    I looked at what spider deleted and I found it deleted a index.dat here E:\\WINDOWS\\PCHEALTH\\HELPCTR\\OfflineCache\\index.dat
    I opened and image and restored just this dat, and now my system information is working, so this dat file is the cause for the problem.

    </Quote>

    More info

    Tip: 
    Add System Information to the Right Click

    "Can't collect information Access denied to Windows Management Instrumentation server on this computer. Have an administrator change your access permissions." 

    Suggestions and Checkpoints:

    Go to Start/Run and type in:  services.msc.  Scroll down to:  Windows Management Instrumentation and make sure the Service is set to Automatic.

    Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: net stop winmgmt. Then delete the %windir&\system32\wbem\repository directory. Once done go back to Start/Run/CMD and type in: net start winmgmt

    If that doesn't help, try this:

    Open a Command Prompt and type "winmgmt /clearadap" to clear prior WMI/resyncperf information from the registry.
    Then type "winmgmt /resyncperf" to register the system performance libraries with WMI again.

    WinMgmt could not initialize the core parts

     This will re-install wmi into the registry:  Go to Start/Run and type in: CMD, then Winmgmt/? for information. Then run each of these hitting enter after each:

    winmgmt /clearadap
    winmgmt /kill
    winmgmt /unregserver
    winmgmt /regserver
    winmgmt /resyncperf

    If this doesn't help, try posting to this group:  news://msnews.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.windowsxp.wmi

    Can't Open Msinfo32

    Checkpoints:  Go to Start/Run and type in: winmsd and/or click here:  hcp://system/sysinfo/sysInfoLaunch.htm or
                         Go to Start/Run and type in: msinfo32 /categories +all -loadedmodules (exactly as written)

    If the last one worked for you, and you prefer to use a batch file, download it from here ,save and run from your Desktop.  Manual settings:  Create a batch file containing the following lines:

    C:\
    cd C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\MSInfo
    msinfo32 /categories +all -loadedmodules

    Verify your settings here: Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Shared Tools\MSInfo
    Path value = C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\MSInfo\msinfo32.exe

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths\msinfo32.exe

    Default value = C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\MSInfo\MSInfo32.exe
    Path value = C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\MSInfo

    Fix for Help and Support and System Information
    http://www.dougknox.com/xp/scripts_desc/fixwinxphelp.htm

    Error Message: Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) Might Be Corrupted (Unable to view System Information (MSinfo32)  http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;319101

    To correct this error:  Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: net stop winmgmt. Then delete
    the %windir&\system32\wbem\repository directory. Once done go back to Start/Run/CMD and type in: net start winmgmt

    Or:

    To resolve this issue, delete and then re-create the files in the %SystemRoot%\System32\Wbem\Repository folder. To do this, follow these steps:
    1. Click Start, and then right-click My Computer.
    2. On the shortcut menu, click Manage.
    3. In the left pane of the Computer Management console, double-click Services and Applications.
    4. Under Services and Applications, click Services.
    5. In the right pane of the Computer Management console, locate and then right-click Windows Management Instrumentation.
    6. On the shortcut menu, click Stop.
    7. Start Windows Explorer, and then locate the %SystemRoot%\System32\Wbem\Repository folder.
    8. Delete all of the files in the %SystemRoot%\System32\Wbem\Repository folder.
    9. Restart the computer.

      The files that were deleted are re-created when the computer restarts. NOTE: The Windows Management Instrumentation service starts automatically when you restart the computer.

    If none of the above helps, replace your Boot.ini.  In most cases it has to do with more than one OS being listed.

    Go to Start/Run and type in: msconfig.  Then go to the Boot.ini Tab and click on Check All Boot Paths. If you receive a warning about a duplicate path: Do you want to remove, choose yes.

    Or...

    Right click the My Computer icon/Properties/Advanced/Startup and Recovery/Settings/System Startup/Edit.

    How to Edit the BOOT.INI File in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q289/0/22.asp

    How to Use System Information (MSINFO32) Switches

    MSINFO32 displays a comprehensive view of your hardware, system components, and software environment. This article provides an overview of the available switches that can be used with the MSINFO32 command.

    Using these switches, MSINFO32 can be used to:

    Use System Information from a batch file
    Create .nfo or .txt files that contain information from specified categories.
    Open System Information and display only specific categories.
    Save a file silently (without opening System Information).
    Start System Information connected to a remote computer.
    Create a shortcut that opens System Information in a commonly used configuration.

    To open System Information in History view, type: msinfo32 /pch
    To create an .nfo file in the folder C:\TEMP with a name of TEST.NFO, type: msinfo32 /nfo C:\TEMP\TEST.NFO
    To create a .TXT file in the folder C:\TEMP with a name of TEST.TXT, type: msinfo32 /report C:\TEMP\TEST.NFO

    To view System Information from a remote computer with a UNC name of BIGSERVER, type:
    msinfo32 /computer BIGSERVER

    To list the available category IDs, type: msinfo32 /showcategories

    To start System Information with all available information displayed, except Loaded Modules, type:
    msinfo32 /categories +all -loadedmodules

    To create an .nfo file called SYSSUM.NFO in the C:\TEMP folder that contains information in the System Summary category, type: msinfo32 /nfo C:\TEMP\SYSSUM.NFO /categories +systemsummary

    To create a .NFO file called CONFLICTS.NFO in the C:\TEMP folder that contains information about resource conflicts, type:  msinfo32 /nfo C:\TEMP\CONFLICTS.NFO /categories +componentsproblemdevices+resourcesconflicts+resourcesforcedhardware

    Msdart.dll Problems, Error Messages and Workarounds and Suggestions

    "The procedure entry point GetIUMS could not be found in the dynamic link library MSDART.DLL."

    1.  This is caused by Windows XP improperly naming the msdart dll file. Download (save) DARTFIX.BAT to your desktop and click on it. This will make a copy of MSDART.DLL and name it MSDART32.DLL. It will be placed in the Windows/System32 directory. This should allow you to run the InfoBase CD.

    2.  Start/Search for file msdart*.* on your computer.

    Should be found in:

    C:\I386
    C:\Winnt or Windows\System32
    C:\Winnt or Windows\ServicePackFiles\i386

    3.  Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) 2.8

    "unregmp2.exe - Entry Point Not Found - The procedure entry point GetIUMS could not be located in the dynamic link library MSDART.DLL".

    When the problem occurs, press Shift +F10 to bring up the command prompt. Then type taskmgr.exe in the DOS window
    and press Enter. The Task Manager should be started. If not, try to press C+Shift+ESC. In the Task Manager program, select the error message window in the
    application list and click "End Task". In the process list, terminate the unregmp2.exe program. Exit the DOS prompt window and resume the installation process.

    Note:  In some cases: There is another step needed - killing the error may not be enough.

    Shift+F10, kill the process, WinXP should continue loading, and around 23 MORE minutes left to go, the monitor will flash several times. Don't panic.

    Once loaded, get past the "Microsoft in a box" screens: next, finish. Once on the desktop, log in a user with system admin capabilities (hopefully you still have one). Go to
    C:\windows\sr.inf. Right click and select Install. It will ask for sr.sys.  Get this OFF the CD!!! The one on C: is corrupt. On the CD, under the I386
    folder, you will find sr.sy_. Double click it and it SHOULD decompress itself and load. (Microsoft tech suggests as a convenience, load directory
    I386 from CD to C: (root) for ease of use NEXT TIME you have a problem!

    That is the fix for the MSDart, repair/reinstall WinXP problem.

    2. The next problem to fix will be the DSL and WinSta.dll problems. Your instructions from your ISP tells you to use the Network Connection
    Wizard and do some stuff, then select Broadband, use user ID and password. However, the Wizard has disabled this option. AND you find you cannot make
    system restore points. And if you open up My Computer, right click on some white space in the window and click properties, you will get 'procedure
    entry point RemoteAssistancePrepareSystemRestore could not be located in the dynamic link library winsta.dll. These problems are solved simultaneously
    by:

    a. Right click My Computer. Manage, Services and Applications, Services. Find Remote Access Connection Manager (on either tab). Right click,
    Properties. On the General tab, Startup Type listbox, change Manual to Automatic. Apply. Ok. Restart your machine.

    b. Log in as a user that has System Admin capabilities. Start, Run, Regedit. Find HKLM\system\Current Control Set\services\rasman\ppp\eap.
    Export the node by selecting, File, Export. (This creates a backup in case of screw-up. If you don't know how to import, maybe you shouldn't be doing
    this.) Once this is done, under EAP is a folder/key 25. Delete it. Also delete folder/key 26. (These are the keys for the connection wizard. MS
    will not tell you how to modify the keys for the desired result, you must delete them. Or run this edit.

    c. Reboot.

    Now you SHOULD be able to connect to DSL or recreate your connection as per your ISP's instructions. System restore will now work. You should perhaps
    create a restore point for fun. Start, Help, Performance and maintenance, Using System Restore to undo changes, Run the System Restore Wizard, Create
    a system restore point.

    BTW, you cannot create a dial-up connection using the Wizard. To do this, bring up your browser. If IE, select tools, Internet Options,
    connections tab. Select Add. Dial up to private network, next, phone number .. Once done, the connection will be listed with the Network
    Wizards and other connections you have off Start, Settings.. or Control Panel, Network Connections.

    If these fixes didn't work, MS's next solution involves installing XP to a separate place on your machine. This too ought not remove your data. Once
    installed, your DATA, not applications, should be transferrable between OSs. The last option you don't want to know!

    Note:  If these do not work, call Microsoft: 1-800-936-4900. You get TWO whole free calls to them if encountering problems during installation. (Take
    copious notes!).  Reference.

    Last resort:

    How to perform an in-place upgrade (reinstallation) of Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?kbid=315341&FR=1

    MS-DOS or 16-bit Windows-based program Error Message

    This installation program will reinstall the missing or corrupt Windows XP system files command.com, autoexec.nt and config.nt. The absence or corruption of one or more of these files causes a "16 Bit Subsystem" error.

    XP_Fix.EXE by TRF Systems, Inc.
    http://www.visualtour.com/downloads/xp_fix.exe

    From Ron:

    Running Audit on my computer showed that a program called
    WINDUPDATE.EXE (not WINUPDATE.EXE) was deleting my Autoexec.nt file on boot
    up. If I replaced the file it would delete it again. Go to \Program
    Files\WINDUPDATE folder and delete it!

    Go to your registry and delete anything named WINDUPDATE. Put the Autoexec.nt
    file back into your \system32 folder and all is well! This was definately the
    problem here and I bet most everyone has the same nasty bugger, WINDUPDATE.EXE
    on their infected computer.

    Another note and workaround:

    C:\Windows\System32\Autoexec.nt The system file is not suitable for running MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows applications. Choose 'Close' to terminate the application.

    This problem just started around mid August 2004, so I suspect it to be related to a recent Microsoft Update that you may have downloaded for Windows XP.

    HomeSchool Easy Records (the current version) is a Windows program (not a DOS program) but it is a "16 bit" Windows program. Apparently HER and other 16 bit Windows programs will run into this error when you try to run them. Note: HER version 3, now in the works, is a 32 bit Windows program, so it won't be prone to this problem.

    There is a cure. Please read the following tip and follow the steps to reinstall three files: autoexec.nt, config.nt, and command.com

    Side note: You also want to look for the file "windupdate.exe" (note the spelling closely -- the 'd') and if you find it anywhere on your hard drive, delete it! This is a secondary problem and you are not very likely to find this file. But if you have it, it actually deletes the autoexec.nt file each time you start your PC, so even if you restore the file, it will get deleted again!

    Here is the tip originally posted to the Internet by Spencer Greystrong:

    This article http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;324767  is the Microsoft response to that error message. The fix involves expanding the original files from your XP CD and overwriting. The problem with that solution is that many people do not have the original CD. [So the links below were created so you can get the files directly].

    When you click on either link below you will see a file-download window appear. Click on the "Open" button and you will get a WinZip self-extractor window. Leave the "Unzip to folder" set to "c:\windows\system32" and leave the "Overwrite files without prompting" check box checked. Ignore the yellow warning sign (this is trustworthy code). Click on the "Unzip" button. The files will save to your hard drive. Then click on the "Close" button.

    For Windows XP Professional click on this link: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/spencer.greystrong/XPProfiles.exe

    Will read as:  DPF: {15AD4789-CDB4-47E1-A9DA-992EE8E6BAD6} - http://public.windupdates.com/get_file.php?bt=ie&p=5b2f12423f01fa3f255a10cc9af8f7b5d60c0438ad44fd2a1a760d51c0241936773ca04aab077905855565abe08139a2080b:c7857c068f27d7cc50f91b20c15a3e0e

    MSEvents.MSEvents and MSEvents.MSEvents.1

    This one is tricky, I must admit and takes a bit of work; however, it gets the job done.  For those of you who are getting the MSEvents Object and/or Winlogon Notify (both in most cases) via HijackThis, this will help:

    1.  Download Process Explorer from Sysinternals and save it to your desktop: 

    Download Process Explorer (x86 - 566 KB) - you plan on using Process Explorer on 32-bit NT/2K/XP/Server 2003  or
    Download Process Explorer (x64 - 566 KB) - you plan on using Process Explorer on 64-bit XP/Server 2003

    2.  Modify this reg file to the CLSID (.dll) in question, beings it varies.  In the cases here it was gebyx.dll.  Once done copy and paste into Notepad (Start/Run: Notepad)
        and save with a .reg extension and save to your desktop.  Note:  You would be modifying lines:  1, 2 and 7.

    Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

    [-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{6DD0BC06-4719-4BA3-BEBC-FBAE6A448152}]
    [-HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{6DD0BC06-4719-4BA3-BEBC-FBAE6A448152}]
    [-HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\MSEvents.MSEvents]
    [-HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\MSEvents.MSEvents.1]
    [-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\MSEvents.MSEvents]
    [-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\MSEvents.MSEvents.1]
    [-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\Notify\gebyx]

    Can be downloaded here as is: ridmsevents.reg

    3.  Turn off System Restore:  Right click My Computer/Properties/System Restore.

    4.  Now boot into Safe Mode, to do so:  Go to Start/Run/Msconfig/Boot.ini and check off:  /SafeBoot
         Note:  When done in Safe Mode, revert before rebooting.

    5.  Then open Windows Explorer, under your local drive and delete: !Submit.  From there scroll down to Winnt or Windows\System32 and delete: gebyx.dll
         Also, delete the Prefetch Folder (ex. C:\Winnt\Prefetch) and clear out all temp files and cookies.

    Added Tip:  To get a better idea of what you are dealing with:  Go to Start/Search - go to When was it modified?  Click, Specify Date and change the date from and to to the exact date of the Application Extension entry.  From there it will list each item of interest.  In my case, it had 8 listings of the .dll stored in my HJT backup folder and two other entries:  !Submit under my root drive and System32\gebyx.

    6.  Once in Safe Mode, load procepxp.exe (which is the Process Explorer mentioned earlier).
         a.  Double click on Winlogon on the left side, once the new window opens, select Threads.
         b.  Select each instance of the .dll in question and then use the Kill button.  Once done hit the Ok button.
         c.  From there scroll down to Explorer.exe and do the same there.

    7.  Once done, run the regedit you modified. 

    8.  Final step is to run HijackThis now either manually or by clicking here:  hijackthisnow
         Select both the listings: MSEvents Object and/or Winlogon Notify, Fix checked.

    Note:  Empty the backup folder once complete, either altogether or hand select.

    9.  Undo /SafeBoot via Start/Run/Msconfig, then reboot.

    10. Turn System Restore back on.

    Msmsgs.exe has encountered a problem and needs to close. We are sorry for the inconvenience.

    Ole32.dll May Cause an Error Message in Windows XP

    msmqocm.inf - Setup was unable to open information file msmqocm.inf. Contact your system administrator.

    Go to Windows\inf. In the right pane scroll down to msmqocm.inf. Right click it and choose install.

    If it isn't listed ...

    Go to Windows\inf. In the right pane scroll down to sysoc.inf. Open it in Notepad and remove this line:
    msmq=msmqocm.dll,MsmqOcm,msmqocm.inf,,6

    MSN Explorer - Outlook Express Doesn't Access POP3 accounts

    From: http://www.explorer.msn.com/setuphelp.htm

    MSN Explorer uses a new e-mail program. This program is based on MSN Hotmail, a Web-based e-mail service. When you upgrade to MSN Explorer, your e-mail Inbox will be converted automatically from POP3 e-mail to Web-based e-mail. All of your new e-mail will come to you in MSN Explorer.

    Important details about your e-mail and newsgroups are:

    You will not lose any e-mail.
    Your e-mail address will not change.
    You will receive all your new e-mail in MSN Explorer instead of Outlook Express.
    Your old e-mail will remain in Outlook Express, and you will be able to see it there.
    Your address book will be copied to MSN Explorer. It will also remain in Outlook Express.
    You can access your newsgroups through Outlook Express.
    You can access your e-mail from a computer connected to the Internet anywhere in the world.

    You cannot switch your e-mail account back to your previous program by uninstalling MSN Explorer and reinstalling a prior version of MSN Internet Access. Click here to learn how to set up Outlook Express to access your new e-mail account. (Note: there is no link here as you must be an MSN user to access this page)

    Web based e-mail does not require Outlook Express, so some e-mail features have changed. For example, your address book is now web-based so you can access information on your contacts from any computer.

    MSN/MSN Explorer

    MSN Help and Support
    Adding Additional MSN Internet Access Accounts With Microsoft Windows XP
    Cannot Compose a New E-mail Message in Internet Explorer If MSN Explorer Is the Default E-mail Client
    Cannot Remove MSN Explorer User Tile(s) In Windows XP--Deleted Tiles Reappear On Welcome Screen
    Cannot Set MSN Explorer as Default E-mail Client
    MSN Explorer Version 6.0 No Longer Supported Error Message

    Cannot Use MSN EXPLORER or AOL To Send a Remote Assistance Invitation via Email Option
    Can't Type In Body Of E-mail Window in MSN Explorer
    Can't Add New User In MSN Explorer--Account Manager Password Not Accepted
    Err Msg: File Does Not Have a Program Associated with It
    How To Disable The Internet Connection Firewall In Windows XP

    How to Locate Your Version of MSN Explorer
    MSN Explorer Sign In Screen Activates Unexpectedly
    MSN Explorer Dials But Does Not Connect
    MSN Explorer Hangs When Outlook XP Requests Data From The Server
    Offline E-mail Features in MSN Explorer--For MSN Internet Access Subscribers

    OL2000: Outlook Does Not Receive MSN E-mail Messages (also applies to OE and other Outlook versions)
    Reset To POP3 E-mail From A Web-based E-mail Account In MSN Explorer
    Transition From MSN E-mail To MSN Explorer E-mail
    MSN/Windows Messenger Resources Tips, Help and Support for MSN and Windows Messenger

    Multi-Boot

         Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction
    Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction Multibooting: Windows XP and Windows 2000 Professional
    Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction Multibooting: Windows XP and Windows NT Workstation
    Multibooting with Windows XP: Introduction Multibooting: Windows XP and Windows Me or Windows 9x

    How to Multiple Boot Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows NT, Windows 95, Windows 98, and MS-DOS
    HOW TO: Create a Multiple-Boot System in Windows XP
    How to Enable Dual Boot After You Install Windows Me on a Windows 2000-based Computer
    How to Install Windows 98 after Installing Windows XP
    How to Install W2K to its Own Partition after Installing Windows XP
    Multibooting with Windows XP
    Multibooting with Windows 2000 and Windows XP

    BootIt NG is a partition and multi boot manager with a powerful and simple to use set of tools for partitioning, imaging, and multi-booting your computer.  It combines the features of several standalone products costing hundreds of dollars more. 

    Multi-Media

    Get started enjoying music on your computer Music: Get Started Enjoying Music on Your PC
    Copy tracks from a CD Music: Copy Tracks from a CD
    Download music from the Internet Music: Download Music from the Internet
    Create playlists Music: Create Playlists
    Create your own CDs Music: Create Your Own CDs
    Transfer music from your computer to a portable device Music: Using Portable Devices
    Tune in the globe Music: Tune In the Globe
    Give your player a new face Music: Give Your Player a New Face

    Multi-Monitor

    Multiple Monitor Settings May Change After Upgrade to Windows XP
    Troubleshooting and Configuring Multiple Monitors in Windows XP

    My Briefcase

    HOW TO: Use the Briefcase Feature in Windows XP

         Tip:  How to get "My Briefcase" in Windows XP - Go to C:\WINDOWS\System32\dllcache.  Look for a file named
                 "syncapp".  Double click it. An icon should appear on your desktop that says "My Briefcase".  Double click it.

    My Computer

    How to make My Computer' open in Explore mode with folder list.  In My Computer click Tools menu, and then click Options. Click the File Types tab. In the list of file types, highlight "(NONE) Folders".  Click Advanced button, In the Actions box, highlight "Explore" Click "Set Default"

    My Computer Information

    Start/Help and Support/Use Tools to view your computer information and diagnose problems.

    "View general system information about this computer"
    "View the status of my system hardware and software"
    "Find information about the hardware installed on this computer"
    "View a list of Microsoft software installed on this computer"
    "View detailed system information (Msinfo32.exe)"
    "View running services"
    "View Group Policy settings applied"
    "View the error log"
    "View information for another computer"

    Description of My Computer Information Tool in Help and Support

    My Computer Icon -  Displays My Documents Folders of Other User

    Create a NoSharedDocuments string value in the following registry key and set the data value to 1.

    For All Users: Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    For Only Users That Are Logged on to the Computer: Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    My Computer - Incorrect Message

    Incorrect "Prevent Access to Drives from My Computer" Informational Message

    My Computer - Rename

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\ {20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}. Data Type: REG_EXPAND_SZ (Expanded String Value). Rename the value named "LocalizedString" to "LocalizedString.old". Create a new REG_EXPAND_SZ value named "LocalizedString", and set the value to "%USERNAME% on %COMPUTERNAME%". Exit the registry editor, click on your desktop and press F5 (for refresh). The "My Computer" icon should now be rename to "Username on Computername".

    My Computer - System Information

    Quick access to your whole system. Simply click and drag your My Computer icon onto the Task Bar near the right side icons next to the clock. This will create a cascading menu from where you can easily access just about anything on your system.

    My Documents - Cascade

    This tweak makes the 'My Documents' folder on the Start Menu into a cascading folder, which then give you direct access to sub-folders without having to open the main 'My Documents' directory first. Start/Run/Regedit.

    You may need to create the key if it does not already exist. Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called 'CascadeMyDocuments' and edit the value according to the settings below.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced
    Value Name: CascadeMyDocuments
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
    Value Data: "Yes" or "No"

    Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect. Note: This setting can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

    My Documents Folder - Opens Upon Boot

    To Stop Windows Explorer from opening My Documents:  Check your settings here:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

    In the right pane under Userinit - Change the key that reads:

    C:\Windows\System32\Userinit.exe,C:\Windows\System32\Userinit.exe
    To:
    C:\Windows\System32\Userinit.exe,

    And also here:  Start/Run/Regedit

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows.  In the right pane, check your settings under Load.

    This problem can be caused by the DlDer Trojan. More information here:
    http://securityresponse.symantec.com/avcenter/venc/data/w32.dlder.html

    Tip: This utility lists everything that opens on startup with an undo: http://www.vtoy.fi/jv16/shtml/powertools.shtml

    My Documents Folder - Move

    In Explorer right click on "My Documents", and select "Properties", then in the target box enter your new location.

    Another option is TweakUI - XP Powertoys
    Change the Default Location of the My Documents Folder
    How to Move Shell Folders and Contents

    My Documents Folder - Change the Windows Explorer Default Startup Folder

    To change the default startup folder for Windows Explorer:
    Click Start, point to All Programs , point to Accessories , and then right-click Windows Explorer. On the menu that appears, click Properties.

    In the Target box, append the "/root" command-line switch to the "%SystemRoot%\Explorer.exe" command, using the startup location that you want. For example, if you want Windows Explorer to start at the root of drive C, edit the command to the following:  %SystemRoot%\Explorer.exe /root, C:\.  To have C open expanded: explorer /n,/e,c:\. An additional tip, the command line EXPLORER.SCF works just as well. And/or:  Start/Run and enter: ""explorer.exe/n,/e,::{20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}"" from command, or make a shortcut.

    HOW TO: Customize the Windows Explorer Views

    My Documents Folder - Limit Number of Documents Listed (and others options)

    If you want to limit the Documents list: MaxRecentDocs. Specifies the number of shortcuts displayed on the Recent Documents submenu.  Note: use Dword - decimal value (default=15).  Start/Run/Regedit

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

    "NoRecentDocsHistory"=dword:00000000
    "NoRecentDocsMenu"=dword:00000000
    "ClearRecentDocsOnExit"=dword:00000000
    "NoRecentDocsNetHood"=hex:01,00,00,00
    "MaxRecentDocs"=dword:00000014

    My Documents Folder - Remove From Desktop

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\CLSID\{450D8FBA-AD25-11D0-98A8-0800361B1103}\ShellFolder

    Value Name: Attributes
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0xf0500174 = Hidden, 0xf0400174 = Default)

    Modify the value called "Attributes" and set it to either "0xf0500174" to hide or "0xf0400174" to display My Documents.
    Click on a blank area of desktop and press F5 to refresh for the change to take effect. Note: This tweak can also by used on a system wide basis by entering the same values under the [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE] hive.

    My Network Places - Display on Desktop - Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\HideDesktopIcons\
    NewStartPanel.  Once there, locate {208D2C60-3AEA-1069-A2D7-08002B30309D} in the list on the right. Right click on it and select Modify. Change the value equal to 0. Reboot your computer.

    My Pictures

    Windows XP KB Articles About Working With Pictures

    My Pictures - Change My Pictures Link Into Menu

    Right-click a blank area of the taskbar and select Properties. Select the Start Menu tab, and with "Start menu" selected, click the Customize button. Click the Advanced tab, and under Start menu items, scroll down and select the "Display as a menu" radio button under My Pictures. Click OK, and now you can open any My Pictures image right from the Start menu: Select Start, My Pictures, [subfolder(s), if applicable], [filename].

    My Pictures - Delete Images in the My Pictures Folder

    If you receive an error message which says: Cannot Delete Filename, Access Is Denied, The Source File May Be In Use, you may have tried to delete an image from the My Pictures folder or from another folder.

    Microsoft notes that if Web view is enabled, and you open the My Pictures folder or any customized folder that uses the Image Preview template, selected images display in the Image Preview window and are considered in use.

    So, while the image is being drawn, a Generating Preview...message displays in the Image Preview window, and the file locks up so you cannot delete it. To disable Web view, select Folder Options from the Tools menu, then click the General tab's Use Windows Classic Folders option.

    My Pictures - Film Strip

    Filmstrip view allows you to see the contents of a My Pictures folder one at a time, as if you were viewing a filmstrip. When the first picture appears at the top of the file list, use the Next Image and Previous Image buttons to rotate through all images in the folder. When you’re finished, choose another View option to make the filmstrip disappear.

    My Pictures - Slide Show

    Want the full-screen view instead? On the left side of the screen, under Picture Tasks, select ‘View as a slide show.’ Click the screen to advance to the next picture (or wait -- the pictures advance automatically every five seconds), and when you’re finished, press the Esc key on your keyboard.

    My Pictures - Slideshow Screen Saver

    Do you have some favorite photos in the My Pictures folder? How would you like to view a slide show that displays them every time your screen saver kicks in?

    Right-click the desktop, select Properties and click the Screen Saver tab. Under Screen Saver, click the down arrow and select My Pictures Slideshow. Adjust the minutes of inactivity before the show kicks in, then click OK.

         Tip:  Want to use photos in a folder other than My Pictures (for example, if you have your favorites in a subfolder of My
                  Pictures)? Follow the steps above, but before clicking OK, click the Settings button. Click Browse, select the
                  folder in which the pictures are stored, then click OK twice.

    If you'd prefer a plain show, turn off the special effects. Follow the steps above, but before clicking OK, click the Settings button. Deselect "Use transition effects between pictures," then click OK.

    Want a bit of control over the slide show? Once the screen saver kicks in, use the right or left arrow keys on your keyboard to move forward or backward, respectively, one picture at a time.

    (Tip: If these keys don't work, go to the Screen Saver tab of the Display Properties dialog box, click the Settings button, select "Allow scrolling through pictures with the keyboard," then click OK.)

    My Pictures and My Music

    My Pictures and My Music Not Created in XP Upgrade from W98SE
    HOW TO: Arrange Files Using Folder Views

    My Recent Documents

    Remove Recent Documents from the Start Menu

    This setting can be used to remove the recent Documents folder from the Start Menu. Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and find the key below.

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

    Value Name: NoRecentDocsMenu
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = display, 1 = remove)

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoRecentDocsMenu' set the value to equal '1' to enable the restriction. Exit your registry, you may need to restart for the changes to take effect.

    Clear Recent Documents on Exit

    Go to - Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key.  Once there, change the value to 1. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\ClearRecentDocsOnExit

    HOW TO: Display, Use, and Clear "My Recent Documents" on the Start Menu in Windows XP

    Related Tweaks

     Disable Recent Documents History (All Versions)
     Clear Recent Documents When Windows Exits (All Versions)
     Remove My Documents from the Start Menu (Windows 2000/Me/XP)
     Remove Favorites from the Start Menu (All Versions)
     Remove My Pictures from the Start Menu (Windows 2000/Me/XP)
     Remove My Music from the Start Menu (Windows 2000/Me/XP)
     Change the Number of Recent Documents to Display (Windows 2000/Me/XP)

     

     

    ~N~

     

    Name - Change Registered Owner

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion.  In the right pane, double click RegisteredOwner and change the Value data.

    Or you can use this automated script:

    Change Registered Owner and Organization (Line 7)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Name and Company - For Microsoft Applications

    When you install a new application, using MS Setup, a default Name and Company are shown, these values can be changed when the details have changed or are incorrect.  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MS Setup (ACME)\User Info

    Value Name: DefName, DefCompany
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)

    Modify the two values named 'DefName' and 'DefCompany', and change the values to your current Name and Company respectively. The next time you install a program these new values will be used as the defaults instead. Note: This will not affect the registered names of existing applications, it only affects new installations.

    NetBeui - How to Install

    1. Insert your Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive and browse to the Valueadd\MSFT\Net\NetBEUI folder.
    2. Copy Nbf.sys to the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\Drivers directory.
    3. Copy Netnbf.inf to the %SYSTEMROOT%\Inf hidden directory.
    4. Click Start, click "Control Panel", and then double-click "Network Connections".
    5. Right-click the adapter you want to add NetBEUI to, and then click Properties.
    6. On the General tab, click Install.
    7. Click Protocol, and then click Add.
    8. Click to select "NetBEUI Protocol" from the list and then click OK.
    9. Restart your computer if you receive a prompt to complete the installation.

         Tip:  Copy NBF.SYS and NETNBF.INI from the Win2K installation to a floppy. Remove all "CopyFile" and
                  "DestinationDir" related comments from the inf. Open network connections/properties/install/protocol/have
                  disk/..Add NetBeui

    HOW TO: Install NetBEUI on Windows XP

    Netgear - Network Interface Cards

    Windows XP Support Information

    NetMeeting - Run, Remove and Reinstall

    Run:         Start/Run/conf.exe
    Remove:  Start/Run/RunDll32 advpack.dll,LaunchINFSection C:\WINDOWS\inf\msnetmtg.inf,NetMtg.Remove
    Reinstall:  To reinstall, open the Windows\Inf folder (this is a hidden folder, so you may need to adjust your Folder Options
                    to show hidden files and folders. Or you can click Start, Run and enter %systemroot%\Inf). Locate the
                    msnetmtg.inf file in the Inf folder. Right click and select Install. Have your XP CD handy.

         Tip:  Clear Netmeeting Call History - Start/Run/Regedit
                  HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Conferencing\UI\CallMRU. Open your registry and delete the key
                  mentioned. Restart Netmeeting for the change to take effect.

    Troubleshooting with Windows NetMeeting Support

    Network - Joining a Network

    If you want to connect to a network during Setup, you must have the correct hardware installed on your computer and be connected to your network.  If you will be using a network, first determine whether your computer is joining a domain or a workgroup.

    If you're not sure, select Workgroup when you are prompted during Setup. (You can always join a domain later, after Windows XP Professional is installed.) Any computer user can join a workgroup—you don’t need special administrative permissions. You must provide an existing or new workgroup name, or you can use the workgroup name that Windows XP Professional suggests during Setup.

    If you select Domain ask your network administrator to create a new computer account in that domain or to reset your existing account. Joining a domain requires permission from the network administrator.

    Joining a domain during Setup requires a computer account to identify your computer to the domain you want to join. If you’re upgrading, Setup uses your existing computer account; or if there isn’t one, Setup prompts you to provide a new computer account.

    Ask your network administrator to create a computer account before you begin Setup. Or, if you have the appropriate privileges, you can create the account yourself and join the domain during Setup. To join a domain during Setup, you need to provide your domain user name and password. Unless you're an advanced user, it's recommended you use the default settings.

    Networking - Can't connect to computers in your network

    1. Click start button
    2. Click "My Network Places"
    3. Right-click and click on "Properties"
    4. Right-click on "Local Area Connection" and click on "Properties"
    5. click on the "Authentication" tab
    6. Uncheck "Enable network access control using IEEE 802.1X"
    7. Click "OK"

    MS-MVP Steve Winograd's Networking FAQ and Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About Peer-to-Peer Networking in Windows 95/98/Me/2000/XP: http://sfwinograd.home.attbi.com/faq.htm

    Networking Troubleshooter
    World of Windows Networking

    Adding Windows XP to an Existing Network
    Windows XP KB Articles About Networking
    Unsuccessful Completion of the Home Networking Wizard

    How To Configure Broadband Connections Using PPPoE How To Configure Broadband Connections Using PPPoE
    Automatic Configuration for Multiple Networks Automatic Configuration for Multiple Networks
    Use the Internet Connection Firewall to secure your small network Use the Internet Connection Firewall to Secure Your Small Network
    Set up and use Internet Connection Sharing Set up and Use Internet Connection Sharing
    Use Infrared Data Transfer to connect computers and devices Use Infrared Data Transfer to Connect Computers and Devices

    Network - Shares

    This restriction stops remote shared folders from being added to Network Places whenever you open a document in the shared folder.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:  (Per user/Per system)

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "NoRecentDocsNetHood" and set it according to
    (0 = track shares, 1 = disable tracking).  Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    New Command - Add To

    Create a blank document in Wordpad and Save it. Run TweakUI for XP and go to the Templates tab. Select Create. Point the file dialog to the file you just saved. Click Apply. It will be listed as Rich Text Format in the Templates list.

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Word.RTF.8.  Change the default value to Wordpad Document (default is Rich Text Format).

    New Command - Add "NEW" Text file to the Context Menu.

    Copy and paste the following lines into a Notepad file, ensuring there is an extra blank line at the end. Save the file as a REG file. Double click the REG file you just saved and answer yes to the import prompt.

    ------------- copy below this line -----------------------
    Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.txt\ShellNew]
    "NullFile"=""

    ------------- copy above this line -------------------------

    New Command - Clear

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.<extension>\ShellNew sub key.  Right click and select Delete.

    New Command Missing in Windows Explorer

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\Background\shellex\ ContextMenuHandlers\New. Value Name: (Default), Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: {D969A300-E7FF-11d0-A93B-00A0C90F2719} Open your registry and verify that the key listed below has the value listed, and if needed, edit the value to match the value listed.

    Newly Installed Programs - Disable Alert

    Click Start, right-click at the top of the Start menu where your name is displayed, and then click Properties. In the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog box, on the Start Menu tab, click Customize. Click the Advanced tab, and then clear the Highlight newly installed programs check box. Click OK, and then click OK again.

    Newsgroups

    bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.basics
    bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.customize
    bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.games
    bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.general
    bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.newusers
    bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support

    Windows XP Newsgroups

    Non-Responding Programs/Apps at Shutdown

    You can tell Windows XP to automatically close all non responding windows. Go to Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop and set the value to 1.

    Auto End Tasks and Wait to Kill Timeout for Shutdown (Line 76)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    This edit allows you to configure Windows so that you receive verbose startup, shutdown, logon, and logoff status messages. This may be helpful to in troubleshooting slow startup, shutdown, logon, or logoff behavior.

    Startup/Shutdown/Logon/Logoff Status Messages (Line 69)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Notification Area

    Chevron is missing:  For some users, setting the very first icon to Always Hide, restores the arrow.

    Icons are missing or disappear, reappear: This generally happens for most Auto-Logon users.

    Methods/workarounds: Log off and Log back on, password protect your account or disable SSDP and uPNP Services.

    Disable SSDP and uPNP Services (Line 156)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Or if you are running XP SP1 uninstall UPnP from Add/Remove Windows Components.

    Hide or Show Inactive Icons in the Notification Area (Line 53)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Remove Past Items From the Notification Area (Line 53)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Once done, Open Task Manager, click the Processes tab, click Explorer.exe, and then click End Process. In Task Manager, click File, click New Task, type explorer, and then click OK.

    Classic Theme and Notification Area:

    If you are using the Windows Classic theme in Windows XP, the icons in the notification area on the right side of the taskbar may disappear when you select a High Contrast scheme in the Color Schemes box on the Appearance tab.

    To work around this problem, right-click a blank area of the taskbar, and then click Lock the Taskbar. Or, change the size of the taskbar, and then restore it.

    Volume Control disappears in the Notification Area:

    Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

    Norton - Disable the Norton Anti Virus Splash Screen

    This setting will stop the Norton AntiVirus Scanner startup logo from being shown. Open your registry and find the key below. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, named "DisableSplashScreen" and set it to equal "1" to disable the splash screen. The next time Norton AV is run the splash screen should not be display. Start/Run/Regedit

    Key: [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Symantec\Norton AntiVirus\Clinic]
    Value Name: DisableSplashScreen
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = enable splash, 1 = disabled splash)

    Norton - Uninstall

    How to Use the Norton SystemWorks Cleanup Utility
    How to Uninstall Norton SystemWorks 2002 Manually from Windows XP
    How to Manually Uninstall Norton Utilities 2002 for Windows NT/2000/XP
    How to Uninstall Norton AntiVirus 2002 Manually When Installed Under Windows NT/2000/XP

    Notepad

    Change the Default Action for Script Files. Normally scripting files are run when double clicked, once applied this
    tweak will cause them to be shown in Notepad instead. This is useful to avoid accidental execution especially with the prevalence of script based viruses.

    Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and for each key below change the value of "(Default)" to equal "Edit". This will change the default action so that the script will be loaded in Notepad.exe (or another specified text editor).

    JS Files
    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\JSFile\Shell]

    JSE Files
    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\JSEFile\Shell]

    VBE Files
    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\VBEFile\Shell]

    VBS Files
    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\VBSFile\Shell]

    WSH Files
    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\WSHFile\Shell]

    WSF Files
    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\WSFFile\Shell]

    In addition you can change the default editor for each script type be changing the "(Default)" value under the [...\Shell\Edit\Command] sub-key.

    Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Note: Scripts can still be executed normally by right-clicking the file and selecting "Open" from the context menu.

    Registry Settings
    Value Name: (Default)
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
    Value Data: ("Edit" = set Edit as default)

    Notepad - Date and Time

    Open Notepad and type: .LOG and then hit enter.  Close, re-open.  Anything you add from that point on with have the date and time it was amended.

    Notepad Word Wrap

    Notepad has an option in it that allows you to have words wrap to the next line if you begin typing too far over. One little quirk is that when you're printing, regardless of the word wrap setting, Windows and the printer will automatically wrap printed text for you based on the margins of the printer. You can change these margins, if necessary, from the Page Setup menu located within the File menu of Notepad.

    Notification Area - Hide Icons

    Windows XP provides a number of options for customizing what Microsoft has decided to call the "Notification Area" of your Taskbar (the area that displays the clock and a number of icons). By default, Windows XP hides any inactive icons here. But if you prefer, you can choose to hide (or show) individual icons all the time.

    For example, suppose you want to keep the Volume and Synchronization Manager icons out of site, regardless of how often you use them. Right click a blank area of the Taskbar and select Properties. Under Notification area, click Customize. Alternatively, Right click a blank area of the Notifications Area and select Customize Notifications.

    One at a time, select the Volume and Synchronization Manager icons, then Right click the down arrow next to it and select Always hide (in the same way, you could select any icon and choose the "Always show" option). Click OK twice, and now, an arrow appears on the edge of the Notifications Area. Click it to display the hidden icons.

    Notification Area - Hidden Chevron Missing

    For some users setting the very first icon to Always Hide, restores the arrow. This behavior seems to come into effect when one uses an icon on the System Tray. Also be certain that the "behavior" of each of each icon is what you want it to be. Right-click each, to make changes.

    Notification Area - Icons Disappearing

    This happens for most Auto-Logon users.  Three methods/workarounds: Log off and Log back on, password protect your account or disable SSDP and uPNP Services.

    Automated Edit:

    Disable SSDP and uPNP Services (Line 156)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual Edit:

    Right click My Computer/Manage. Expand Services and Applications then Click on Services. A list of services appears in the right column. Scroll down to the the SSDP and uPnP Service. Right click each, choose properties. Change the text next to "Startup type:" to Disabled.

    Or, if you are running XP SP1 uninstall UPnP from Add/Remove Windows Components.

    Hide or Show Inactive Icons in the Notification Area (Line 53)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Tip:  Volume Control disappears in the Notification Area.  Once present, run this edit.

    Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

    Notification Area - Remove Past Icons

    Start/Run/Regedit
    Delete the IconStreams and PastIconsStream values from the following registry key:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\TrayNotify

    Remove Past Items From the Notification Area (Line 53)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Once done, Open Task Manager, click the Processes tab, click Explorer.exe, and then click End Process. In Task Manager, click File, click New Task, type explorer, and then click OK.

    How to Clear Past Items from the Notification Area

    Notification Area - Remove/Restrict Icons

    Start/Run/Regedit:  You may need to create the key if it does not already exist.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    Value Name: NoTrayItemsDisplay
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = default, 1 = enable restriction)

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoTrayItemsDisplay' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    NMI

    Hardware that Requires the Non-Maskable Interrupt May Stop Working

    NTFS

    How to Use Convert.exe to Convert a Partition to NTFS
    The Free Space That Is Required to Convert FAT to NTFS
    Best Practices for NTFS Compression
    FAT & NTFS File Systems in Windows XP
    Converting FAT32 to NTFS in Windows XP

    "NTFS Reader for DOS" is a freeware tool that provides read access to NTFS partitions within the MS-DOS environment. You can preview files on NTFS and copy files from NTFS to FAT volumes or network drives. Product's interface is easy-to-use. Can be run from DOS bootable floppy.

    These important features allow you: Save and run from bootable floppy; Display complete physical and logical drive information; Support IDE / ATA / SCSI drives; Support large (more than 8GB) Hard Drive Support NTFS, NTFS5 file systems for reading; Support FAT12, FAT16, FAT32 file systems for data writing; Support compressed and fragmented files on NTFS; Support partitions created in MS-DOS, Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP Display non-english and long file names; Preview file(s)/folder(s) before copying; Support search by file name or mask; Display content of the file in Hex/Text mode by Disk Viewer."  Free Download.

    This application allows users to read an NT File System from a DOS bootdisk!
    http://www.webpromo-inc.com/bootdisksite/readntfs.asp

    NTKRNLMP.EXE

    Installing Just the Checked Operating System and HAL

    Numlock

    Use this vb script or go to - Click Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY CURRENT USER\Control Panel\Keyboard\InitialKeyboardIndicators

    0 = numberlock off
    2 = numberlock on

    If you want the numlock on at the Welcome Screen you also need to change:

    HKEY USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Keyboard\InitialKeyboardIndicators (same number values as above).

    Or...

    Create a Notepad file and copy the following two lines into it.

    set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
    WshShell.SendKeys "{NUMLOCK}"

    Save the file with a VBS extension.  Create a shortcut to the VBS file you just saved in your Start Menu, Programs, Startup folder. 

     

     

    ~O~

     

    ODBC Drivers List Issues:

    Go to Start/Run and type in:  C:\Windows\syswow64\odbcad32.exe
    Note:  Replace C for drive used and/or C:Winnt.

    Office

    Office XP Suite Support Center
    Access 2002 Support Center

    Access Database Repair and Recovery - Instant, 24 hour Microsoft Access database repair service, 7 days per week and worldwide. Free corrupt database analysis and report.

    Excel 2002 Support Center
    Word 2002 Support Center

    Offline Files

    HOW TO: Configure Offline Files to Synchronize When a Particular Network Connection Becomes Active

    OpenGL

    OpenGL-Based Program Causes Access Violation in Windows XP
    Programs that Require OpenGL Support May Not Run in Windows XP
    Missing Tabs in Display Properties and No OpenGL Support
    How to Troubleshoot Program Compatibility Issues in Windows XP

    Open With

    Open With Notepad for Files With No Extension (Line 25)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Clean/Clear out the Open With Lists (Line 32)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    HOW TO: Specify the Program Used to Open Certain File Types

    Open With - Not Working or Listed

    Check your settings here:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Applications.  Select the associated sub-key, if 'NoOpenWith' is listed, delete it.

    This setting allows you to control whether the checkbox to save the "Open With" program is available when an unknown file type is opened.

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Unknown\shell\openas\command

    To enable the checkbox set the (Default) value to "rundll32.exe shell32.dll,OpenAs_RunDLL %1".
    Return to the desktop and press F5 for the change to take effect.

    Added note:

    Notepad will be used to open the files by default if no association already exists.

    Open your registry and find the key "HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*\shell", if it doesn't already exist then create it.
    Under shell create a new key called open, and edit the string "(Default)" to read "Open With Notepad".
    Under open create a new key called command, and edit the string "(Default)" to read "notepad.exe %1".
    Now when you right click on a file you should see "Open with Notepad" as one of the options.

    Tip:  Show Programs in the Open With Selection Box

    This setting allows you to decide which programs are listed in "Open With" dialog box which is shown when an unknown file type is opened. Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:  [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Applications]

    To stop a specific application appearing in the "Open With" list select the associated sub-key and create a new empty string value called "NoOpenWith". To allow an application to be shown in the list delete the "NoOpenWith" value. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Tip:  Restore File Associations - Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: assoc

    Copy the line for the association you wish to restore. A Command Prompt window will open. Right click in this Window and select Paste. Then press Enter.

    Tip:  Retrieve the Class Name for a File Extension (Line 146)

    Optimize XP

    You Too Can Easily Speed Up and Breathe New Life into Your PC!

    The OptimizeXP eBook shows you how to:
    Remove spyware that spies on you and slows down your PC
    Remove and prevent viruses that infest your computer

    Speed up your PC’s performance
    Make your computer start/boot faster
    Stop hackers and worms with a firewall
    Delete unwanted junk files on your hard drive
    Speed up your computer’s hard disk speed
    And much more!

    More info here: http://www.optimizexp.net/

    Outlook

    Make Outlook your default browser:  Start/Run/rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,,5.  Then change the mail application to Outlook.

    Importing:

    Go to Outlook/Tools/Services/Add/Personal Folders/Ok. Browse to the pst file you need to import. Search your system for files with a .pst suffix.  Then move/store them here: C:\Documents and Settings\<User name>\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook.

    Import from Outlook to Outlook Express
    Outlook & Exchange Solutions Center
    Sharing Microsoft Outlook Calendar and Contacts
    To repair a damaged Personal Folders PST file
    HOW TO: Import Contacts into Your Windows XP Address Book
    Shared Address Books
    Outlook & Exchange/Windows Messaging Backup and Dual-Boot

    Outlook 2002/2000 Add-in: Personal Folders Backup
    How to Back Up, Restore, or Move Outlook Data

    OL2000: (IMO) How to Set Up Internet Mail Accounts
    OL2000: (CW) Troubleshooting Outlook Configuration Problems
    OL2002: (CW) Outlook Connectivity--Outlook Is Slow/Stops Responding, You Cannot Open E-mail or Attachments
    OL2000: Outlook Does Not Receive MSN E-mail Messages

    OL2000: "Omi9.dll" Error Message or "Mapi32.dll" Error Message After You Upgrade to Windows XP
    OL2000: Errors in the Module Rtfhtml.dll
    OL2002: Outlook Does Not Check for New Messages Automatically
    OL2002: Error if You Use Your Contacts to Address a New Message
    OL2002: Err Msg: This Operation Has Been Cancelled Due to ...

    The OUTBACK Plus utility is designed to make it easy to create a backup or archive file of your Personal Folder Information from Microsoft Outlook™ 97, 98, 2000 and 2002/XP.  Download here.

         Tip:  Earlier versions of Address Book gave you the option of using your Microsoft Outlook Contacts folder in Outlook Express. If you accepted this option, Address Book became a front end to Outlook, visible in Outlook Express and any other applications that used Address Book. Contacts added via Outlook thus became accessible to Outlook Express, and contacts added to Address Book by means of Outlook Express.

    This integration with Outlook is still available in Address Book 6 (the version shipped with Windows XP), but only via an undocumented registry edit. To share contact information between Outlook and Address Book, open Registry Editor, and go to HKCU\Software\Microsoft\WAB\WAB4. Add the DWORD value UseOutlook to this key (if it isn't already present), and set it to 1.  [MS-MVP Frank Saunders]

    Outlook - Newsgroups

    news://msnews.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.outlook
    news://msnews.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.outlook.configuration
    news://msnews.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.outlook.General
    news://msnews.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.outlook.installation

    Outlook Express

    Outlook Express Issues, Tips, Spell Check, Mail/News Sharing & Auto-Dialing and Auto-Disconnect Options

    Outlook Express Support Center
    How to Register an Internet Browser or E-mail Client With the Windows XP Start Menu
    How to Uninstall Internet Explorer 6
    How to Reinstall or Repair Internet Explorer and Outlook Express in Windows XP
    OLEXP: How to Configure Outlook Express for Internet Mail     

    Tip:  Outlook Express crashes when either hitting enter or using HTML copy and paste:  This can be corrected by
             downloading this patch: .MS03-020: June, 2003, Cumulative Patch for Internet Explorer

    Tip:  Clicking on a link opens in a new window and is empty:  Start/Run and type this command: REGSVR32
             URLMON.DLL. Ok/Reboot.  Then go to:  IE/Tools/Internet Options/Programs/Reset Web Settings.

    Tip:  Set Outlook Express as default mail client - Start/Run and type:
            "C:\Program Files\Outlook Express\MSIMN.EXE" /REG.  Or use this edit:  Restore OE to the Clients List.

    Tip:  Re-install Outlook Express - Click Start, Run and enter %SystemRoot%\Inf.  Locate the MSOE50.INF file.  Right
             click it and select Install.

    Tip:  Mail and/or Folders are missing:  Close OE. Tools/Folder Options/View/Show Hidden files and folders.
             Then do a Search for *.dbx...Open OE/File/Import. Set search options to search hidden files, folders and system
             folders. Inbox is under a hidden folder.

    Tip:  Get HTTP Hyperlinks in OE to Open IE - Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/File Types. Scroll down to
             URL:HyperText Transfer Protocol/Advanced/Edit. Under Application used to perform action it should read:
             "C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe" -nohome

    Tip:  Prevent Account Changes in Outlook Express - Start/Run/Regedit
             HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Outlook Express, Value Name: No Modify Accts, Data
             Type:  REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (1 = enable restriction). Create new DWORD value called
             "No Modify Accts" and set it to "1" to enable the restriction or "0" to allow users to modify accounts. Restart Outlook
             Express for the change to take effect.

    Tip:  Create a Shortcut to OE Mailto:  Right click on the Desktop/New/Shortcut. Paste this into the white box:
            "C:\Program Files\Outlook Express\msimn.exe" /mailurl:mailto: Go to Next, name it (ex) OE Shortcut, then hit finish.

    Tip:  Add OE Email Window (Internet Email Message) to the right click - New.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to
             this key: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.eml. Highlight .eml then go to Edit/New/Key. Name the key ShellNew.
             Highlight ShellNew. In the right pane right click in the blank area and choose New/String Value and name it FileName.
             Double click FileName and add Email.eml. Close the registry (File/Exit). To test right click on your Desktop choose
             New and you will then see Internet Email Message.

    Tip:  Create Your Own Throbber for Internet Explorer & Outlook Express in Windows XP

    Spell Checker
    Fix Spell Checking in Outlook Express 6
    Clicking Send or Running Spell Check in Outlook Express Runs Windows Installer for Picture It!

    Backup and Restore Mail and News
    Sharing Mail Between Operating Systems
    Share Mail/News and the Address Book in Windows XP
    Change the Location of Mail and News in Windows XP
    Remove Unread Mail Notification
    Unable to Set Different E-Mail Programs for Different Users

    Other Outlook Express Issues - Kelly's XP Korner Outlook Express Page

    Outlook Express Keeps Prompting for Your Password
    OLEXP: How to Configure Outlook Express for Internet Mail
    Restores OE to the E-mail clients list in Internet Options
    How to Reinstall or Repair Internet Explorer and Outlook Express in Windows XP
    Unread Mail Notification, Spell Checker, Backing up Mail and News, Sharing OE and Password Issues
    Outlook Express does not access POP3 accounts after setting up MSN Explorer
    How to Move Mail Folders Between Two Computers in OLEXP
    Backing up OE4 to Import to OE6

    Email Saver Xe utility is designed to easily create a backup or archive file of your mail data from your favorite Email Client, which may easily be restored when necessary. It supports the top 7 Mail Clients such as Outlook Express (5.x and 6.0), Microsoft Outlook, Eudora (Pro and Light) and IncrediMail.

    It allows you to backup and restore your messages, address book, settings, mail and news accounts, message rules, blocked senders lists and the signatures. All backup functions can be processed either separately or together and the user can choose the identity to save or restore data.

    The AutoBackup feature allows you to backup your important data daily, weekly or at any time period of your choice. You can backup data on one computer and restore on another, thus making Email Saver not just a backup utility but also a synchronization tool. The program is easy to use and has a simplified user interface, in the form of a wizard, very useful for beginners. The user interface is multilingual.  Download here.  Support and FAQ's here.

    Express Assist is a very easy to use utility to backup all of your Outlook Express mail folders (including all attachments) as a single compressed, backup file. You can easily restore one, all, or any selection, of the mail folders saved in your backup file. In addition, you may synchronize your current Outlook Express message folders with message folders saved in the Express Assist backup. Express Assist provides full support for Outlook Express 4, 5, 5.5 and 6.0. It operates on Windows 95, 98, ME, NT4, Windows 2000 and XP.

    Express Assist also includes backup and restore of the Windows Address Book, mail account settings, OE preferences, and the Internet Explorer favorites. You are automatically reminded to backup after a number of days (which you may specify). Express Assist makes it easy to move your Outlook Express mail between machines and it simplifies the upgrade of your Windows and/or Outlook Express installations.  More information here.  Download here.

    Outlook Express Backup Wizard

    Outlook Express Backup Wizard is an easy-to-use utility that allows you to backup and restore your Outlook Express data. It saves email messages, address book, message rules, list of blocked senders, accounts and signatures into a single backup file; and restores the saved data back to Outlook Express.  More information here.

    Recovering a lost Message Store (IDX & MBX)
    OLEXP How to Back Up E-mail Messages in Outlook Express
    OLEXP: How to Back Up and Recover Outlook Express Data
    OLEXP How to Back Up the Account List
    OLEXP How to Back Up the Outlook Express Address Book and Mail Folders
    OLEXP How to Back Up Your Inbox Assistant Rules
    OLEXP: How to Backup and Restore Outlook Express Blocked Senders List and Other Mail Rules

         Tip:  DBX Extractor - http://chattanooga.net/~scochran/DBXtract.htm
         Tip:  OE Tools - http://www.tomsterdam.com/insideOE/tools.htm
         Tip:  Archiving Your Outlook Express Messages:

    If you have some really full Outlook Express folders that you'd like to empty out without losing the messages, you can use the program itself to save your messages. Just run Outlook Express and select the folder you want to save. Now, click Create Mail and enter a name for your backup in the Subject line. Next, drag all the messages you want to save from the selected folder into the new mail message. You can use Ctrl + A to select all the messages.

    Dragging the messages to the new mail message will attach all the files to the new message. Choose File/Save As, locate a folder for your file and click Save.  Now, you can double-click your new file to read any of the saved messages.

         Tip:  Blind Copies In Outlook Express     

    Sending the same e-mail message to a dozen or so people. The thing is that you'd rather each recipient not know who else is getting the mail. What you need to do is use the Outlook Express blind copy option.

    To do this, click Create Mail. If the "Bcc" entry box doesn't appear, choose View/All Headers. Now, enter your e-mail address in the "To" entry box. Enter all the recipient e-mail addresses in the "Bcc" entry box. Separate the names with a semicolon. Type in the message and click Send. You will get the message and all the other recipients will see that you are the primary recipient and they are getting a copy--their own private copy. They will have no idea who else is getting a copy.

         Tip:  Outbox Message Too Large To Send

    Open Internet Explorer; go to File and select Work Offline. Close IE and open Outlook Express. You will probably be prompted to go online to send your email. Stay offline, delete the offending message, then go to File and click the Work Offline option. Close OE, then reopen. All should be well.

         Tip:  Outlook Express Mail Accounts

    If you have multiple mail accounts set up in Outlook Express, you may not be able to tell easily which messages go with which accounts. However, Outlook Express offers an Account column (it doesn't appear by default) that will show you which account each message belongs with. To activate the Account column, choose View|Columns. When the Columns dialog box opens, select the check box labeled "Account" and then click OK to close the dialog box. The Account column should now appear in your Outlook Express window.

         Tip:  Decode Email Attachments

    Decode Shell Extension allows you to decode Internet email attachments simply by right-clicking on a saved message file from Explorer and selecting Decode from the menu. Download here.

         Tip:  Outlook Express Runs Slowly after Disabling/Removing Messenger.  Only 3 Registry edits are required to stop
                  Messenger and get rid of the delay in OE.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Messenger\Client.  Add the following values as New, DWord Values:  PreventRun, PreventAutoRun.  Set the value of each of these to1.  Then go to:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Outlook Express

    Add a New, DWord value called Hide Messenger and set the value to 2.  (This step is required to prevent a long delay when opening OE with the Contacts pane enabled).

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{FB7199AB-79BF-11d2-8D94-0000F875C541}\InProcServer32

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{FB7199AB-79BF-11d2-8D94-0000F875C541}\LocalServer32

    For both, in the right pane, right click Default/Modify/Delete the value data.

         Tip:  Change Email Association

    When you click the Start button, the resulting menu includes an "Email" shortcut in the top-right corner. Not happy with Windows XP's email program choice--for example, it says Outlook Express, but you prefer to use Outlook? Then change it.

    Move your mouse pointer up to the Email item, Right click and select Internet Properties. In the resulting dialog box, click the Programs tab. Under Internet Programs, click the down arrow next to Email and select the desired program--in this case, Microsoft Outlook. Click OK, and you'll see your change the next time you click the Start button.

    Alternatively, Right click the Start button or a blank area of the Start menu and select Properties. On the Start Menu tab, click the Customize button next to Start Menu. At the bottom of the resulting dialog box, click the down arrow next to the selected email program and take your pick. Click OK.

         Tip:  Address Book

    Move your Address Book to a Safe Location
    OLEXP: Error Message: Address Book Failed to Load
    OLEXP: Mail Folders, Address Book, and E-mail Messages Are Missing After You Upgrade to Microsoft Windows XP

    Err Msg: Address Book Failed to Load, Outlook Express Is...
    OLEXP: Outlook Express Address Book Does Not Load

    Note:  For KB Articles Q191946 and Q274745 (the above two), with OE 6, the value in:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components\{7790769C-0471-11d2-AF11-00C04FA35D02} Should read "Address Book 6" without the quotes.

         Block Senders Rule Disappears

    Close all open OE windows, then click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Go to:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{GUID}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Block Senders\Mail
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{GUID}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Block Senders\News

    The {GUID} part of the line above is a unique number for the Identity you're currently using. Usually there will only be one.

    Right click on the Block Senders\Mail and the Block Senders\News sub keys, in turn, and select Export. This will give you two REG files which can be viewed in Notepad (so you can salvage some of the list).

    Then right click the Block Senders subkey and select Delete. Open OE, go to Tools, Message Rules, Blocked Senders. The list will be empty. Close this dialog, then close OE (don't ask my why, but it is a bit flaky).

    Now open OE again, go back to Tools, Message Rules, Blocked Senders. Leave this open. Locate the REG files you saved when you selected Export in the earlier steps. Right click on each in turn and select Edit.

    Each of the addresses you had Blocked previously are there. The reason for exporting Mail and News separately is so that you can easily determine which address goes in which group, should you be concerned about it.

    Outlook Express - Minimize to Tray

    From the developer: "PowerMenu adds some powerful new extensions to the windows system menu. It adds the following extensions: -Minimize windows to the system tray. -Make windows overlap other windows (always on top). -Set the parent process priority of windows. -Set the transparency level of a window (Windows 2000/XP only). "Version 1.5.0 supports making console windows top most (under NT) and new command line options."  Download Here.

    Outlook Express - Mail Washer

    MailWasher is a powerful email checker with effective spam elimination. Discover the safe way to stop unwanted viruses and e-mails before they get to your computer.

    Outlook Express - Virus Protection

    OLEXP: Using Virus Protection Features in Outlook Express 6

    Office

    Office XP Suite Support Center
    Office XP Resource Kit

    Open With

    HOW TO: Specify the Program Used to Open Certain File Types
    HOW TO: Change File Associations in Windows XP

    Outlook

    Outlook Newsgroup
    Outlook & Exchange/Windows Messaging Backup and Dual-Boot
    HOW TO: Import Contacts into Your Windows XP Address Book
    Shared Address Books
    Outlook & Exchange Solutions Center
    Sharing Microsoft Outlook Calendar and Contacts
    To repair a damaged Personal Folders PST file
    Import from Outlook to Outlook Express
    Do a Search Here: Outlook Issues
    OL2000: Outlook Does Not Receive MSN E-mail Messages
    OL2000: Error Message: Cannot Start Microsoft Outlook
    Allow Opening Attachments in Outlook 2K/XP

    Outlook - Minimize to Tray

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft \ Office \ 10.0 \ Outlook \ Preferences

    Data Type: REG_DWORD
    Value Name: MinToTray
    Data: 1 (0 to disable MinToTray)

    Owner and Organization - Change

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion In the right pane, double-click RegisteredOrganization. Under "Value data", type the name that you want, and then click OK.

    To change the name of the registered owner, do the following: In the right pane, double-click RegisteredOwner. Under "Value data", type the name that you want, and then click OK/Exit.

    You can also change this information with a small VB Script available here. 

    Ownership

    HOW TO: Take Ownership of a File or Folder in Windows XP

     

     

    ~P~

     

    Page Cannot Be Displayed

    Check to see if the sites are listed here, if so delete them. Go to: Windows\System32\DRIVERS\etc. In the right pane open your hosts file using Notepad.  Note:  Some XP users have found renaming the Hosts files folder works as well.

    Read Host Files in Notepad (Line 168)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Repair Loss of Internet Access/Certain Web Sites (155)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Page Cannot be Found and/or DNS/Server Error (Line 68)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Download and install version 1173 of mshtml.dll from Microsoft:  http://tinyurl.com/80up

    Excerpt from a MS-Article

    To resolve this problem, delete the Index.dat file in Internet Explorer:

    In Internet Explorer, on the Tools menu, click Internet Options. On the General tab, under Temporary Internet files, click Delete Files. On the Delete Files dialog box message that is displayed, click OK .

    Under History, click Clear History. On the Delete all items in your History folder? dialog box, click OK. Quit Internet Explorer.

    Log on to the computer by using the account of a user who does not experience the problem, and then open a command prompt. Change the directory to the following path:

    drive :\Documents and Settings\Username\Local Settings\Temporary Internet Files\Content.IE5
    Type del index.dat , and then press ENTER. Exit the command prompt and then restart the computer.

    The Index.dat file is re-created the next time that you log on to the computer.

    Error Message: The Page Cannot Be Displayed
    Cannot Open a Web Page in Internet Explorer and "Page Cannot Be Displayed" Error Is Displayed
    Page cannot be displayed / Cannot find server or DNS Error
    Tweak DNS Errors Caching in Windows 2000 / XP

    Page File

    How to force Windows XP to clear the pagefile on shutdown. Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management

    "ClearPageFileAtShutdown"=dword:00000001

         Pagefile too small or Missing

    Start/Run/Regedit:  Hkey_Local_Machine\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\MemoryManagement

    There you will find these entries:  PagingFiles:Reg_Multi_SZ:C:\pagefile.sys.  TempPageFile:Reg_Dword:0x1

    If the PagingFiles: entry is populated, delete the entire TempPageFile entry then reboot. Or...

    Check your settings here:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\MemoryManagement

    PagingFiles
    Reg_Multi_SZ type
    Value for System Managed on C: is C:\Pagefile.sys 0 0

    To change the minimum and maximum values, change the 0's to the Min and Max values you want.  Example: C:\Pagefile.sys 766 1024

    You will also need to make this change in the
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\ControlSet001, ControlSet002 and ControlSet003 branches, if they exist.

    Note: 

    This behavior may occur with certain Intel chipsets -- for example, the Intel D845WN motherboard or the Intel 815 graphics chipset.

    To resolve this issue, download and then install the Intel Application Accelerator (IAA) for Windows XP. For more information about how to do this, contact Intel or browse to the following Intel Web site: http://support.intel.com/support/chipsets/iaa.  For more information about the Intel D845WN motherboard, browse to the following Intel Web site: http://developer.intel.com/design/motherbd/wn/index.htm.  For more information about the Intel 815 chipset, browse to the following Intel Web site: http://support.intel.com/design/chipsets/815.

    Error Message: Your System Has No Paging File, or the Paging File Is Too Small
    HOW TO: Set Performance Options in Windows XP
    HOW TO: Move the Paging File in Windows XP
    Configuring Page Files for Optimization and Recovery

    Page File Monitor - MVP Bill James

    This script does a mini-setup on first run, adding itself as a scheduled job to run at whatever increment of minutes you select.  It creates a file, pagefile.log, in the directory you ran the script from, and updates that with the measured pagefile usage.  You might want to pull a shortcut from the log file to desktop to keep from having to drill down to it when you
    want to take a look. Download here.

    Passport Balloon - Disable

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MessengerService.  In the right pane, find "PassportBalloon" and change to value to 0A. When done it should read 0A 00 00 00.

    Password  

    iOpus Password Recovery XP

    Windows systems allow a convenient storage of frequently used passwords, such as the passwords in Outlook Express email or for a FTP connection. However, since you no longer enter the saved password manually, you tend to forget them. What are you to do when you need to know one of the saved passwords? The password is staring right at you, but is hiding behind a row of "*****" asterisks. More information here.

    Windows XP / 2000 / NT Key is a program to reset Windows XP / 2000 / NT security if Administrator password, secure boot password or key disk is lost. More information here.

    Windows XP may not display a notice to a user that the user's password is about to expire. This problem may occur if the user logs on to a Microsoft Windows 2000-based domain from a Windows XP Professional-based computer on which the user has previously logged on, and the user's password will expire in the specified expiry period. More information here.

    This article explains how to log on to Windows XP if you forget your password, or if your password expires and you are not able to create a new one. How to Log On to Windows XP If You Forget Your Password

    Password Expired

    This will remove the warning message:
    Start/Programs/Administrative Tools/Local Security Policy/Account Policies/Password Policy.

    In the right pane, right click, properties, modify (use accordingly). And Start/Programs/Administrative Tools/Computer Management/Local Users and Groups/Right Click "User"(intended)/Properties...

    Or...With Admin privileges, at a command prompt type: net accounts /maxpwage:unlimited.

    Click Start, Run and enter LUSRMGR.MSC.  Open the Users group and then double click on the entry for your account. Check Password never expires.

    More information on User and Admin Passwords here:
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_passwords.htm

    Path Command Line Completion - Enable

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor] Value Name: PathCompletionChar Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value) Value Data: Hex Control Character Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'PathCompletionChar' and set it to equal the hex value of the required control character.

    For example to use the TAB key set the value to '9', to use Ctrl-D set the value to '4' and for Ctrl-F set the value to '6'. Now when you are using a command prompt and type the first part of a directory name then press the specified key, Windows will complete the remainder for you. Pressing the key multiple times will scroll through the available options.

    Performance - Increase Windows XP performance by adjusting view options

    Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Performance/Settings and uncheck these settings: (Or select the Adjust for best performance option)

    Fade or slide menus into view
    Fade or slide ToolTips into view
    Fade out menu items after clicking
    Show Shadows under menus
    Slide open combo boxes
    Slide taskbar buttons
    Use a background image for each folder type
    Use common tasks in folders

    Or select the Adjust for best performance option.

         Tip:  Change the Transition Effect for Menus and Tooltips Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop. Value Name: UserPreferencesMask Data Type: REG_BINARY (Binary Value) Double-click on the "UserPreferencesMask" value to open the Edit Binary Value screen. Press the right arrow to move over to the second set of digits. Press the delete key to remove the digits and type either '28' for the scroll effect or '3e' for the fade effect. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Hard Disk Performance Is Slower Than You Expect

    Performance - Fred Langa

    10 Ways to Make XP Run Better

    Permission Denied - When Trying to Delete Folders/Files

    Windows Explorer/Tools/Folder Options/View/Unmark "Use Simple File Sharing". Right click the folder/file in question/Properties/Security/Advanced/Owner/Set Permissions.

    HOW TO: Set, View, Change, or Remove File and Folder Permissions

    More information here:
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/win_xp_mydocs.htm

    Personal Web Server

    You can download the Apache Web Server from here.

    Photos

    Get started working with photos Photos: Get Started Working with Photos
    E-mail photos Photos: E-mail Photos
    Print your photos Photos: Printing Your Photos
    Order prints online Photos: Order Prints Online
    Publish photos on the Web Photos: Publish Photos on the Web
    Brighten up your desktop with photos Photos: Brighten Up Your Desktop with Photos
    Organize your photos Photos: Organize Your Photos
    Store your photos on CD Photos: Store Your Photos on CD

    Picture and Fax Viewer - Prevent Image and Fax Viewer From Stealing Associations

    Delete this string:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\SystemFileAssociations\image\ShellEx\ContextMenuHandlers\ShellImagePreview
    @="{e84fda7c-1d6a-45f6-b725-cb260c236066}"

    Manually Edit:  Right Click On image file.  Choose "open with", then "choose program" Select your favorite image viewer program. Check the "always use selected program" box Click OK.

         Disable Picture and Fax Viewer

    Go to Start/Run and type:  regsvr32 /u shimgvw.dll

         Enable Picture and Fax Viewer

    Go to Start/Run and type:  regsvr32 shimgvw.dll or regsvr32 /i shimgvw.dll

    To get a new copy:  EXPAND  X:\i386\shimgvw.dl_C:\Windows\system32\shimgvw.dll

    If you disabled the fax/picture viewer by using regsvr32 /u shimgvw.dll, then changing user icons fail to work:  You need to re-load the dll and it will work. Have only tried this w/ XP Pro. Reload by typing in regsvr32 shimgvw.dll.

         Remove Image Preview

    Start/Run/Regedit - Delete the key.
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\SystemFileAssociations\image\ShellEx\ContextMenuHandlers\ShellImagePreview

         Disable as Default

    Start/Run/Regedit 
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\ SystemFileAssociations\ image\ ShellEx\ ContextMenuHandlers.
    Delete the ShellImagePreview key. Close the Registry Editor or...

    Navigate to HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\ CLSID\{e84fda7c-1d6a-45f6-b725-cb260c236066}\ shellex.
    Delete the MayChangeDefaultMenu key.

    Pictures - Welcome Screen

    HOW TO: Add or Change a User's Picture in Windows XP

    Restore User Default Pictures (Line 54)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    How to Add a Specific Picture

    Find a picture you are interested in using and use Save As to download and/or move the picture in question to your My Pictures Folder. Then go to User Account/Change my picture/Browse for more pictures/My Pictures Folder/Choose the picture you want to use, then click Open.

    Default Pictures are stored here:

    Windows Explorer\Documents and Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\User Accounts\Default Pictures. Summary of an image is 48x48/71 dpi, depth 24.

    Note: If you have disabled Picture and Fax Viewer by using regsvr32 /u shimgvw.dll, you will not be able to change the picture. To restore, go to Start/Run and type in: regsvr32 shimgvw.dll

    Pin Program Icon To Start Menu

    Want to add more icons to this somewhat-permanent list? Locate the program you want to add--on the desktop, in the Start menu, wherever--Right click it and select Pin to Start Menu. Click Start, and you'll see that icon officially "pinned" to the Start menu. To "unpin" it, Right click the item and select Unpin From Start Menu.  Note: Icons pinned to the Start menu don't fluctuate, whereas the most-frequently-used icons, just below them, do.

    You could "unpin" a program pinned to the Start menu by right-clicking it and selecting Unpin From Start Menu. Did you happen to notice the Remove From This List command in the same dropdown menu? What's the difference?

    Nothing, if you didn't pin the icon to the Start menu from the frequently used program list (on the left area of the Start menu, below the gray line). However, if the item was pinned from the frequently used list, Unpin From Start Menu moves the program back to this list, while Remove From This List removes it altogether.

    Plug and Play

    How to Add OEM Plug and Play Drivers to Windows XP

    Plus!

    Error Message: A Problem Occurred in This Installation of Plus! CD Label Maker

    Running Plus! for Windows XP - Installation Advisor

    Microsoft Plus! for Windows XP - Installation Advisor is a diagnostic tool that analyzes your computer’s major system components and tells you if it can run Microsoft Plus! for Windows XP. This tool is specifically designed for Plus! for Windows XP and is the fastest way to verify your system configuration.  Download here.

    Policy Settings

    Policy Settings for the Start Menu in Windows XP

    Pop-Ups

    PopUpKiller

    Pop-Up Stopper 2.6 - FREE version is a completely FREE product that is not spyware or adware. This product runs as a system tray icon next to your system clock.  http://www.panicware.com/product_dpps.html

    Pop-Up Defender Software

    Pornography - Clear unwanted files by Content Audit

    You can accidentally pick up objectionable PC files from the Internet! ContentAudit provides a way to safely detect unwanted files.  Content Audit is free, safely scans for unwanted content and has an online checker that works in minutes.

    Power Management

    Unable to Use Power Management Features
    Description of the Different Advanced Power Management States
    Screen Blank If Computer Wakes from Sleep During Scheduled Task

    Power Management - Change Power Management Configuration

    This parameter allows you to specify the primary role of the computer so that predefined power management configurations can be used. For example a laptop will have different power saving features than a home desktop PC. 

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and find the key below.

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\PowerCfg]
    System Key: [HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\PowerCfg]

    Value Name: CurrentPowerPolicy
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)

    Modify the existing value, or create a new string value, called "CurrentPowerPolicy" and set it to a value (0 to 5) from the table below.

    Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Power Menu

    From the developer: "PowerMenu adds some powerful new extensions to the windows system menu. It adds the following extensions: -Minimize windows to the system tray. Make windows overlap other windows (always on top). Set the parent process priority of windows. Set the transparency level of a window (Windows 2000/XP only). "Version 1.5.0 supports making console windows top most (under NT) and new command line options."  Download Here.

    PowerShot

    Digital Camera Products Windows XP Compatibility Information

    PPPoE - How to get PPPoE in Windows XP to log in Automatically on boot:

    Note:
    Remember PPPoE is now native to Windows XP.

    1) In Control Panel open "Network Connections"
    2) Right click on your broadband connection icon and select "Properties"
    3) Uncheck "Prompt for name and password..."
    4) Click "OK"
    5) Open your "C:/Documents and settings" folder
    6) Open the "All Users" folder
    7) Open the "Start Menu" folder
    8) Open the "Programs" folder
    9) Go to your Programs Folder -> Startup
    9) Copy a short-cut of your Broadband Connection, from the Network Connections folder in to the "Startup" folder.

    PPPoE - How to Use

    Prefetch

    Prefetch is a new and very useful technique in Windows XP. However, after using XP some time, the Prefetch directory can get full and have obsolete links in the Prefetch catalog, which can slow down your computer significantly.

    The Prefetcher component in Windows XP is part of the Memory Manager, and helps to shorten the amount of time it takes to start Windows and programs.

    Windows XP "monitors" itself and notices which applications are launched frequently. It gathers information about these applications and what they access with the launch and stores this information in the prefetch folder.  It then uses this information to "optimize" access to these files so that they launch faster.

    Once every three days, by default, Windows XP will perform a partial defragmentation and adjust the layout of the disk based upon current use. The files to be moved are written in the file Layout.ini (found in the Prefetch directory under the System Root directory).

         Suggestion: Open C:\Windows\Prefetch and delete the obsolete files, reboot. However, if you don't have a real good
                              reason to delete these files, just leave them be. Let the system handle this folder.

         If system performance is an issue:

    XP automatically optimizes itself every three days, bootvis forces the optimization to happen now rather than having to wait three days. Fast Boot /Fast Resume Design: A performance trace visualization tool for use with Windows XP systems.

    Bootvis can be downloaded here.  For more information click here.

         Manage the Windows Prefetcher Service: Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\PrefetchParameters

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "EnablePrefetcher" and set it according to
    (0 = disabled, 1 = Application launch prefetching, 2 = Boot prefetching, 3 = Both prefetching).  To clear the Prefetcher cache, delete all the files in the Prefetch sub-directory (e.g. "C:\Windows\Prefetch").

    Or use this tool:  MajorGeeks has posted up a freeware tool for flushing the Prefetch log and controlling the Prefetch Parameters in Windows XP. Windows XP monitors the files that are used when the computer starts and when you start applications.

    By monitoring these files, Windows XP can prefetch them. Prefetching data is the process whereby data that is expected to be requested is read ahead into the cache. Prefetching boot files and applications decreases the time needed to start Windows XP and start applications. Get more info and download from the link below:  

    Windows XP Prefetch Clean And Control 
    http://www.majorgeeks.com/download.php?det=2495

         Prefetch Defined:  This directory is used by the defrag utility to help organize the files on your PC for more efficient loading.

    "I/O performance is strongly influenced by the layout of files on disk. Files and directories that are heavily fragmented or dispersed across the disk will hurt performance. While Windows XP will automatically reposition some files to improve performance, this will generally be done infrequently and will usually include only a small fraction of the files on the disk.   Therefore, it is a good idea to defragment the disk following an installation.

    Once every three days, by default, Windows XP will perform a partial defragmentation and adjust the layout of the disk based upon current use. The files to be moved are written in the file Layout.ini (found in the Prefetch directory under the System Root directory)."  Windows XP Performance

    Boot Prefetching
    Windows XP speeds up system boot by observing the code and data needed each time the system is booted and prefetching the necessary file contents early in the boot process. This prefetching is not done until the third boot of the system, when sufficient information is available to make the prefetching most effective. The files observed during system boot will be used in the disk layout process mentioned above. Additional information on the prefetcher and the Windows XP boot process can be found at Fast Boot/Fast Resume for the Windows Platform.

    * Side note:  When cleaning for Spyware, Malware, Viruses, etc.  Remember to check and/or clear your prefetch folder as well.

    Application-Launch Prefetching
    Windows XP also uses prefetching when launching applications. The files and the contents of the files accessed by each new process are observed and recorded. No prefetching can be done for the first launch of an application, so first launches are often considerably slower than subsequent launches. About 85% to 90% of the improvement is realized after just one launch of an application, with the remaining speed improvement coming after the system has had an opportunity to adjust the disk layout with information specific to this application.  Benchmarking on Windows XP.

    Preview Image File

    Scouring around a folder for a particular image file? Even if you aren’t viewing that folder’s contents in Thumbnails view, you can steal a sneak peek at any image. Right-click the file, select Preview and the image appears inside the Windows Picture and Fax Viewer.

    Preview Image File Replaced by Common Tasks

     In Explorer go to Tools, Folder Options, General and select Use Common Tasks in Folders. Now go to any folder with images in it, and go to the Explorer Toolbar and click the Folders button. The folder tree will be replaced by a new pane, Common Tasks. At the bottom you'll be able to see the preview of the image.

    Print Job Notification

    By default Windows notifies a user with a popup message that their print job has been completed on the printer. This setting controls that behavior. Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and find the key below.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Print\Providers]

    Value Name: NetPopup
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, named "NetPopup" and set it to equal "0" to disable notification or "1" to enable it.   Restart the printer spooler service or restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Specify Where to Display Printer Notifications

    Print Key Pro

    PrintKey-Pro is a system tray-based program that can capture your screen or any part of it with the press of the PrintScrn key (or any other key you configure).  You can adjust the captured picture's brightness, contrast,
    color balance, size, color invert, or convert to grayscale or black and white.

    Pictures can be edited, using an image editor of your choice, printed or saved in multiple formats such as JPG, JPEG, BMP, PNG, GIF, TIF and PCX. You can capture the full screen or just the active window, the client area, or any rectangular or circular area with or without the cursor.

    You can also insert text and free hand draw on the picture.You can preview the picture, add the date, user info, and any text you choose before printing on the selected printer.  Download here.

    Print Out - Directory

    Print the names, and other information, of all folders and files on your computer. http://www.karenware.com/powertools/ptdirprn.html

    HOW TO: Add a "Print Directory" Feature for Folders in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q321379

    Add "Log Folder Contents" to the SendTo Menu (Line 112)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Print Out a Directory Listing

    For your convenience, the BAT file and a REG file to add this feature can be downloaded here.  Open the ZIP file and extract the files.  Copy PRIN.BAT to the Windows folder and double click the REG file to add the menu option.  Either file can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on it and selecting Edit.

    Printer - Always Found after Reboot

    This problem can occur when the printer driver is initially installed. The printer installation program from the manufacturer does not enable the New Hardware Wizard to finish its detection of the newly installed printer.

    To work around this problem, enable the New Hardware Wizard to finish, even though the wizard cannot detect a new printer.  New Hardware Wizard Detects Printer Device After Every Restart

         Workaround for HP Printers:

    1. When the Found New Hardware Wizard starts at startup of the computer, click <next>.

    2. When it asks you for the HP disk, (the next thing that will require a response from you probably), click <ok>. However, do NOT insert the disk into your CD-ROM drive.

    3. On the next screen that comes up, there will be a button that is already highlighted telling the wizard where to find the printer driver (which is what it is looking for). This button will be pointing it at "other media, CD-ROM,
    etc.

    The trick is to DESELECT this button. At that point, the button for your C: drive will become active and you can select the C: drive. It will also probably be prompting you with the location for the already installed HP printer driver that is somewhere on your C: drive. (If not, you need to click browse and locate the driver).

    4. After you have deselected the CD-ROM and selected the C: drive, click <ok> (or <next> or whatever.) The Wizard then makes a second copy of your printer driver (and, by the way, creates a second "installed printer" in your Control Panel/Printers). And then, the wizard finally completes and tells you that you have successfully installed the new hardware.

    5. On subsequent startup, the Wizard should then NOT run.

    Printer

    Windows XP KB Articles About Printing and Fax

    Printer Issues

    Troubleshooting Printer Issues
    How to Add Printers with No User Interaction in Windows
    Managing Network Printing in a Windows Environment
    How to Troubleshoot Windows Printing Problems
    Windows Printer Driver Support
    HOW TO: Install a Printer Driver Locally for a Remote Printer
    100 Percent CPU Usage Occurs When You Print on an LPT Printer Port
    "Operation Could Not Be Completed" Error Message When You Use the Add Printer Wizard
    HOW TO: Make a Local Printer Available During a Connection to a Remote Desktop in Windows XP Professional
    IntelliPoint 4.0: "HPVLS60" or "HPFVLS06" Error Message or Printer Problem After You Install IntelliPoint 4.0 Software
    Problems with Canon MultiPass Printer and Windows XP

    Printing Detailed Documents

    If you want to print detailed documents, such as a map off of the Web, then the default Windows settings for your printer are probably insufficient. The easiest way to change the printer is within the application from which you wish to print. Click the Print or Print setup button to load the Print Screen. On this screen you should see a Properties or Settings button. Click this button.

    Another way to get to this location is to open the Control Panel, click the Printer icon, right-click the printer you want to use, and select Properties. Click the graphics tab and click the arrow in the drop-down box labeled 'Resolution.' Increasing this number increases the number of dots printed per inch. This will increase the printer's graphics resolution. However, this will also cause your printer to take more time while printing pages.

    Priority Programs - Setting

    Task Manager/Processes Tab/Right click Program/Set Priority/Select accordingly.

    Problems

    Windows XP Problems and Solutions

    Process Viewer

    PrcView is a process viewer utility that displays detailed information about processes running under Windows. For each process it displays memory, threads and module usage. For each DLL it shows full path and version information. PrcView comes with a command line version that allows you to write scripts to check if a process is running, kill it, etc.

    Processors (number of) Supported in XP

    Windows XP Home :                                                 1 processor (Normal and HT)
    Windows XP Pro:                                                      2 processors (Normal and HT)
    Windows Server 2003 Standard:                               4 processors
    Windows server 2003 Enterprise:                              8 processors
    Windows server 2003 Datacenter:                            32 processors

    Product Key

    Q:
    I am reinstalling Windows XP and I am using the product
    key off the bottom of the laptop but it says it is no good, what can I do?

    A: Are you using the same OEM installation CD that came with the laptop?

    If so, you need to examine the Product Key very carefully. It's
    awfully easy to mistake a "B" for an "8," a "G" for a "6," an "S" for
    a "5," or a "Q" for a "0" or "O." Fortunately, Microsoft had the good
    sense to leave the "1's," "I's," "O's," and "0's" out of the equation.

    Also, be sure that your <CapsLock> is _off_ while entering the
    Product Key -- this isn't supposed to make a difference, but I've seen
    it do so.

    Troubleshooting Invalid CD Key Error Message During Windows XP Setup
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;310637

    If not, you'll need to use either the original or another OEM CD, at
    the very least. Product Keys are bound to the specific type and language
    of CD/license (OEM, Volume, retail, full, or Upgrade) with which they are
    purchased.

    For example, a WinXP Home OEM Product Key won't work for any
    retail version of WinXP Home, or for any version of WinXP Pro, and vice
    versa. An upgrade's Product Key cannot be used with a full version CD,
    and vice versa.

    An OEM Product Key will not work to install a retail
    product. An Italian Product Key will not work with an English CD. Bottom
    line: Product Keys and CD types cannot be mixed & matched.

    Added info:

    The Windows 25-character Product Key (required to perform the
    installation) is stored on the CD packaging on a bright orange sticker
    that says "Do not lose this number."  It is not on the installation CD
    in any way, shape, or form.  If it was an OEM (factory installed)
    license, it's stored on a label that the PC manufacturer affixed to
    the exterior of the PC case, or on the bottom of a laptop.

    To recover a lost Product Key:

    If your system still runs, you should be able to use Belarc
    Advisor from http://www.belarc.com/free_download.html to find the
    Product Key.  (If you have a factory-installed OEM license, and
    haven't since reinstalled the OS, the revealed Product Key is probably
    of the drive image used at the factory and not your specific Product
    Key; therefore, it probably cannot be -- and definitely should not
    be --  used for a re-installation.)

    If it was a retail license and you have proof of purchase:

    How to Replace Lost, Broken, or Missing Microsoft Software or Hardware
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;en-us;326246

    If it was an OEM license, you should contact the computer's
    manufacturer; although very few manufacturers/vendors keep records of
    the Product Keys they've sold, it's worth a try before you have to buy
    a new license.

    MS-MVP Bruce Chambers

    Profiles - Understanding User Profiles

    A user profile defines customized desktop environments, which include individual display settings, network and printer connections, and other specified settings. You or your system administrator may define your desktop environment.

    Types of user profiles include:

    A local user profile, which is created the first time you log on to a computer and is stored on a computer's local hard disk. Any changes made to your local user profile will be specific to the computer in which you made the changes.

    A roaming user profile, which is created by your system administrator and is stored on a server. This profile is available every time you log on to any computer on the network. Any changes made to your roaming user profile will be updated on the server.

    A mandatory user profile, which is a roaming profiles that can be used to specify particular settings for individuals or an entire group of users. Only system administrators can make changes to mandatory user profiles.

    Copy a User Profile:

    Open System in Control Panel. On the User Profiles tab, and under Profiles stored on this computer, click the user profile you want to copy, and then click Copy To.

    In the Copy To dialog box, under Copy profile to, type the location for the new profile, or click Browse to select the path.
    Click Change to open the Choose User dialog box, click a new user from the Names list, and then click Add. The new user name will appear in Add Name. Click OK to add the user as a new user profile on your computer.

    Note: You must be logged on as an administrator to the local computer to copy user profiles. To open a Control Panel item, click Start, point to Settings, click Control Panel, and then double-click the appropriate icon.

    Note 2:  You cannot copy the account you are currently logged in on. You must log into another account.

    Note 3:  If you create a new account, you must logon once before you copy another account over top of it. Windows creates the user profile at logon, not at account creation, and it will not use the copy you created before that first logon, it will create a user.COMPUTERNAME folder instead.

    Note 4:  To resolve this issue, verify that the user account is not logged on before you try to copy its profile. If you are currently logged on as this user, log off, log on again by using a different user account, and then copy the profile. If
    you are not logged on as the user account that you are trying to copy, that account may be logged on in a different session (using Fast User Switching).

    To force that account to be logged off, start Task Manager, click the Users tab, click the user account, and then click Logoff.

    To work around this behavior, you can also create a user who has administrative privileges, log on as that user, and then copy the profile of the first user.

    Delete a User Profile:

    Open System in Control Panel. On the User Profiles tab, under Profiles stored on this computer, click the user profile you want to delete, and then click Delete.

    Note:  You must be logged on as an administrator to the local computer to delete user profiles. To open a Control Panel item, click Start, point to Settings, click Control Panel, and then double-click the appropriate icon.

    Switching between a Roaming and Local User Profile:

    Open System in Control Panel. On the User Profiles tab, under Profiles stored on this computer, click the user profile you want to change, and then click Change Type. In the Change Type dialog box, click Local profile or Roaming profile.

    Note:  To open a Control Panel item, click Start, point to Settings, click Control Panel, and then double-click the appropriate icon. If Roaming profile is unavailable, this indicates that the profile is a local user profile See your system administrator to create a roaming user profile.
     
    To avoid downloading the roaming profile when you have a slow network connection, select the Use cached profile on slow connections check box after you click Roaming profile. If you use a roaming profile on more than one computer simultaneously, it will preserve the settings from the last computer that logs off.

    Disable Roaming Profiles and Cache

    Start/Run/gpedit.msc

    Local Computer Policy/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/User Profiles/Only Allow Local User Profiles.

    If you enable both the "Prevent Roaming Profile changes from propogating to the server" setting and the "Only allow local user profiles" setting, roaming profiles are disabled.

    Delete Cached Copies of Roaming Profiles


    If this setting is enabled, when users with roaming profiles log off, the system will delete the cached copy of their roaming profile. This will help to save disk space where that are lots of roaming users.

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Group Policy Objects\LocalMachine\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\System

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'DeleteRoamingCache' and edit the value according to the settings above. 

    Value Name: DeleteRoamingCache
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

    Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Windows XP User Profiles

    Program - Getting an Older Program to Run on Windows XP

    If an older application gives you trouble when running Windows XP, you can set the compatibility properties manually so that the program runs in a different mode, such as Windows 95, or in a different display or resolution setting. To set the compatibility properties for a program:

    Right–click the executable or the program shortcut to the executable, and then click Properties. Select the Run this program in compatibility mode check box. From the list, select an operating system that the program runs in comfortably. If necessary, also change the display settings and/or resolution, or disable the Windows XP visual themes.

    Run the program again when you’re finished changing the settings. Adjust the compatibility settings again if the program is still not running smoothly: a program that’s unhappy on Windows 2000 may flourish on Windows 98.

    Program Permissions

    Limits the Windows programs that users have permission to run on the computer. If you enable this setting, users can only run programs that you add to the List of Allowed Applications. NOTE: This setting only prevents users from running programs that are started by the Windows Explorer process.

    Start/Run/Gpedit.msc/User configuration/Administrative Templates/System/Run Only Allowed Windows Applications/Right click/Properties/Enable/Find Application/Ok/Reboot.

    Programs - Restrict

         Restrict Users from Running Specific Applications

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer.Value Name: DisallowRun
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer. Create a new DWORD value and name it "DisallowRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

    Then create a new sub-key called HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer\DisallowRun and define the applications the are to be restricted. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be restriced (e.g. "regedit.exe"). Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

         Restrict Applications Users Can Run

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. Value Name: RestrictRun Open your registry and find the key [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer] Create a new DWORD value and name it "RestrictRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

    Then create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer\RestrictRun] and define the applications that are allowed. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be allowed (e.g. "regedit.exe"). Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

    Note:
    If you are the person who applies Group Policy, do not apply this policy to yourself. If applied too broadly, this policy can prevent administrators from running Group Policy or the registry editors. As a result, once applied, you cannot change this policy except by reinstalling Windows.

    Processor - Manage Native Processor Performance Control

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\P3\ Parameters. Value Name: HackFlags, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value). Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'HackFlags' and edit the value according to the settings below.

    0 = disable native XP support 1 = use settings inherited from Intel software during XP upgrade 5 = system can support all modes when running on battery Restart Windows for the change to take effect. Note: This tweak only applies to processors with either Intel SpeedStep or AMD PowerNow! processor performance control technologies.  

    Proxy Server - Automatically set the Proxy Server to an Address

     Go to Start/Run/Gpedit.msc

    Computer Configuration/Admin Templates/Windows Components/Internet
    Explorer/Make Proxy Settings Per Machine (rather than per-user).

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\
    CurrentVersion\Internet Settings

    Dword Value:  ProxySettingsPerUser
    0 = per machine,  1= per user

    Then set the Proxy Server addresses:

    ProxyEnable
    DWord
    1 = Enabled, 0 = Disabled

    ProxyServer
    String
    address/hostname:port

    Examples:
    proxy.mynetwork.com:82
    192.168.222.221:82

    Bypass Proxy for local addresses:
    ProxyOverride
    Dword
    1 should enable, 0 should disable

     

    ~Q~

     

    QIC

    Cannot Restore Backups That You Create in Windows 95/98, or Windows Me with the Windows XP Ntbackup Tool

    BackUp MyPC is a powerful yet easy to use data protection and disaster recovery solution for a single computer or peer-to-peer network. Conveniently backup important files or your entire computer while you're not even around using our advanced scheduling system.

    BackUp MyPC backs up to Recordable CD/DVD, Tape, Zip, Jazz, and other removable media drives and employs disc spanning and data compression which typically can double your media capacity for significant savings.

    QoS

    Windows XP Quality of Service (QoS) Enhancements and Behavior

    Note:  In Media Center 2004 for Messenger (etc), disable QoS for headset/mic use.

    Quick Launch - Icons (Arrange)

    Right click the Quick Launch tool bar and choose Open Folder.  Right click in the right pane and choose Arrange Icons by.

    Quick Launch - Doesn't Function Properly

    Quick Launch Repair Tool and More:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/taskbarplus!.htm

    Can't Create Toolbar Error Message
    Restore Show Desktop Icon
    Remove the Quick Launch Area *
    Save Quick Launch Sort Order
    Auto Add Specific Links to Quick Launch *
    Set Quick Launch as Default for any new user added *

         NOTE: 
    For a stand alone exe to be run as a startup script, send an email here and choose #8.  When this utility is run as
                      a "Startup script", it will automatically adjust the system Registry to "turn on" the Quick Launch bar, by default,
                      for all newly created user accounts.

    Quick Launch - Icons are Large

    Caption button size (Desktop/Appearance/Advanced). Also effects the Quick Launch and System tray icons.  Another option to correct it is to go back to the default XP theme, then redo your changes.

    Quick Launch - Missing or you receive an error message, to correct:

    This behavior can occur if the Quick Launch folder has been deleted. To resolve this issue, recreate the Quick Launch folder. Create a folder named Quick Launch at the following location:

    C:\Documents and Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer

    Quick Launch Toolbar Becomes A Floating Palette

    By default, the Quick Launch toolbar is right next to the Start button. But if you've added so many shortcuts to this toolbar, you can't see them all, you may wish to make it a floating palette. Then you'll have instant access to these shortcuts without unnecessary scrolling.

    Click the left edge of the Quick Launch toolbar, drag it out to a blank area on the desktop, and let go. (Note: If your taskbar is locked, the toolbar won't move.) You can resize the resulting palette as you would any window: Hold your mouse pointer over its edge, and when the pointer changes to a double-pointed arrow, click and drag in any direction.

    To ensure that your palette is never out of sight, right-click its title bar and select Always on Top.

    Quicken

    Cannot Back Up Quicken Files to CD

    Quote Fix http://home.in.tum.de/~jain/dl.php?get=OE-QuoteFix

    Disable this option to get the Spell Checker to work automatically:
    OE/Tools/Options/Spelling and uncheck "Always ignore the original text in a reply or forward". Or select the text to check and press F7.

     

     

    ~R~

     

    Raid Controllers

    1. Enable the IDE Raid controller on the mobo if required.
    2. Enable it in BIOS as required
    3. Boot XP using the present set up - hard drives on the regular IDE controller.
    4. Install the drivers for the IDE/RAID controller.

    Now XP will recognize the controller and your ready to make any changes you may want to use the Ide/Raid controllers.

    Random Words and Characters

    In recent weeks, several XP users have posted messages to Internet discussion lists and newsgroups reporting that text is automatically appearing in Internet Explorer's address bar or in Outlook e-mail messages or Word documents as users compose them.

    According to Microsoft, after installing Microsoft's Speech application programming interface, "random words or characters may be displayed in Office XP documents or in the Internet Explorer Address bar."

    To resolve the problem, Microsoft said XP users should disable the Dictation and the Voice Command features on the operating system's Language bar. Alternately, users can turn off speech recognition completely from the Regional and Language Options tool on XP's Control Panel.

    Merely unplugging or turning off the computer's microphone does not correct the random-character problem, according to several user reports.

    Microsoft's Article about Random Characters in Office XP
    Microsoft's Article on Configuring Speech Recognition in Windows XP
    Microsoft's .NET Speech homepage

    Read Only

    You may be unable to remove the Read-Only attribute from a folder using Windows Explorer. In addition, some programs may display error messages when you try to save files to the folder.

    This behavior occurs because the folder is customized. You can customize a folder by clicking Customize this folder on the View menu. Many programs also customize folders (for example, the Fonts folder comes with a customization as part of the standard system configuration).

    Windows Explorer uses the Read-Only attribute to determine whether or not the folder is customized. To work around this behavior, you can configure Windows Explorer to use the System flag instead of the Read-Only flag. To do this, use the following steps.

    NOTE : Some programs do not operate correctly with folders that have the System attribute configured. Start Registry Editor (Regedt32.exe). Locate the following registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Current Version\Explorer.  On the Edit menu, click Add Value and then add the following registry value:

    Value Name: UseSystemForSystemFolders
    Data Type: REG_DWORD
    Value: 1
    Quit Registry Editor.

    You can find additional information about folder customization in the Platform Software Development Kit (SDK). Refer to the PathMakeSystemFolder function and the "Customizing Folders with Desktop.ini" shell basics chapter at the following Microsoft Web sites:

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/psdk/shellcc/shell/shlwapi/path/pathmakesystemfolder.htm
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/psdk/shellcc/shell/shell_basics/custom.htm

    Unable to Remove Read-Only Flag from Folder

    Reboot - Windows Boots without warning!

    By default when WinXP encounters a system failure, it reboots without warning. The setting that controls this can be changed:

    Control Panel/System/Advanced/Settings (Startup & Recovery)/System Failure/Uncheck-Automatically Restart.

    You can use Event Viewer to view and manage the event logs, gather information about hardware and software problems, and monitor Windows security events.

    To view the event log: Administrative Tools/Event Viewer or Start/Run/eventvwr.

    To review Shutdown Event Tracker data, Open Event Viewer. Click System Log, scroll to the Event column, and find entries with the number 1075.

    HOW TO: View and Manage Event Logs in Event Viewer in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q308427

    And also:

    Go to Start/Run/Msinfo32/Hardware Resources, Components/Problem Devices and Software Environment/Windows Error Reporting.

    Go to Help and Support/Pick a Task (left side)/Use Tools to view.../(left pane)My Computer Information/(right pane) View the status of my system hardware and software/Hardware/Update and Troubleshooters.

    How to Troubleshoot Hardware and Software Driver Problems
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q322205

    Try running the DirectX Tool: Start/Run/Dxdiag, Lower Hardware Acceleration (Display/Settings/Advanced/Troubleshoot/Hardware Acceleration). Check System Info for problematic issues: Start/Run/Msinfo32/Hardware Resources and Components/Problem Devices and Software Environment/Windows Error Reporting.

    Report Error's to Microsoft automatically

    Start/Run/gpedit.msc/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/Error Reporting. Right click Report Errors/Properties. Check off Enable and then check off, Do not display links to any MS provided more information web sites. Apply, ok.

    Recovery Console - To install the Recovery Console as a Start-up Option

    1. With Windows running, insert the Setup CD into your CD-ROM drive.
    2. Click Start and select Run.
    3. Type the following where D: is the CD-ROM drive letter: D:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons
    4. Follow the instructions on the screen.

    Notes:
    a. To run the Recovery Console, restart your computer and select the Recovery Console option from the list of available
        operating systems.
    b. You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group in order to complete this procedure.
        If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may also prevent you from completing this procedure.
    c. To see the commands available on the Recovery Console, type help at the at the console prompt.
    d. If your computer will not start, you can run the Recovery Console from the Setup CD. See Related Topics for information
        on running the Recovery Console when your computer will not start.  Recovery Console in Windows XP

    Recent Documents

    1. Open Taskbar and Start menu/Start menu Tab/Customize/Advanced uncheck "List my most recently opened
        documents".
    2. Same place in "Start menu items" check "Favorite menu".  Or...

    HOW TO: Display, Use, and Clear "My Recent Documents"
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q307/8/75.asp

    Prevent My Documents and Recent Documents (Line 50)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Clear Recent Documents (Line 170)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Restore My Documents (Line 55)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Restore Recent Documents (Line 55)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Prevent My Documents and Recent Documents (Line 50)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the Regedits: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

    Recording Button Missing <source unknown>

    If you uninstalled and reinstalled Nero in XP, or did an upgrade from a previous OS to XP without uninstalling Nero first, this is a known error
    (for both Adaptec and Nero). Let me know if it works! This problem is caused by an association created in the system registry between these specific
    Adaptec driver files and the CD file system drivers for Windows 2000. If the Adaptec driver files are renamed or removed, then the system will loose
    access to any CD drive (CD ROM, CD recorder, or DVD).

    IMPORTANT: The following contains information about editing the registry. Before you edit the registry, make sure you understand how to restore it if
    a problem occurs. For information about how to do this, view the "Restoring the Registry" Help topic in Regedit.exe or the "Restoring a Registry Key"
    Help topic in Regedt32.exe.

    1. Uninstall all CD Burning software from the system.
    2. Go to the RUN line and type in Regedt32 and press Enter.
    3. Go to the following registry locations and delete the key values for

    UPPERFILTERS and LOWERFILTERS: (Do NOT delete the entire
    4D36E965-E325-11CE-BBFC1-08002BE10318 key)

    Or run this script:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/regs_edits/xp_cd_dvd_fix.vbs  <source known>

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\Class\{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BB
    FC1-08002BE10318}

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet002\Control\Class\{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BB
    FC1-08002BE10318}

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E965-E325-11C
    E-BFC1-08002BE10318}

    4. Close out of Regedt32.exe and reboot the computer.
    5. You should have access to your CDROM drives after reboot.

    Make sure you create a System Restore Point before you make changes to the registry.

    Recovery

    1) Automated System Recovery capability in XP Pro BackUp:
     http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q302894

    2) "system file checker" From a cmd prompt, run "sfc /scannow"

    3) System Restore from Start Menu Programs, Accessories, System Tools

    4) Recovery Console from F8 boot

    5) CD boot upgrade, but select Repair. Preferences, apps & settings preserved

    6) Driver Roll Back from Start Menu, Admin Tools, Device Manager

    7) Password recovery from Start Menu, Control Panels, User Accounts: User, Prevent a forgotten password

    Recovery Console

    You can use Recovery Console to perform many tasks without starting Windows XP, including: starting and stopping services, reading and writing information on a local disk drive, and formatting drives. However, you must install Recovery Console while your computer is still functioning. The Recovery Console feature should be used only by advanced users. Before using Recovery Console, it is recommended that you back up your information on a tape drive, because your local hard disks might be reformatted—thus erased—as part of the recovery. You can also run Recovery Console from the Windows XP CD.

         To install Recovery Console as a Startup Option

    Log on to Windows XP Professional as an administrator or as a user with administrator rights.
    If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may prevent you from completing this procedure. Contact your network administrator for assistance. Insert the Windows XP Professional CD into your CD ROM drive. If you’re prompted to upgrade to Windows XP, click No.

    From the command prompt—or from the Run command in the Start menu–type the path to the appropriate Winnt32.exe file (on your Windows XP Professional CD), followed by a space and /cmdcons to reference this switch. For example:
    e:\1386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons.  Follow the instructions that appear.
     
         To run Recovery Console on a computer if Windows XP Professional does not start

    Restart your computer, and then choose Windows Recovery Console from the list of operating systems. Follow the instructions that appear. Recovery Console displays a command prompt. Make the required changes to your system.

    Back up your information regularly—using the Backup utility in Windows XP—to keep your archived data up–to–date.
    It is also a good idea to backup important data and files before making any system changes, such as adding new hardware, updating drivers or firmware, and editing the registry. For more information about how to back up your data, see Help and Support Center. To see the commands available in Recovery Console, type “help” at the command prompt. To restart your computer, type “exit” to close the Recovery Console command prompt.

    Description and Uses of Windows XP Recovery Console

    Workarounds:

    Copy the "spcmdcon.sys" file from the temporary disk based fix to the c:\cmdcons directory, dated 10/5/2001 to the one dated 8/18/2001 from the temporary disk based fix to the c:\cmdcons directory. Then boot into the Recovery Console.

    The Password Is Not Valid Error Message Appears When You Log On to Recovery Console in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;EN-US;q308402&

    Boot into Safe Mode and Run "control userpasswords2", uncheck Users Must Enter a Password, and fill out the dialogue for administrator, with a blank password.

    Click Start//Control Panel/Local Security Policy. Scroll to "Recovery Console: Allow automatic administrative logon." Change from Disabled to Enable.

    More info:

    HOW TO: Install and Use the Recovery Console in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q307654

    Cannot Log On to Recovery Console After Running Sysprep in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/search/preview.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q308402

    Recovery Console Fix for XP SP1 (Line 58)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Boot from the XP Home boot Floppies, which you can make from this Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
    http://support.microsoft.com/directory/article.asp?ID=KB;EN-US;Q310994

    It will accept a blank password after you boot from the floppies.

    Recycle Bin - Deleting Problems

    Most noted, this often happens if you use the SUBST command to create a virtual drive.  Meaning XP isn't installed on C.

    IF you have a virtual drive. Do a SUBST DRIVER: /D
    You should then be able to see the contents of you Recycle Bin

    The optional quick fix is: Delete any file (just to make sure there's something in the bin).

    Then, with the Recycle Bin CLOSED, right click the Recycle Bin desktop icon, select: Empty Recycle Bin, and when the Confirm File Delete dialog box comes up, click the OK button. Then reboot your system. After doing the above, any deleted files should now list correctly in the Recycle Bin.

    Files Do Not Show Up in Recycle Bin When Deleted
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;168570

    This seems to work for many: Make sure that something is in the Recycle Bin (delete any file). With the Recycle Bin closed, right click and choose: Empty Recycle Bin. When the confirm box appears, click ok. Reboot. Now the Recycle Bin should work correctly.

    If the above didn't help:

    Files not being listed in the Recycle Bin seem to be related to a corrupt info2 file. To correct the issue (Fat32):

    Go to Start/Run and type in CMD:

    Type CD \RECYCLED, and then press ENTER.
    Type ATTRIB -r -s -h info2, and then press ENTER.
    Type DEL INFO2, and then press ENTER.

    NOTE: This deletes the damaged INFO2 file. Windows will recreate this file as needed, automatically.

    You can often restore files even if it is not being listed in the Recycle Bin by searching (Start/Search) for the files by name, once found rename them. If the files still cannot be recovered, follow the steps above, then reboot. They should now be listed.

    To see the files listed in the Recycled Folder

    Go to Start/Run and type in:  CMD.  At the prompt type in:  cd\ [enter] then cd Recycled [enter] then dir [enter].
    They will listed similar to this:  Dc25.url, Dc26.lnk, etc.  If Windows is installed on D:\, it will then be listed as Dd25, etc. The number represents the number of file deleted. 

    A hidden folder is creating on each volume that has the recycle bin enabled named Recycled. Any deleted files are moved to this folder and renamed to: C<original drive letter><number file deleted>.<original extension> and the original full name and path stored in a mapping file Info2. For example the file name:  C:\www.dbknox_faq.com\index.html would become Dc1.html (if it was the first file deleted on the partition).

    When the Recycle Bin becomes full, Windows starts deleting files to make room for newly deleted files. These files are still recoverable until you 'empty' the Recycle Bin.

    To Recover Files in NTFS:

    Click Start, Run and enter %systemdrive%\Recycler.  Under this folder you'll see sub folders with names like:
    S-1-5-21-1085031214-854245398-1060284298-1003

    One of these is your user's Recycle Bin folder, you'll have to determine which.  Then open a Command Prompt Window and type: Start/Run and type in: CMD

    CD\Recycled\<name of the sub folder>
    Next type DIR

    Locate the files with the file extension that you wish to recover. There may be more than one of the same type. These files will all be DC??.xxx where ?? is a number and xxx is the file extension.

    Use the COPY command to copy all of the matching files out. For example:  COPY *.DOC C:\Temp

    to copy all DOC files to C:\Temp. Now you can open these files and find the one(s) that you wanted to retrieve.  Once you've retrieved all the files that you need, type the following command:  ATTRIB -S -H -R INFO2

    INFO2 is a hidden file that holds the information on files in the Recycle Bin. This is the file that has been corrupted. Next type:  DEL INFO2

    This removes the corrupted INFO2 file. Don't worry, it will be recreated automatically by Windows. Now, empty the Recycle Bin. The next time you delete a file, if not before, INFO2 will be recreated and your Recycle Bin will function normally.

    Error Message while deleting:

    If, while attempting to empty the recycle bin, you receive an odd error, you may have inadvertently opened a file or folder that has a share lock on a file or folder that you are attempting to delete. This usually occurs when attempting to browse your hard drive in Explorer. Close Explorer and then retry emptying the Recycle Bin.

    Files Do Not Show Up in Recycle Bin When Deleted - NTFS

    Permissions on the C:\Recycler directory may be too restrictive.

    Administrators should have ownership of the Recycler directory. To take ownership of the directory, perform the following:
    Log on as Administrator. Using Windows Explorer, locate the directory and select Properties/Ownership.

    Use the option to Take Ownership of the directory. Restore default permissions to the directory with the permissions option.
    Default permissions: Administrators Full Control, Creator/Owner Full Control, Everyone Change, System Full Control.

    Checkpoints:

    Right click on your recycle bin and make sure this box isn't checked checked that says "Do not move files to the recycle bin.  Remove files immediately when deleted."

    Remove every reference to Recycled/Recycler (depending) and reboot.

    Make sure that something is in the Recycle Bin (delete any file). With the Recycle Bin closed, right click and choose: Empty Recycle Bin. When the confirm box appears, click ok. Reboot. Now the Recycle Bin should work correctly.

    The issue can occur if some program changes the Recycle Bin status such as Trash Guard/Shredder of McAfee. It should work normally after you empty the Recycle Bin.   

    IF you have a virtual drive. Do a SUBST X: /D (where X is the letter assigned to the virtual drive).  You should then be able to see the contents of you Recycle Bin.

    When deleted files are not showing up in the Recycle Bin at times the folder can also be missing under C:\Recycle Bin, if this is the case go to:  Start/Run/CMD and type in:  rd /s /q c:\recycled [reboot].  And/or run this edit:  Restore the Recycle Bin

    Verify that NukeOnDelete is not set in the Registry by running this edit.  No Nuke On Delete

    Running Spybot has cleared this issue for many users. 

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit.  Edit/Find, in the Find what box type in:  {645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}.  The only reference to this CLSID should be for the Recycle Bin.  Many users have found up to 12 references to this key under different third party programs. 

    Damaged Files in Recycled Folder

    Go to Start/Run/CMD:

    Type: cd.. enter cd.. enter then, Type: attrib -s -h recycled [enter], Type: del recycled [enter], Restart the computer.
    Or go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: rd /s /q c:\recycled

    Files Do Not Show Up in Recycle Bin When Deleted
    Err Msg: Error Deleting File Cannot Delete INFO2...
    The Recycle Bin on C:\ Is Corrupt or Invalid. Do You Want to Empty the Recycle Bin for this...
    HOW TO: Bypass the Recycle Bin When You Delete Files and Folders in Windows XP


    Replace/Repair the Recycle Bin (Line 64)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm


    Recover and Restore Deleted Files (Line 36)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Rename the Recycle Bin (Line 115)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Change the Recycle Bin Icon (Line 158)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Add Empty Recycle Bin to the Right Click (Line 21)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Recycle Bin - Rename

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\ShellFolder

    Value Name: Attributes
    Data Type: REG_BINARY (Binary Value)
    Value Data: (70 01 00 20=enable, 40 01 00 20=default)

    Set the value of "Attributes" in the appropriate key below to "70 01 00 20", you will then be able to rename and/or delete any special folders by right-clicking them.

    Customizing Windows XP

    Recycle Bin - Repair or Replace

    Replace/Repair the Recycle Bin  This is a REG file. Save the file to your hard disk and double click it. Answer yes to the import prompt.  Right click on the Desktop and select Refresh. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking the file and selecting Edit.

    Recycle Bin - Remove from Desktop

    Remove the Recycle Bin (Line 115)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Note:  To remove, once the edit is installed, go to Windows Explorer, scroll down to the Recycle Bin, highlight, then go to File/Delete.  Refresh desktop.

    Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT

    Go to: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{647BD8C2-658B-4ECA-ABC7-FC5C0BF1704D}

    Right click on the {647BD8C2-658B-4ECA-ABC7-FC5C0BF1704D} sub key and select Export (this way you can restore it if you want to). Next right click on the same key and select Delete. Go back to your desktop, right click and select Refresh. No more Recycle Bin.

    Or use this registry edit:  Hide the Recycle Bin.

    Red X

    Pictures Are Not Displayed on Internet Web Sites
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q272306

    Web Page Displays an Image As a Red X or Not at All
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q283807

    Refresh Rate

    Run the edits on line 157, 199, 204 and/or 317:   http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Update

    Value Name: UpdateMode, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: default = 1. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, named "UpdateMode" and set it to equal "0" for faster updates. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Refresh Rates: The one CRITICAL flaw in Windows XP

    Refresh Rates - Games (Refresh Rates: The one Critical flaw in Windows XP)

    Microsoft Windows XP offers many great new features and innovations for both consumers and corporate users alike, but if you play computer games, you might want to think twice before purchasing XP to replace your Windows 98/ME operating system.  Windows XP suffers from huge limitations in the way it handles monitor refresh rates, and buying XP will increase monitor flicker and could severely hurt your eyes!

    By default, Windows 98/ME always plays games at the highest refresh rate your monitor and video card can handle, and this offers the least flicker and the least eyestrain possible.  However, Windows XP plays games at much lower refresh rates.  In every resolution, all DirectX games in Windows XP run at only 75 Hz, and all OpenGL games in Windows XP run at only 60 Hz.  That's right, OpenGL based Quake III Arena will run at only 60 Hz in XP! 

    Both of these refresh rate settings will give you much added eyestrain and a nasty headache after playing for a while.  This gaming refresh rate issue is such a HUGE and OBVIOUS problem, it makes you wonder how Microsoft can even ship an operating system with such a huge flaw.

    Games however, are not the only area refresh rates are handled poorly in Windows XP.  When setting your 2D desktop refresh rate in "Display Properties," Microsoft got rid of the "Optimal" refresh rate setting in Windows XP.  In Windows 98/ME, Windows is automatically set at an "Optimal" refresh rate setting in "Display Properties," and Windows always uses the highest refresh rate possible at EVERY resolution on the 2D desktop. 

    Now, since Windows XP only uses static refresh rate values instead of the "Optimal" setting in "Display Properties," every time you switch resolutions in XP, you have to manually change your refresh rate setting to the highest available to get the best display quality possible on the 2D desktop.  With an "Optimal" setting, users don't need to worry about refresh rates at all.

    Also, no matter what people may tell you, this is NOT a driver issue.  These refresh rate problems happen with EVERY video card on the market, with all available drivers.  It happens on NVIDIA, ATI, S3, Matrox, 3dfx, and all other video cards.  Even with drivers designed for Windows XP, you will still experience these problems.

    Furthermore, don't believe the myth that it's bad to run your monitor at high refresh rates, even if your monitor supports them. Running your monitor at high refresh rates, as long as your monitor can support them, will not damage or cause any added stress to your monitor.  I have confirmed this with multiple monitor manufactures. 

    While most people can't consciously tell the difference between 85 Hz and higher refresh rates, running at higher refresh rates will still cause less eyestrain after you use your computer for an extended period of time, so it is best to run your monitor at the highest refresh rate possible.

    Temporary solutions for now:  Click here and scroll down.

    Regional Settings - Torgeir Bakken (MVP)

    A combined batch/vbs solution creating a date variable in the
    format 11-17-2004 regardless of the regional settings:

    ------------------------------------------
    @echo off
    echo D = Now : WScript.Echo Right(100+Month(D),2) ^& "-" ^& _ >%tmp%\today.vbs
    echo Right(100+Day(D),2) ^& "-" ^& Year(D) >>%tmp%\today.vbs

    for /f "tokens=1" %%a in (
           'cscript.exe //Nologo %tmp%\today.vbs') do set today=%%a

    del %tmp%\today.vbs
    echo Todays date: %today%
    ------------------------------------------

    Third party:  Date 2 File or Directory

    Registry - Disable Registry Editing Tools

    Disable or Enable Registry Editing Tools (Line 213)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Repair the Registry Editor (Line 173)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Lift Restrictions from the Registry Editor (Line 275)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual:

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System

    Value Name: DisableRegistryTools
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = allow regedit, 1 = disable regedit)

    Create a new DWORD value named 'DisableRegistryTools' and set the value to '1' to disable registry editing functions.
    Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Save the file to the root of your C drive, naming it regfix.reg. Open a command prompt window (start, run, cmd.exe) and enter the following
    command:  regedit -s c:\regfix.reg

    Type in that command in hit the enter key. You should then be able to run regedit.

    HOW TO: Back Up, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;EN-US;322756

    Registry - Default:  Revert a Single Registry Setting to its Default

    This is useful, not only for defining settings for all new users on a system, but for obtaining the default for a particular setting that has been changed since the user account was created.

    Registry Edits

    Registry Edits and Tips for Windows XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_reg_edits.htm
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Registry Explained

    Windows Registry Tutorial

    Registry - Last State

         Tip:  This script stops Regedit from remembering the last key and instead opens regedit at the top "My Computer"
                  folder. Create a shortcut on your desktop to this script and double-click on it to launch Regedit without the last key
                  memory. Download Here.

         Tip:  After you start Regedit, press and hold down SHIFT+LEFT ARROW to collapse all the entries back to the My
                  Computer entry.

         Tip:  Start/Run/Regedit
                  HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Applets\Regedit.
                  In the right pane, for the value LastKey.

    Double-click it and clear the string. Then right-click the Regedit key (in the left hand pane) and select Permissions. Set Permissions to Deny for any/all users/groups.  How to Prevent Regedit.exe from Using the Last State

    Registry - Re-Initialize Your Registry Without Rebooting Windows

    Some registry changes require you to restart Windows before they are enabled. A workaround in most cases is to go to the Task Manager, end process on Explorer.exe, with Task Manager still open, go to File/New Task and type in Explorere.exe.

    Registry - Restore

    Press F8 at boot up and you will se the option to load last good configuration (this restores the registry). If you have system restore on then you can restore system files just by booting into safe mode, right click My Computer and selecting properties, now select the restore tab.

    HOW TO: Back Up, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;EN-US;322756

    Registry - Startup a Program Just Once then delete from the Registry

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Runonce. Data Type: REG_SZ. Value: path to the program.

         Tip:  Startup Programs Without the Startup Folder - Start/Run/Regedit
                  HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run. Data Type: REG_SZ. Value: path
                  to program.

    Registered Owner and Organization

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion

    In the right pane, double click RegisteredOwner and change the Value data.

    Or you can use these automated scripts:

    Change Registered Owner and Organization (Line 7)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Change Computer Name (Line 109)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Change My Computer Name to User Name (Line 131)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Registry - Recovery

    How to Recover from a Corrupted Registry

    Registry Robot

    RegistryRobot provides a safe interface to dozens of registry settings that cannot be changed through built-in Windows utilities. Only tweaks that relate to your operating system or Internet Explorer version are displayed; if it's not relevant, you never see it. The tweaks appear in a tree structure, organized by category, and include descriptive text so you know what the effect of each one will be. And if you don't like the result of a tweak, you can easily undo it.  For more information and download click here.

    Regsvr32 (Special thanks to David Candy)

    You can use the Regsvr32 tool (Regsvr32.exe) to register and un-register object linking and embedding (OLE) controls such as dynamic-link library (DLL) or ActiveX Controls (OCX) files that are self-registerable. This may be necessary to troubleshoot some issues with Windows, Microsoft Internet Explorer, or other programs.  Go to:  Start/Run

    regsvr32 Shdocvw.dll          (restores registry settings for html and http)
    regsvr32 Shell32.dll
    regsvr32 Oleaut32.dll
    regsvr32 Actxprxy.dll
    regsvr32 Mshtml.dll
    regsvr32 Urlmon.dll
    regsvr32 msi.dll
    regsvr32 Shdocvw.dll
    regsvr32 Shell32.dll
    regsvr32 Oleaut32.dll
    regsvr32 Actxprxy.dll
    regsvr32 Mshtml.dll
    regsvr32 Urlmon.dll
    regsvr32 /i shell32          (restores registry settings for drives, folders, and some others)
    regsvr32 sendmail

    Regsvr32

    This command-line tool registers .dll files as command components in the registry. For more information about changes to the functionality of MS-DOS commands, new command-line tools, command shell functionality, configuring the command prompt, and automating commmand-line tasks, see Command-line reference.

    RegSvr32 - Graphical Interface

    This program allows to register/unregister DLLs using RegSvr32 tool which is included with Windows. This program is very easy even for beginners. Additionally, it shows a way to find windows\system directory location properly. A handy utility that will help you avoid the inconvenience of running regsvr32 from the start menu all the time.  CodeRegshell.zip

    Reinstall

    Windows XP Pro
    Windows XP Parallel Install
    Windows XP Pro Upgrade Install
    Windows XP Pro Repair
    OEM PC's RECOVERY/RESTORES/REINSTALLS/INSTALLS (Compaq, Dell, HP)

    Reminder

    Annoying message.  To resolve, search for this exe and delete it. hpsdpapp.exe

    Remote Access to the Registry

    How to Manage Remote Access to the Registry

    Remote Assistance

    Problem: Expert cannot take control.
    Problem: Neither Expert nor Novice can send a file.

    One solution:  Set Active Scripting in MSIE for the Internet zone to Enable or Prompt.
    (Contributed by CZ)

    Troubleshooting Remote Assistance in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting the Remote Assistance Connection Process
    Troubleshooting How to Enable Remote Assistance in Windows XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_resources.htm

    Remote Assistance Issues
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_remote_desktop.htm

    Remote Desktop

    Get started using your computer remotely with Remote Desktop Remote Desktop: Get Started Using Your Computer Remotely
    Enable your computer as the host for remote access Remote Desktop: Enable Your Computer as the Host
    Install client software for remote access Remote Desktop: Install the Client Software
    Start a Remote Desktop session Remote Desktop: Start a Session

    Troubleshooting Remove Desktop Issues
    Remote Desktop Web Connection

    "Show Shadows Under Menus" Does Not Work in Remote Desktop Sessions
    HOW TO: Make a Local Printer Available During a Connection to a Remote Desktop in Windows XP Professional

    Desktop/Remote Assistance/Remote Networking

    Overview of Remote Assistance in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q300/5/46.asp

    Description of the Remote Assistance Connection Process
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q300/6/92.asp

    The Features of the Remote Desktop Client in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q300/6/98.asp

    Remote Desktop Connection Client Does Not Start Properly
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q302/8/03.asp

    Provide Remote Assistance in Response to an E-mail Invit
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q306/7/91.asp

    Provide Remote Assist by Using Windows Messenger
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q306/8/00.asp

    Installing Remote Desktop Web Connection in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q284/9/31.asp

    How a Remote Desktop Connection Affects Windows XP Professional
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q280/8/28.asp

    HOW TO: Turn On Remote Desktop Automatic Logon
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q281/2/62.asp

    How to Disable Remote Desktop by Using Group Policy
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q306/3/00.asp

    Remote Installation

    How the Remote Installation Boot Disk Works

    Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Exploit - Updated!
    Special thanks to MVP Doug Knox and Mike Kolitz

    Windows shuts down after 60 seconds because the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) service terminated unexpectedly.

    Suggestions: 

    Go to Start/Run and type in: services.msc. Scroll down to Remote Procedure Call (RPC)/Recovery/First Failure/Restart the
    Service.  Explained in more detail:  (Jupiter Jones MVP)

    Click Start
    Click Run
    Type in: services.msc
    ENTER
    The box that comes up has an alphabetical list of services.
    Use the scroll bar on the right and go down to "Remote Procedure Call (RPC)"
    Right click on it.
    Click Properties.
    Click Recovery tab
    Click drop down by "First Failure"
    Select "Restart the service"
    Click OK.

    Then download the script on line 1. (a) then the patch on line 1. (b) or follow the prompt within the script.  This script removes the W32.Blaster.Worm, W32.Blaster.B.Worm, W32.Blaster.C.Worm, W32.Blaster.D, W32.Blaster.E and W32.Blaster.F.

    1 (a) and (b) is all that is needed to be done.  The rest provided below it, is just for informational purposes.

    1.  a. Download this VB Script.  The script deletes the run key from the registry,  msblast.exe from the System32 folder,
             stops the process in the Task Manager, prompts for the patch download and/or verifies if the patch is already
             installed.       
         b. Install the 824146 patch.

    *Tip:  Prevent Prompting for Hotfix KB823980
    *Tip:  Correct the Cryptographic Service Error Message

    Stop Here if the worm has been removed!

    More Troubleshooting Information for combined worms:

    Msconfig, Regedit or Task Manager can not be opened.  Emergency Msconfig, Regedit, Task Manager

    Startup Programs Tracker - Processes .  This script reads the run keys, Shell and Running Processes to help identify which worm is present.

    Worm Removal Scripts - msblast, randex, sobig
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_w.htm#worm

    For the users who have disabled msblast, etc from msconfig before running the script, this script removes all bogus entries.
    Remove Disabled Entries from Msconfig Startup or (Line 148) http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual Removal Instructions for msblast:

    1.  Rename msblast.exe in the System32 folder.  Stop the process in the Task Manager labeled msblast.exe.  Then go to Start/Run/Regedit and delete this entry:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    "windows auto update"="msblast.exe"

    2.  Error Message when trying to download the patch:  Setup could not verify the integrity of the file update.inf. Make sure
         the Crytographic service is running.  Correct the Cryptographic Service Error Message.

    Manual:

    Go to Start/Run and type in:  regsvr32 wintrust.dll

    If that doesn't help:  Go to Start/Run and type in CMD. At the command prompt, type the following commands, pressing ENTER after each line:

    net stop cryptsvc
    ren %systemroot%\system32\catroot2 oldcatroot2
    net start cryptsvc

    3.  What You Should Know About The Blaster Worm

         W32.Blaster.Worm - DCOM RPC - msblast.exe
          http://securityresponse.symantec.com/avcenter/venc/data/w32.blaster.worm.html

         RPC DCOM WORM (MSBLASTER)
         http://isc.sans.org/diary.html?date=2003-08-11

    4.  Right click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Remote. Uncheck both boxes.

    5.  Security update for the RPC Buffer Overrun flaw:
         http://microsoft.com/technet/treeview/default.asp?url=/technet/security/bulletin/MS03-026.asp

    6.  You may also need to activate a firewall, such as the one included with Windows XP in the interim to block the exploit
         on ports 135, 139, or 445.  http://microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/using/howto/networking/icf.asp

    7.  Worm.Win32.Autorooter
          http://www.avp.ch/avpve/worms/win32/autorooter.stm

    Remove Properties

    Remove (Line 314), Restore (Line 207 or 203)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual:

    Remove Properties from My Computer.  This restriction remove the properties option from My Computer and hides the "System Properties" screen.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    Value Name: NoPropertiesMyComputer
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = Properties, 1 = No Properties)

    Remove Program From the Start Menu - Exclude a Program from the Start Menu

    You can remove a program shortcut from the left side of the new Start menu (where XP shows you a number of most frequently used programs) by right clicking the shortcut and choosing Remove from This List, but you will notice that after some time (if you continue to use the program), it will reappear.

    There is a way to ban programs from this part of the Start menu permanently:

    Start the Registry Editor
    Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Explorer\FileAssociation\

    Right-click the String Value AddRemoveApps, and select Modify.  Add the name of the programs executable at the end of the Value data, make sure that the name is preceded by a semicolon (;).  When ready, press OK and close the registry editor.  Log off, or restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

    Restore Most Frequently Used Program List (Line 133)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Note:  Personalized menus come into play whether you are running the Classic or Start Menu. Luna is oriented towards the start panel rather than the start menu
    and does not implement personalized menus off the start panel. One thing you can do is start pinning stuff to the start panel to minimize the number of
    times you have to go to the start menu. You'll also notice that your most frequently used stuff shows up on the start panel regardless.

    Policy:Remove frequent programs list from the Start Menu
    Description:Removes the frequently-used programs list from the Start menu. Registry Value:"NoStartMenuMFUprogramsList"

    Policy Settings for the Start Menu in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q292504

    Frequently Used Programs Not Automatically Added to Start Menu
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q282/0/66.asp

    Check your settings here: Start/Run/Regedit

    Note: This setting only applies to the Windows XP Start Menu, not the
    Classic Start Menu.

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    Policies\Explorer

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    If you have this Value Name: NoStartMenuMFUprogramsList change the Value Data to 0 or delete the Value Name.

    Another option would be to check the number of programs to be listed: Right click the Start button/Properties/Customize/Number of Programs...

    The settings are also listed here: Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    Explorer\Advanced. In the right pane, check the Value Data under Start_MinMFU.

    Rename Desktop (System) Icons

    Rename Your Desktop (System) Icons

    Repair and Re-Activation

    Running Repair on Windows XP Requires User to Re-Activate XP

    Repair The Windows XP Installation

    Note: You will forfeit all MS Updates.

    Configure your computer to start from the CD-ROM drive. For more information about how to do this, please refer to your computer's documentation or contact your computer manufacturer.

    Insert your Windows XP compact disc (CD) into your CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive, and then restart your computer.

    (You can also boot with a Windows 98/Me Startup disk with CD support and run WINNT.EXE in the I386 folder on the CD)

    When the "Press any key to boot from CD" message is displayed on your screen, press a key to start your computer from the Windows XP CD.

    When you see the following message displayed on the Welcome to Setup screen, press ENTER: To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER.

    At this point an option to press R to enter the Recovery Console is displayed. Do not select this option.

    On the Windows XP Licensing Agreement screen, press F8 to agree to the license agreement. Make sure that your current installation of Windows XP is selected in the box, and then press the R key to repair Windows XP. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete Setup.

    Perform an In-Place Upgrade (Reinstallation) of Windows XP http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q315341

    Report Errors to Microsoft Automatically

    Start/Run/gpedit.msc/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/Error Reporting. Right click Report Errors/Properties. Check off Enable and then check off, Do not display links to any MS provided more information web sites. Apply, ok.

         Tip:  To Disable - Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Error Reporting/Disable
         Tip:  To bypass the BSOD altogether and enable the instant "Auto Reboot" feature:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\CrashControl.  Right click on "AutoReboot", modify and change the value to 1. Exit, reboot. To disable set the value back to 0.

    Resolution

    PowerStrip
    1st QuickRes 1.6b
    Lock Refresh Rates under Windows XP
    Display Resolution and Color Depth Settings Apply to All Users

    Restart - Multi-Boot Tool

    Restart is a system utility for advanced users with more than one operating system installed on their machine. The program installs an icon in the notification area, and with a single click the computer will shutdown and restart with the selected operating system. The program also includes a command to shutdown the computer, and advanced settings for uncommon configurations.  Screen shot and download.

    Restore - Backups from Win 95, Win98 or Win Me

    Cannot Restore Backups That You Create in Win 95, Win 98, or Win Me with the Windows XP Ntbackup Tool

    Restore - Startup Programs

    Restore Startup Programs in Windows XP
    A Description of the "Restore Startup Programs" Option That Is Used When You Upgrade to Windows XP

    Restrictions

    This restriction will not allow programs with the specified executable filename to run.

    Start/Run/GPEDIT.MSC to set up user restrictions. These things can only be changed from Admin accounts and apply to all user profiles. GPEDIT.MSC is not available in the Home Edition of Windows XP.

         Restrict Users from Running Specific Applications

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer.Value Name: DisallowRun
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer. Create a new DWORD value and name it "DisallowRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

    Then create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer\DisallowRun] and define the applications the are to be restricted. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be restriced (e.g. "regedit.exe"). Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

          Restrict Applications Users Can Run

    This restriction will only allow applications with the specified executable names to run.

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. Value Name: RestrictRun Open your registry and find the key [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer] Create a new DWORD value and name it "RestrictRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

    Then create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer\RestrictRun] and define the applications that are allowed. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be allowed (e.g. "regedit.exe"). Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

    Note: If you are the person who applies Group Policy, do not apply this policy to yourself. If applied too broadly, this policy can prevent administrators from running Group Policy or the registry editors. As a result, once applied, you cannot change this policy except by reinstalling Windows.

    Resource Settings

    Unable to Change Resource Settings in Windows XP Device Manager

    Right Click Context Menus - Deleting entries

    Customizing Right-Click Menu Options in Windows
    http://www.jfitz.com/tips/rclick_custom.html

    ContextEdit lets you control which items appear on your context menu (right-click) in Windows Explorer.

    Add, Modify, Disable, Delete Context Menu Listings (Line 23)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual info:

    Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Go to:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*\OpenWithList
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\shell
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\shell
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Folder\shell
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Folder\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers

    You can also go to a specific File extension (example: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.txt\ShellNew) and right click on the ShellNew key and select Delete, if the item shows up in the New context menu.

    Expand the above branch and look through the sub-keys. Locate the one that corresponds to the entry you wish to remove and right click that sub-key and select Edit.

    You may wish to right click the desired sub-key and select Export. This will create a REG file that you can double click to re-import the information, if you find out you deleted the wrong one, or want it back.

    Right Click - Submenus

    The new OpenExpert is the answer to this problem! Instead of messing around with a fixed association of a file type with only one application, it adds an "Open with" item to the context menu of the chosen file type with all the applications you decide.

    Roaming Profiles - Disable

    Start/Run/gpedit.msc

    Local Computer Policy/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/User Profiles/Only Allow Local User Profiles.  Local Computer Policy/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/User Profiles

    Or...

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Group Policy Objects\LocalMachine\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\System

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'DeleteRoamingCache' and edit the value according to the settings above.

    Value Name: DeleteRoamingCache
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

    If you enable both the "Prevent Roaming Profile changes from propagating to the server" setting and the "Only allow local user profiles" setting, roaming profiles are disabled.

         Delete Cached Copies of Roaming Profiles

    If this setting is enabled, when users with roaming profiles log off, the system will delete the cached copy of their roaming profile. This will help to save disk space where that are lots of roaming users.  Start/Run/Regedit -  You may need to create the key if it does not already exist.

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'DeleteRoamingCache' and edit the value according to the settings below.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

    Value Name: DeleteRoamingCache
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

    Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Roxio

     

    Easy CD Creator 3.x and Windows XP FAQ

     
    Easy CD Creator 4.x and Windows XP FAQ
     
    Easy CD Creator 5.0x Basic and Windows XP FAQ
     
    Easy CD Creator 5.0x Platinum and Windows XP FAQ

    Roxio Products and Windows XP

    Rtfhtml.dll

    OL2000: Errors in the Module Rtfhtml.dll

    Run As

    HOW TO: Enable and Use the "Run As" Command When Running Program

    Run Command - Clear History

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU. Delete the value corresponding to the command you want to remove, or remove all the entries to clear the list completely.

    Run Command - Creating 'App Paths' in Windows XP

    To create an application path, so you can run an application in Windows XP from the Run dialog box you need to:

    1. Run regedit and go to HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths

    2. Create a new key with the what ever you want to use as your run command: 
        HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths\nameofprogram.exe

    3. In the key folder that you created, create a new string, call it 'Path' and modify the value to point the specific folder of your
        executable your running:  C:\ProgramFiles\nameofprogram.

    4. Use the default string and modify it's value to point to the executable you want to run.

    Run Command Missing

    Right click the Start button and select Properties, then Customize. Scroll down and put the check mark in the Show Run entry. If you're using the new Start panel, its on the Advanced tab.

    Or check your settings here:  Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    Value Name: NoRun
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

    Note: It seems that under "XP Theme", not more than eleven (11) items can be displayed together at the right-hand column (with blue background), which at times, disables/removes the Run Command even with it being checked.

    Run Command - Restore

    When you click Start, Run and enter a path and folder name (example: C:\Windows), you may receive and error message.

    The Registry branch for HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Folder is damaged or corrupted. Fix: http://www.dougknox.com/xp/fileassoc/folder_reg.zip  To use: Download the ZIP file and open it. Extract the REG file and double click it. Answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking them and selecting Edit.

    Run Commands - XP Pro

         Tip:  For Pro - Start/Run/hh ntcmds.chm
                 For Home - Start/Run/ %windir%\hh.exe ms-its:%windir%\Help\ntcmds.chm::/ntcmds.htm

         Tip: Run Command Creator (Line 326) Right hand side:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    For Help:
    ms-its:C:\WINDOWS\Help\ntcmds.chm::/ntcmds.htm
    For Tools:
    ms-its:C:\WINDOWS\Help\ntcmds.chm::/ntcmds_new_tools.htm
    For Tasks:
    ms-its:C:\WINDOWS\Help\ntcmds.chm::/dos_diffs.htm

    Command-line reference A-Z
    New Command Line Tools
    Help & Support Run Commands   

    Here is my Win98 list, keep in mind, many also apply to XP.

    Short list:

    msconfig, msinfo32, gpedit.msc, dxdiag, regedit, control passwords2, control passwords, control folders, cleanmgr, clipbrd,
    devmgmt.msc, services.msc, conf, %appdata%

    Start/Run/CMD:  taskkill /?, tasklist /?, assoc /?, cs /?, fsutil, schtasks
    Start/Run/CMD:  dir %windir%\system32\*.cpl, dir %windir%\system32\*.msc, dir %windir%\*.exe, dir %windir%\*.com,
    dir %windir%\*.vbs, dir %windir%\*.js, dir %windir%\*.cmd, dir %windir%\*.bat

    All of the rest are listed below with details.

    For these go to Start/Run and type in for example:  control desktop

    control desktop                          (Desktop Control Panel) control folders                         (Folder Settings)
    control color                               (Desktop Appearance) control netware                       (Novell NetWare)
    control date/time                         (Date/Time Control Panel) control telephony                     (Phone and Modem Options)
    control international                     (Regional Settings) control admintools                   (Administrative Tools Folder)
    control mouse                             (Mouse Control Panel) control schedtasks                   (Scheduled Tasks Folder)
    control keyboard                        (Keyboard Control Panel) control netconnections             (Network and Dial-Up)
    control printers                           (Printers Folder) control infrared                        (Infrared Control Panel)
    control fonts                               (Fonts Folder) control userpasswords             (Users and Passwords)

    Note:  You can use CONTROL.EXE applet.CPL OR RUNDLL32.EXE SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL applet.CPL

    Other options by example:  control Sysdm.cpl,System,1
    Also, there's a couple of items controlled by just one .cpl, main.cpl. For these, make it say:

    control main.cpl @X

    Replace the @X with:
    @0 for the mouse properties item;
    @1 for the keyboard properties item;
    @2 for the printers item;
    @3 for the fonts item.

    More listed here in a table.
    TechTV List

    Running Control Panel Applets Directly

    Some applets provide more than configuration tab, e.g. SYSTEM applet comes with General, Device Manager, Hardware Profiles and Performance. These tabs can be accessed directly by adding options to the above given command line.

    CONTROL.EXE applet.CPL,,1 where applet is the name of your chosen applet and the numbers 0..3 address the corresponding tabs (0-first tab, 1-second ...).

    Subpage exceptions would be:  Fonts- main.cpl subpages (-3), Keyboard - main.cpl subpages (-1), Multimedia - mmsys.cpl subpages (-0), Printers - main.cpl subpages (-2),  Sounds- mmsys.cpl subpages (-1).

    Example:  Rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL <cpl app>,<applet>,<page>

    Control_RunDLL Case Sensitive.
    <cpl app> Name of Control Panel applet to open.
    <applet> If the applet contains multiple applets, such as the printer applet, this indicates which one to open. Numbering is zero-based preceded with "@".
    <page> The one-based page or Tab within the applet to display.

    System Wizard Run Commands

    Open With (File Associations):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,OpenAs_RunDLL d:\path\filename.ext

    Run Diskcopy Dialog:
        rundll32 diskcopy.dll,DiskCopyRunDll

    Create New Shortcut Wizard:
        rundll32.exe AppWiz.Cpl,NewLinkHere %1

    Install New Hardware Wizard:
        rundll32.exe sysdm.cpl,InstallDevice_RunDLL

    Add Printer Wizard:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL AddPrinter

    Dial-up Networking Wizard
        rundll32.exe rnaui.dll,RnaWizard

    Open a Scrap Document:
        rundll32.exe shscrap.dll,OpenScrap_RunDLL /r /x %1

    Create a Briefcase:
        rundll32.exe syncui.dll,Briefcase_Create

    View Printers:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL PrintersFolder

    View Fonts:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL FontsFolder

    Pick a Time Zone Dialog:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl,,/f

    Logoff and Lock with proper icon: Download here.  Open the .zip, then copy and paste each file onto the Desktop. 

    Tip:  Added notes for VB

    Formatting a Floppy:   Shell ("Rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHFormatDrive")
    Remove IE Branding:  Shell ("Rundll32.exe iedkcs32.dll,Clear")

    Run Control Panel Programs - VB Code

    Great Resource - Listings from A to Z - Rundll32 Reference Command Guide
    Miscellaneous RunDLL32 Commands
    BASIC and General RUNDLL32 COMMANDS

    Note:  Scroll up for regsvr32 commands.

    Tip:

    Restore the Run Command (Line 57)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Clear Run Command History (Line 41)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Run Keys

    A Definition of the Run Keys in the Windows XP Registry

    Run History

    Clear Recent File Lists - Includes the Run Menu (Line 41)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Clear Run History: Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU

    You can remove your history from here: Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs 

    RunDLL32 Commands

    Great Resource - Listings from A to Z
    Rundll32 Reference Command Guide
    Miscellaneous RunDLL32 Commands

    Rundll32.exe - Unable To Locate Component

    "Application Has Failed to Start Because Framedyn.dll Was Not Found" Error Message When You Open the System Properties Dialog Box

    RunOnce and Run Registry Keys

    Run and RunOnce registry keys cause programs to run each time that a user logs on. The data value for a key is a command line. Register programs to run by adding entries of the form description-string=commandline. You can write multiple entries under a key. If more than one program is registered under any particular key, the order in which those programs run is indeterminate.

    Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows .NET Server registry includes the following four keys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

    By default, the value of a RunOnce key is deleted before the command line is run. You can prefix a RunOnce value name with an exclamation point (!) to defer deletion of the value until after the command runs. Without the exclamation point prefix, if the RunOnce operation fails the associated program will not be asked to run the next time you start the computer.

    By default, these keys are ignored when the computer is started in Safe Mode. Starting with Windows NT 4.0 SP3, the value name of RunOnce keys can be prefixed with an asterisk (*) to force the program to run even in Safe mode.

    A program run from any of these keys should not write to the key during its execution because this will interfere with the execution of other programs registered under the key.

    Applications should use the RunOnce or RunOnceServices keys only for transient conditions, such as to complete application setup. An application must not continually recreate entries under RunOnce or RunOnceServices because this will interfere with Windows Setup.

    Run and RunOnce keys are run each time a new user logs in. RunServices and RunServicesOnce are run in the background when the logon dialog box first appears or at this stage of the boot process if there is no logon.

    These keys are for background services such as remote registry service and are run only once per boot. The Setup key is run only by Setup's first-boot activities, or after you use the Add/Remove Programs Wizard. This key displays the progress dialog box as the keys are run one at a time. For the Setup key, the name of the value is the name that is displayed in the dialog box.

    Running Services - Changing Priority

    In the Task Manager, right-click on a process and change the priority.  Often, you can increase or decrease a process' priority using Task Manager.  This can be used to shorten the amount of time that it takes for an application to complete a task.  It can also be used to slow down a process, to keep it from maxing out your system's CPU. 

    In Task Manager, click the Process tab to bring it to the forefront.  Then right click the process whose priority you would like to change, hold the mouse cursor over "Set Priority" to bring up the submenu of Realtime, High, Normal or Low. Some processes cannot have their priorities changed from the Task Manager, in which case you will be informed that "Access is denied."  In order to figure out which process represents a running application, right-click that application on the Applications tab in Task Manager, and choose "Go to Process."  

    WinTask

    Using WinTasks 4 Standard you can easily modify the priority of any process, including hidden background processes not readily accessible.  WinTasks also lets you save the priority settings to a preset, so that you can easily restore the optimal settings for a specific task by a single click.

    WinTasks™ 4 Standard helps home users get the most out of their computers. By terminating unnecessary programs and freeing up resources WinTasks helps you to optimize your system for a specific task. With built-in process descriptions, user friendly process names and an intuitive user interface, WinTasks Standard is an essential addition to any Windows user's toolbox.  More information here.

    WMSoftware

    Process Idle Tasks

    Windows XP includes some self-tuning features, the most important of which is its ability to optimize the layout of files on the system's disk using your own disk usage patterns as a guide. Windows XP tracks your usage patterns as you work, and then it schedules the optimization as a low-priority task. Windows XP queues this low-priority task (and others) and waits to execute them until the system isn't otherwise busy.

    Scripting for MCSEs
    Service Configuration
    Strange Services Running
    Optimize Windows XP

    Running Tasks and Services

    Start/Run/CMD then type in: tasklist -svc

     

     

    ~S~

     

    Safe Mode

    Two options: During a boot, tap the F8 key or go to Start/Run/Msconfig/Boot.ini and check off /SafeBoot/Apply, reboot.
    A Description of the Safe Boot Mode Options in Windows XP

    Safe Mode - Boot Switches

    Safe-Mode Boot Switches for Windows Boot.ini File

    SafeDisc

    Microsoft Games SafeDisc Windows XP Fix
    http://www.xp-erience.org/article.php?sid=959&mode=thread&order=0

    "Safely Remove Hardware"

    To have it show:

    With the external drive plugged in, right click the drive in the folders list, then left click Properties and Hardware. Left Click the name of the external drive in this list, then click Properties and Policies. This takes you to the "Write caching and safe removal page". The default position in my XP is "Optimize for quick removal" not "Optimize for performance" as implied by Freecom and Microsoft. You can put the icon in the notification area by clicking the underlined "Safely Remove Hardware" on this page.

    Thanks to Donald Orme.

    To remove it:

    If you have an USB device attached to your system, you will notice an icon in the Notification area, which - when clicked -
     will give you the option to Stop your hardware, before you unplug it.

    It is possible that you never unplug this hardware. So how do you get rid of the icon? Right-click the notification area, and selecting Properties. Under the Notification area heading, click Customize. Find the Safely Remove Hardware icon and select Always hide in the Behavior column next to it (press OK and Apply to back out).

    Computer Does Not Respond After You Use "Safely Remove Hardware" to Remove External Hard Disk Drive

    Sasser - W32.Sasser Removal Tool

    To prevent the 60 second shutdown:  Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in:  shutdown -a

    Once done:  Download the FxSasser.exe file from: http://securityresponse.symantec.com/avcenter/FxSasser.exe
    The process takes around 15 minutes to complete and works perfectly!

    Note:  System Restore option in Windows XP

    Users of Windows XP should temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

    Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file onto your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

    Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

    For instructions on how to turn off System Restore:
    "How to turn off or turn on Windows XP System Restore"

    More information here:  http://securityresponse.symantec.com/avcenter/venc/data/w32.sasser.removal.tool.html

    Once clean, run the MS Patch:  http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms04-011.mspx

    Save Settings on Exit

    Normally when Windows exits it saves the desktop configuration, including icon location, appearance etc. This setting disables these changes from being saved, this is useful in both a secure environment.

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value called 'NoSaveSettings' set the value to equal '0'.
    Exit your registry, you may need to restart for the changes to take effect.

    Or you can apply this registry edit from my site:

    Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

    For Pro, there is a gpedit setting under User Configurations/Administrative
    Templates/Desktop/Don't save settings at exit that activates the changes
    made here:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Group Policy
    Objects\LocalUser\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

    Save Target As

    When you right-click a Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) link in Microsoft Internet Explorer, the Save Target As and Print Target commands may be unavailable. In addition, when you click Print on the File menu, the Print All Linked Documents check box may be unavailable. This behavior can occur if Content Advisor is enabled. More information here.

    Save Target As and Print Target Commands Are Unavailable

    Scan for Hardware Changes

    To automate the process:  Download Devcon.Exe from here.  Extract it, then place the .exe in your Windows directory.  Once done, download rescan.bat from here and place it into the Startup Folder.

    Scanner

    "Could Not Enable TWAIN Source" or "There Is No Scanner Found"
    Problems Using UMAX Astra 2200 USB Scanner with Windows XP
    Windows XP: List of Scanners That Are Supported by Windows Image
    Scanner Resolution Limits When You Use WIA Drivers
    Problems Using SCSI Scanner Without an Updated ASPI Layer
    Scanner Does Not Work After Computer Returns from Standby
    After You Install a Visioneer USB Scanner CPU Usage May Be High
    Found Hardware Wizard Identifies Kodak DS 4500 Scanner as 4000
    When You Install Scanner Install Program Cannot Locate Driver
    Device Manager Displays Multiple Scanners When Only One Exists
    Scanner and Camera Wizard Continues to Show Deleted Pictures
    Programs May Not Work with a Scanner or a Camera in Windows XP
    Plug and Play Devices Don't Appear in Add Scanner and Camera Wiz

    Scanner Not Found - Lexmark

    HP Scanjet Scanner - USB Scanner Quits Working, Scanner not Found or Scanner Could not be Initialized Error Message, or Scanner Is Listed as an Unknown Device in Microsoft (R) Windows 95, 98, Me and XP.  Suggested fix here.

    HP Scanjet - USB Devices Quit Working Unexpectedly in Microsoft(R) Windows XP

         Tip:  AGFA scanner and probably all other AGFA scanners using the FotoLook software package. This software installs the TWAIN drivers in a new directory called "/windows/twain_32", unlike the system directory "/windows/twain32" normal users are not given "change" or "write" access to this directory and thus the scanner only works for administrators. Changing the access rights and everyone can use the scanner. [UZ]

    Scanreg - for XP

    Try NTRegOpt from http://home.t-online.de/home/lars.hederer/erunt/.  It's the same as a scanreg /fix.

    Scheduled Tasks - Disable in IE

    IE 6.0 wants to run a scheduled task every time it connects to a server. This results in slower browsing. To disable this delete the following key:

     HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\RemoteComputer\NameSpace\
    {D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF}.

    Scheduled Tasks - Applying/Running tasks without a password

    For Pro:  Go to Start/Administrative Tools/'Local Security Policy/Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options
    Accounts: Limit local account use of blank passwords to console logon only. This is enabled by default, disable it.

    For Home: (Keith Miller) Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa

    Value name: limitblankpassworduse, Type: REG_DWORD, Data: 0 (disabled) 1 (enabled)

    For Home: Run Scheduled Task without a Password (Line 67)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    How to Enable Automatic Logon in Windows
    HOW TO: Modify Scheduled Tasks in Windows XP
    Task Scheduler Does Not Run Tasks When "Run As" User Account Has No Password

    Scheduled Tasks- AutoRun

    Q.  What is the secret to getting tasks to run when no one is logged on when using Windows XP?

    -schedule service is running, set to automatic, log on as 'local system'
    -task is scheduled to run under an user account which is an administrator
    -task is scheduled to run under an user account with a password
    -task itself is legit as it will run when executed directly
    -task schedule setup is valid as it will run IF I remain logged on
    -Event log shows nothing
    -task log shows no attempt to run the task
    -task status is 0x0, but that is irrelevant since 'time last run' reveals it was not run at all

    Since schedule runs as a service with startup set to automatic and logon set to 'local system', one would
    assume that schedule service begins running when the computer is started, regardless of whether or not anyone
    logs on. Since the task is set up to run with an administrator logon complete with password, one would assume that since the schedule service is running, at the scheduled time it would logon as the designated user and run the task.  

    A.  You need to replace the Task Scheduler Log File which can be accomplished quite easily. If you follow these
    exact instructions, the shedlgu.txt file will be replaced with a brand new one without any information other than
    system start-up information upon the first boot. Click Start>Click Run> and type msconfig> click Selective
    Startup and uncheck the Load System Services check box. Click OK and wait for the hour glass to stop. Restart
    the computer, click OK to the first Window that indicates that you have selected "Selective Startup".

    When the System Configuration Utility reappears, Check the Normal Startup Box. Click Start> Click Search> Click All Files and Folders Category and type schedlgu.txt and Enter. Windows will search and locate the schedlgu.txt file. Press Stop
    as soon as the file is located. Right click on the file schedlgu.txt and delete and send to the recycle bin. Now restart the computer again by selecting Start>Turn Off Computer and Select Restart.

    You will now have a new Task Scheduler Log File. You may check the new Log File and the one start up entry that I described by selecting Run and typing the file name schedlgu.txt and click OK. Appearing will be your new Task Scheduler Log.

    Scheduled Tasks - Not Running

    Go to C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\Crypto\RSA\S-1-5-18 and delete the files in there.
    Scheduled Tasks will recreate the files needed.

    Note: This folder is hidden by default. Go to Start/Run and type in: control folders. View: Show hidden files and folders.

    Scheduled Tasks - Settings

    Start/All Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Scheduled Tasks. On the last screen, check off Show Advanced Options. Under Advanced/Settings/Idle Time (Only start... and Stop the task...).

    You can schedule a task for inactivity. Use this to lock the desktop after 10 minutes of idle time. Use this shortcut for the task:  C:\Windows\System32\rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation.

    To schedule a logoff procedure for XP, use this:  C:\Windows\System32\shutdown -l as the scheduled task.

    To schedule a logoff procedure:
    C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe -l

    To schedule a shutdown and reboot:
    C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe -r

    To schedule a shutdown with a message: (-t represents 60 seconds)
    C:\WINDOWS\system32\shutdown.exe -s -t 60 -c "Message goes here!"

    For a specific app: C:\WINDOWS\system32\shutdown.exe -r -f

    For more information go to Start/Run and type in: cmd /k shutdown

    Screen Savers

    Screen Saver Disable and Screen Saver Enable (Line 51)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Screen Saver May Not Start in Windows XP

    Screen Savers -
    Active Authentication for Unlock

    This setting controls whether a full login should be performed when a workstation is unlocked or a password is used with the screen saver. Normally Windows will not check some settings such as whether the account has been locked out.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

    Value Name: ForceUnlockLogon
    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: 0 = default authentication, 1 = online authentication

    You may need to create the key if it does not already exist. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'ForceUnlockLogon' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect. Note: For Windows XP this behavior only happens when you have Fast User Switching disabled.

    Screen Savers - Delete

    They're considered operating system files and are protected from being deleted or overwritten. If you really want to delete them, delete the copy in Windows\System32\dllcache first, then the one in Windows\System32. You'll be given a warning that the files are missing/corrupt. Tell it not to replace them.

    Screen Saver - Hibernate and Standby

    The Computer Cannot Enter Standby or Hibernate If a Direct3D-Based Screen Saver Is Running

    Screen Saver - Make Screen Savers from Web Channels

    Some channels (specialized Web-based content sources) provide content in the form of a screen saver. These channels usually offer to install their screen saver when you install their channel. If they don't, you can install a screen saver for any channel installed on your system yourself. To activate the screen saver, right-click your desktop, then click Properties. Click the Screen Saver tab. In the Screen Saver list, click Channel Screen Saver. Click Settings, and then choose the settings you want.

    Screen Saver - Preventing the Screen Saver from Becoming Active

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop. Value Name: ScreenSaveActive, Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 =enabled). Change the value of 'ScreenSaveActive' to '0' to disable the screen saver. Restart Windows for the change to take effect. Note: Windows has a default screen saver called logon.scr, which runs even if no screen saver has been selected.

    Screen Saver - Replace

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop

    Locate the SCRNSAVE.EXE entry in the right pane and modify it to the one you desire. SCR files are located in Windows\System32 by default, but you may have some add-on screen savers in the Windows folder.

    Screen Saver - Set to None

    Check your settings here: Go to Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop

    Scrnsave.exe = C:\Windows\System32\logon.scr

    Verify your Time while there as well and choose accordingly:
    ScreenSaveTimeOut = (set your preference)

    Also make sure none of the screensavers are wrapped in double quotes as in: ""c:\windows\system32\screensavername.scr""

    More information and checkpoints:  Check your setting for the screensavers path.

    Here are some examples:

    Marine Aquarium 2.scr > rename it to > MarineAquarium2.scr

    In the registry, screensaver will work correctly if it is listed as so:
    c:\windows\system32\marine~1.scr

    Screen Savers do not work correctly if listed as so:
    ""c:\windows\system32\marine aquarium 2.scr""

    Troubleshooting Screen Saver Issues in XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_s.htm#ss

    Screen Saver May Not Start in Windows XP'
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;326719

    Screen Saver - Welcome Screen (Stop from going to the Welcome Screen)

    Right click the Desktop/Properties/Screen Saver tab, look at the options for your Screen saver and also Uncheck the "On resume, password protect" option.

    Also in the Monitor Power settings using the Power button. Look on the Advanced tab, and the Options section, uncheck the "Prompt for password when computer resumes from standby" option.

    Change the Screen Saver Grace Period

    This setting determines when password protection of a screen saver becomes effective. By default, a brief period elapses within which the user can use the mouse or the keyboard to stop the screen saver without entering the password.

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

    Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "ScreenSaverGracePeriod" and set it according to the value data: 0 - 2,147,483 seconds (approximately 24 days).  Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Screen - Refresh

    Click Start, click Control Panel, click Appearance and Themes, and then click Display. Alternatively, right-click the desktop, and then click Properties. Click the Settings tab, and then click Advanced. Click the Monitor tab, and then click the screen refresh rate that you want to use.

    NOTE:
    The default refresh rate setting is 60 Hertz (HZ); however, your monitor may support a higher setting. Check your manufacturer's documentation for information about the settings that your monitor supports.

    If you use a higher refresh rate, you can reduce the rate that your screen flickers; however, if you specify a refresh rate that is too high for your monitor, your screen may become unusable and your hardware may be damaged.

    Changes to the refresh rate affect all users that log on to the computer.

    HOW TO: Change the Screen Refresh Rate of Your Monitor in Windows XP

    Screen Saver Troubleshooting

    Screen Saver Won't Start -
    Check your settings here: Go to Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop or: HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop
    ScreenSaveTimeOut = (set your preference)

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Control Panel\Desktop

    ScreenSaverIsSecure
    0 - Screen savers are not password-protected.
    1 - All screen savers are password-protected.

    Verify that the ScreenSaver has been placed in the C:\WINDOWS\System32 Folder.  Make sure that the screensaver starts with " ss " e.g.. if the screensaver name is " pictures " rename it to " sspictures".

    Screensaver gets set to None

    Check your settings here: Go to Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop.  Scrnsave.exe = C:\Windows\System32\logon.scr

    Verify your Time while there as well and choose accordingly: ScreenSaveTimeOut = (set your preference)

    Also make sure none of the screensavers are wrapped in double quotes as in: ""c:\windows\system32\screensavername.scr""
    And try adding: ss in front of the screensaver name.

    Screen Saver Disable and Screen Saver Enable (Line 51)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Restore: On Resume, Display Welcome Screen (Line 161)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Restore the Desktop and Screensaver Tabs (Line 128)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Deleting ScreenSavers

    They are considered operating system files and are protected from being deleted or overwritten. To delete them, delete the copy in Windows\System32\dllcache first, then the one in Windows\System32. You'll be given a warning that the files are missing/corrupt. Tell it not to replace them.

    Script Debugger

    IE/Tools/Internet Options/Advanced/Disable Script Debugging and Display a notification about every script error.

    Disable the Script Debugger in IE (Line 142)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    How to Troubleshoot Script Errors in Internet Explorer
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;EN-US;q181698&

    If you continue to get the errors after trying the above and/or the settings become unchecked, rename mdm.exe

    When Internet Explorer detects an error on a page it has the ability to launch a script debugger to diagnose the problem. This setting controls the use of the Internet Explorer script debugging functions.

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main

    Create a new string value, or modify the existing value, named "Disable Script Debugger" and set it to either "yes" to disable the debugger or "no" to enable it.
    Restart Internet Explorer for the change to take effect.

    Search - All File Types

    Go to Search/All Files and Folders/More Advanced Options/Change Indexing Service/Index unknown file types.

    Search for All File Types (Line 136)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    If this doesn't help...

    Windows® XP has a known issue for not finding a number of File Types when you do a Search for Files "containing text" or using the "A word or phrase in the file" option. This can be remedied for many file types, but not all.

    Download the VBS file below. Double click the file you just saved. You'll be prompted to enter a file extension. If the PersistentHandler value is correct, no changes will be made. If the PersistentHandler value exists, but is different, no changes will be made. If no PersistentHandler value exists, then it will be created.

    Enable XP's Search to find text in files:
    http://www.dougknox.com/xp/scripts/xp_persisthandler.vbs

    Manual Edit:

    To resolve this problem for other file types, install a program that registers a filter for the file type that you want to search. If no program that provides a filter is available, you can use the plain text filter for a file type.

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and add a PersistentHandler key under the file type key in HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT and set its (Default) string value name to the following value: {5e941d80-bf96-11cd-b579-08002b30bfeb}

    For example, to use the text filter provider for .pas files, the following registry setting should exist:
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.zzz\PersistentHandler\(Default) = {5e941d80-bf96-11cd-b579-08002b30bfeb}

    After you add this value to the registry, you must log off and then log back on to make the change take effect.

    Using the "A Word or Phrase in the File" Search Criterion May Not Work
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q309173

    Search - Doesn't Work

    Open Explorer and go to the Windows\Inf folder. Locate the srchasst.inf file. Right click it and select Install. You'll need your XP CD or the files from the I386 folder. (This fix will require you to have your Win XP CD).

    The Windows\Inf folder is a hidden folder. You can adjust your Explorer Folder Options (View tab) to Show hidden files and folders. You can also click Start, Run and enter %SystemRoot%\Inf to open directly to the Inf folder.

    Error: "A file that is required to run Search Companion cannot be found. You may need to run setup".

    The file that is missing, or corrupt, is one of two. BAR.XSL or BALLOON.XSL (and/or other files in the same folder), depending on your search preferences. These files are both normally located in the Windows\srchasst\mui\0409 folder on your hard drive. These files may be locally cached in the Temporary Internet Files, so this may explain why some users have this problem "intermittently".

    Error Message: "A File That Is Required to Run Search Companion Cannot Be Found" (Q315330)
    Windows XP Search Companion Does Not Work Because of File Corruption (Downloadable Fix)

    The problem stems from Search Assistant being unable to connect to http://sa.windows.com.  This can be caused by proxy servers, firewalls and some "ad blocking" software.

    Yellow Triangle with Exclamation Point

    Option 1. Depending on your version of TweakUI, run it, go to the Desktop settings and put the check mark back in Search Results.

    Option 2. If you don't have TweakUI installed, or this option isn't available in your version, copy and paste the following lines into a Notepad file and save the file with an REG extension. Make sure to add a blank line at the end of the file.

    Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Desktop\NameSpace\
    {e17d4fc0-5564-11d1-83f2-00a0c90dc849}]
    @="Search Results Folder"

    Locate the file you just saved and double click it. Answer yes to the import prompt.

    Option 3: Apply this edit:

    Search Shows Yellow Triangle with ! (Line 75)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the VBS File: Download .vbs file and save it to your hard drive (you may want to right click and use Save Target As). Double-click  the vbs file. You will be prompted when the script is done.

    Search Assistant - Change Default Search Order

    Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Explorer.

    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (0 = unselected, 1 = selected).

    Modify the following values, setting them to "1" to select the parameter as a default or "0" as unselected. CaseSensitive, IncludeSubFolders, SearchHidden, SearchSlowFiles, SearchSystemDirs. Restart or logoff Windows for the change to take effect.

         Stop Search from Scanning ZIP files:

    Un-register the zip and cab file dlls, then re-register them after that.

    Before Search:
    regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll
    regsvr32 /u cabview.dll

    After Search:
    regsvr32 cabview.dll
    regsvr32 zipfldr.dll

         Tip:  Windows XP keeps a record of all files on the hard disk so when you do a search on the hard drive it is faster.
                  There is a downside to this and because the computer has to index all files, it will slow down normal file commands
                  like open, close, etc. If you do not do a whole lot of searches on your hard drive then I suggest turning this feature
                  off:  Open My Computer/Right click your hard drive/properties. Uncheck "Allow indexing service to index this disk
                  for faster searches". Apply to all folders and subfolders.

    HOW TO: Disable Automatic Search for Network Printers and Folders in Windows XP

    Search - Advanced Options (Set as Default)

    Download this .vbs file and save it to your Windows Directory.  Once done, download this .reg file, and run it.   

    "IF" Windows XP is not installed in C:\, open this .reg file in Notepad and modify the lines that read: 

    "Param1"="c:\\windows\\searchadvancedoptions.vbs"
    "command"="c:\\windows\\searchadvancedoptions.vbs"

    To for example:

    "Param1"="d:\\windows\\searchadvancedoptions.vbs"
    "command"="d:\\windows\\searchadvancedoptions.vbs"

    Once done, save the file then apply the edit. 

    Note:    Search Options "must" be left opened when using File/Close for this to work.  From there you can use Alt/O.
    Note2:  Special thanks to David Candy. 

    Tip:  To have all options checked as default under Advanced Options, run this .reg file.
    Tip:  To rename Search, run this scriptNote:  It must be run last if using the above edits.

    Set All Search Options to Active (Line 148)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm


    To use the Regedits: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

    To use the VBS Files: Download .vbs file and save it to your hard drive (you may want to right click and use Save Target As). Double click the vbs file. You will be prompted when the script is done.

    NOTE: If your anti-virus software warns you of a "malicious" script, this is normal if you have "Script Safe" or similar technology enabled. These scripts are not malicious, but they do make changes to the System Registry.

    Search Assistant - Disable

    Automated Edit:

    Disable Search Assistant (Line 15)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual Edit:

    Start/Run/Regedit - Windows Explorer
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\CabinetState. In the right pane, look for or create a string value called: Use Search Asst set the value to: no

    Start/Run/Regedit - Internet Explorer
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main.  Same value: Use Search Asst and the same setting.

    Restart Internet Explorer for the change to take effect.

    Search Companion

    All Errors, Issues and Fixes

    Search - Change Defaults

    Automated Edit:

    Set All Search Items to Active (Line 148)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual Edit:  To Change Default Search Options, go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer]

    Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
    Value Data: (0 = unselected, 1 = selected)

    Modify the following values, setting them to "1" to select the parameter as a default or "0" as unselected.

    CaseSensitive
    IncludeSubFolders
    SearchHidden
    SearchSlowFiles
    SearchSystemDirs

    Restart or logoff Windows for the change to take effect.

    Search - Clear History

    Automated Edit:

    Clear Search History under Search (Line 24)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual Edit:

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Search Assistant\ACMru

    To prevent keeping a history altogether, right click ACMru/Permissions/Deny all users and groups listed.  Alternatively, IE/Search/Change Preferences/Turn AutoComplete Off.

    If you prefer not to edit the registry, this utility will do it for you:  Clears Run History, Typed URL's, etc.

    Clear Recent File Lists (Search History Clear) Line 41
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Search - Freezes

    To disable the Indexing service:  Go to Start/Administrative Tools/Services. Double click Services and find the Indexing Service. Double click/properties/Stop. From the Status Type Box, select Disabled.

    If it switches back at boot:

    Disable the Indexing Service (Line 42)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Search - Internet Access Needed
    (Disable the Action)

    Search Assistant will try to connect to http://sa.windows.com This is done to check for updates to its features, tips, wording and etc. Not allowing access can cause its own set of problems, usually a "A file that is required........." error message.

    You can stop the internet access by changing the search behavior to Classic Search.

    Disable Search Assistant (Line 15)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Old Style Search Engine On/Off (Line 49)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Or...

    Use TweakUI, Explorer section to set Classic Search:
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/downloads/powertoys.asp

    Or you can make the change manually.

    Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT. Go to: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Cabinet State

    Right click in the right pane and select New, String value and name the value Use Search Asst. Double click the new value and enter "no", without the quotes.

    A File That Is Required to Run Search Companion Cannot Be Found
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q319949

    Search - Missing from the Start Menu

    Restore/Place Search on the Start Menu (Line 166)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm
    Note:  If have more than 11 items listed on the right side in blue, both Run and Search will be dropped off. If this is the case, remove some items by right clicking the Start button/Properties/Customize/Advanced.

    Search - Rename

    Rename Search on the Start Menu

    Search - Text

    Windows® XP has a known issue for not finding a number of File Types when you do a Search for Files "containing text" or using the "A word or phrase in the file" option. This can be remedied for many file types, but not all. The cause is the lack of a PersistentHandler value in the Registry for this type of file. Fix:  http://www.dougknox.com/xp/tips/xp_bad_search.htm

    To Add Specific extensions:  Copy these lines into Notepad including a blank last line, change where it reads .php to the extension of your choice, save with a .reg extension (ex. php.reg), then double click. 

    Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.php\PersistentHandler]
    @="{5e941d80-bf96-11cd-b579-08002b30bfeb}"

    Here are some already created:  .htm , php, java , html , xls , doc
     
    Search for All Files (Line 136)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Speed up Windows XP Search
    http://xpsearch.info/xpsearch.htm

    Search Tool Does Not Search for Some Words or Phrases in Text Files
    The "A Word or Phrase in the File" Search Criterion May Not Work
    Content Search Does Not Search All File Types for a String

    Search Engine - Change to Google

    Automated Edit:

    Add Google as Primary Search (Line 18)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main
    "Search Page"="http://www.google.com"
    "Search Bar"="http://www.google.com/ie"

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\SearchURL
    ""="http://www.google.com/keyword/%s"

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Search
    "SearchAssistant"="http://www.google.com/ie"

    To change the Search Companion and address bar search to Google, you must disable the Search Companion, change the AutoSearch URL, and then re-enable Search Companion.

    To disable the Search Companion feature and use the Classic Internet Search feature open Internet Explorer, click the Search button on the toolbar. Click Change Preferences, and then click Change Internet search behavior. Click With Classic Internet Search, and then click OK. Restart Internet Explorer for the changes to take effect.

    To change the autosearch URL, open the Search sidebar again and click Customize. Then click AutoSearch settings and select "Google Sites".

    To re-enable the Search Companion feature, click Customize on the Search bar. Click Use Search Companion in the Customize Search Settings dialog box, and then click OK. Restart Internet Explorer for the changes to take effect.

    TweakUI/Internet Explorer/Search/Create.  Prefix: g
    URL: http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&num=100&q=%s

    Search Google from the Address Bar & KB Q#'s (Line 65)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use: Type g (followed by a space) then the search line
    To use: Type gk (followed by a space) then Q######

    Remove Google Search History (Line 33)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Manual Edit:

    Go to the key listed below:
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\
    S-1-5-21-1960408961-220523388-682003330-1003

    With the S-1-5-21....in blue, choose File/Export and save it to your deskop and name it (ex). googlehistoryclear.reg. Leave the registry open then go to your desktop.

    Right click the saved reg file and choose Edit. If it needs an association choose Notepad.

    Scroll down to these keys:

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
    Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringData]

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System
    Provider\S-1-5-21-839522115-1708537768-1343024091-1003\Data\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\e161255a-37c3-11d2-bcaa-00c04fd929db\q:StringIndex]

    To make the search/scroll easier they are listed in alphabetic order and you are looking for the end of the string in this case \q:StringData and \q:StringIndex. So scroll down to the q's....

    Under q:StringData
    Highlight what is listed after the word "Behavior"= only up to the words "Item Data"= and delete it. Then place a - (minus sign) after the = so that it looks like this: "Behavior"=-

    From there hightlight what is listed after the words "Item Data"= only up to the next key and delete it. Then place a - (minus sign) after the = so that it looks like this:
    "Item Data"=-

    Do the same for q:StringIndex.

    Once done choose File/Save. Use the red X to close. If it asked to save again, answer yes.

    Return to the registy and delete this key: (right click, delete, accept the warning)
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Protected Storage System Provider\
    S-1-5-21-1960408961-220523388-682003330-1003

    Then go back to your desktop and double click your saved regedit, answer yes. Then open Google and the search history is gone.

    To Clear Google Toolbar History

    Click on the Google logo to access the drop down menu. Choose the Clear Search History option. This will clear all the previous searches out of the drop down box.

    TIP:  If you prefer several search engines:

    Create an empty subfolder called "Search Engines" under your Windows folder, and change the value of the Registry key above to read (replace %windir% with your real Windows folder name):  %windir%\\Search Engines

    From now on, when you click that Search button, this empty folder will open in the Search pane.  All the hard work is done, we just need to fill it with Search engines. For this go to http://www.allonesearch.com/. Start by dragging this URL from the Address bar into the Search pane. A link to this web page will be created in the Search pane.

    Browse through the list of Search engines there, and simply drag the URLs of the ones you like into the Search pane. You can rename them, customize the folder's appearance, delete them by right-clicking, change their icons, and generally do all the drag-and-drop natural Windows GUI things to them that you wish.

    NOTE: The only thing that doesn't work well is using subfolders (they don't behave nicely), however you can work around this by using a modified internet shortcut (via Notepad), to point to a folder instead (it will open in the main window), if you want to create a hierarchy of specialized Search engines.

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main

    Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called "Search Bar" and set it to the Search URL of your choice under value data.

    Note: This tweak can also be applied on a per-user basis under the [HKEY_CURRENT_USER] hive.

    Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Note2: If you want a choice of several Search engines, create an empty subfolder called "Search Engines" under your Windows folder, and change the value of the Registry key above to read (replace %windir% with your real Windows folder name): %windir%\\Search Engines

    Fill the folder with Search Engines of your choice. When you click that Search button, this folder will open in the Search pane.

    Searching Help and Support - Disable the Search Word from Being Highlighted in Blue

    When searching for a topic in the Help And Support Center, the search feature automatically highlights the word you searched for every time it occurs in the help topic text. This can be obnoxious. For example, when we searched for the word “Registry” and then displayed the Windows Registry help topic, the word Registry occurred twelve times in the text, and each time was highlighted in blue. To turn this off, click Start, Help And Support, and Set Search Options. Under Set Search Options, click the Turn On Search Highlight checkbox to deactivate that feature.

    While you’re still using Set Search Options, notice the line that reads, Return Up To 15 Results Per Provider. This means that of all possible search results, up to 15 results will appear from each of three categories: suggested topics, full-text search matches, and the Microsoft Knowledge Base. To display more or fewer results for each search, highlight the number 15 and type the number of maximum results you want to see.

    Security and Maintenance

    Use Windows Update to Keep Your Computer Current Use Windows Update to Keep Your Computer Current
    Use access control to restrict who can use files Use Access Control to Restrict Who Can Use Files
    Use Backup to protect data Use Backup to Protect Data
    Copy Files and Folders to a CD Copy Files and Folders to a CD
    Encrypt Your Data to keep it safe Encrypt Your Data to Keep It Safe
    Use Hibernate and Standby to conserve batteries Use Hibernate and Standby to Conserve Batteries
    Use security and privacy features in Internet Explorer 6 Use Security and Privacy Features in Internet Explorer 6

    Security Tab

    To Display the Security Tab: Start/Settings/Control Panel/Appearance & Themes/Folder Options. View/Advanced
    and clear "Use Simple File Sharing".

    Security Shortcut

    In Internet Explorer, the traditional way to adjust your browser's security settings is to click on Tools / Internet Options / Security -- but there's a faster way: look for a green globe at the bottom right-hand corner of your browser. Double-click on it, and now you can change your security settings on the fly!

    Send Mail

    This add-on context menu item allows you to open a mail client window and add the web page Title and URL to it.
    Handy if you want to refer someone to the page in an E-Mail or Newsgroup post. Requires Internet Explorer 4 or higher.

    The .zip file should contain 3 files:

    Readme.txt
    Mailto_URL.reg
    Mailto_URL.htm

    To install, move Mailto_URL.htm to C:\Windows\Web folder, then double-click the Mailto_URL.reg file to add the context menu key to the Registry.

    To use, just right-click anywhere in a web page and select "E-mail page". The URL will be copied to the subject and the title plus url to the body of the new message

    To uninstall, you need to manually edit the Registry, and delete the key:  HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MenuExt\E-mail Page.  Download here.  After the procedure is complete, logoff then log back on.

    SENDMAIL.DLL FIX - (Reference)

    "When you right-click on a graphic file to e-mail it via "Mail Recipient" from the SendTo menu, you have to deal every single time with that annoying dialog box: "Do you want to keep the original size or change the size?", and you are given 3 options to choose from. Also right-clicking on a file sending places "Emailing:" in the Subject box.

    In the Compose mail window you must also delete "Your files are now attached and ready to send."
    But I eliminated all these nuisances by altering WinXP's SENDMAIL.DLL [26 KB, zipped].

    Place the "fixed" file into BOTH your %systemroot%\System32 and %systemroot%\System32\DllCache folders (default XP %systemroot% directory is C:\Windows), overwriting the original ones.

    You may have to go to DOS to actually be able to perform these replacements: see "MS IE 5.5 SP2 + 6.0 FIX" step 6 (SOLUTION + UPDATE), also in MYTIPS95.TXT (part of W95-11D.ZIP), to learn how to replace Windows 2000/XP system files already in use.  Reboot when done.

    When trying to e-mail a pic, Windows XP may balk and refuse at first, but just click on the red X to exit the error box, and then when asked if you are sure, just say Yes.  BACKUP your unmodified SENDMAIL.DLL FIRST!"

    SendMail.dll  - XP Fix Mail (Annoyed with Windows XP mail quirks?)

    This fixes the inability of Outlook Express to send text URLs to other mail users from your Internet Explorer web browser.  After some investigation even though other IE6/OE6 users have normal functionality, their sendmail.dll file is at version 5.5, as opposed to Windows XP users having version 6.0.

    This little routine automatically replaces sendmail.dll with version 5.5.  This routine also backs up your XP V6 sendmail.dll, and the entire procedure can be reversed using the standard Add/Remove programs from your control panel.  The program is called XPfixMail, and as always, is FREE software courtesy of FrazierWare (A wholly owned imaginary subsidiary of a non-existent corporation that has no known commercial customers).  Download Fix Here.

    Sendmail.dll - TweakXP.Com

    Fix bug in IE 6.0 sendmail.dll file (Functionality of Menu/Send/Link by Email)

    In IE6 when trying to Send/File/Link by Email from the menu bar, IE6 prevents the loaded Web Address from being copied into the email message area of either OE6 or Outlook XP. This does not occur in IE 5.5. This is specifically regarding the IE feature, which allows the convenient quick paste of the Web Address into an email message area without having to manually copy and paste. (This does not address OE or Outlook security blocking of misc. attachments.)

    To fix this, a copy of IE 5.5 sendmail.dll file is required, located in the Windows/System folder. Delete or rename and/or backup the IE 6.0 sendmail.dll file, which is located in the Window/System32 folder (Windows XP). Paste the IE 5.5 sendmail.dll into the Windows/System32 folder. This will allow you to use the Menu/Send/Link by Email function on the IE 6.0 menu bar.

    Send To

    Windows Explorer/Documents & Settings/User Name/SendTo or Start/Run/SendTo
    How to Add Items to the "Send To" Menu in Windows XP

    Sent To - Desktop

    Send to Desktop Fix

    Open notepad, and create a blank text file named 'Desktop (create shortcut). DESKLINK' Save it in the %userprofile%/sendto folder.

    Send To - Add to Context Menu (Right Click). 

    Add SendTo the right click. Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AllFilesystemObjects\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers\Send To]

    Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called "(Default)" and set it to this value data:
     "{7BA4C740-9E81-11CF-99D3-00AA004AE837}".  Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

         Tip:  Add a Menu Option to Move and Copy Folders.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
                
    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers]

    To enable the Copy To Folder menu option create a new subkey called "Copy To" and set the (Default) value to "{C2FBB630-2971-11d1-A18C-00C04FD75D13}".

    To enable the Move To Folder menu option create a new subkey called "Move To" and set the (Default) value to "{C2FBB631-2971-11d1-A18C-00C04FD75D13}".  Changes should take effect immediately, right click on folder to view the new options.

    Send To Toys is an enhancement of the Send To system menu: Screenshot and download.

    - "Add to Send To menu" and "Remove from Send To menu" allow you to personalize the Send To system menu for drives,
       folders, and programs.

    - Send To "Clipboard (as name)" copies the name of the file or files to the clipboard. Hold down the CTRL key to change
       the settings for this extension.

    - Send To "Command Prompt" opens a DOS console window, setting the current directory to the selected folder.

    - Send To "Favorites" adds a shortcut to your Favorites list. Hold down the CTRL key for the Add Favorites system dialog.

    - Send To "Folder..." sends a file or files to another folder, you will be shown a dialog box that lets you choose where the
       files should be copied. To move the files press and hold down the SHIFT key.

    - Send To "Run..." sends a file or files to the Run command dialog.

    Send To - Show "Send to" Context Menu

    This setting allows you to control whether the "Send to" context menu is displayed when a file or directory object is right-clicked in explorer.

    Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and find the key below. You may need to create the key if it does not already exist.

    [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AllFilesystemObjects\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers\Send To]

    Value Name: (Default)
    Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
    Value Data: (empty = disabled, "{7BA4C740-9E81-11CF-99D3-00AA004AE837}" = enabled)

    Create a new String value, or modify the existing value, called '(Default)' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

    Serious Error Message

    The system has recovered from a serious problem. A log of this error has been created. When you view the System Log in the Event Viewer, you may notice an Event ID 1003.  This behavior can occur if the Windows XP System Restore feature is corrupted.

    To resolve this issue, turn off the System Restore feature, and then turn it back on. To do this, follow these steps. NOTE: You must turn on the System Restore feature after you turn it off to resolve this issue. Click Start, click Control Panel, click Switch to Classic View, and then double-click System. Click the System Restore tab, and the click to select the Turn off System Restore check box. Click OK, and then click Yes to confirm that you want to turn off the System Restore feature.
    Restart the computer.

    You may receive the following error message when you restart Windows: The system has recovered from a serious problem. A log of this error has been created. Click Start, click Control Panel, and then double-click System. Click the System Restore tab, and the click to clear the Turn off System Restore check box. Click OK, and then restart the computer.

    Use of these options to rid of the error message:

    Windows XP Patch: System Recovery Error Appears After Every Reboot:
    You Receive a "System Has Recovered from a Serious Error" Message After Every Restart

    Use one of these three:

    1.  Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Performance/Settings/Advanced/Change. Set Page File to 0, ok your way out and reboot. Then follow the same procedure and reset the Page File to System Managed File.

    2.  Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Performance/Advanced/Virtual Memory/Change/No Page File. Reboot. Then delete C:\Pagefil.Sys then revert the page file setting.

    3.  Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Performance/Advanced/Virtual Memory/Change. Set the swap file size to zero, reboot. Re-set to System Managed, reboot. Reset the Custom setting, reboot.

         Report Error's to Microsoft Automatically

    Start/Run/gpedit.msc/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/Error Reporting. Right click Report Errors/Properties. Check off Enable and then check off, Do not display links to any MS provided more information web sites. Apply, ok.

    Services - Disable (Source Unknown)

    To disable unneeded startup services for a safer, faster XP, use the "Services" Admin Tool (Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services). If you are a single user of a non-networked machine, you can disable the following items, with no ill effect.

    Alerter
    Clipbook
    Computer Browser
    Fast User Switching
    Human Interface Access Devices
    Indexing Service (Slows the hard drive down)
    Messenger
    Net Logon (unnecessary unless networked on a Domain)
    Netmeeting Remote Desktop Sharing (disabled for extra security)
    Remote Desktop Help Session Manager (disabled for extra security)
    Remote Procedure Call Locator
    Remote Registry (disabled for extra security)
    Routing & Remote Access (disabled for extra security)
    Server
    SSDP Discovery Service ("Universal P'n'P", & leaves TCP Port 5000 wide open)
    TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper
    Telnet (disabled for extra security)
    Universal Plug and Play Device Host
    Upload Manager
    Windows Time
    Wireless Zero Configuration (for wireless networks)
    Workstation

    Services - Listed and Explained

    Windows XP Services

    Services - Here is a way to figure out which services to set as Automatic and which to set as manual or disabled.

    Step1:  Set ALL your services to *manual* setting.
    Step2:  Reboot computer and wait for windows XP to load. XP will boot pretty slowly, since it has to turn on each service
                separately. Use your computer for a bit, doing what you normally do during a computing session. This will allow any
                other services to activate (such as DHCP or other services that didn't load during the boot process).
    Step3:  Go back to the list of services, and see which ones are Started. Change the services that are marked as Started, to
               *Automatic*. This way windows will automatically load all of the services that you normally use, and the ones that
                you don't use will stay unloaded.

         Tip:  Services Running - Alter to Improve Performance

    DNS Client - Automatic / Manual - This service is responsible for DNS lookup so disable at your own risk!
    IPSEC Services - Automatic / Manual
    Messenger - Automatic / Manual
    Remote Registry - Automatic / Manual
    Automatic Updates - Automatic / Disabled
    Computer Browser - Automatic / Manual
    Distributed Link Tracking Client - Automatic / Manual
    Portable Media Serial Number - Automatic / Disabled
    Task Scheduler - Automatic / Manual

    Service Packs and Components

    You can use the SPCheck to determine the service pack level of installed components on computers.

    The SPCheck tool generates a report that lists the origin of each file for each installed component.
    Download XPSP Chk.exe
    Which fixes are included in Service Pack 1?

    Setup

    Get Ready to Set Up Windows XP Professional

    Setup Issues and Conflicts
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_setup.htm
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_conflicts.htm


    Setup Stops Responding (Hangs) During File Copy
    Error Msg: Cannot find file: \Windows\System32\hal.dll
    Cannot Install Windows XP from a Folder That Is Not Named i386
    "NTLDR Is Missing" Error Message When You Upgrade or Install Windows XP Over Win95/98, or Win Me
    Troubleshooting Invalid CD Key Error Message During Windows XP Setup
    "Path Specified in Setup Is Invalid" Error Message When You Try to Install Windows XP
    Error Message "Setup Cannot Upgrade..." When You Upgrade to Windows XP Pro
    Message About Pressing ESC to Restart Your Computer During Windows XP Setup
    Error Message: Setup Cannot Continue. Please Contact Microsoft Technical Support. (Error: 3E6h)

    Tip:  Since Win2K, it has been possible to hit Shift-F10 during setup to get a console window.  This can be great to see what's hanging up an install or look up info left in a text file, but it has obvious limited usefulness - it's too darned
    hard to do some operations from a console window!

    What you can do, however, is use "Winfile" from the very moment that setup starts.  It needs to be the NT version - either NT 4 or 3.51 will work, and presumably earlier versions also.  The WfW3.11 or Win9x version *will not* work
    on 2000/XP.

    Since Winfile is only 244 K, it can be carried around comfortably on a tech floppy or burned onto a tools CD.  Not an everyday need, but when you do need file browse ability during an XP setup, you really need it.

    Setup and Installation

    Triple Boot Win9x/Win2K/Win XP
    Step-by-Step Guide to Migrating Files and Settings

    Setupp.ini - (Reference)

    How to verify XP software you bought is OEM/UPGRADE/RETAIL?

    I am sure we all have noticed Microsoft product marketing strategy. Whenever they launch any new product line, there are various flavors of it available right from day one. Some are given adjectives like UPGRADE version or FULL, others RETAIL v/s OEM and then of-course we have various categories of the product like HOME, PRO , SERVER , ADVANCED SERVER etc etc.

    Well ever wondered what you bought is same as what was advertised ? How to tell the difference. Here comes the help. Look for a file called Setupp.ini that is present on your Windows XP CD and double click on it and browse its content. There is a field called PID=. This PID is what would tell us exactly what we have got.First 5 bytes of PID decide whether (it is OEM or RETAIL or is an UPGRADE ) and last three digits determine what kind of CD KEY will it accept. Here are some of the typical PID values:

    Retail = 51882 335
    Volume License = 51883 270
    OEM = 82503 OEM

    Shared Documents - Remove

    Start/Run/Regedit

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\My Computer\NameSpace\ DelegateFolders

    Delete this key {59031a47-3f72-44a7-89c5-5595fe6b30ee}. The Shared Documents folders (which are normally under the group called "Other Files Stored on This Computer") will be gone.

    Shell Icon Cache - Clear/Delete

    In Case you are having problems with the ShellIconCache file and deleting it does not help, a quick method for fixing these problems is to right-click on the desktop and choose Properties. In the Display Properties dialog box, click the Appearance tab. From the Item drop-down list, choose Icon. Click the up arrow in the Size box to increase it by one pixel. Click Apply, click the down arrow in the Size box to return the icons to their previous dimensions, and click OK.

    Add Icon Cache Size to Folder Options/View (Line 166)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Shell32 Icons:  %SystemRoot%\System32\shell32.dll  (IT Library)

    0 Unassigned file types 18 Networked computers 36 Start menu folder 54 Document to document
    1 Document 19 Small folder and window 37 Printers folder 55 Documents folder to folder
    2 Window 20 Sm open folder with paper 38 Fonts folder 56 Pen writing a folder label
    3 Closed folder 21 Gears 39 Windows flag 57 Comp, gears, open folder
    4 Open folder 22 Find file 40 CD (music) 58 Configuration file
    5 5 1/4-inch disk 23 Help 41 Green tree 59 Text file
    6 3 1/2-inch disk 24 Window - hourglass cursor 42 Multiple documents 60 Window with gears
    7 Removable drive 25 Monitor 43 Find file 61 Gears image on paper
    8 Hard drive 26 External removable disk 44 Find on networked comp 62 Font file
    9 Network drive 27 Monitor 45 Monitor on computer case 63 TrueType font file
    10 Network drive (disconn) 28 Shared folder 46 Control Panel folder 64 Window - hourglass cursor
    11 CD-ROM drive 29 Shortcut arrow 47 Printers folder 65 Are you sure...delete files?
    12 RAM chip 30 Larger shortcut arrow 48 Printer image on paper pad 66 Tape backup
    13 Globe 31 Empty Recycle Bin 49 Network printer 67 CD in drive
    14 Network cable connection 32 Full Recycle Bin 50 Print to file (3 1/2-in disk) 68 Defrag
    15 Network computer 33 Dial-Up Networking folder 51 Alternate full Recycle Bin 69 Printer
    16 Printer 34 Desktop 52 Alternate full Recycle Bin 70 Network printer
    17 Networked computers 35 Control Panel folder 53 Alternate full Recycle Bin 71 Print to file

    SFC - System File Checker - (SFC /Scannow)

    /SCANNOW
    Scans all protected system files immediately.
    /SCANONCE
    Scans all protected system files at the next boot.
    /SCANBOOT
    Scans all protected system files at every boot.
    /REVERT
    Windows XP: Return to default settings.

         Tip:  SFC sets the following registry value:  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows
                  NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\SFCScan
         Tip:  SFC Creates a log - Start/Run/Msinfo32/Tools/File Signature Verification Ulitity

    Shortcut to....-  Remove the 'Shortcut to...' Prefix on Shortcuts

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    Per User
    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer]
    Per System
    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer]

    Create a new BINARY value name 'link', modify the existing value, to equal '00 00 00 00' to have the Shortcut text disabled (00 00 00 00 = No Shortcut Text).  Restart Windows before creating any new shortcuts.

    Note: This restriction can be used either on a user by user basis by adding it to HKEY_CURRENT_USER or on a computer wide basis by adding it to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

    Short Cuts - Add Shortcuts To Start Menu

    When you click Start to display Windows XP's new Start menu, you'll see a list of six most-frequently-used programs on the left side of the menu (below Internet and Email). Want to squeeze a couple more in there?

    Right click the Start button (or a blank area of the Start menu) and select Properties. On the Start Menu tab, click the Customize button next to Start Menu. Under Programs, use the up and down arrows to adjust the number of programs in the list--the max is 30, although you'll only be able to see up to eight with the default large icon size--then click OK twice.

    Short Cuts - Broken (Reference)

    Have You seen those annoying searches for broken shortcuts/links? 

    Well there is are couple of ways to solve this problem. If You are comfortable with Registry manipulation, Open registry editor by going to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. 

    Add a new key by the name "NoResolveTrack" (without quotes) and sets its value to 1.

    This can be achieved by group policy editor as well. Open group policy editor by opening START-RUN and entering gpedit.msc. Navigate to User Configuration\AdministrativeTemplates\Start Menu and Taskbar group policy and selecting "Do not use the tracking-based method when resolving shell shortcuts". 

    Short Cut - Links Not Working

    EXE Fix for Windows XP - Line 12 (Restores EXE association)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Restore lnk association: (Line 12) Link File Fix for Windows XP
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    To use the Regedits: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.
     
    Show Desktop Icon is Missing

    Copy and paste the five lines below into Notepad.

    [Shell]
    Command=2
    IconFile=explorer.exe,3
    [Taskbar]
    Command=ToggleDesktop

    Then save it as Show Desktop.scf and drag it to your quick launch bar.

    Restore/Add Show Desktop to Quick Launch (Line 61)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    How to Re-create the Show Desktop Icon on Quick Launch Toolbar

    Show Hidden Files and Folders is Missing from Folder Options

    Go to: Start/Run/Regedit  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced\Folder\Hidden. 
    Modify the string value "Type" and enter "group" as value data.  After the edit is complete hit F5 to refresh.

    Shutdown

    Power the Computer Off or Reboot After Shutdown

    This edit controls whether Windows should automatically power down or reboot your computer once it has finished the shutdown process.

    Power Off or Reboot After Shutdown (Line 76)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    This edit automatically ends tasks and timeouts that prevent programs from shutting down and clears the Paging File on Exit.

    Auto End Tasks and Wait to Kill Timeout for Shutdown (Line 76)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    This edit allows you to configure Windows so that you receive verbose startup, shutdown, logon, and logoff status messages. This may be helpful to in troubleshooting slow startup, shutdown, logon, or logoff behavior.

    Startup/Shutdown/Logon/Logoff Status Messages (Line 69)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    View Log Events by Code or List or Clear (Line 126)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Windows XP Restarts Unexpectedly or Restarts When You Shut Down
    the Computer http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q320299

    Windows XP Restarts When You Try to Shut Down Your Computer
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q311806

    See if anything listed here helps/applies:

    Windows XP Boot Problems & Edits
    Windows XP Shutdown & Restart Troubleshooter
    Computer Does Not Shut Down Properly if Selective Suspend Is Enabled
    Gizmo

    Shutdown Command - Disable

    Start/Run/GPEDIT.MSC

    Computer Configurations/Windows Settings/Security Settings/Local Policies/User Rights Assignment/Shut Down the System/Users/Remove.

    There may be certain machines that you do not want to be shut down; for instance, a workgroup print server, or a machine in
    a kiosk. With this Registry edit, you can take away that option:  Start/Run/Regedit

    Hive: HKEY_CURRENT_USER
    Key: \Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
    Name: NoClose
    Data Type: REG_DWORD
    Value: 1

    Shutdown Shortcuts

    Shutdown.exe for Windows XP

    Copy the line below to Notepad:  Name it and save with a JS extension.

    (new ActiveXObject("Shell.Application")).ShutdownWindows();

    Shutdown Tracker

    The Shutdown Event Tracker provides a simple and standard mechanism you can use to consistently document the reasons for shutting down or restarting your computer. The information provided is recorded in the system log in Event Viewer.  Download from here or set it manually by:

    Going to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Reliability

    Create a new DWORD value or modify the existing value named "ShutdownReasonUI" and set it to "1" to enable shutdown event tracking. When enabled an additional drop-down option box will be displayed with various planned and unplanned shutdown reasons. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

    Shutdown Troubleshooters

    Windows XP Boot Problems & Edits
    Windows XP Shutdown & Restart Troubleshooter
    Windows XP Stops Responding (Hangs) During Windows Shutdown While Saving Your Settings

    SlideShow Timing - Change

    Increase SlideShow Timeout to 10 Seconds (Row 81)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    The value of the number is represented in milliseconds between image changes:
    1000 = 1 second, 5000 = 5 seconds, 10000=10 seconds, etc. To modify my script change the time accordingly.

    In order to change the slideshow timing, open regedit and go to the following key.

    [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ShellImageView]

    Create a DWORD named "Timeout", with the value the number of millseconds between image changes (1000 (Dec) = 1 second, 5000 = 5 seconds)

    Note that the time of actually changing the image is not included, so 1000 = 1 second + time to decode the image.

    Slingo2.Exe

    Slingo2.exe May Cause an Error Message

    Snap-in Creation Failed when trying to open gpedit.msc  (Pete H)

    If you receive the "Snap-in creation failed" message when starting GPEDIT.MSC or a "Snap-in could not initialize" message: For Pro

    Go to Start/Run/Msconfig/Expand File

    File to Restore: framedyn.dl_
    Restore From: i386 folder on your XP CD
    Save File In: C:\Windows\System32

    Software

    Software News

    Software Compatibility Site for Windows XP

    The IT Resource Directory of Software Related Sites

    Sort Order - Incorrect

    Files and folders whose name contains 10 or more consecutive digits are not sorted correctly in Windows Explorer. For example, assume that you have folders with these names:

    1111111111
    2222222222
    3333333333
    4444444444
    5555555555

    In Windows Explorer, these folder names are sorted as:

    2222222222
    3333333333
    4444444444
    1111111111
    5555555555

    Change the Sort Order Back to W2K Style (Line 107)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Sort Order - Reversed A-Z is Z-A

    This behavior can occur if the sort order in Windows Explorer is changed from the default order.
    Right-click Start, click Explore, and then click drive C. On the View menu, click Details.

    Click the Name column to sort items by name, press and hold down the CTRL key, and then quit Windows Explorer by clicking Close in the upper-right corner of the screen. Release the CTRL key. Restart your computer.

    Note: You must perform these steps exactly as they are listed. For example, do not quit Windows Explorer by clicking Exit
    on the File menu.

    Sort Start Menu and Favorites in Alphabetical Order

    Start/Run/Regedit - HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder]

    To sort the Favorites menu hightlight the "Favorites" sub-key and delete it. To sort the Start Menu hightlight the "Start Menu" sub-key and delete it. Changes will take effect after you restart Windows and Internet Explorer.

    Sort Start Menu Programs

    To sort the Programs menu, the Documents menu, or the Favorites menu, right-click any item on the menu, and then click Sort by Name.

    To use your keyboard to sort the menu items by name: Use the arrow keys to select the item on the menu that you want to sort. Press SHIFT+F10 to view the shortcut menu. Use either the DOWN ARROW key or the UP ARROW key to click Sort By Name, and then press ENTER.   Start Menu and Favorites Menu Not Listed in Alphabetical Order

    Sound

    Startup Sounds are missing:

    TweakUI/General/Beep on errors (verify that the box is checked).
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/downloads/powertoys.asp

    System Sounds are missing:

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key: HKEY_USERS. If it doesn't have a Data entry in the right pane that reads: (value not set), double click (Default) and delete it. If it does, check your HKEY_USERS\S-1-5-21 keys for the same.

    Restore System Default Sounds (Line 6)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    This edit corrects many Sound issues:

    Fix the Ding.wav File (Line 6)
    http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

    Sound Troubleshooters

    Resources for Troubleshooting Sound Problems in Windows XP
    List of Sound and Gameport Drivers in Windows XP
    Troubleshooting Games and Multimedia in Windows XP
    Startup Sound Plays Irregularly After Upgrade to Windows XP
    USB Speakers Make a "Pop" Sound When You Play Audio
    Troubleshooting Playback in Windows Media Player for Windows XP

    Sound Blaster Live - Speaker Problem Fix

    1) Locate the file called ctsurmix.exe in your Creative SoundBlaster folder.
    2) Right click it and select properties and then compatibility.
    3) Select win2000 compatible mode and it should work again.

    Source Path

    Copy the contents of the I386 folder from your XP CD to your hard drive. Then go to Start/Run/Regedit.  Go to:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion

    In the right pane, change SourcePath to reflect your settings. NOTE:  Do not include I386 in the path.

    SP1 for Windows XP (more information under SP1 - Troubleshooting and Information)

    How to Obtain the Latest Windows XP Service Pack
    Order the Windows XP Service Pack 1 CD
    Release Notes for Windows XP Service Pack 1
    Service Pack 1 Changes to Product Activation
    Categorized List of Fixes in Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1)

    SP1 - "Access is Denied" at the end of the XP Service Pack 1 setup.

    If the installation logs points to the  following key :

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\TypeLib\{5B9169C0-DB65-42AA-A38A-0726846AAEB3}

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WindowsUpdate \Auto Update\ResetAU
    Make sure Administrators group and System account have access to that registry key and all keys under it.

    For an NTFS drive:  Check the permissions on this folder: c:\1adb29f45d19253874d9e26de0e056cb\update

    Other options:

    Check the svcpack.log file.  You may have to locate tools on the web like Filemon to monitor files and Regmon to monitor the registry to track down what is causing the issue. Usually this error occurs when a file or a reg key has the permissions changed so it cannot be accessed properly. It could be a number of different files or registry entries so there isn't any one easy answer.

    Using the two tools listed above you can track down when the files and registry entries are accessed by the service
    pack install so that when the error occurs you can see what is being touched and access is then being denied. After
    you locate the file or registry entry you need to change the permissions so the service pack can complete.

    Darrell Gorter [MS]
    Microsoft Beta Support Team

    SP1 - Add or Remove Error after Installing SP1 ("Parser Message: Value creation failed" at line 472" error)

    If you are using Style XP: Right click the Desktop/Properties/Desktop/choose Windows XP and try again.

    Style XP also has an update available for SP1

    If you have renamed the uxtheme.dll (patch) you could try running SFC /Scannow to restore the original MS version. Or
    check in the root directory for "UxTheme.dll.tqtbak" and rename it to UxTheme.dll and replace the copy in: "C:\windows\system32" with the new renamed copy.  The original MS Version - 6.0.2800.1045 (1.98 kb)

    The patch can be downloaded here: http://www.tgtsoft.com/downloads/uxthemepatcher.zip

    Another workaround posted by:  MVP Mark Salloway

    To get rid of this error you can switch back to a Microsoft Theme or go to
    /WINDOWS/Resources/Themes/<Name of theme in use> and rename the shell folder to the name of the visual style shown in the appearance tab. If you have a theme with multiple variations you must make this change for each subfolder containing a differing styleshell.dll file.

    SP1 - AutoDial is Disabled or You Can't Add a Dialup Connection after installing SP1

    This is a very noted problem for users after installing SP1. I have some suggestions, however none of them are the well needed fix. We are still waiting for the proper workaround from MS.

    Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\RasMan\PPP\EAP
    Delete the subkeys listed except 13 and 4.

    Go to Start/Administrative Tools/Services. Set these three to "Automatic":
    Remote Access Connection Manager, Remote Access Auto Connection Manager,Telephony.

    Explained more in detail:

    To force automatic dialing when a program requires a TCP/IP connection: Go to Start/Administrative Tools/Services. Set these three to "Automatic": Remote Access Connection Manager, Remote Access Auto Connection Manager, Telephony.

    Now you can even set "Never dial a connection" in Internet options, the dial out process is independent to this
    option. You will notice that the interface for dialing out is different than the standard IE interface.

    For DSL:  Disable TCP/IP for the DSL network card, since it only serves as a virtual modem for the DSL connection. If you have a LAN connected to your PC be careful not to deactivate TCP/IP for the local area network: If you have DSL and LAN you should have two network cards in your PC, one is for the DSL, the other for the LAN, so make sure you deactivate TCP/IP for the right card (the DSL card, for example "LAN Connection 1" or "LAN connection 2").
    and follow the instructions.

    New Connection Wizard is Greyed Out (Two Methods)

    Check the rasapi32.dll file.

    The "rasapi32.dll" file is located in the "c:\windows\system32" folder by default. If this file is also located in the "c:\windows" folder and this file is an old version, similar issues will occur. Check if "rasapi32.dll" file is only located in the "c:\windows\system32" folder. If not, rename other "rasapi32.dll" files to the "rasapi32.old" files. Reboot the computer
    and check if this issue still occurs. If this issue still occurs, try the following method to overwrite the current "rasapi32.dll" file:

    1. Insert into the Windows XP CD (I assume that the drive letter of CD-ROM is E).
    2. Click the Start Menu and choose the "Run…" menu. Input the command:
        expand e:\i386\rasapi32.dl_ c:\windows\system32\rasapi32.dll
    3. Restart the computer and check if this issue still occurs.

    Method 2:=========

    1. From Start, go to Run, type Regedit in the Open box, and then press Enter.
    2. Make a backup copy of the following registry key:
        HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Telephony
    3. Delete the following value:
        HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Telephony\Cards\NexxtID
    4. Quit and then restart the Make a Connection Wizard. All of the network connection options should now be available.

    Dial-up Modem or PPPoE Option in New Connection Wizard Is Unavailable
    You Cannot Create a Network Connection After You Restore Windows XP

    SP1 - Before Installing - Alex Nichol MVP

    Disable all anti-virus and firewall etc in their own settings. If you have Style XP to gives different desktop styles, or other tweaking software that patches the core system files or assumes specific versions (eg for a different splash screen) remove it first.

    If you ever installed XP-Antispy, it disables a dll XSP1 needs, so just in case, Start - Run and run
    regsvr32 licdll.dll
    regsvr32 regwiz.dll

    Start - Run Msconfig.exe.  Uncheck the Load Startup items; and in Services page check 'hide Microsoft services' and
    uncheck those lines left. (Restore the settings once SP1 is installed of course)

    OK, and reboot to a clean machine from which to run the SP1 setup. All this should not be necessary, but if there has been difficulty is worth the trouble.

    SP1 - Bootable CD

    How to create a bootable CD for XP with SP1

    Microsoft added the ability to Slipstream a Service Pack to Windows XP. It not only has the advantage that when you
    reinstall your OS, you'll don't have to apply the Service Pack later, also if you update any Windows component later, you'll
    be sure that you get the correct installation files if Windows needs any.  Slipstream Windows XP Service Pack 1

    You can also go here and follow instructions and make a new XP CD and have this SP/1 integrated into it. This way if you ever have to do a clean install of XP, the Service Pack will also be installed for you during the install.

    SP1 - "For Testing Purposes Only" on the Desktop

    Automated edit:  Click hereManual Edit:

    How to remove:  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and Remove the following keys:

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\SystemCertificates\CA\Certificates\
    FEE449EE0E3965A5246F000E87FDE2A065FD89D4]
    and
    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\SystemCertificates\ROOT\Certificates\
    2BD63D28D7BCD0E251195AEB519243C13142EBC3]

    Or...

    Go to Start/Run/certmgr.msc. Trusted Root Certification Authority/Certificates. If MS Test Root Authority is listed, delete it.

    SP1 - Internet Explorer (Can't view websites that use JavaScript) by Weston Wheat

    Problem:
    After installing ServicePack1(SP1) for Win XP pro and Explorer 6.0 SP1, the browser with not open web pages that were link by a JavaScript. A good example was www.tvguide.com  go to the listing web and try to open the information window for a show. The child window will not open and the browser would return a error icon in the bottom bar.

    After playing with the security settings and even try to reinstalling Microsoft Java Virtual Machine for Win XP, still the browser still would not respond to JavaScript links.

    The Fix:
    Out of desperation, I un-installed the SP1 for Win XP Pro by going to the Control Panel, Add/Remove programs window. And selected Service Pack 1 for XP to be un-installed. Followed the on screens instructions and rebooted the computer with ask to.

    Still, however the browser would not respond to JavaScript links. So again, out of desperation I un-installed Explorer 6.0 by going to the Control Panel, Add/Remove programs window, Click on Add/Remove Windows Components and de-selected Explorer. Click next and followed the on screen instructions until finished. The Explorer icon was still there on the desk-top after running the un-install for Explorer.

    So I rebooted the computer and upon reboot the icon was missing. Now, I wanted to re-install Win XP SP1 for all the security updates, I was considering running without the service pack, but change my mind when I saw how many security issues there were to install without the service pack. I ran the downloadable executable file version of the service pack (130 megs file size).

    Followed the on screen instructions. Note: Always use the backup old files option. And rebooted when I was ask to do so. Next, came the re-install of Explorer 6.0 . I went to the Control Panel, Add/Remove programs window, click on Add/Remove Windows Components and selected Explorer. Clicked next and followed the on screen instructions. Rebooted at the end of the process.

    When the computer come up, I opened Explorer and check the reversion level and it was at SP1. I know, weird!, but I decided to test the browser and it worked on the www.tvguide.com page. All was then well. My browser now works great and it does seem a little faster.

    Conclusion: I think by running the executable file version of the service pack to install the SP1 for Win XP Pro and not the express method as I had the first time when the problem began, it replaced the problem dll's/files. Then by installing Explorer on top of XP Pro SP1, the browser had a good footing.

    The short of it is: Un-installed XP SP1. Un-installed MS Explorer 6.0. Then re-installed XP SP1 and finally re-installed MS Explorer 6.0. I hope this helps someone.  Weston Wheat

    SP1 - Invalid Key

    Error Message: The Product Key Used to Install Windows Is Invalid

    If it is a legitimate key, contact Microsoft here.

    If it is pirated, you need to contact the seller and Microsoft. Also you have 2 options:

    1. Perform a Clean Install with the OS of your choice deleting ALL data.
    2. Purchase Windows XP Pro (Home will not work) and perform a Repair Installation using the new valid key:

    Or Contact the Microsoft Customer Service (in the US or Canada call 800-426-9400 or Visit here.

    SP1 - Outlook Express (Can't Switch Identities)

    Switching Between Dual Identities and more has been corrected: Cumulative Update for Outlook Express 6.0 SP1

    This update contains fixes and enhancements to Outlook Express 6.0 SP1 as well as eliminates all previously addressed security vulnerabilities affecting Outlook Express 6.0 SP1.  Download here.

    OLEXP: An Overview of the Cumulative Update for Outlook Express 6.0 SP-1

    There are currently two workarounds and one option if you haven't installed the Cumulative Update:

    Click on File/Identities/Manage Identities and remove the checkmark in "Use this identity when starting a program".

    Another option:

    Before changing identity, Press F1. The Outlook Express "Help" window will open (leave it running in the background).

    Option:  Put a shortcut to msoe.chm in the Startup folder and leave the default ID active.

    You Cannot Switch Identities in Outlook Express After You Install Windows XP SP1

    SP1 - Outlook Express - Expanded Folders

    Some users claim to have lost the option of having Outlook Express open with all of the folders expanded (or at least
    the ones that were expanded when Outlook Express was last closed).

    Workaround attempted:  Extract these OE files from pre-SP1files from $NTServicePackUninstall:  - msimn.exe and
    - msoe.dll.  However, XP actually goes and auto-replaces them with the SP1 versions seconds after the copy.

    Workaround solution:  Create a folder called \pre-sp1 under \Program Files\Outlook Express, copy those 2 pre-SP1 files in there, and execute this old version of msimn.exe to get OE running back the way it was before installing SP1.

    SP1 - Recovery Console

    When you attempt to log on to Recovery Console in Windows XP by typing the correct password for the local Administrator account, Recovery Console may display the following error message:

    The password is not valid. Please retype the password. Type the Administrator password: This error message may occur even though you typed the correct password. If you start Windows XP, successfully log on by using the same password, change
    the local administrator's password, and restart the computer to Recovery Console, you receive the same error message.

    Reason:  If you have the Recovery Console installed on disk, you have to re-install it using the SP1 version as it is not up dated by the application of SP1. If you are booting up the PC with the original non-SP1 CD then you are not using the SP1 version of the Recovery Console and you will have to create your own slipstreamed SP1 XP CD. 
    Fix:  Recovery Console regedit.  Download it from here.  Then right click on it and select merge, then try to get into the Recovery Console.

    SP1 - Reinstall SP1

    Reinstall SP1 for Windows XP in the following situations:

    1.  After you perform an in-place upgrade (reinstallation) of Windows XP.
    2.  After you perform a repair of Windows XP.
    3.  After you use System Restore to restore your computer to a restore point that was created before you installed Windows
         XP SP1.
    4.  After you upgrade from Windows XP Home Edition to Windows XP Professional Edition.

    NOTE: When you upgrade from Windows XP Home Edition to Windows XP Professional Edition, Windows XP SP1 may be listed in Add/Remove Programs. However, if you try to remove Windows XP SP1 by using the Add/Remove Programs tool, you may receive an error message that states that Windows XP SP1 has already been removed.

    When you perform an in-place upgrade of Windows XP, you reinstall Windows to the same folder. When you do this, files that were installed by SP1 for Windows XP are overwritten by the original version of the files from the Windows XP CD-ROM. This also occurs when you run a repair or upgrade from Windows XP Home Edition to Windows XP Professional Edition. For this reason, you must reinstall the service pack.

    How to Perform an In-Place Upgrade (Reinstallation) of Windows XP
    How to Obtain the Latest Windows XP Service Pack

    SP1 - Removing Archived/Backup Files: 

    If you selected "yes" and did a backup it should be listed in Add/Remove. If not, check here: Start/Run/Regedit
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

    If you no longer wish to uninstall SP1 you can remove those extra files, to do so: Set your folder options to show hidden files then go to: C:\Windows\$NtServicePackUninstall$ and delete it.

    After uninstalling the folder go to Add or Remove, choose uninstall and it will fail and then the listing will be removed.

    SP1 - Service Pack Files

    All of the service pack files are copied to a directory on the hard drive at \Windows\ServicePackFiles. The layout.inf file is modified to reflect this location, which gets stored in the registry (Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key) at:
    HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup\ServicePackSourcePath.

    Hotfixes do not have this functionality included so may need to be reinstalled when a system change occurs.
    You Do Not Have to Reinstall Windows XP Service Packs After System State Changes

    SP1 - "Setup could not verify the integrity of the file Update.inf".  Make sure the Cryptographic service is running on this computer."

    Fix:  Delete the content of the folder Windows\System32\catroot2.

    For others who have had the same error message:

    It turns out that the SP1 install failed because of low disc space and it left a massive amount of root directories set as Read Only. Check the attributes and remove any Read Only settings.

    SP1 - Slipstream and Repair (upgrading to SP1 (before), running a slipstreamed repair (after).

    Before running a repair: C:\ServicePackFiles\i386
    After running a repair:   C:\Windows\Driver Cache\i386

    If you perform a slipstreamed repair with a slipstreamed CD, the files are moved to C:\Windows\Driver Cache\i386. That is were windows stores the drivers so you don't need the CD and C:\ServicePackFiles\i386 is were SP1 stores the drivers.

    Note:  Once SP1 is installed, it places the system files of SP1 in a backup folder. If a repair is initiated, the files modified by SP1 are refreshed from this backup folder while the remaining non-SP1 affected files are refreshed from the WinXP CD.

    SP1 - System File Checker

    Q.  Will running an SFC /Scannow on an XP SP1 machine *keep* all updated system files (found only on the hard drive and *not* on the XP CD) and leave SP1 intact?

    A.  The updated files are in the folder Windows\ServicepackFiles. The .inf files that tell SFC where to get copies from are modified so that for relevant files it goes there first.

    One thing you can do (best if you have two CD drives) is to burn that folder complete to CD; then with go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:  

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup. 

    In the right pane, change the value of  'ServicePackSourcePath' accordingly; using the CD drive letter different from the original CD in 'SourcePath'. Then if files are needed you can have one CD in each drive.

    SP1 - System Restore (Highlights of System Restore fixes included in SP1)

    1. Fix for SR not launching due to the framedyn.dll error you all have been reporting.

    2. No calendar available in the SR wizard to select restore points due to the the .htc file association being knocked out in the
    registry has been fixed.

    3. A fix for SR failing restores. A lot of you were seeing failed restores when restoring to any restore point. Although some of
    it was attributed to SR data store corruption, in most cases it was possibly due to locked file issues causing the restore
    process to fail, especially in scenarios where fast user switching was used. This was a known issue which is now fixed in in
    SP1.

    This will hopefully resolve all cases for failed restores and it would be great if all of you running into this problem could
    upgrade to SP1 and provide us feedback on this issue, whether it has resolved the problem for you or not.

    4. Fix for drive table inconsistency on a machine causing SR to not create restore points.

    5. Security fixes for SR to keep away those terrible hackers and viruses.

    So upgrade to SP1 and provide us with some feedback on your issues with SR and whether they are now resolved, especially when dealing with failed restores.

    Anshul Rawat [MS] - System Restore, Windows XP

    SP1 - Thumbnail View

    Once you install SP1 for Windows XP, the rendering of thumbnail views for .htm, .html, .xml, .eml, .nws files are no longer supported.  This is to increase security.

    SP1 Troubleshooting and Information

    Categorized List of Fixes in Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1)
    You Cannot Use the "Start Windows Using Last Known Good Configuration" Feature to Remove SP1
    Cannot Start Windows XP After Installing Service Pack 1 and Then Performing a System Recovery Operation
    Error Message: The Product Key Used to Install Windows Is Invalid
    When to Reinstall Windows XP Service Pack 1
    You Do Not Have to Reinstall Windows XP Service Packs After System State Changes
    Service Pack 1 Changes to Product Activation
    HOW TO: Change the Volume Licensing Product Key on a Windows XP SP1-Based Computer
    How to Perform an In-Place Upgrade of Windows XP (Corrects Pirated Install)

    SP1 Uninstall

    Repairing the Windows XP Installation removes SP1

    Configure your computer to start from the CD-ROM drive. For more information about how to do this, please refer to your computer's documentation or contact your computer manufacturer.

    Insert your Windows XP compact disc (CD) into your CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive, and then restart your computer. (You can also boot with a Windows 98/Me Startup disk with CD support and run WINNT.EXE in the I386 folder on the CD)

    When the "Press any key to boot from CD" message is displayed on your screen, press a key to start your computer from the Windows XP CD. When you see the following message displayed on the Welcome to Setup screen, press ENTER:
    To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER.

    At this point an option to press R to enter the Recovery Console is displayed. Do not select this option. On the Windows XP Licensing Agreement screen, press F8 to agree to the license agreement. Make sure that your current installation of Windows XP is selected in the box, and then press the R key to repair Windows XP. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete Setup.

    SP1 - Uninstalling SP1 and IE SP1 if it isn't listed in Add or Remove

    Start > Programs > Accessories > System Tools > System Restore. Select a Restore Point that was created prior to installing SP1.  Then Start > Programs > Accessories > System Tools > Disk Cleanup.

    SP2

    Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) will bring users the latest security updates and innovations from Microsoft. It will establish stronger security settings that help defend against viruses, hackers, and worms and will provide unique new security features designed to make it easier for you to protect your PC.

    Get Ready for SP2: Turn On Automatic Updates Today

    The best way to ensure you get SP2 when it is released is by turning on the Automatic Updates feature in Windows XP. Visit the Protect Your PC site to let us turn it on for you or follow these manual steps—either way you'll get SP2 automatically as Microsoft releases it.

    Turning on Automatic Updates today allows your PC to begin downloading important updates automatically, including the latest version of Windows Update. It also ensures you will receive future updates, such as SP2.

    Release notes for Windows XP Service Pack 2
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;835935

    What to Know Before You Download and Install Windows XP Service Pack 2
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/sp2/sp2_whattoknow.mspx#XSLTsection126121120120

    Application Compatibility Testing and Mitigation Guide for Windows XP Service Pack 2
    http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=9300becf-2dee-4772-add9-ad0eaf89c4a7&DisplayLang=en

    Order Windows XP Service Pack 2 on CD
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/downloads/updates/sp2/cdorder/en_us/default810.mspx

    You can download SP2 from here:
    http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=049C9DBE-3B8E-4F30-8245-9E368D3CDB5A&displaylang=en

    Tips on Installing SP2: http://www3.telus.net/dandemar/spackins.htm

    How to use the Automatic Recovery feature to recover your computer if the Windows XP Service Pack 2 Setup program is not completed successfully
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;875355&Product=windowsxpsp2

    Temporarily Disabling Delivery of Windows XP Service Pack 2 through Windows Update and Automatic Updates
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/maintain/sp2aumng.mspx

    How to manage Internet Explorer add-ons in Windows XP Service Pack 2
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;883256

    Manually Configuring Internet Connection Firewall in Windows XP Service Pack 2
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/treeview/default.asp?url=/technet/columns/cableguy/default.asp

    New Networking Features in Microsoft® Windows® XP Service Pack 2
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/treeview/default.asp?url=/technet/columns/cableguy/cg0104.asp

    Changes to Functionality in Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/treeview/default.asp?url=/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/maintain/winxpsp2.asp

    Windows XP Service Pack 2: A Developer's View
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/dnwxp/html/securityinxpsp2.asp

    Windows XP Service Pack 2 - Technical Preview Program
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/sp2preview.mspx

    What to do after installing Service Pack 2 (SP2)
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh;ln;xpsp2installed

    Added Issues and Comments:

    Slipstreaming Windows XP Service Pack 2 and Create Bootable CD
    http://www.windows-help.net/WindowsXP/winxp-sp2-bootcd.html

    Cannot install Service Pack 2 - Access denied
    http://www.michna.com/kb/WxSP2.htm#Cannot_install_Service_Pack_2

    The quickest and most thorough way to solve this problem is a batch file, written by fellow MVP Torgeir Bakken.  Download here.

    Computer stops responding when you try to install an update in Windows XP Service Pack 2
    http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=885894

    Boot or shutdown problems after